Citations are taken from the Sociology of Religion Searchable Bibliographic Database, created and updated by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio). The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.
  • The influence of close ties on depression: Does network religiosity matter?
    Upenieks, Laura (2020)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 59:3: 484-508.
    Analyzes 2006 Portraits of American Life Study data; a greater number of network ties that discuss religion & pray for the respondent are detrimental to the mental health of those of a low religious salience.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Network; Salience
  • Belief in supernatural evil and mental health: Do secure attachment to God and gender matter?
    Jung, Jong Hyun (2020)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 59:1: 141-160.
    Analyzes 2010 Baylor Religion Survey data (U.S.A.). Belief in supernatural evil is positively associated with anxiety & paranoia, but attachment to God buffers this relationship for women.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Belief; Gender
  • Attributing problem-solving to God, receiving social support, and stress-moderation
    Rainville, G. "Chuck"; and Neal Krause (2020)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 59:3: 476-483
    Analyzes AARP Brain Health and Mental Health survey data (U.S.A. adults). Viewing God as a problem solver had a stress-buffering effect among those receiving low social support, and a stress-exacerbator among those already receiving high levels of social support.
    Associated Search Terms: God, image of; Health; Stress; Social support
  • Does religion buffer the effects of discrimination on distress for religious minorities? The case of Arab Americans.
    Shah, Sarah (2019)
    Society and MentalHealth 9:2: 171-191.
    Analyzes Detroit Arab American Survey data (2003). Salience of God and salient practices buffer stress from discrimination.
    Associated Search Terms: Discrimination; Arab Americans; Practice; United States, Michigan, Detroit; Stress; Salience
  • African American and European American clergy's ounseling of older adults.
    Pickard, Joseph G., Sharon D. Johnson, Huei-Wern Shen, and Erin L. Mason (2019)
    Review of Religious Reseach 61:3: 221-234.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from Christian clergy in the St. Louis, Missouri, metropolitan area. African American, Catholic, & clergy with mental health training spend greater percentages of their time counseling older people.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Clergy role; African Americans; Gerontology; United States, Missouri, St. Louis
  • Miscarriage, religious participation, and mental health.
    Petts, Richard J. (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:1: 109-122.
    Analyzes 1997-2010 panel interview data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth (U.S.A.). Women who had miscarriages had better mental health if they were religious.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Panel study; Women; Coping
  • Secularity, religiosity, and health: Physical and mental health differences between atheists, agnostics, and nonaffiliated theists compared to religiously affiliated individuals.
    Baker, Joseph O., Samuel Stroope, and Mark H. Walker (2018)
    Social Science Research 75: 44-57.
    Using a national sample of U.S.A. adults, compares physical & mental health outcomes for atheists, agnostics, religiously nonaffiliated theists, & theistic members of organized religious traditions. Atheists had better physical health than other secular individuals & members of some religious traditions & reported significantly lower levels of psychiatric symptoms than both other seculars & members of most religious traditions. In contrast, physical & mental health were significantly worse for nonaffiliated theists compared to other seculars & religious affiliates on most outcomes.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Health; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Childhood adversity, religion, and change in adult mental health.
    Jung, Jong Hyun (2018)
    Research on Aging 40:2: 155-179.
    Using longitudinal data from a representative sample of American adults ( N = 1,635), I find that religious salience & spirituality buffer the noxious effects of childhood abuse on change in positive affect over time. By contrast, these stress-buffering properties of religion fail to emerge when negative affect serves as the outcome measure.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health
  • Goal striving stress and self-concept: The moderating role of perceived divine control.
    DeAngelis, Reed T. (2018)
    Society and Mental Health 8:2: 141-156.
    (1) goal-striving stress inversely associated with self-esteem and mastery, net of a number of statistical controls; (2) perceived divine control attenuated the inverse association between goal-striving stress & self-esteem; but (3) perceived divine control amplified the inverse association between goal-striving stress & mastery.
