Armenia
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Orthodox

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Orthodox (93.5%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 yes [Article 18]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 41(1)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 29]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1995
Last Amended3 2015
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 July 30, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

… having fulfilled the sacred behest of its freedom-loving ancestors to restore the sovereign state …

Article 17. The state and religious organizations.

(1) The freedom of activity of religious organizations shall be guaranteed in the Republic of Armenia.

(2) Religious organizations shall be separate from the state.

Article 18. The Armenian Apostolic Holy Church.

(1) The Republic of Armenia shall recognize the exceptional mission of the Armenian Apostolic Holy Church, as the national church, in the spiritual life of the Armenian people, in the development of its national culture, and in the preservation of its national identity.

(2) The relationship between the Republic of Armenia and the Armenian Apostolic Holy Church may be regulated by law.

Article 29. The prohibition of discrimination.

Any discrimination based on … religion … shall be prohibited.

Article 41. The freedom of thought, conscience, and religion.

(1) Everyone shall have the right to the freedom of thought, conscience, and religion. This right shall include the freedom to change one’s religion or beliefs and the freedom, either alone or in community with others in public or in private, to manifest religion or beliefs in preaching, church ceremonies, other rituals of worship or in other forms.

(2) The expression of the freedom of thought, conscience, and religion may be restricted only by law with the aim of protecting state security, the public order, health and morals, or the fundamental rights and freedoms of others.

(3) Every citizen for whom military service contradicts his religion or beliefs shall have the right to replace it with alternative service in the manner stipulated by law.

(4) Religious organizations shall have equal rights and shall enjoy autonomy. The procedure of creation and operation of religious organizations shall be stipulated by law.

Article 56. The right to presence national and ethnic identity.

(2) Persons belonging to national minorities shall have the right to preserve and develop their … religion …

Article 77. The prohibition of abuse of fundamental rights and freedoms.

It shall be prohibited to use fundamental rights and freedoms for the purpose of … inciting … religious hatred …


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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