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Spirit and Power - Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa - Codebook

All Frequencies weighted by 5) GPWGT;
(The number of missing cases reported in the codebook are unweighted)

1) Country name (COUNTRY)
 TOTAL%
8) South Africa 100.0
Total1137100.0
2) Identification number (PSRAID)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total1137104,926.29228.43
3) Sample type (SAMPLE)
 TOTAL%
1) General Public Sample 100.0
2) Oversample of Renewalists 0.0
Total1137100.0
4) Is the respondent a non-renewalist, Pentecostal, or Charismatic? Pentecostal is defined as belonging to a Pentecostal denomination or church, as indicated by responses labeled "coded as Pentecostal" in the Q4SAF. Charismatic is defined as non-Pentecostal Christians, who describe themselves as Pentecostal in question Q5C, or as Charismatic in question Q5D, or who say they speak or pray in tongues at least several times a year in the survey question named TONGUES. (RENEWLST)
 TOTAL%
0) Non-renewalist 65.9
1) Pentecostal (as coded in Q4SAF) 9.6
2) Charismatic (as indicated in questions Q5C, Q5D, or TONGUES) 24.5
Total1137100.0
5) Weight for use in analyzing general public samples in each country (GPWGT)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total11370.700.75
6) Weight for use in analyzing renewalists in each country (PENTWGT)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total11370.500.93
7) Now thinking about (survey country), overall, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the way things are going in our country today? (SATISFY)
 TOTAL%
1) Satisfied 50.4
2) Dissatisfied 45.9
8) Don't know 3.2
9) Refused 0.4
Total1137100.0
8) Thinking now about religion, how important is religion in your life? Is it the single most important thing, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [This question was asked in all countries.] (RELIMP)
 TOTAL%
1) Single most important thing 21.2
2) Very important 57.6
3) Somewhat important 14.2
4) Not too important 4.0
5) Not at all important 2.3
8) Don't know 0.4
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
9) Do you consider yourself as belonging to a particular religion? If yes, which one: Roman Catholic; Protestant; Muslim; Hindu; African Independent Christian (AIC) (such as Zion Christian Church, another Zionist Church, or an Apostolic Church); African Traditional Religion (ATR); Jehovah's Witness; Jewish; No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic; Other religion? [Question asked in South Africa.] (Q3SAF)
 TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic 10.5
2) Protestant 41.1
3) Muslim 3.1
4) Hindu 3.2
5) African Independent Christian (AIC) (such as…) 27.3
6) African Traditional Religion (ATR) 1.4
7) Jehovah's Witness 1.9
8) Jewish 0.7
10) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic 9.3
97) Other religion 1.1
98) Don't know 0.3
Total1137100.0
10) [Ask in South Africa if Q3SAF = 2 "Protestant" or 5 "African Independent Christian (AIC)"] As I read a list, tell me which, if any, of these denominations you are affiliated with. Anglican Church; Dutch Reformed; Methodist; Zion Christian Church; Another Zionist Church; An Apostolic Church; South African Assemblies of God; Apostolic Faith Mission; Full Gospel Church of God; Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church (such as International Fellowship of Charismatic Churches, International Fellowship of Christian Churches); Another indigenous denomination; Another Protestant denomination (such as Uniting Reformed, Lutheran, or Presbyterian); Nondenominational or Independent Church; Something else. (Q4SAF)
 TOTAL%
1) Anglican Church 8.4
2) Dutch Reformed 11.8
3) Methodist 14.3
4) Zion Christian Church 14.8
5) Another Zionist Church 9.6
6) An Apostolic Church 13.8
7) South African Assemblies of God [Coded as Pentecostal] 1.5
8) Apostolic Faith Mission [Coded as Pentecostal] 2.4
9) Full Gospel Church of God [Coded as Pentecostal] 2.7
10) Another Pentecostal or neo-Charismatic church [Coded as Pentecostal] 7.4
11) Another indigenous denomination 1.5
12) Another Protestant denomination 8.7
14) Something else 2.9
98) Don't know 0.0
99) Refused 0.1
Missing298
Total839100.0
[ Add to Question Bank | View more questions about Denomination, Affiliation to ]
11) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Evangelical Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Evangelical Catholic"]? (Q5_A)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies 47.5
2) No, does not apply 47.2
8) Don't know 4.7
9) Refused 0.4
Missing166
Total971100.0
12) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Born-again Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Born-again Catholic"]? (Q5_B)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies 31.1
2) No, does not apply 65.4
8) Don't know 3.0
9) Refused 0.4
Missing166
Total971100.0
13) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Pentecostal Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Pentecostal Catholic"]? (Q5_C)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies 18.3
2) No, does not apply 73.0
8) Don't know 8.1
9) Refused 0.6
Missing166
Total971100.0
14) [Ask if Christian] As I read from a list, please tell me which, if any, of the following descriptions apply to you. Does this apply to you or not: Charismatic Christian [If respondent is Catholic, replace with "Charismatic Catholic"]? (Q5_D)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, applies 15.8
2) No, does not apply 72.6
8) Don't know 11.0
9) Refused 0.7
Missing166
Total971100.0
15) How often do you pray to God outside of religious services: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (PRAY_OUT)
 TOTAL%
1) Every day 62.4
2) More than once a week 12.3
3) Once a week 8.5
4) At least once a month 3.2
5) Several times a year 2.5
6) Less often 6.1
7) Never 4.8
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
16) How often do you speak or pray in tongues: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] (TONGUES)
