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PRRI 2017 Kids' Wellbeing Survey




The Public Religion Research Institute's (PRRI) 2017 Kids' Wellbeing Survey, which includes an oversample of people from the Southeast and Southwest, studies public views on policies that impact America's youth, including beliefs about the importance of helping underprivileged youth succeed. It looks at optimism about the country's future, concern about opportunities for success, and barriers to achieving success across racial and ethnic backgrounds, socioeconomic groups, and immigration status. The survey also probes attitudes toward the criminal justice system, including whether judges should consider the impact of sentencing and prison-assignment decisions on children and families and how the system should deal with crime committed by young people. It asks questions about child welfare policies and the extent to which the government is responsible for addressing and resolving problems facing American children and families.

The ARDA has added five additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 3455
Variables: 150
Weight Variable: WEIGHT

The weighting was accomplished in two separate stages. First, panel base weights were calculated for every household based on the probability of selection from the NORC National Frame, the sampling frame that was used to sample housing units for AmeriSpeak. Household level weights were then assigned to each eligible adult in every recruited household. In the second stage, sample demographics were balanced to match target population parameters for gender, age, education, race and Hispanic ethnicity, and division (U.S. Census definitions), housing type, and telephone usage. The telephone usage parameter came from an analysis of the National Health Interview Survey. All other weighting parameters are derived from an analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau's Current Population Survey.

The sample weighting was accomplished using an iterative proportional fitting process that simultaneously balances the distributions of all variables. Weights were trimmed to prevent individual interviews from having too much influence on the final results. The use of these weights in statistical analysis ensures that the demographic characteristics of the sample closely approximate the demographic characteristics of the target populations.

The margin of error for the survey is +/- 2.5 percentage points at the 95% level of confidence. The design effect for the survey is 2.3. In addition to sampling error, surveys may also be subject to error or bias due to question wording, context and order effects.

Data Collection

April 11- May 12, 2017

Original Survey (Instrument)

PRRI 2017 Kids Wellbeing Survey

Funded By

The 2017 Kids' Wellbeing Survey was made possible by generous funding from The Annie E. Casey Foundation. The authors would like to thank Brittany Stalsburg and Chris Ellis for their research and editorial assistance, Carolyn Davis for her strategic support; Joanna Piacenza and Harmeet Kamboj for their editorial and communications support; Alex Vandermaas-Peeler and Molly Fisch-Friedman for their extensive research contributions; and Tim Duffy for his able assistance with graphics and report design and layout. We would also like to thank Kivvit for providing communications outreach for the survey release.

Collection Procedures

The survey was designed and conducted by PRRI. The survey was made possible by a generous grant from The Annie E. Casey Foundation. Interviews were conducted among a random sample of 3,455 adults (age 18 and up) living in the United States, including all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Interviews were conducted both online using a self-administered design and by telephone using live interviewers. All interviews were conducted among participants in AmeriSpeak, a probability-based panel designed to be representative of the national U.S. adult population run by NORC at the University of Chicago. Panel participants without Internet access, which included 634 respondents, were interviewed via telephone by professional interviewers under the direction of NORC. Interviewing was conducted in both Spanish and English between April 11 and May 12, 2017. The total sample includes oversamples of 1,202 respondents in the Southeast and 1,237 respondents in the Southwest.

Sampling Procedures

NORC's AmeriSpeak Panel provides a representative panel of civilian, non-institutional adults (age 18 and over) living in the United States. The sample frame was developed using a two-stage probability sample design to create a representative sample of households in the United States. The first stage uses National Frame Areas (NFAs), geographic areas that have a population of at least 10,000 people. The National Sample Frame contains almost 3 million households and includes 80,000 rural households. Additionally, NORC oversampled housing units in segments (Census tracts or block groups) that include hard-to-reach populations, including young adults, Hispanics and African Americans. Panel recruitment proceeded in two stages. First, a mail solicitation is sent to a randomly selected household along with follow-up telephone calls and email solicitations, if necessary. In the second stage, households that have not responded to the initial inquiry or follow-ups receive an enhanced incentive offer and a personal visit from NORC field interviewers. Members typically participate in panel surveys two or three times a month. For more information about AmeriSpeak, please visit:

Principal Investigators

Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI)

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