    Associated Search Terms: Stress; Self concept; Control, divine
  • "Let the heavens be glad, and the earth rejoice": Religion and life satisfaction among emerging adults in the United States.
    Desmond, Scott A., Rachel Kraus, and Brendan J.L. Dugan (2018)
    Mental Health, Religion and Culture 21(3): 304–318.
    Based on the 3rd wave of the National Study of Youth and Religion; private devotion & religious efficacy are significantly related to greater life satisfaction among emerging adults. Participation in organised religion, religious salience, otherworldly beliefs, number of religious friends, and being spiritual but not religious are not related to greater life satisfaction.
    Associated Search Terms: Life satisfaction; Young adults; Youth
  • Aspiration strain and mental health: The eduction-contingent role of religion.
    DeAngelis, Reed T., and Christopher G. Ellison (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:2: 341-364.
    Analyzes survey data from non-Hispanic whites & African Americans in Davidson County (Nashville), Tennessee. Among those with high school or less education, religious involvement buffered strain from aspirations.
    Associated Search Terms: Education; Stress; United States, Tennessee, Davidson County; United States, Tennessee, Nashville
  • Forgiveness, attachment to God, and mental health outcomes in older U.S. adults: A longitudinal study.
    Kent, Blake Victor, Matt Bradshaw, and Jeremy E. Uecker (2018)
    Research on Aging 40;5: 456-479.
    Analyzes sample data from older 2. adults with religious backgrounds in order to examine the relationships among two types of divine forgiveness & 3 indicators of psychological well-being as well as the moderating role of attachment to God.
    Associated Search Terms: Well-being, psychological; Attachment to God; Forgiveness; Gerontology
  • Religious service attendance aids coping by providing a sense of continuity: A test of the stress-support matching hypothesis using mental health outcome measures.
    Rainville, G. "Chuck" (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:2: 396-408.
    Analyzes 2016 survey data from American adults aged 40+. Service attendance buffers discontinuity stress.
    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Stress; Gerontology
  • Should I stay or should I go? Religious (dis) affiliation and depressive symptomatology.
    May, Matthew (2017)
    Society and Mental Health 8:3: 214-230.
    Uses longitudinal data from the Portraits of American Life Study to examine the impact of religious affiliation on mental health. Compares individuals who dropped out of religion with individuals who considered dropping out (stayers), stable affiliates, & stable nones. Stayers experience more depressive symptoms than any other group; they experience a greater increase in depressive symptoms over time.
    Associated Search Terms: Disaffiliation; Membership; Mental health
  • Does religious involvement mitigate the effects of major discrimination on the mental health of African Americans? Findings from the Nashville stress and health study.
    Ellison, Christopher G., Reed T. DeAngelis, and Metin Güven (2017)
    Religions 8:9: 195;
    Analyzes 2011-14 data from the African American subsample of Vanderbilt University’s Nashville Stress and Health Study. Results from multivariate regression models indicated (1) experiences of major discrimination were positively associated with depression & negatively associated with life satisfaction, net of religious & sociodemographic controls; & (2) religious social support offset & buffered the adverse effects of major discrimination on both mental health outcomes, particularly for those respondents who reported seeking support the most often.
    Associated Search Terms: African Americans; Depression; Discrimination; Life satisfaction; Mental health; United States, Tennessee, Nashville
  • Country-level differences in the effects of financial hardship on life satisfaction: The role of religious context and age-contingent buffering.
    Jung, Jong Hyun (2017)
    Society and Mental Health 8:2: 123-140 .
    Analyzes 2010-14 World Values Survey data; the negative association between financial hardship & life satisfaction is weaker in countries with higher levels of religiosity than in countries with lower levels of religiosity. Further, the stress-buffering properties of religious context operate primarily for older adults.
    Associated Search Terms: Life satisfaction; Mental health; Stress
  • The honeymoon is over: Occupational relocation and changes in mental health among United Methodist clergy.
    Eagle, David E., Andrew A. Miles, and Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell (2017)
    Review of Religious Research 59:1: 31-45.