 TOTAL%
1) Every day 4.1
2) More than once a week 3.2
3) Once a week 4.4
4) At least once a month 2.1
5) Several times a year 1.8
6) Less often 5.6
7) Never 76.1
8) Don't know 2.1
9) Refused 0.6
Missing80
Total1057100.0
17) How often do you participate in prayer groups, Scripture study groups or religious education programs: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (GROUPS)
 TOTAL%
1) Every day 4.7
2) More than once a week 8.6
3) Once a week 20.8
4) At least once a month 6.3
5) Several times a year 3.1
6) Less often 9.9
7) Never 41.3
8) Don't know 1.3
9) Refused 4.1
Total1137100.0
18) How often do you listen to religious radio or watch religious television programs: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (RADIO_TV)
 TOTAL%
1) Every day 13.2
2) More than once a week 19.4
3) Once a week 30.8
4) At least once a month 6.5
5) Several times a year 2.5
6) Less often 8.4
7) Never 16.5
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 1.8
Total1137100.0
19) How often do you share your faith with non-believers: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (SHARE_F)
 TOTAL%
1) Every day 10.6
2) More than once a week 11.3
3) Once a week 10.0
4) At least once a month 9.1
5) Several times a year 9.7
6) Less often 14.8
7) Never 31.0
8) Don't know 1.2
9) Refused 2.5
Total1137100.0
20) How often do you read scripture outside of religious services: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (READ_OUT)
 TOTAL%
1) Every day 20.5
2) More than once a week 11.6
3) Once a week 11.7
4) At least once a month 9.4
5) Several times a year 7.3
6) Less often 10.0
7) Never 25.4
8) Don't know 1.3
9) Refused 2.7
Total1137100.0
21) How often do you fast: would you say every day, more than once a week, once a week, at least once a month, several times a year, less often or never? [Question asked in all countries.] (FAST)
 TOTAL%
1) Every day 0.6
2) More than once a week 2.0
3) Once a week 4.5
4) At least once a month 6.8
5) Several times a year 7.0
6) Less often 11.6
7) Never 62.3
8) Don't know 0.7
9) Refused 4.6
Total1137100.0
22) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Hell? (HELL)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 62.9
2) No 30.4
8) Don't know 6.5
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
[ Analyze Results | Add to Question Bank | View more questions about Hell, Existence of ]
23) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in Heaven? (HEAVEN)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 86.6
2) No 9.4
8) Don't know 4.0
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
24) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in the Rapture of the Church, that is, that before the world comes to an end, the religiously faithful will be saved and taken up to Heaven? [Question asked only if respondent is Christian.] (RAPTURE)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 73.3
2) No 15.0
8) Don't know 10.8
9) Refused 0.9
Missing166
Total971100.0
25) Which, if any, of the following do you believe in? Do you believe in God? [Question asked only if respondent indicates any of the following: no religion, not a believer, atheist, or agnostic.] (GOD)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 90.4
2) No 7.4
8) Don't know 3.3
9) Refused 0.0
Missing1059
Total78100.0
26) Have you always been a [if answer given in Q4, insert religious affiliation from Q4; otherwise, insert religious affiliation from Q3]? Question asked in United States if respondent belongs to a particular religion. In all other countries, question asked of all respondents. (REL_ALWS)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 81.3
2) No 15.7
8) Don't know 2.5
9) Refused 0.5
Total1137100.0
27) What were you before? [Question asked only in South Africa if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (Q9SAF)
 TOTAL%
1) Roman Catholic 18.7
2) Protestant 47.8
3) Muslim 0.6
4) Hindu 2.1
5) African Independent Christian (AIC) 15.6
6) African Traditional Religion (ATR) 3.4
7) Jehovah's Witness 0.8
8) Jewish 0.0
10) No religion, not a believer, atheist, agnostic 2.7
97) Other religion 4.1
98) Don't know 0.8
99) Refused 3.7
Missing959
Total178100.0
28) How old were you when you changed your religion to your present religion? ___ years [Asked only if REL_ALWS = 2 "No."] (CHANGE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total17832.0324.11
29) Aside from weddings and funerals, how often do you attend religious services: more than once a week, once a week, once or twice a month, a few times a year, seldom, or never? [Question asked of all respondents in Chile, Guatemala, South Korea, and the United States. In all other countries, question asked only if respondent is not Muslim.] (ATTEND)
 TOTAL%
1) More than once a week 16.0
2) Once a week 38.5
3) Once or twice a month 13.6
4) A few times a year 11.1
5) Seldom 8.6
6) Never 11.5
8) Don't know 0.7
9) Refused 0.1
Missing31
Total1106100.0
30) On average, how often do you attend the mosque for salah and Jum'ah Prayer? [Question asked only of Muslims in Brazil, India, Kenya, Nigeria, Philippines, and South Africa.] (ATTEND_M)
 TOTAL%
1) More than once a week 39.5
2) Once a week for Jum'ah 31.9
3) Once or twice a month 4.9
4) A few times a year 7.0
5) Seldom 10.8
6) Never 5.2
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Missing1106
Total31100.0
31) When you attend religious services, how often do they include people speaking tongues, prophesying, praying for miraculous or divine healings, or displaying physical signs of the spirit such as laughing and shaking: would you say always, frequently, occasionally, or never? [Question only asked if respondent is Christian and attends religious services more than "never."] (TONGUES2)
 TOTAL%
1) Always 14.9
2) Frequently 16.0
3) Occasionally 22.3
4) Never 43.3
8) Don't know 3.2
9) Refused 0.1
Missing199
Total938100.0
32) Have you ever experienced or witnessed a divine healing of an illness or injury? (HEALING)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 38.3
