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Party Variation in Religiosity and Womens Leadership, Lebanon Dataset




Kassem, F. S. (2020, May 3). Party Variation in Religiosity and Womens Leadership, Lebanon Dataset.


These data were collected for a study of how the characteristics of political parties influence women's chances in assuming leadership positions within the parties' inner structures. Data were compiled by Fatima Sbaity Kassem for a case-study of Lebanon and by national and local researchers for 25 other countries in Asia, Africa and Europe. Researchers gathered information about parties' year of origin, number of seats in parliament, political platform, and all sex-disaggregated party data (in percentages) on overall party membership, shares in executive and decision-making bodies, and nominations on electoral lists. A key variable measures party religiosity, which refers to the religious components on their political platforms or the extent to which religion penetrates their political agendas.

Only parties that have at least one seat in the any of the last three parliaments were included. These are referred to as 'relevant' parties. The four data sets combined cover 330 political parties in Lebanon plus 12 other Arab countries (Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia, Yemen), seven non-Arab Muslim-majority countries (Albania, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Indonesia, Senegal, Turkey), five European countries with dominant Christian democratic parties (Austria, Belgium, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands), and Israel.

Data File

Cases: 18
Variables: 24
Weight Variable: None

Data Collection

January 2008 through December 2010

Funded By

Fatima Sbaity Kassem

Collection Procedures

Data were collected in person and via one-on-one interviews with party administrators, officials, and elites.

Sampling Procedures

This study covered 26 countries in Asia, Africa and Europe which: (1) have comparable ranking on democracy in Polity IV; (2) hold periodic elections; and (3) allow parties to form and compete. Countries in the Arab and non-Arab Muslim-majority data sets are those with more than 50 percent Muslim populations. The five European countries are the Kalyvas set that have dominant Christian democratic parties. Israel is the only country with Jewish political parties. Only the countries that hold periodic elections and allow parties to form in the Arab and non-Arab Muslim-majority (more than 50 percent of population) are covered in the datasets. Within these countries and guided by Sartori, only "relevant" political parties are covered; i.e. those that occupy at least one seat in any of the last three parliaments in the countries in question.

Principal Investigators

Fatima Sbaity Kassem

Research assistants: Mona Fadhel (Bahrain), Fatouma Hadji Djaffar (Comoros), Amina Said Chire (Djibouti), Nahed Nassr (Egypt), Raedah Farahat (Jordan), Lubna Al-Kazi (Kuwait), Ely Cheikh Ould Aghailass (Mauritania), Idriss Lagrini (Morocco), Mohamed Saadi (Morocco), Mohamed El-Ghali (Morocco), Sabah Ikhmayees (Palestine), Boutheina Gribaa (Tunisia), Rashida Hamadani (Yemen), Jeta Katro (Albania), Hamid Awaludin (Indonesia), Ihsan Ali Fauzi (Indonesia), Selly Ba (Senegal), Penda Mbow (Senegal), Serpil Cakir (Turkey), Alten Ayken (Turkey), Zakir Hossain (Bangladesh), Mirjana Penava (Bosnia-Herzegovina), Palwasha Hassan (Afghanistan), Ulrike Felber (Austria), Olaf Boehnke (Germany), Marina Adrianopoli (Italy), Michele Pecora (Italy), Christian DeClercq (Belgium), Mirte Postma (Netherlands), Hanna Lerner (Israel), Noa On (Israel)

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