    Analyzes 2008 & '10 panel survey data from United Methodist clergy in the U.S.A. Those who had relocated between the 2 survey waves reported less stress & higher morale.
    Associated Search Terms: Panel study; United Methodist, U.S.A.; Stress; Morale; Clergy
  • Demonic influence: The negative mental health effects of belief in demons
    Nie, Fanhao, and Daniel V.A. Olson (2016)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55:3: 498-515.
    Analyzes 2003-08 panel National Study of Youth and Religion (US.A.) data. Belief in malevolent spirits predicts lower mental health scores among adolescents & declines in the scores in young adulthood.
    Associated Search Terms: Adolescents; Belief; Devil; Young adults; Youth; Mental health; Panel study
  • Do religiosity and spirituality really matter for social, mental, and physical health? A tale of two samples.
    Cragun, Deborah, Ryan T. Cragun, Brian Nathan, J. E. Sumerau, and Alexandra C. H. Nowakowski. (2016)
    Sociological Spectrum 36:6: 359-377.
    Spirituality, when conceptualized as belief & experience of the supernatural, had no direct or indirect effect on physical, mental, or social health. Religiosity had a small but significant direct effect on social health in one sample but not the other. the authors consider their findings in relation to religious privileging in the U.S.A.
    Associated Search Terms: Spirituality; Religiosity; Health
  • Belief in human sinfulness, belief in experiencing divine forgiveness, and psychiatric symptoms.
    Uecker, Jeremy E., Christopher G. Ellison, Kevin J. Flannelly, and Amy M. Burdette (2016)
    Review of Religious Research 58:1: 1-26.
    Analyzes 2004 U.S.A. e-mail survey data. Finds a positive association between belief in human sinfulness & 6 psychiatric symptoms, & a negative one between belief in divine forgiveness & 6 symptoms, as well as some inetraction effects.
    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Forgiveness; Mental health; Sin
  • Predictors of opposition to and support for the ordination of women: Insights from the LDS Church.
    Cragun, Ryan T., Stephen M. Merino, Michael Nielsen, Brent D. Beal, Matthew Stearmer, and Bradley Jones (2016)
    Mental Health, Religion, and Culture 19:2: 124-137.
    Support for the ordination of women in the LDS Church is greater when framed in a way that takes into account LDS church governance. While several demographic variables predict attitudes towards ordination, the strongest correlate is perceptions of inequality.
    Associated Search Terms: Mormon; Women
  • Deviating from Religious Norms and the Mental Health of Conservative Protestants.
    Mannheimer, Andrew H., and Terrence D. Hill (2015)
    Journal of Religion and Health 54:5: 1826-1838.
    Analyzes representative data from Texas; falling short of population average levels for church attendance & reading of religious scripture is associated with higher levels of psychological distress. Interestingly, falling short of population averages for prayer is unrelated to psychological distress, depressive symptoms, & anxiety.
    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Prayer; Mental health; Stress; Deviance/social control; Conservative; Bible reading
  • My body is a temple: Eating disturbances, religious involvement, and mental health among young adult women.
    Henderson, Andrea K., and Christopher G. Ellison (2014)
    Journal of Religion and Health 54:3: 954-976.
    Religious involvement--organizational, non-organizational, & subjective religiousness--moderates the effects of eating disturbances on mental health, particularly for self-esteem.
    Associated Search Terms: Self-esteem; Women; Young adults; Mental health; Health
  • Mental health and religion.
    Hill, Terrence D., and Andrew H. Mannheimer (2014)
    In W.C. Cockerham, R. Dingwall, and S. Quah (eds.) The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Health, Illness, Behavior, and Society. Hoboken, New Jersey, pp. 1522-1525.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health
  • Is it really religion? Comparing main and stress-buffering effecs of religion and secular civic engagement on psychological distress.
    Acevedo, Gabriel A., Christopher G. Ellison, and Xiaohe Xu. (2014)
    Society and Mental Health 4:2: 111-128.