2) No 60.8
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
33) Have you ever given or interpreted prophecy? (PROPHECY)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 27.3
2) No 70.8
8) Don't know 1.9
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
34) Have you ever received a definite answer to a specific prayer request? (ANSWER)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 55.8
2) No 42.0
8) Don't know 1.9
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
35) Have you ever received a direct revelation from God? (REVELAT)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 33.1
2) No 63.3
8) Don't know 3.4
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
36) Have you ever experienced or witnessed the devil or evil spirits being driven out of a person? (DEVIL)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes 32.5
2) No 65.4
8) Don't know 1.8
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
37) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: there are clear guidelines about what's good or evil that apply to everyone regardless of their situation. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (GOODEVIL)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 50.4
2) Mostly agree 40.6
3) Mostly disagree 3.0
4) Completely disagree 2.6
98) Don't know 3.2
99) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
[ Analyze Results | Add to Question Bank | View more questions about Evil, Beliefs about ]
38) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: miracles still occur today as in ancient times. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (MIRACLES)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 39.6
2) Mostly agree 29.7
3) Mostly disagree 10.6
4) Completely disagree 13.0
98) Don't know 7.1
99) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
39) Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it: angels and demons are active in the world. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ANGELS)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 41.5
2) Mostly agree 35.1
3) Mostly disagree 7.9
4) Completely disagree 6.3
98) Don't know 8.9
99) Refused 0.5
Total1137100.0
40) [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. [IF CHRISTIAN: Christians] [IF JEWISH: Jews] [IF MUSLIM: Muslims] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELIGION] [IF ELSE: Religious people] ____ have a duty to convert people of other religious faiths to ___ [IF CHRISTIAN: Christianity] [IF JEWISH: Judaism] [IF MUSLIM: Islam] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELGION][IF ELSE: their religious faith]. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (CONVERT)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 21.4
2) Mostly agree 36.5
3) Mostly disagree 15.3
4) Completely disagree 19.3
98) Don't know 7.0
99) Refused 0.6
Missing80
Total1057100.0
41) [Question asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. [IF CHRISTIAN: Christians] [IF JEWISH: Jews] [IF MUSLIM: Muslims] [IF OTHER RELIGION: INSERT RELIGION][IF ELSE: Religious people] ______ have a responsibility to work for justice for the poor. (WORK)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 36.7
2) Mostly agree 40.6
3) Mostly disagree 10.6
4) Completely disagree 6.4
98) Don't know 5.9
99) Refused 0.0
Missing80
Total1057100.0
42) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God will grant material prosperity to all believers who have enough faith. (PROSPER)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 50.5
2) Mostly agree 29.4
3) Mostly disagree 6.5
4) Completely disagree 7.9
98) Don't know 5.3
99) Refused 0.2
Missing12
Total1125100.0
[ Analyze Results | Add to Question Bank | View more questions about God, Abilities of ]
43) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God will grant health and relief from sickness to believers who have enough faith. (HEALTH)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 56.6
2) Mostly agree 29.8
3) Mostly disagree 5.7
4) Completely disagree 3.3
98) Don't know 4.6
99) Refused 0.1
Missing12
Total1125100.0
[ Analyze Results | Add to Question Bank | View more questions about God, Abilities of ]
44) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. God fulfills his purposes through politics and elections. (POLITICS)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 21.4
2) Mostly agree 19.4
3) Mostly disagree 15.0
4) Completely disagree 32.0
98) Don't know 11.6
99) Refused 0.6
Missing12
Total1125100.0
[ Analyze Results | Add to Question Bank | View more questions about God, Abilities of ]
45) [Question asked if respondent belongs to a particular religion or believes in God.] Now I am going to read you a series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. AIDS is God's punishment for immoral sexual behavior. (AIDS)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 28.4
2) Mostly agree 18.3
3) Mostly disagree 10.6
4) Completely disagree 33.1
98) Don't know 8.8
99) Refused 0.7
Missing12
Total1125100.0
[ Analyze Results | Add to Question Bank | View more questions about God, Abilities of ]
46) Which one of these statements comes closest to describing your feelings about ____ [IF CHRISTIAN: the Bible] [IF MUSLIM: the Koran] [ELSE: sacred scriptures]? (SCRIPTUR)
 TOTAL%
1) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is][IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] the actual word of God and [IS/ARE] to be taken literally, word for word, OR 59.4
2) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is] [IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] the word of God, but not everything in [IT/THEM] should be taken literally, word for word, OR 25.7
3) [IF CHRISTIAN: The Bible is] [IF MUSLIM: The Koran is] [ELSE: Sacred scriptures are] written by men and [IS/ARE] not the word of God 6.5
4) Other (VOLUNTEERED THIS RESPONSE) 0.6
8) Don't know 7.1
9) Refused 0.6
Total1137100.0
[ Analyze Results | Add to Question Bank | View more questions about Bible, View of ]
