Nation of Islam
The original Nation of Islam was founded by Master Wallace Fard Muhammad in the years following the death of noble Drew Ali, founder of the Moorish Science Temple) and developed by Elijah Poole (aka Elijah Muhammad (1897-1975). It began with ideas available in the popular culture and only in the 1980s began to move toward an orthodox Muslim position under the guidance of Elijah Muhammad's son, Warith Deen Muhammad (1933-2008). Under his leadership the former nation or Islam changed its name several times and eventually lost its distinctive organizational existence and became part of the larger American Sunni Muslim community.