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Pew India Survey Dataset




Sahgal, N., & Evans, J. (2023, May 24). Pew India Survey Dataset.


This study is Pew Research Center's most comprehensive, in-depth exploration of India to date. For this report, Pew surveyed 29,999 Indian adults (including 22,975 who identify as Hindu, 3,336 who identify as Muslim, 1,782 who identify as Sikh, 1,011 who identify as Christian, 719 who identify as Buddhist, 109 who identify as Jain and 67 who identify as belonging to another religion or as religiously unaffiliated). Interviews for this nationally representative survey were conducted face-to-face under the direction of RTI International from November 17, 2019, to March 23, 2020. Respondents were surveyed about religious beliefs and practices, religious identity, nationalism, and tolerance in Indian society.

The ARDA has added four additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 29999
Variables: 306
Weight Variable: WEIGHT

The data are weighted in a multistep process. As a result of using the cMOS, the unweighted sample has more respondents belonging to certain religious groups than would normally occur in a nationally representative sample. Varying probabilities of selection are addressed through statistical adjustments, or weighting, and areas with higher sampling rates are represented in proper proportion to areas with lower sampling rates. For more information regarding weighting, please consult the Pew Research Center website.

Data Collection

Nov. 17, 2019, to March 23, 2020

Original Survey (Instrument)

Pew India Survey Dataset

Original Survey DOI


Funded By

This project was produced by Pew Research Center as part of the Pew-Templeton Global Religious Futures project, which analyzes religious change and its impact on societies around the world. Funding for the Global Religious Futures project comes from The Pew Charitable Trusts and the John Templeton Foundation.

Collection Procedures

Interviews were conducted under the direction of RTI International. For more information on collection procedures, please consult the methodology section on the Pew Research Center website.

Sampling Procedures

The survey sample was designed to be nationally representative of the Indian population and was selected using a stratified, multistage cluster method. The sample is also designed to allow for robust analysis of all major religious groups - Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains - as well as all major regional zones. To bolster representation of religious groups with lower prevalence in the country, the sample design uses a composite measure of size (cMOS) to increase the probability of selecting primary and secondary sampling units with those religious populations. To ensure adequate sample for stand-alone analyses of the Northeast, the least populated of the zones, the region's strata are allocated more sample than proportional to population size. For more information, please consult the methodology section on the Pew Research Center website.

Principal Investigators

Neha Sahgal
Jonathan Evans

Related Publications

Pew Research Center. June 28, 2021. "Religion in India: Tolerance and Segregation."

Pew Research Center. March 2, 2022. "How Indians View Gender Roles in Families and Society."

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