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PRRI August 2016 LGBT Survey




Cooper, B., Cox, D., Lienesch, R., & Jones, R. P. (2022, May 27). PRRI August 2016 LGBT Survey.


The Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI) August 2016 Survey examines public attitudes toward so-called transgender 'bathroom bills,' along with a number of additional LGBT issues including same-sex marriage, LGBT nondiscrimination laws, and religiously based service refusals to gay and lesbian people. The survey measures the extent to which Americans view the political parties and religious institutions as being friendly or unfriendly towards LGBT people and explores perceptions of discrimination against gay and lesbian people, transgender people, black Americans, and immigrants. It also includes questions about the 2016 presidential election.

The ARDA has added three additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 2014
Variables: 86
Weight Variable: WEIGHT

The weighting is accomplished in two separate stages. The first stage of weighting corrects for different probabilities of selection associated with the number of adults in each household and each respondent's telephone usage patterns. In the second stage, sample demographics are balanced to match target population parameters for gender, age, education, race and Hispanic ethnicity, region (U.S. Census definitions), population density and telephone usage. The population density parameter was derived from Census 2010 data. The telephone usage parameter came from an analysis of the July-December 2015 National Health Interview Survey. All other weighting parameters are derived from an analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's May 2015 Current Population Survey.

The sample weighting is accomplished using an iterative proportional fitting (IFP) process that simultaneously balances the distributions of all variables. Weights were trimmed to prevent individual interviews from having too much influence on the final results. The use of these weights in statistical analysis ensures that the demographic characteristics of the sample closely approximate the demographic characteristics of the target populations.

Data Collection

Aug. 10-16, 2016

Original Survey (Instrument)

PRRI August 2016 Survey

Funded By

The survey was made possible by generous grants from the Arcus Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and The Henry Luce Foundation.

Collection Procedures

Data collection is based on stratified, single-stage, random-digit-dialing (RDD) sample of landline telephone households and randomly generated cell phone numbers. The sample is designed to represent the total U.S. adult population and includes respondents from all 50 states, including Hawaii and Alaska. The landline and cell phone samples are provided by Marketing Systems Group.

Sampling Procedures

The survey was designed and conducted by the PRRI. Results of the survey were based on bilingual (Spanish and English) RDD telephone interviews conducted Aug. 10-16, 2016, by professional interviewers under the direction of SSRS. Interviews were conducted among a random sample of 2,014 adults 18 years of age or older living in the United States (1,206 respondents were interviewed on a cell phone, and 1,630 respondents were registered voters). The selection of respondents within households was accomplished by randomly requesting to speak with the youngest adult male or female currently living in the household.

The margin of error for the survey is +/- 2.6 percentage points at the 95 percent level of confidence. The design effect for the survey is 1.4. The margin of error for registered voters is +/- 2.9 percentage points at the 95 percent level of confidence. In addition to sampling error, surveys may also be subject to error or bias due to question wording, context and order effects.

Principal Investigators

Betsy Cooper, Daniel Cox, Rachel Lienesch and Robert P. Jones

Related Publications

Majority of Americans Oppose Laws Requiring Transgender Individuals to Use Bathrooms Corresponding to Sex at Birth Rather than Gender Identity

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