Yemen
 National Profiles > Regions > Western Asia > Yemen
Search National Profiles:

  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Sunni

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Shia Muslim (59%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 yes [Article 2]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 no
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 no

Constitution

Constitution Year3 2001
Last Amended3 2015
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation, edited by ARDA staff.
Current as of3 September 26, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Article 1.

The Republic of Yemen is an ... Islamic ... state ... The people of Yemen are part of the ... Islamic Nation.

Article 2.

Islam is the religion of the state ...

Article 3.

Islamic Shari’ah is the source of all legislation.

Article 7.

... The national economy should be founded on the following principles:

(a) Islamic social justice in economic relations ...

...

Article 21.

The state shall collect the Zakat (Shari’ah tax) and shall spend it through its legal channels in accordance with law.

Article 22.

Endowment properties are inviolable. Those who control them are obliged to improve and develop their resources and spend them in a way that secures the accomplishment of their objectives and legal aims. [*Editor’s note: a reference to wakf.]

Article 23.

The right of inheritance is guaranteed in accordance with Islamic tenets (Shari’ah) ...

Article 26.

The Family is the basis of society, its pillars are religion ...

Article 31.

Women ... have rights and duties, which are guaranteed and assigned by Shari’ah and stipulated by law.

Article 47.

... No crime or punishment shall be undertaken without a provision in the Shari’ah or the law. ...

Article 52.

... places of worship ... have a sanctity which may not be violated through surveillance or search except in the cases stipulated by the law.

Article 54.

... The state shall give special attention to young people and protect them against perversions, provide them with religious ... education ...

Article 60.

Defending religion and the homeland is a sacred duty ...

Article 64.

...

(b) A candidate for the House of Representatives must meet the following conditions:

...

(4) must ... fulfill his religious duties ...

Article 107.

Every Yemeni who meets the following specified conditions may become a candidate for the post of the President of the Republic:

...

(d) ... practices his Islamic duties ...

...

Article 160.

[Oath of office:] I swear by Almighty Allah:

• To adhere to the Quran (the Book of God) and the traditions established by the Prophet Mohammed,

...

Constitutional Declaration to organize the foundations of governance during the transitional period in Yemen

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate:

...

... we have pledged, with God as our witness ...


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

Bookmark and Share