    Texas data show that (a) both organizational religious & secular civic engagement buffer the deleterious effects of perceived financial hardship on respondents’ psychological distress, (b) organizational as well as nonorganizational religious participation buffers the detrimental effects of perceived neighborhood disadvantage on respondents’ psychological distress, (c) religious involvement has a more robust buffering effect than secular civic engagement, & (d) nonorganizational religious participation can serve as a coping mechanism for psychological distress.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, Texas; Mental health; Stress; Civic engagement
  • Religion, mental health and well-being: Social aspects.
    Hayward, R. David, and Neal Krause (2014)
    In V. Saroglou (ed.) Religion, Personality, and Social Behavior. New York: Psychology Press, pp. 255-280.
    Associated Search Terms: Well-being; Mental health
  • Beliefs about God and mental health among American adults.
    Silton, Nava R., Kevin J. Flannelly, Kathleen Galek, and Christopher G. Ellison (2014)
    Journal of Religion and health 53;5: 1285-1296.
    Associated Search Terms: God, concept of; Belief; United States; Mental health
  • Prayer, attachment to God, and symptoms of anxiety-related disorders among U.S. adults.
    Ellison, Christopher G., Matt Bradshaw, Kevin J. Flannelly, and Kathleen C. Galek (2014)
    Sociology of Religion 75:2: 208-233.
    Analyzes 2010 Baylor Religion Survey (U.S.A.) data; there was no relationship between frequency of praying & anxiety symptoms. Anxious attachment to God predicted them, secure attachment to God inversely predicted them. Among those securely attached to God, frequency of prayer inversely predicts them & positively predicted them among those anxiously attached to God. See erratum Sociology of Religion 76:1:140.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Prayer; Anxiety; Attachment to God
  • The six types of nonbelie: A qualitative and quantitative study of type and narrative.
    Silver, Christopher F., Thomas J. Coleman III, Ralph W. Hood Jr., and Jenny M. Holcombe (2014)
    Mental Health, Religion & Culture 17:10: 990-1001.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist
  • Religion and mental health.
    Schieman, Scott, Alex Bierman, and Christopher G. Ellison (2013)
    In Carol S. Aneshensel, Jo C. Phelan, and Alex Bierman (eds.) Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, pp. 457-478.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health
  • Spiritual struggles and mental health: Exploring the moderating effects of religious salience.
    Ellison, Christopher G., Qijuan Fang, Kevin J. Flannelly, and Rebecca A. Steckler (2013)
    International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 23: 214-229.
    Tested the hypothesis that these links vary according to religious identity, such that individuals who identify themselves as highly religious & therefore likely to be most invested in their roles as religious persons experience the strongest negative effects of spiritual struggles, in comparison with persons who identify themselves as moderately religious, or not religious at all. Findings supported this overall hypothesis.
    Associated Search Terms: Identity; Mental health; Salience
  • Exploring the stress-buffering effects of religiousness in relation to social and economic change: Evidence from Poland.
    Lechner, Clemens M., Martin J. Tomasik, Jacek Wasilewski, and Rainer K. Silbereisen (2013)
    Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 5:3: 145-156.
    Examined whether religious attendance & subjective religiosity buffered the stresses of social & economic change that lead to depression, in a sample of Poles aged 16 to 46. Both dimensions of religiousness were positively related to subjective well-being & buffered the impact of work-related demands. Contrariwise, no buffering effect of religiousness on life- or work-satisfaction was found.
    Associated Search Terms: Depression; Coping; Change; Well-being, psychological; Job satisfaction; Life satisfaction; Mental health; Stress; Religiosity; Poland; Practice
  • Characteristics of congregations that might increase their participants' risk of depression.
    Chou, Hui-Tzu Grace, and Jeremy Hofer (2013)
    Mental Health, Religion & Culture 17:4: 390-399.
    Those affiliated with a congregation that did not meet their spiritual needs had arguments about traditional versus contemporary beliefs, made them feel like outsiders, & had unsatisfactory decision-making processes which were more likely to feel depressed than their counterparts.