47) Which of the following is most important to you: your continent, your nationality, your religion, or your ethnic group? (MOSTIMP)
 TOTAL%
1) Your continent 9.8
2) Your nationality 17.9
3) Your religion 58.7
4) Your ethnic group 11.7
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.9
Missing80
Total1057100.0
48) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. The first one is: if enough people were brought to Christ, social ills would take care of themselves. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (ILLS)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 45.8
2) Mostly agree 32.7
3) Mostly disagree 9.5
4) Completely disagree 6.2
8) Don't know 5.7
9) Refused 0.0
Missing166
Total971100.0
49) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Belief in Jesus Christ is the only way to be saved from eternal damnation. (ONLYWAY)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 56.8
2) Mostly agree 29.0
3) Mostly disagree 6.2
4) Completely disagree 4.4
8) Don't know 3.6
9) Refused 0.0
Missing166
Total971100.0
[ Analyze Results | Add to Question Bank | View more questions about Heaven, Who Gets in ]
50) [Question asked if respondent is Christian.] Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each one, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it, or completely disagree with it. Jesus will return to earth in my lifetime. (RETURN)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 23.6
2) Mostly agree 19.7
3) Mostly disagree 7.5
4) Completely disagree 18.8
8) Don't know 29.7
9) Refused 0.6
Missing166
Total971100.0
51) Turning to another subject, suppose you could choose between different kinds of jobs. Which one would you prefer: being an employee or being self-employed? (EMPLOY)
 TOTAL%
1) Being an employee 29.2
2) Being self employed 66.8
3) Neither/None 3.3
8) Don't know 0.7
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
52) To what extent, if at all, do you think our country benefits from the greater influence of international business practices, trade, ideas, communication and products such as international foods and TV programs from other countries: would you say to a great extent, moderate extent, small extent, or not at all? (INTERNA)
 TOTAL%
1) Great extent 39.3
2) Moderate extent 34.1
3) Small extent 13.6
4) Not at all 5.8
5) Harms our country 0.0
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 6.3
Total1137100.0
53) Thinking about your own personal finances, how would you rate your own personal financial situation: would you say you are in excellent shape, good shape, only fair shape or poor shape? (FINANCE)
 TOTAL%
1) Excellent shape 5.1
2) Good shape 22.5
3) Only fair shape 45.5
4) Poor shape 25.6
8) Don't know 0.9
9) Refused 0.3
Total1137100.0
54) Over the course of the next year, do you think the financial situation of you and your family will improve a lot, improve some, get a little worse, get a lot worse, or stay the same? (FINANCE2)
 TOTAL%
1) Improve a lot 12.8
2) Improve some 52.7
3) Get a little worse 7.0
4) Get a lot worse 4.4
5) Stay the same 14.3
8) Don't know 8.5
9) Refused 0.3
Total1137100.0
55) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is hard work a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (HARDWORK)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 86.9
2) Somewhat important 11.6
3) Not too important 1.0
4) Not at all important 0.5
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
56) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is fate a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (FATE)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 34.9
2) Somewhat important 35.1
3) Not too important 18.9
4) Not at all important 8.8
8) Don't know 2.3
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
57) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are people's parent's economic situations very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (ECONPAR)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 39.8
2) Somewhat important 36.4
3) Not too important 15.0
4) Not at all important 6.9
8) Don't know 1.7
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
58) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is faith in God a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (FAITH_GD)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 74.4
2) Somewhat important 18.3
3) Not too important 2.9
4) Not at all important 3.2
8) Don't know 1.3
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
59) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are government policies very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (GOVPOLIC)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 30.3
2) Somewhat important 39.5
3) Not too important 19.2
4) Not at all important 8.3
8) Don't know 2.6
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
60) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Are personal connections and contracts very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important factors in people's economic success? (CONNECT)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 42.2
2) Somewhat important 42.8
3) Not too important 8.9
4) Not at all important 4.4
8) Don't know 1.4
9) Refused 0.3
Total1137100.0
61) As I read from a list, please tell me how important each factor is in people's economic success. Is education a very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all an important factor in people's economic success? (IMPEDUC)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 85.7
2) Somewhat important 12.6
3) Not too important 1.2
4) Not at all important 0.4
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
62) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. The first one is: when jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women. (WOMEN1)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 24.1
2) Mostly agree 16.3
3) Mostly disagree 17.4
4) Completely disagree 41.0
8) Don't know 1.4
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
63) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. On the whole, men make better political leaders than women do. (WOMEN2)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 26.3
2) Mostly agree 23.2
3) Mostly disagree 17.2
4) Completely disagree 28.8
8) Don't know 4.1
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
64) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. A wife must always obey her husband. (WOMEN3)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 43.6
2) Mostly agree 28.0
3) Mostly disagree 12.9
4) Completely disagree 14.7
8) Don't know 1.1
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
65) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. A working mother can establish just as warm and secure of a relationship with her children as a mother who does not work. (WOMEN4)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 42.2
2) Mostly agree 34.5
3) Mostly disagree 14.4
4) Completely disagree 7.6
8) Don't know 1.3
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
66) Now I am going to read you another series of statements on some different topics. For each statement, please tell me if you completely agree with it, mostly agree with it, mostly disagree with it or completely disagree with it. Women should be allowed to serve as pastors or priests. (WOMEN5)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 40.4
2) Mostly agree 29.0
3) Mostly disagree 8.5
4) Completely disagree 17.7
8) Don't know 4.1
9) Refused 0.4
Total1137100.0
67) Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? (TRUST)
 TOTAL%
1) Most people can be trusted 15.4
2) Can't be too careful 68.2
3) Other/Depends 13.7
8) Don't know 2.5
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
68) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: homosexuality. (HOMOSEXU)
 TOTAL%
1) Always justified 7.0
2) Sometimes justified 16.9
3) Never justified 70.4
8) Don't know 5.4
9) Refused 0.3
Total1137100.0
69) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: prostitution. (PROSTITU)
 TOTAL%
1) Always justified 7.1
2) Sometimes justified 11.3
3) Never justified 79.8
8) Don't know 1.8
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
70) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: divorce. (DIVORCE)
 TOTAL%
1) Always justified 11.8
2) Sometimes justified 40.8
3) Never justified 45.2
8) Don't know 2.2
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
71) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: euthanasia – ending the life of the incurably sick. (EUTHANAS)
 TOTAL%
1) Always justified 7.9
2) Sometimes justified 22.1
3) Never justified 63.8
8) Don't know 5.6
9) Refused 0.5
Total1137100.0
72) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: suicide. (SUICIDE)
 TOTAL%
1) Always justified 6.6
2) Sometimes justified 11.0
3) Never justified 81.0
8) Don't know 1.3
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
73) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: drinking alcohol. (ALCOHOL)
 TOTAL%
1) Always justified 9.5
2) Sometimes justified 36.2
3) Never justified 52.0
8) Don't know 2.2
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
74) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: sex between people who are not married to each other. (SEXNOTM)
 TOTAL%
1) Always justified 13.4
2) Sometimes justified 31.5
3) Never justified 51.2
8) Don't know 3.6
9) Refused 0.4
Total1137100.0
75) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: abortion. (ABORTION)
 TOTAL%
1) Always justified 8.2
2) Sometimes justified 15.6
3) Never justified 73.4
8) Don't know 2.4
9) Refused 0.4
Total1137100.0
76) Please tell me for each of the following items whether you think it can always be justified, sometimes be justified, or never be justified: polygamy. (POLYGAMY)
 TOTAL%
1) Always justified 6.8
2) Sometimes justified 19.7
3) Never justified 66.2
8) Don't know 7.3
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
77) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. First, how about people in your immediate family? Do you feel you can trust them a lot, trust them some, trust them only a little, or not trust them at all? (TRUST1)
 TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 62.4
2) Can trust some 28.1
3) Trust a little 7.7
4) Not at all 1.9
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
78) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people in your neighborhood? (TRUST2)
 TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 12.5
2) Can trust some 45.3
3) Trust a little 26.9
4) Not at all 13.9
8) Don't know 1.4
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
79) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about your city or local government? (TRUST3)
 TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 6.1
2) Can trust some 33.0
3) Trust a little 31.8
4) Not at all 27.3
8) Don't know 1.8
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
80) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about the media? (TRUST4)
 TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 10.5
2) Can trust some 31.6
3) Trust a little 34.3
4) Not at all 21.3
8) Don't know 2.4
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
81) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about our national government? (TRUST5)
 TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 13.4
2) Can trust some 35.1
3) Trust a little 26.6
4) Not at all 23.0
8) Don't know 1.9
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
82) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about the military? (TRUST6)
 TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 13.2
2) Can trust some 34.7
3) Trust a little 26.2
4) Not at all 20.6
8) Don't know 5.2
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
83) I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people from other religions? (TRUST7)
 TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 16.0
2) Can trust some 45.8
3) Trust a little 24.4
4) Not at all 9.7
8) Don't know 4.0
