Estonia
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  Preferred Religion (2015)1: Protestant

  Majority Religion (2015)2: Not Religious (incl. Atheist) (59.2%)

Features Of Constitution

Is there a constitution?3 yes
Does the constitution state an official religion?3 no [Article 40]
Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3 yes [Article 40]
Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3 yes [Article 12]

Constitution

Constitution Year3 1992
Last Amended3 2015
Source3 Constitute Project
Translation3 Source is an English translation.
Current as of3 July 29, 2018

Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3

Article 8.

No one shall be deprived of Estonian citizenship because of his or her beliefs.

Article 12.

Everyone is equal before the law. No one shall be discriminated against on the basis of … religion …

The incitement of … religious … hatred, violence or discrimination shall, by law, be prohibited and punishable. …

Article 40.

Everyone has freedom of conscience, religion and thought.

Everyone may freely belong to churches and religious societies. There is no state church.

Everyone has the freedom to exercise his or her religion, both alone and in community with others, in public or in private, unless this is detrimental to public order, health or morals.

Article 41.

Everyone has the right to remain faithful to his or her opinions and beliefs. No one shall be compelled to change them.

Beliefs shall not excuse a violation of the law.

No one shall bear legal liability because of his or her beliefs.

Article 42.

State agencies, local governments, and their officials shall not gather or store information about the beliefs of an Estonian citizen against the citizen’s free will.

Article 45.

Everyone has the right to freely disseminate … beliefs … by word, print, picture or other means.

Article 124.

A person who refuses to serve in the Armed Forces for religious … reasons has a duty to perform alternative service pursuant to procedure prescribed by law.


Sources

1.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

2.  The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

3.  Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at support@thearda.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.

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