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Study of Spirituality in the United States 2022




The National Religion and Spirituality Survey (2022) was conducted by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago on behalf of the Fetzer Institute. The purpose of the study was to measure religion and spirituality in America. Along with specific questions about how spirituality and religion are viewed, the survey measured how these perceptions may have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and how these perceptions influenced (or not) civic participation.

The ARDA has added six additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 3651
Variables: 488
Weight Variable: WEIGHT

This variable is the post-stratification weight for the general population that is 18 years or older (N=3,651). To learn more about how weights were constructed for this survey, please refer to the Project Methods and Transparency Report appended to the study's codebook.

Data Collection


Original Survey (Instrument)

Study of Spirituality in the United States 2022

Funded By

The funder of this study, the Fetzer Institute, is a private foundation based in Kalamazoo, Michigan with a mission to help build the spiritual foundation for a loving world.

Collection Procedures

The survey was conducted in one of two modes based on respondent preferences as reported during panel recruitment. The first mode was self-administration by the respondent using the internet, and the second mode was a telephone interview conducted by an interviewer.

A small sample of English-speaking AmeriSpeak web-mode panelists were invited on October 25, 2022 for a pretest. In total, NORC collected 35 pretest interviews. The initial data from the pretest was reviewed by NORC and delivered to the Fetzer Institute.

A number of wording updates and question order changes were made before fielding the main survey to collect the surveys interviews used for the final data. Pretest interviews are not included in the final data. For the main survey, a sub-sample of AmeriSpeak web-mode panelists were invited to the survey on November 9, 2022 in a soft-launch. The initial data from the soft-launch was once again reviewed to confirm that there are no processing or programming errors. Once reviewed, the remainder of sampled AmeriSpeak panelists were invited to the survey on November 10, 2022. On November 28, 2022, an additional sample was drawn from the panel and invited to the survey to reach the study's target number of completed surveys.

Sampling Procedures

A general population sample of adults 18 years old or older was selected from NORC's AmeriSpeak Panel for
this study. All panelists that completed the 2020 National Religion and Spirituality Survey were excluded from the sample.

The sample for a specific study is selected from the AmeriSpeak Panel using sampling strata based on age, race/Hispanic ethnicity, education, and gender (48 sampling strata in total). Sample selection takes into account the expected differential survey completion rates across the sampling strata. The size of the selected sample per stratum is determined such that the distribution of the complete surveys across the strata matches that of the target population as represented by census data. If a panel household has more than one active adult panel member, only one adult panel member is selected at random. When panelists are selected for an AmeriSpeak survey, the selection process, within each sampling strata, favors those who were not selected in the most recent previous AmeriSpeak survey. This selection process is designed to minimize the number of surveys any one panelist is exposed to and maximize the rotation of all panelists across AmeriSpeak surveys.

For more detailed information on the AmeriSpeak panel recruitment and management methodology,
please see the Appendix ('Technical Overview of the AmeriSpeak® Panel NORC'S Probability-Based
Household Panel') appended to the study's codebook.

Principal Investigators

National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago
The Fetzer Institute

Related Publications

Please refer to the report generated by the Fetzer Institute.

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