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
84) [Asked only if respondent belongs to a particular religion.] I'm going to read a list of institutions and people. For each one, please tell me whether you feel that you can trust them a lot, some, only a little, or not at all. How about people at your church or place of worship? (TRUST8)
 TOTAL%
1) Can trust a lot 40.9
2) Can trust some 43.1
3) Trust a little 10.6
4) Not at all 2.9
8) Don't know 1.9
9) Refused 0.5
Missing80
Total1057100.0
85) How often, if ever, do you discuss politics with your family or friends: never, once or twice a month, once or twice a week, three or four times a week, or every day? (DISCPOLI)
 TOTAL%
1) Never 36.5
2) Once or twice a month 30.3
3) Once or twice a week 14.9
4) Three or four times a week 9.0
5) Every day 6.0
8) Don't know 2.7
9) Refused 0.5
Total1137100.0
86) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where you can openly say what you think and can criticize the government? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM1)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 51.2
2) Somewhat important 29.5
3) Not too important 10.6
4) Not important at all 6.1
8) Don't know 2.4
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
87) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where honest elections are held regularly with a choice of at least two political parties? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM2)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 49.7
2) Somewhat important 29.4
3) Not too important 9.3
4) Not important at all 5.8
8) Don't know 6.1
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
88) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where there is a judicial system that treats everyone in the same way? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM3)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 65.0
2) Somewhat important 21.2
3) Not too important 6.7
4) Not important at all 3.7
8) Don't know 3.2
9) Refused 0.3
Total1137100.0
89) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where you can practice your religion freely? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM4)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 74.7
2) Somewhat important 19.7
3) Not too important 2.6
4) Not important at all 1.1
8) Don't know 1.6
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
90) Here is a list of things that you can and cannot do in some countries. How important is it to you to live in a country where there is freedom of religion for religions other than your own? Is it very important, somewhat important, not too important or not important at all? (FREEDOM5)
 TOTAL%
1) Very important 61.5
2) Somewhat important 26.5
3) Not too important 4.3
4) Not important at all 3.9
8) Don't know 3.6
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
91) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: conflict between religious groups. (PROB_CON)
 TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 39.4
2) Moderately big problem 24.6
3) Small problem 18.9
4) Not a problem at all 14.1
8) Don't know 3.0
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
92) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: corrupt political leaders. (PROB_POL)
 TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 77.8
2) Moderately big problem 16.4
3) Small problem 3.1
4) Not a problem at all 0.8
8) Don't know 1.7
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
93) Here is a list of things that may or may not be problems in our country. As I read each one, please tell me if you think it is a very big problem, a moderately big problem, a small problem, or not a problem at all: moral decline. (PROB_MOR)
 TOTAL%
1) Very big problem 53.1
2) Moderately big problem 29.4
3) Small problem 9.0
4) Not a problem at all 3.2
8) Don't know 4.8
9) Refused 0.5
Total1137100.0
94) Some people say to solve our country's problems we should have a government that allows greater political participation by ordinary people and limits the power of individual political leaders. Others say to solve our country's problems we should have a leader with a strong hand even if there is little participation by ordinary people. Which comes closer to your opinion? (PARTIC)
 TOTAL%
1) Participatory government 45.2
2) Strong leader 46.1
8) Don't know 8.3
9) Refused 0.4
Total1137100.0
95) In your opinion, should religious groups keep out of political matter - or should they express their views on day-to-day social and political questions? (RELGRO)
 TOTAL%
1) Should keep out 30.5
2) Should express views 63.0
8) Don't know 6.4
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
96) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: most people are better off in a free market economy, even though some people are rich and some are poor. (GOV_MARK)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 25.5
2) Mostly agree 48.1
3) Mostly disagree 10.2
4) Completely disagree 5.1
8) Don't know 11.0
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
97) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: the government should guarantee every citizen enough to eat and a place to sleep. (GOV_EAT)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 52.1
2) Mostly agree 33.1
3) Mostly disagree 9.6
4) Completely disagree 4.2
8) Don't know 1.0
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
98) Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree or completely disagree with the following statements: the government should not interfere with a woman's ability to have an abortion. (GOV_ABOR)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 20.6
2) Mostly agree 25.2
3) Mostly disagree 19.3
4) Completely disagree 28.1
8) Don't know 6.4
9) Refused 0.4
Total1137100.0
99) How do you feel about this statement: It's important to me that political leaders have strong _______ [insert respondent's religion from Q3 (Christian, Muslim, etc.); if respondent is not religious, insert "religious"] beliefs. Do you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly disagree, or completely disagree? (POL_BEL)