    Associated Search Terms: Depression; Congregation
  • Measuring intrinsic religiosity: Scales for use in mental health studies in China--a research report.
    Liu, Eric Y., and Harold G. Koenig (2012)
    Mental Health, Religion, and Culture 16:2:215-224.
    Provides some evidence to support the use of the Chinese versions of Hoge Intrinsic Religiosity Scale & the Duke University Religion Index.
    Associated Search Terms: Measurement; Mental health; Religiosity scale; Scale; Intrinsic/extrinsic; Methods; China
  • Forced Termination of American Clergy: Its Effects and Connection to Negative well-being.
    Tanner, Marcus N., Anisa M. Zvonkovic, and Charlie Adams (2012)
    Review of Religious Research 54:1: 1-17.
    Analyzes internet questionnaire data from a snowball sample of Protestant American clergy; 28% had been forced from a ministry position at least once in their careers; they had poorer health than others & lower self-esteem, & were more likely to experience emotional exhaustion.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Depression; Health; Stress; Self-esteem; Mental health
  • Belief in life-after-death, beliefs about the world, and psychiatric symptoms.
    Flannelly, Kevin J., Christopher G. Ellison, Kathleen Galek, and Nava R. Silton (2012)
    Journal of Religion and Health 51:10: 651-662.
    Religious commitment was positively related to belief in life after-death. In turn, belief in life-after-death was negatively associated with belief in a cynical world & positively associated with belief in an equitable world, as hypothesized. Belief in a cynical world had a significant pernicious association with all 5 classes of psychiatric symptoms. Belief in an equitable world had a weaker & less consistent salubrious association with psychiatric symptoms.
    Associated Search Terms: Afterlife; Belief; Mental health
  • Attachment to God, Stressful Life Events, and Changes in Psychological Distress.
    Ellison, Christopher G., Matt Bradshaw, Nilay Kuyel, and Jack P. Marcum (2012)
    Review of Religious Research 53:4: 493-511.
    Analyzes 2005 questionnaire data from members of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. Secure attachment to God buffers the effects of stress while an anxious attachment t God exacerbates them.
    Associated Search Terms: Stress; Mental health; Panel study; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; God, attachment to
  • Interactive effects of church attendance and religious tradition on depressive symptoms and positive affect.
    Schwadel, Philip, and Christina D. Falci (2012)
    Society and Mental Health 2: 21-34.
    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Denomination (organizational entity); Depression; Affect
  • Maternal religious attendance and low birth weight.
    Burdette, Amy M., Janet Weeks, Terrence D. Hill, and Isaac W. Eberstein (2012)
    Social Science & Medicine 74:12: 1961-1967.
    Maternal religious attendance is protective against low birth weight. Religious attendance is also associated with lower odds of cigarette use & poor nutrition, but is unrelated to mental health, alcohol use, illicit drug use, & prenatal care.
    Associated Search Terms: Women; Practice; Health
  • Religiosity and the mental health of adolescents in Great Britain.
    Meltzer Howard I., Nisha Dogra, Panos Vostanis, and Tamsin Ford (2011)
    Mental Health, Religion & Culture 14:7: 703-713.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Great Britain; Adolescents
  • Religion and Mental Health: Through the Lens of the Stress Process.
    Ellison, Christopher G., and Andrea K. Henderson (2011)
    In Anthony J. Blasi (ed.) Toward a Sociological Theory of Religion and Health. Leiden: Brill, pp. 11-44.
    Presents the stress process model of the relationship among religion, stress, and mental health outcomes. Religion can limit exposure to stressors, help provide social resources, provide psychological resources, be a part of coping, or cause stress.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Social support; Stress; Coping
  • Religion and Mental Health in China.
    Liu, Eric Y. (2011)
    In Anthony J. Blasi (ed.) Toward a Sociological Theory of Religion and Health. Leiden: Brill, pp. 141-173.
    Analyzes 2007 Empirical Studies of Values in China data; private religiosity positively predicts life satisfaction, but public religious involvement, membership, or belief do not. Religious effects differ from patterns found in the West.
