- Religious Freedom
- Religious Regulation
- Religious Support
- Public Opinion
Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic
Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (79.6%)
Features Of Constitution
|Is there a constitution?3||yes|
|Does the constitution state an official religion?3||no [Article 41(4)]|
|Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3||yes [Article 41(1)]|
|Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3||yes [Article 13(2)]|
|Translation3||Source is an English translation.|
|Current as of3||July 22, 2018|
Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3
Article 13. Principle of equality.
(2) No one shall be privileged, favoured, prejudiced, deprived of any right or exempted from any duty on the basis of ... religion ...
Article 19. Suspension of the exercise of rights.
(6) Under no circumstances shall a declaration of a state of siege or a state of emergency affect the ... freedom of conscience and religion.
Article 35. Use of computers.
Computers shall not be used to treat data concerning ... religious beliefs ... save with the express consent of the data subject, with authorisation provided for by law and with guarantees of nondiscrimination, or for the purpose of processing statistical data that cannot be individually identified.
Article 38. Freedom of the press and the media.
(2) Freedom of the press shall mean:
(a) Journalists and other staff's freedom of expression and creativity, as well as journalists' freedom to take part in determining the editorial policy of the media body in question, save when it is ... denominational in nature;
Article 41. Freedom of conscience, religion and worship.
(1) Freedom of conscience, religion and worship shall be inviolable.
(2) No one shall be persecuted, deprived of rights or exempted from civic obligations or duties because of his convictions or religious observance.
(3) No authority shall question anyone in relation to his convictions or religious observance, save in order to gather statistical data that cannot be individually identified, nor shall anyone be prejudiced in any way for refusing to answer.
(4) Churches and other religious communities shall be separate from the state and free to organise themselves and to perform their ceremonies and their worship.
(5) Freedom to teach any religion within the denomination in question and to use appropriate media for the pursuit of its activities shall be guaranteed.
(6) The right to be a conscientious objector, as laid down by law, shall be guaranteed.
Article 43. Freedom to learn and to teach.
(2) The state shall not lay down educational and cultural programmes in accordance with any ... religious directives.
(3) Public education shall not be denominational.
(4) The right to create private and cooperative schools shall be guaranteed.
Article 51. Political associations and parties.
(3) Without prejudice to the philosophy or ideology that underlies their manifestoes, political parties shall not employ names that contain expressions which are directly related to any religion or church, or emblems that can be confused with ... religious symbols.
Article 55. Freedoms concerning trade unions.
(4) Trade unions shall be independent of ... religious denominations ...
Article 59. Workers’ rights.
(1) Regardless of ... religion ... every worker shall possess the right:
[Here follow enumerated rights]
Article 288. Matters in which revision shall be restricted.
Constitutional revision laws shall respect:
(c) The separation between church and state;
1. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
2. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
3. Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.