 TOTAL%
1) Completely agree 26.2
2) Mostly agree 34.3
3) Mostly disagree 15.9
4) Completely disagree 12.0
8) Don't know 11.4
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
100) Which comes closer to your view? 1) the government should take special steps to make our country a _____ [insert religion from Q3 (Christian/Muslim/etc.)] country, or 2) there should be a separation between _____ [insert church/mosque, as appropriate)] and state? [In the United States, if the respondent is "other religion," the words "Christian" and "church" were used.] (CHRSTATE)
 TOTAL%
1) Government should make our country a [Christian/Muslim/etc.] country 39.9
2) Should be a separation of [church/mosque] and state 40.3
8) Don't know 17.2
9) Refused 2.5
Total1137100.0
101) Turning now to events in the world today, in the dispute between Israel and the Palestinians, which side do you sympathize with more, Israel or the Palestinians? (DISPUTE)
 TOTAL%
1) Israel 18.6
2) Palestinians 15.9
3) Both 17.7
4) Neither 24.7
8) Don't know 21.7
9) Refused 1.3
Total1137100.0
102) Which of the following phrases comes closer to describing your view? 1) I favor the US-led efforts to fight terrorism, or 2) I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism. [Asked in all countries.] (US_TERR)
 TOTAL%
1) I favor the US-led efforts to fight terrorism 27.6
2) I oppose the US-led efforts to fight terrorism 39.9
8) Don't know 31.0
9) Refused 1.5
Total1137100.0
103) Some people talk about politics in terms of left, center, right. On a ten-point scale, with 1 indicating extreme left and 10 indicating extreme right, where would you place yourself? [Range is from 1 to 10.] (POLSCALE)
 TOTAL%
1) Extreme left 3.8
2) 2 2.8
3) 3 5.7
4) 4 6.9
5) 5 19.7
6) 6 16.8
7) 7 11.1
8) 8 9.6
9) 9 4.7
10) Extreme right 4.7
98) Don't know 11.0
99) Refused 3.0
Total1137100.0
104) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] a) social welfare services for elderly, handicapped or deprived people (ORGANIZ1)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 8.6
2) No, do not belong 89.7
8) Don't know 1.7
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
105) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] b) education, arts, music, or cultural activities (ORGANIZ2)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 12.4
2) No, do not belong 86.4
8) Don't know 1.3
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
106) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] c) labor unions (ORGANIZ3)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 6.9
2) No, do not belong 91.7
8) Don't know 1.2
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
107) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] d) political organizations or parties (ORGANIZ4)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 11.8
2) No, do not belong 86.9
8) Don't know 1.3
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
108) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] e) local community action on issues like poverty, employment, housing, racial equality or human rights (ORGANIZ5)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 11.5
2) No, do not belong 87.2
8) Don't know 1.1
9) Refused 0.3
Total1137100.0
109) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] f) women's groups (ORGANIZ6)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 11.1
2) No, do not belong 87.6
8) Don't know 1.3
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
110) Please look carefully at the following list of voluntary organizations and activities and say which, if any, you belong to or participate in. [In the United States, respondents were asked: Which of the following voluntary organizations and activities, if any, do you belong to or participate in?] g) other groups (ORGANIZ7)
 TOTAL%
1) Yes, belong 8.1
2) No, do not belong 89.2
8) Don't know 2.5
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
111) [Asked only if ORGANIZ1 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in providing social welfare services for elderly, handicapped or deprived people, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL1)
 TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group 53.7
2) Mostly through some other kind of group 36.6
3) Both equally 0.0
8) Don't know 8.3
9) Refused 0.0
Missing1016
Total121100.0
112) [Asked only if ORGANIZ2 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in education, arts, music or cultural activities, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL2)
 TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group 43.4
2) Mostly through some other kind of group 47.3
3) Both equally 8.5
8) Don't know 2.3
9) Refused 0.0
Missing972
Total165100.0
113) [Asked only if ORGANIZ5 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in local community action on issues like poverty, employment, housing, racial equality or human rights, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL5)
 TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group 27.0
2) Mostly through some other kind of group 64.5
3) Both equally 7.1
8) Don't know 1.5
9) Refused 0.0
Missing1009
Total128100.0
114) [Asked only if ORGANIZ6 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in women's groups, would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL6)
 TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group 67.1
2) Mostly through some other kind of group 27.0
3) Both equally 5.4
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Missing1005
Total132100.0
115) [Asked only if ORGANIZ7 = 1 "Yes, belong"] And when you participate in "other groups," would you say that it's mostly through a church or religious group, or mostly through some other kind of group? (ORG_REL7)
 TOTAL%
1) Mostly through a church or religious group 44.1
2) Mostly through some other kind of group 45.7
3) Both equally 9.2
8) Don't know 2.1
9) Refused 0.0
Missing1030
Total107100.0