    Associated Search Terms: Life satisfaction; Mental health; China
  • Psychosocial Health and Spirituality of Theology Students and Pastors of the German Seventh-day Adventist Church.
    Voltmer, Edgar, Christine Thomas, and Claudia Spahn (2011)
    Review of Religious Research 52:3: 290-305.
    2007-08 survey data from German Seventh-day Adventist theology students & pastors show physical health but low scores on mental health.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Health; Seminarians; Seventh-day Adventist, Germany; Mental health
  • The Perceived Prayers of Others, Stress, and Change in Depressive Symptoms Over Time.
    Krause, Neal (2011)
    Review of Religious Research 53:3: 341-356.
    Analyzes 2005 & '07 interview data from American seniors from the 48 contiguous states. The depression occasioned by living in a delapidated neighborhood is reduced for those who believe others often prayer for them.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Prayer; Gerontology; Depression
  • Le Mindfulness ou la méditation pour la guérison et la croissance personnelle: des bricolages psychospirituels dans la médicines mentale.
    Garnoussi, Nadia (2011)
    Sociologie 3:2: 259-275.
    Analyzes the scientific exploration of meditation in the context of secularization & the development of a market guided by a demand for the resolution of psychological distress & personal growth. The recent bricolage in mental medicine & cognitive-behavioral therapies reflect an investment of an existential-spiritual field that is no longer granted first to the orthodoxies, religion, & psychoanalysis.
    Associated Search Terms: Healing; Psychology; Meditation; Mental health
  • Work-related Psychological Health among Clergy Serving in the Presbyterian Church (USA): Testing the Idea of Balanced Affect.
    Francis, Leslie J., Andrew Village, Mandy Robbins, and Keith Wulff (2011)
    Review of Religious Research 53:1: 9-22.
    Analyzes 2006 questionnaire data from Presbyterian (U.S.A.) clergy. Positive effect cannot compeltely compensate for negative effect.
    Associated Search Terms: Burnout; Mental health; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.
  • Longitudinal relationships of religious worship attendance and spirituality with major depression, anxiety disorders, and suicidal ideation and attempts: Findings from the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Areas Survey.
    Rasic, Daniel, Jennifer A. Robnson, James Bolton, O. Joseph Bienvenu, and Jitender Sareen (2011)
    Journal of Psychiatric Research 45:6: 848-854.
    Religious attendance is possibly an independent protective factor against subsequent suicide attempts.
    Associated Search Terms: Spirituality; Suicide; Practice; Mental health; Panel study; Depression
  • Religious Involvement and Religious Struggles.
    Hill, Terrence D., and Ryon J. Cobb (2011)
    In Anthony J. Blasi (ed.) Toward a Sociological Theory of Religion and Health. Leiden: Brill, pp. 239-260.
    Reviews the literature & develops a theoretical model for the relationship between religion & longevity.
    Associated Search Terms: Self-esteem; Social support; Mental health; Mortality; Conversion; Belief; Depression; Doubt
  • The Role of Divine Beliefs in Stress Processes.
    Schieman, Scott, and Alex Bierman (2011)
    In Anthony J. Blasi (ed.) Toward a Sociological Theory of Religion and Health. Leiden: Brill, pp. 45-68.
    Consideration of beliefs about God as a moderating influence between stressors and well-being.
    Associated Search Terms: God, concept of; God, emotions toward; God, image of; Belief; Stress; Well-being, psychological; Mental health
  • Does Religion Protect Against Psychological Distress Among Chronically Ill and poor Women?
    Kilbourne, Barbara, Sherry M. Cummings, and Robert S. Levine (2011)
    In Anthony J. Blasi (ed.) Toward a Sociological Theory of Religion and Health. Leiden: Brill, pp. 95-114.
    Analyzes interview data from low-income female patients in a Nashville, Tennessee, clinic. Dimensions of religion, arrived at through factor analysis, have modest but significant inverse effects on depression.
