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Pew 2019 Survey of Religion Among U.S. Teens and Their Parents




This Pew Research Center survey is a nationally representative sample of U.S. teens and their parents. The data in this nationally representative sample was gathered using a self-administered web survey, and conducted among 1,811 dyads, with each dyad - or pair - comprised of one U.S. adolescent ages 13 to 17 and one parent per adolescent. The findings from this survey are detailed in the following reports, available on the Pew Research Center website: Report 1,Report 2. In addition to questions on religious practices, beliefs, and identity, this survey also asked teens a series of knowledge questions about the Holocaust, in order to compare adolescents and adults on knowledge of these topics. That report can also be found on the Pew Research Center website.

Data File

Cases: 1811
Variables: 162
Weight Variable: PARENT_WT, TEEN_WT

The analysis in the reports based on this data was performed using separate weights for parents and teens. The parent weight was created in a multistep process that begins with a base design weight for the parent, which was computed to reflect their selection probabilities. Next, an iterative technique was used to align the parent design weights to population benchmarks for parents of teens ages 13 to 17 on the dimensions identified in the accompanying table.

To create the teen weight, an adjustment factor was applied to the final parent weight to reflect each teen's probability of selection out of all eligible teens in their household. Finally, the teen weights were further raked to match the demographic distribution for all teens ages 13 to 17. The teen weights were adjusted on the same dimensions as parents with the exception of education, which was not used in the teen weighting.

Sampling errors and tests of statistical significance conducted as part of Pew Research Center's reporting on the survey's findings take into account the effect of weighting. Interviews were conducted in both English and Spanish. In addition to sampling error, one should bear in mind that question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of opinion polls.

Data Collection

March 29, 2019 - April 14, 2019

Original Survey (Instrument)

Pew 2019 Survey of Religion Among U.S. Teens and Their Parents

Funded By

Pew Research Center

Collection Procedures

The survey was conducted from March 29 to April 14, 2019. The margin of sampling error for the full sample of 1,811 teens is plus or minus 3.1 percentage points. The margin of sampling error for the full sample of 1,811 parents also is plus or minus 3.1 percentage points. The survey was conducted by Ipsos Public Affairs in English and Spanish using KnowledgePanel, its nationally representative online research panel.

Sampling Procedures

KnowledgePanel members are recruited through probability sampling methods and include both those with internet access and those who did not have internet access at the time of their recruitment. KnowledgePanel provides internet access for those who do not have it and, if needed, a device to access the internet when they join the panel. KnowledgePanel's recruitment process was originally based exclusively on a national random-digit dialing (RDD) sampling methodology. In 2009, Ipsos migrated to an address-based sampling (ABS) recruitment methodology via the U.S. Postal Service's Delivery Sequence File (DSF). The Delivery Sequence File has been estimated to cover as much as 98 percent of the population, although some studies suggest that the coverage could be in the low 90 percent range.1

The panel includes households with landlines and cellular phones, including those with only cellphones, as well as households without phones. Both the RDD and ABS samples were provided by Marketing Systems Group. KnowledgePanel continually recruits new panel members throughout the year to offset people who leave the panel.

Panelists were eligible for participation in this survey if they indicated on an earlier profile survey that they were the parent of a teen ages 13 to 17. A random sample of 4,588 eligible panel members were invited to participate in the study. Responding parents were screened and considered qualified for the study if they reconfirmed that they were the parent of at least one child ages 13 to 17 and granted permission for their child to participate in the study. In households with more than one eligible teen, parents were asked to refer to the child with the next birthday. A survey was considered complete if both the parent and sampled child completed their portions of the questionnaire or if the parent did not qualify during the initial screening.

Of the sampled panelists, 2,176 responded to the invitation and 1,819 qualified and completed both the parent and child portions of the survey, yielding a completion rate of 47% and a qualification rate of 84 percent.2 The cumulative response rate accounting for nonresponse to the recruitment surveys and attrition is 3.3 percent. The break-off rate among panelists who logged on to the survey (regardless of whether they completed any items) is 19 percent.

Principal Investigators

Pew Research Center

Related Publications

"For a Lot of American Teens, Religion Is a Regular Part of the Public School Day"

"U.S. Teens Take After Their Parents Religiously, Attend Services Together and Enjoy Family Rituals"

"What Americans Know About the Holocaust"

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