116) How often do you - receive food or housing assistance, health care, or other social services - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_SERV)
 TOTAL%
1) Frequently 3.0
2) Sometimes 9.1
3) Hardly ever 6.3
4) Never 81.3
8) Don't know 0.3
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
117) How often do you - participate in language or literacy classes - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_LANG)
 TOTAL%
1) Frequently 4.2
2) Sometimes 8.7
3) Hardly ever 5.1
4) Never 81.4
8) Don't know 0.3
9) Refused 0.1
Total1137100.0
118) How often do you - receive job training or employment services - through a church or religious organization… frequently, sometimes, hardly ever or never? (REL_JOB)
 TOTAL%
1) Frequently 2.9
2) Sometimes 5.6
3) Hardly ever 7.4
4) Never 83.3
8) Don't know 0.5
9) Refused 0.2
Total1137100.0
119) Gender (GENDER)
 TOTAL%
1) Male 51.0
2) Female 49.0
Total1137100.0
120) Now I would like to ask some questions about your background. How old were you at your last birthday? Record answer (AGE)
 NMeanStd. Deviation
Total113739.7415.21
121) Have you had any children? If yes, how many? (CHILDREN)
 TOTAL%
0) No 24.7
1) 1 child 18.9
2) 2 children 23.3
3) 3 children 17.0
4) 4 children 8.0
5) 5 children 3.5
6) 6 children 1.3
7) 7 children 0.1
8) 8 or more children 2.9
98) Don't know 0.1
99) Refused 0.3
Total1137100.0
122) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in South Africa.] (EDUC_SAF)
 TOTAL%
1) No formal education 3.8
2) Incomplete primary school 4.6
3) Complete primary school 6.9
4) Incomplete secondary school: technical/vocational type 34.2
5) Complete secondary school: technical/vocational type 24.4
6) Incomplete secondary: university-preparatory type 4.4
7) Complete secondary: university-preparatory type 9.6
8) Some university-level education, without a degree 4.7
9) University-level education, with degree 7.4
98) Don't know 0.1
99) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
123) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in South Africa.] (ETH_SAF)
 TOTAL%
1) White 20.2
2) Black 63.5
3) Asian 5.0
4) Coloured 11.4
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
124) Are you currently married, living with a partner, widowed, divorced, separated, or have you never been married? (MARRIAGE)
 TOTAL%
1) Married 44.3
2) Living with a partner 9.9
3) Widowed 7.5
4) Divorced 2.7
5) Separated 1.6
6) Never been married 33.9
8) Don't know 0.1
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
125) Here is a list of incomes. Which of these does your household fall into counting all wages, salaries, pensions and other incomes that come in? Just give the letter of the group your household falls into, before taxes and other deductions. [Interviewer: show card of responses. Question asked in South Africa.] (INC_SAF)
 TOTAL%
1) 20,000 rands per month or more 4.4
2) 18,000 to 19,999 rands per month 1.4
3) 16,000 to 17,999 rands per month 2.0
4) 14,000 to 15,999 rands per month 2.0
5) 12,000 to 13,999 rands per month 1.3
6) 10,000 to 11,999 rands per month 3.9
7) 9,000 to 9,999 rands per month 2.1
8) 8,000 to 8,999 rands per month 1.2
9) 7,000 to 7,999 rands per month 2.0
10) 6,000 to 6,999 rands per month 4.0
11) 5,000 to 5,999 rands per month 2.0
12) 4,000 to 4,999 rands per month 6.1
13) 3,000 to 3,999 rands per month 6.4
14) 2,500 to 2,999 rands per month 5.3
15) 1,400 to 2,499 rands per month 8.9
16) 1,200 to 1,399 rands per month 6.8
17) 900 to 1,199 rands per month 6.4
18) 500 to 899 rands per month 6.8
19) Up to 499 rands per month 3.4
98) Don't know 8.9
99) Refused 14.7
Total1137100.0
126) Are you now employed full-time, part-time or not employed? (EMPLOYED)
 TOTAL%
1) Full-time 36.6
2) Part-time 10.3
3) Not employed 53.1
8) Don't know 0.0
9) Refused 0.0
Total1137100.0
127) Region of country where the interview was conducted (REG_SAF)
 TOTAL%
1) Bloemfontein 2.9
2) Cape Town 18.1
3) Durban 15.4
4) East London 3.2
5) Johannesburg 40.0
6) Pietermaritzburg 2.0
7) Port Elizabeth 7.0
8) Pretoria 11.5
Total1137100.0
128) Language of interview in South Africa (LAN_SAF)
 TOTAL%
1) English 36.6
2) Afrikaans 9.4
3) Pedi 3.6
4) Sotho 9.2
5) Tswana 4.2
6) Xhosa 13.6
7) Zulu 22.5
8) Other 0.2
9) Xitsonga 0.6
10) Ndebele 0.2
Total1137100.0
129) Now I would like to ask some questions about your background. How old were you at your last birthday? Record answer (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-AGE)
 TOTAL%
1) 18 - 24 16.5
2) 25 - 29 13.3
3) 30 - 39 25.6
4) 40 - 49 19.7
5) 50 - 59 13.0
6) 60 or more 11.9
Missing2
Total1135100.0
130) What is the highest level of education that you have completed? [Question asked in South Africa.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-EDUC)
 TOTAL%
1) Primary school or less 15.3
2) Incom. secondary: tech/voc 34.2
3) Comp. secondary: tech/voc 24.4
4) Incomp/ Comp. secondary: univ-prep 14.0
5) Some university or univ. degree 12.1
Missing2
Total1135100.0
131) Gender (for use with online analysis) (I-GENDER)
 TOTAL%
1) Male 51.0
2) Female 49.0
Total1137100.0
132) Which (ethnic/racial/tribal/nationality) group do you belong to? [Asked in South Africa.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RACE)
 TOTAL%
1) White 20.1
2) Black or "Coloured" 74.8
3) Asian 5.0
Total1137100.0
133) Region of country where the interview was conducted (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-REGION)
 TOTAL%
1) Cape Town 18.6
2) Durban or Pietermaritzburg 18.0
3) East London or Port Elizabeth 10.5
4) Johannesburg 41.2
5) Pretoria 11.8
Missing41
Total1096100.0
134) Thinking now about religion, how important is religion in your life? Is it the single most important thing, very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? [This question was asked in all countries.] (Recoded for use with online analysis) (I-RELIGION)
 TOTAL%
1) Single most important thing 21.3
2) Very important 58.0
3) Somewhat important 14.3
4) Not too imp. or not at all imp. 6.4
Missing9
Total1128100.0

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