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U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Presbyterian Leaders




Woolever, C., Wulff, K., Bruce, D., & Smith-Williams, I. (2021, May 25). U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Presbyterian Leaders.


"Over 300,000 worshipers in over 2,000 congregations across America participated in the U.S. Congregational Life Survey--making it the largest survey of worshipers in America ever conducted. Three types of surveys were completed in each participating congregation: (a) an attendee survey completed by all worshipers age 15 and older who attended worship services during the weekend of April 29, 2001; (b) a Congregational Profile describing the congregation's facilities, staff, programs, and worship services completed by one person in the congregation; and (c) a Leader Survey completed by the pastor, priest, minister, rabbi, or other leader. Together the information collected provides a unique three-dimensional look at religious life in America." (From Appendix 1, A Field Guide to U.S. Congregations: Who's Going Where and Why. U.S. Congregational Life Survey Methodology.) This data file contains data for Presbyterian Leaders from the random sample of PC(USA) congregations. The Congregational Life Survey also has a Congregational profile for PC(USA) congregations and an Attender survey of all PC(USA) worshipers.

The ARDA has added five additional variables to the original data set to enhance the users' experience on our site.

Data File

Cases: 530
Variables: 250
Weight Variable: None

Data Collection

April 29, 2001

Original Survey (Instrument)

USCLS Leader Survey

Funded By

The Lilly Endowment, Inc.
The Louisville Institute
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)

Collection Procedures

Self-administered surveys

Sampling Procedures

"The National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago identified a random sample of U.S. congregations attended by individuals who participated in the General Social Survey (GSS) in the year 2000. All GSS participants who reported that they attended worship at least once in the prior year were asked to name the place where they worshiped. Since the GSS involves a national random sample of individuals, congregations identified by GSS participants comprise a national random sample of congregations. NORC researchers verified that each nominated congregation was an actual congregation and then invited each congregation to participate in the project."

"Denominations were also invited and encouraged to draw a random sample of their congregations. Denominational samples were large enough so that the results are representative of worshipers and congregations in each denomination. This allows denominations to compare their "typical" congregation and worshiper to congregations and worshipers in other denominations. Denominations participating in this oversampling procedure were: Church of the Nazarene, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA), Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), Roman Catholic Church, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Southern Baptist Convention, United Methodist Church (UMC), and United Church of Christ (UCC)." From Appendix 1, A Field Guide to U.S. Congregations: Who's Going Where and Why. U.S. Congregational Life Survey Methodology.)

Three Presbyterian Church (USA) oversamples participated in the survey. The first is the random sample. This sample was selected randomly from within sub strata based on size, region, and race-ethnicity of members. The second is the Racial Ethnic/Multicultural PC(USA) sample. This sample comprises three groups: (1) all predominantly racial-ethnic congregations (at least half of their members are from racial-ethnic minority groups), (2) all multi-cultural congregations (at least 20% of members are not white), (3) all congregations that reported in 1996 that they have an immigrant fellowship meeting in their facilities. Efforts were made to "de-duplicate" the Random and Ethnic samples. That is, congregations that appeared in both samples were invited only once. The third is the Fast-growing PC(USA) sample. The 400 fastest-growing congregations in the denomination were invited to participate. To identify these congregations, the percentage change in average worship attendance over the previous five-year period was examined. Congregations with missing or inaccurate data were excluded. Only data from the PC(USA) random sample is included in this file.

The response rate for the Presbyterian Church (USA) leader sample was 91.06%.

The Presbyterian Church (USA) data can be linked to the Presbyterian (USA) Profile and Attender data by the ID variable. Note: The ID variable in the Leader survey is the same variable as the CONGREGA variable in the Attender and Profile surveys.

Principal Investigators

Cynthia Woolever, Professor of Sociology of Religious Organizations, Hartford Institute for Religion Research, Hartford Seminary, co-principal investigator

Keith Wulff, Coordinator of Research Services, Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), co-principal investigator

Deborah Bruce, Associate Research Manager, Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), project manager

Ida Smith-Williams, Associate for Information, Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), data management specialist

Related Publications

A Field Guide to U.S. Congregations: Who's Going Where and Why. 2002. Cynthia Woolever and Deborah Bruce, Westminster John Knox Press.

