- Religious Freedom
- Religious Regulation
- Religious Support
- Public Opinion
Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic
Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (60.4%)
Features Of Constitution
|Is there a constitution?3||yes|
|Does the constitution state an official religion?3||not stated|
|Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3||yes, in separate document [Basic Law on General Rights, Article 14(1)]|
|Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3||yes [Article 7(1); Basic Law on General Rights, Article 14(2)]|
|Source3||World Constitutions Illustrated; Government of Austria|
|Translation3||Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.|
|Current as of3||July 25, 2018|
Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3
Federal Constitutional law (1945)
(1) All nationals are equal before the law. Privileges based upon … religion are excluded. …
(1) The Federation has powers of legislation and execution in the following matters:
(13) … religious affairs …
(5a) [Educational goals:] oriented in social, religious and moral values … be open to political, religious and ideological thinking of others …
(6) … Admission to public school is open to all without distinction of … religion …
(10) In matters pertaining to … the relationship between school and the Churches (religious societies) including religious instruction at school, the National Council … can vote Federal legislation only in the presence of at least half the members and by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast.
(3) … legislation is the business of the Federation, execution the business of the Länder in matters of
(a) religious instruction; …
Article 62. [On Presidential oath of office]
(2) The addition of a religious asseveration is admissible.
(1) [On oath of office for members of the Federal government] The addition of a religious asseveration is admissible.
(4) [On oath of office for member of Länder governments] The addition of a religious asseveration is admissible.
Basic Law on the General Rights of Nationals (1867)
(1) Everyone is guaranteed complete freedom of conscience and creed.
(2) The enjoyment of civil and political rights is independent of religious belief. Nevertheless duties incumbent on nationals may not be prejudiced by religious beliefs.
(3) No one can be forced to observe a ritual act or to participate in an ecclesiastical ceremony insofar as he is not subordinate to another who is by law invested with such authority.
Every Church and religious society recognized by the law has the right to joint public religious practice, arranges and administers its internal affairs autonomously, and retains possession and enjoyment of its institutions, endowments and funds devoted to worship, instruction and welfare, but is like every society subject to the general laws of the land.
The members of a confession without legal recognition may practice their religion at home, insofar as this practice is neither unlawful, nor offends common decency.
(4) The Church or religious society concerned shall see to religious instruction in schools.
1. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
2. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
3. Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.