- Religious Freedom
- Religious Regulation
- Religious Support
Preferred Religion (2015)1: Western Christian
Majority Religion (2015)2: Protestant (incl. Anglican, Pentecostal) (47.6%)
Features Of Constitution
|Is there a constitution?3||yes|
|Does the constitution state an official religion?3||no [Section 4(3)]|
|Does the constitution provide for freedom of religion?3||yes [Section 22(1-2)]|
|Does the constitution protect religious equality/non-discrimination?3||yes [Sections 4(3)(a), 26(3)(a)]|
|Translation3||Original was written in English.|
|Current as of3||November 12, 2018|
Constitution Excerpts (clauses that reference religion)3
Section 4. Secular State.
(1) Religious liberty, as recognised in the Bill of Rights, is a founding principle of the State.
(2) Religious belief is personal.
(3) Religion and the State are separate, which means---
(a) the State and all persons holding public office must treat all religions equally;
(b) the State and all persons holding public office must not dictate any religious belief;
(c) the State and all persons holding public office must not prefer or advance, by any means, any particular religion, religious denomination, religious belief, or religious practice over another, or over any non-religious belief; and
(d) no person shall assert any religious belief as a legal reason to disregard this Constitution or any other law.
Section 9. Right to personal liberty.
(3) If a person is detained pursuant to a measure authorised under a state of emergency---
(b) the person must be given the opportunity to communicate with, and to be visited by---
(iii) a religious counsellor ...
Section 13. Rights of arrested and detained persons.
(1) Every person who is arrested or detained has the right---
(k) to communicate with, and be visited by,---
(ii) a religious counsellor ...
Section 17. Freedom of speech, expression and publication.
(3) To the extent that it is necessary, a law may limit, or may authorise the limitation of, the rights and freedoms mentioned in subsection (1) in the interests of---
(d) preventing attacks on the dignity of individuals, groups of individuals or respected offices or institutions in a manner likely to promote ill will between ... religious groups ...
Section 22. Freedom of religion, conscience and belief.
(1) Every person has the right to freedom of religion, conscience and belief.
(2) Every person has the right, either individually or in community with others, in private or in public, to manifest and practise their religion or belief in worship, observance, practice or teaching.
(3) Every person has the right not to be compelled to---
(a) act in any manner that is contrary to the person's religion or belief; or
(b) take an oath, or take an oath in a manner, that---
(i) is contrary to the person's religion or belief; or
(ii) requires the person to express a belief that the person does not hold.
(4) Every religious community or denomination, and every cultural or social community, has the right to establish, maintain and manage places of education whether or not it receives financial assistance from the State, provided that the educational institution maintains any standard prescribed by law.
(5) In exercising its rights under subsection (4), a religious community or denomination has the right to provide religious instruction as part of any education that it provides, whether or not it receives financial assistance from the State for the provision of that education.
(6) Except with his or her consent or, in the case of a child, the consent of a parent or lawful guardian, a person attending a place of education is not required to receive religious instruction or to take part in or attend a religious ceremony or observance if the instruction, ceremony or observance relates to a religion that is not his or her own or if he or she does not hold any religious belief.
(7) To the extent that it is necessary, the rights and freedoms set out in this section may be made subject to such limitations prescribed by law---
(a) to protect---
(i) the rights and freedoms of other persons; or
(ii) public safety, public order, public morality or public health; or
(b) to prevent public nuisance.
Section 26. Right to equality and freedom from discrimination.
(3) A person must not be unfairly discriminated against, directly or indirectly on the grounds of his or her---
(a) actual or supposed personal characteristics or circumstances, including ... religion, conscience, ...
1. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
2. The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Demographics reports annual estimates of religious demographics, both country by country and region by region. It estimates populations and percentages of adherents of 100 religious denominations including second level subdivisions within Christianity and Islam. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.
3. Text from country constitutions was copied from primary documents obtained online using a variety of sources, including the Constitute Project, World Constitutions Illustrated, and government sources. When the text was in a language other than English, it was translated to English by ARDA staff or with web-based translation utilities such as Google Translate. Emphases were added to the text by ARDA staff to differentiate religious content from non-religious content. Text is current to the date listed in the "Current as of" field shown above. Please contact us at email@example.com if you are aware of any incorrect information provided on this page.