Beyond the Ordinary: 10 Strengths of U.S. Congregations. 2004. Cynthia Woolever and Deborah Bruce, Westminster John Knox Press, 2004.

Category labels for Q5 or DENOM121

0 None
15 Baptist
17 American Baptist Churches
18 Baptist Bible Fellowship
22 Conservative Baptist Association of America
37 Southern Baptist
45 Brethen
48 Church of the Brethren
55 Christian & Missionary Alliances
57 The Christian Church Stone-Campbell Movement
58 Disciples of Christ
69 Anderson Church of God
79 Church of the Nazarene
83 Community Churches
86 Conservative Congreg Christian Conf
88 Episcopal-Anglican
91 Episcopal Church
93 Other Anglican bodies in the U.S.
94 Evangelical Church
99 Friends-Quakers
105 Independents Fundamental Churches
112 Latter-day Saints
118 Lutheran
119 American Lutheran Church
123 Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
125 Lutheran Church, Missouri Synod
126 Lutheran Church in America
128 Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod
136 General Conference Mennonite Churches
145 Methodist
149 Evangelical Methodist Church
150 Free Methodist Church of North America
155 United Methodist Church
158 Moravian
186 Assemblies of God
196 Plymouth Brethren
197 Presbyterian
198 Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church
200 Cumberland Presbyterian
201 Evangelical Presbyterian
204 Presbyterian Church USA
206 Reformed
207 Christian Reformed Church in N.A.
211 Reformed Church in America
213 Roman Catholic Church
220 Swedenborgian Church
223 Unitarian Universalist Asso
224 United Church of Christ
237 Nondenominational
238 United Church of Canada
999 Unknown - Not sure

Category labels for Q31 or DEGREE

6 Drew University Theo School
7 Gordon-Conwell Theo Seminary
8 Harvard Divinity School
10 Boston University School Of Theo
12 Princeton Theo Seminary
17 Immaculate Conception Seminary
23 Bexley Hall
31 Union Theo Seminary-NY
35 Pittsburgh Theo Seminary
39 Wesley Theo Seminary
43 Moravian Theo Seminary
53 Protestant Episcopal Theo Seminary
54 Union Theo Sem-VA
57 Columbia Theo Seminary
60 Louisville Presbyterian Theo School
62 Lutheran Theo Southern Seminary
64 Vanderbilt University Div School
66 Southern Baptist Theo Seminary
71 Reformed Theo Seminary
73 Lexington Theo Seminary
76 United Theo Seminary-Dayton
79 Methodist Theo School
96 Dallas Theo Seminary
102 Bethel Theo Seminary
104 Western Theo Seminary
105 University of Dubuque Theo Seminary
107 Luther Seminary
108 United Theo Seminary-Twin Cities
115 North America Baptist Seminary-SD
116 Northern Baptist Theo Seminary
121 Trinity Evangelical Divinity School
122 Garrett-Evangelical Theo Seminary
123 Bethany Theo Seminary
125 McCormick Theo Seminary
129 Midwestern Baptist Theo Seminary
130 Central Baptist Theo Seminary
132 Perkins School of Theo
135 Saint Paul School of Theo Methodist
139 Eden Theo Seminary
141 Nazarene Theo Seminary
144 Southwestern Baptist Theo Seminary
145 Brite Divinity School
146 Austin Presbyterian Theo Seminary
147 Iliff School of Theology
148 Fuller Theo Seminary
154 Claremont School of Theology
165 Golden Gate Baptist Theo Seminary
170 Pacific School of Religion
171 San Francisco Theo Seminary
175 Graduate Theo Union
248 Cumberland Presbyterian Theo Seminary
272 Philadelphia College of Bible
340 Westminster College
470 Erskine Theo Seminary
495 Johnson C. Smith College
710 Azusa Pacific University
823 Gettysburg College or Texas Christian University
925 Yale University Div School
930 Duke University Divinity School
1046 Rhodes University South Africa
1053 Dallas Baptist College
1316 William Tyndale College
2081 St. Paul's United Theo College
3005 Lancaster Theo Seminary
9978 Canadian Nazarene College
9979 Youth Challenge
9994 Presbyterian School of Christian Education
9995 Union College-Lincoln
9996 Hamma Divinity School
9997 Foreign Theological School or Bible College
9999 Unknown

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