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State of the First Amendment Survey, 2000




The State of the First Amendment survey, conducted annually (since 1997, except for 1998) for the First Amendment Center by the Center for Survey Research and Analysis at the University of Connecticut, examines public attitudes toward freedom of speech, press, religion and the rights of assembly and petition. Core questions, asked each year, include awareness of First Amendment freedoms, overall assessments of whether there is too much or too little freedom of speech, press, and religion in the U.S., levels of tolerance for various types of public expression (such as flag-burning and singing songs with potentially offensive lyrics), levels of tolerance for various journalistic behaviors, attitudes toward prayer in schools, and level of support for amending the Constitution to prohibit flag-burning or defacement. Additional (non-core) questions asked in the 2000 survey include attitudes toward the role of government in political campaigns, the role of religion and the use of religious materials in classrooms, and attitudes toward government regulation of content on the Internet.

The ARDA has added six additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 1015
Variables: 98
Weight Variable: WGT

Data Collection

April 13-16, 2000.

Funded By

Freedom Forum
First Amendment Center
American Journalism Review

Collection Procedures

The Center for Survey Research and Analysis at the University of Connecticut conducted a total of 1,015 telephone interviews with a random national sample of adults ages 18 and over, from April 13 - 26, 2000.

Mode of Data Collection: computer-aided telephone interviews (CATI)

Type of Research Instrument: structured

Characteristics of Data Collection Situation: A total of 1,015 interviews were conducted with a national scientific sample of adults 18 years of age or older. Sampling error for a sample of this size is plus or minus 3% at the 95% level of confidence. Sampling error for subgroups is larger.

Actions to Minimize Losses: The telephone interviews took place in the evenings on weekdays, on Saturday mornings and afternoons and on Sunday afternoons and evenings. This schedule avoided the potential for bias caused by selecting people who were at home only at certain times. If a given telephone number did not result in an interview, for whatever reason, a substitution was made for it from within the same working block (which functioned as a single member "cluster"). This meant that one person's not being at home, for example, did not keep his or her cluster from coming into the survey.

Sampling Procedures

Estimates of Sampling Error: Sampling error for a sample of this size is plus or minus 3% at the 95% level of confidence.

Principal Investigators

Center for Survey Research and Analysis, University of Connecticut and the First Amendment Center

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