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State of the First Amendment Survey, 2003 - Analysis

PLEDGERC

Many public schools require teachers to lead students in recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance, which includes the phrase "One Nation Under God," although students are generally permitted to opt out of reciting the pledge if they so choose. In your opinion, does that school practice violate the Constitutional principle of separation of church and state?
 FrequencyPercentCumulative PercentZ-Score
1) Yes, it violates the Constitutional principle24524.5%24.5%-0.26
2) No, it does not70570.5%95.0%-0.22
98) Don't Know404.0%99.0%4.35
99) Refused101.0%100.0%4.39





Age (I-AGE)

 18-3031-4445-6162+MissingTotal
Yes, it violates the Constitutional principle32.6%
61
24.6%
64
22.9%
78
21.5%
40
225.0%
243
No, it does not66.8%
125
68.1%
177
72.6%
247
74.7%
139
1770.7%
688
Don't Know0.5%
1
6.2%
16
3.8%
13
3.2%
6
43.7%
36
Refused0.0%
0
1.2%
3
0.6%
2
0.5%
1
40.6%
6
Missing0000270
Total 100%
187
100%
260
100%
340
100%
186
   
973

Education (I-EDUC)

 High school or lessSome college/Trade schoolCollege or moreMissingTotal
Yes, it violates the Constitutional principle32.5%
74
21.0%
65
23.5%
106
024.7%
245
No, it does not63.2%
144
74.2%
230
72.3%
327
470.8%
701
Don't Know3.1%
7
4.5%
14
3.8%
17
23.8%
38
Refused1.3%
3
0.3%
1
0.4%
2
40.6%
6
Missing000100
Total 100%
228
100%
310
100%
452
   
990

Household income (I-INCOME)

 Under $30,000$30,000-$50,000$50,000-100,000$100,000+MissingTotal
Yes, it violates the Constitutional principle30.8%
84
28.0%
58
19.0%
58
20.9%
31
1424.8%
231
No, it does not64.8%
177
67.1%
139
77.0%
235
73.0%
108
4670.6%
659
Don't Know4.0%
11
4.3%
9
3.3%
10
4.7%
7
34.0%
37
Refused0.4%
1
0.5%
1
0.7%
2
1.4%
2
40.6%
6
Missing0000670
Total 100%
273
100%
207
100%
305
100%
148
   
933

Political party (I-PARTYID)

 DemocratRepublicanIndependentNo preference (volunteered)Other (volunteered)MissingTotal
Yes, it violates the Constitutional principle33.0%
101
13.3%
38
27.3%
72
20.9%
14
22.2%
8
1224.3%
233
No, it does not63.1%
193
81.4%
232
69.7%
184
71.6%
48
75.0%
27
2171.4%
684
Don't Know3.3%
10
4.9%
14
2.7%
7
6.0%
4
2.8%
1
43.8%
36
Refused0.7%
2
0.4%
1
0.4%
1
1.5%
1
0.0%
0
50.5%
5
Missing00000420
Total 100%
306
100%
285
100%
264
100%
67
100%
36
   
958

Race (I-RACE)

 WhiteBlackHispanicAsianOtherMissingTotal
Yes, it violates the Constitutional principle22.3%
176
38.8%
26
41.5%
17
25.0%
5
27.7%
13
824.5%
237
No, it does not73.5%
581
58.2%
39
53.7%
22
65.0%
13
66.0%
31
1971.0%
686
Don't Know3.7%
29
3.0%
2
4.9%
2
5.0%
1
6.4%
3
33.8%
37
Refused0.6%
5
0.0%
0
0.0%
0
5.0%
1
0.0%
0
40.6%
6
Missing00000340
Total 100%
791
100%
67
100%
41
100%
20
100%
47
   
966

Religion (I-RELIGION)

 NoneCatholicProtestantJewishOtherMissingTotal
Yes, it violates the Constitutional principle31.8%
34
21.6%
51
18.4%
53
35.7%
10
29.2%
82
1524.5%
230
No, it does not60.7%
65
75.4%
178
77.4%
223
60.7%
17
65.5%
184
3871.0%
667
Don't Know6.5%
7
3.0%
7
3.5%
10
3.6%
1
4.6%
13
24.0%
38
Refused0.9%
1
0.0%
0
0.7%
2
0.0%
0
0.7%
2
50.5%
5
Missing00000600
Total 100%
107
100%
236
100%
288
100%
28
100%
281
   
940

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