Poland
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Catholic

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Catholic (85.8%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 recognition only [Article 25(4)]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 53(1,2)]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 25(2)]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1997
Last Amended3 2009
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 July 23, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Preamble

... We ... Both those who believe in God as the source of truth, justice, good and beauty, as well as those not sharing such faith but respecting those universal values as arising from other sources,

...

Beholden to our ancestors ... for our culture rooted in the Christian heritage of the Nation ...

...

Recognizing our responsibility before God or our own consciences

...

Article 25

(1) Churches and other religious organizations shall have equal rights.

(2) Public authorities in the Republic of Poland shall be impartial in matters of personal conviction, whether religious or philosophical, or in relation to outlooks on life, and shall ensure their freedom of expression within public life.

(3) The relationship between the State and churches and other religious organizations shall be based on the principle of respect for their autonomy and the mutual independence of each in its own sphere, as well as on the principle of cooperation for the individual and the common good.

(4) The relations between the Republic of Poland and the Roman Catholic Church shall be determined by international treaty concluded with the Holy See, and by statute.

(5) The relations between the Republic of Poland and other churches and religious organizations shall be determined by statutes adopted pursuant to agreements concluded between their appropriate representatives and the Council of Ministers.

Article 35

...

(2) National and ethnic minorities shall have the right to establish ... institutions designed to protect religious identity, as well as to participate in the resolution of matters connected with their cultural identity.

Article 48

(1) Parents shall have the right to rear their children in accordance with their own convictions. Such upbringing shall respect the degree of maturity of a child as well as his freedom of conscience and belief and also his convictions.

...

Article 53

(1) Freedom of faith and religion shall be ensured to everyone.

(2) Freedom of religion shall include the freedom to profess or to accept a religion by personal choice as well as to manifest such religion, either individually or collectively, publicly or privately, by worshipping, praying, participating in ceremonies, performing of rites or teaching. Freedom of religion shall also include possession of sanctuaries and other places of worship for the satisfaction of the needs of believers as well as the right of individuals, wherever they may be, to benefit from religious services.

(3) Parents shall have the right to ensure their children a moral and religious upbringing and teaching in accordance with their convictions. The provisions of Article 48, para. 1 shall apply as appropriate.

(4) The religion of a church or other legally recognized religious organization may be taught in schools, but other peoples' freedom of religion and conscience shall not be infringed thereby.

(5) The freedom to publicly express religion may be limited only by means of statute and only where this is necessary for the defence of State security, public order, health, morals or the freedoms and rights of others.

(6) No one shall be compelled to participate or not participate in religious practices.

(7) No one may be compelled by organs of public authority to disclose his ... religious convictions or belief.

Article 85.

...

(3) Any citizen whose religious convictions ... do not allow him to perform military service may be obliged to perform substitute service in accordance with principles specified by statute.

Article 191.

The following may make application to the Constitutional Tribunal regarding matters specified in Article 188 [which specifies jurisdiction of Constitutional Tribunal]:

...

(5) churches and religious organizations;

...

Article 233.

(1) The statute specifying the scope of limitation of the freedoms and rights of persons and citizens in times of martial law and states of emergency shall not limit the freedoms and rights specified in ... Article 53 (conscience and religion) ... as well as Article 48 ... (family and children).


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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