Mauritania
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Sunni

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Sunni Muslim (99.1%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 yes [Article 5]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 no
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 no

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1991
Last Amended3 2017
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 August 2, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

Trusting in the omnipotence of Allah ...

Strong from its spiritual values and from the radiation of its civilization, [Mauritania] also proclaims, solemnly, its attachment to Islam ...

... [T]he Mauritanian people proclaim, in particular, the intangible guarantee of the following rights and principles: ... the rights attached to the family, basic unit of the Islamic society ...

Conscious of the necessity of strengthening the ties with [their] brother peoples, ... Muslim people ...

Article 1.

(1) Mauritania is an Islamic ... Republic.

...

Article 5.

Islam is the religion of the people and of the State.

Article 15.

The Waghf assets and foundations are recognized: their allocation [destination] is protected by the law.

Article 23.

The President of the Republic is the Head of the State. He is of Muslim religion.

Article 29.

... The [Presidential] oath is taken ... in the presence ... of the President of the High Islamic Council.

Article 94.

A High Islamic Council composed of five (5) members is instituted before the President of the Republic.

The President and the other members of the High Islamic Council are appointed by the President of the Republic.

The High Islamic Council meets at the demand of the President of the Republic.

It formulates an opinion on the questions concerning which it is consulted by the President of the Republic.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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