    Associated Search Terms: Factor analysis; Depression; Dimensions of religiosity; Stress; Women; Poverty; Medical; Mental health; United States, Tennessee, Nashville
  • Do church-based social relationships influence social relationships in the secular world?
    Krause, Neal (2011)
    Mental Health, Religion and Culture 14: 877-897.
    Informal spiritual support is more likely than attendance at worship services to bolster social relationships in the church. African Americans & white Americans get the same amount of support from secular social network members. However, the secular social ties among African Americans can be attributed to the social relationships they maintain in the church, but the same is not true for white Americans.
    Associated Search Terms: Network; African Americans
  • Collective Rituals or Private Practice in Texas? Assessing the Impact of Religious Factor on Mental Health.
    Acevedo, Gabriel A. (2010)
    Review of Religious Research 52:2: 188-206.
    Analyzes 2004 Texas survey data; collective religious activity predicts favorabe mental health measures, indivdualistic unfavorable.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, Texas; Mental health; Religiosity; Religiosity, collective; Religiosity, private
  • Religious Belief and Mental Health: Applications and Extensions of the Stress Process Model.
    Schieman, Scott (2010)
    In David Pilgrim, Ann Rogers, and Bernice Pescosolido (eds.) The Sage Handbook of Mental Health and Illness. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage, pp. 179-210.
    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Stress; Mental health
  • Religion and mental health among older adults: Do the effects of religious involvement vary by gender?
    McFarland, Michael J. (2010)
    Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 65B: 621-630.
    Analyzes 2001 &'04 Religion, Aging, and Health Survey data, from U.S.A. adults aged 66-95 years. Men obtain more mental health benefits from religious involvement than do women. Those with the highest levels of religiosity receive all the benefits.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Gender; Gerontology
  • Religious resources, spiritual struggles, and mental health in a nationwide sample of PCUSA clergy.
    Ellison, Christopher G., Lori A. Roalson, Janelle M. Guillory, Kevin J. Flannelly, and John P. Marcum (2010)
    Pastoral Psychology 59:3: 287-304.
    Religious resources predict well-being more strongly, while spiritual struggles are more closely linked with psychological distress. There is some evidence that stressful life events erode mental health by fostering an elevated sense of spiritual disarray & struggle. We find limited support for the stress-buffering role of religious resources, & limited evidence for a stress-exacerbating effect of spiritual struggle.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Mental health
  • Sexual minority young adult religiosity, sexual orientation conflict, self-esteem and depressive symptoms.
    Dahl, Angie, and Renee Galliher (2010)
    Journal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health 14:4: 271-290.
    While behavioral religiosity was generally not related to mental health outcomes, affective & cognitive measures of religiosity indicate both risk & protective benefit. These relationships are not moderated by either biological sex or years since self-identification as a sexual minority.
    Associated Search Terms: Young adults; Self-esteem; Depression; Dimensions of religiosity; Homosexuality
  • Beliefs about God, Psychiatric Symptoms, and Evolutionary Psychiatry.
    Flannelly, Kevin J., Kathleen Galek, Christopher G. Ellison, and Harold G. Koenig (2010)
    Journal of Religion and Health 49: 246-261.
    The strength of participants' belief in a close and loving God had a significant salutary association with overall psychiatric symptomology, & the strength of this association was significantly stronger than that of other beliefs, which had little association with the psychiatric symptomology.
    Associated Search Terms: God, concept of; Mental health
  • Religion and Psychological Distress in Japan.
    Roemer, Michael K. (2010)
    Social Forces 89: 559-584.
    Analyzes survey data from Kyoto Prefecture.
    Associated Search Terms: Depression; Japan, Kyoto; Mental health; Stress
  • Work-Related Psychological Health and Psychological Type Among Church of England Clergywomen.
    Robbins, Mandy, and Leslie J. Francis (2010)
    Review of Religious Research 52:1: 57-71.
    Analyzes survey (psychological instruments) data from Church of England clergy women.
    Associated Search Terms: Burnout; Church of England; Clergy; Women; Mental health
  • Religion and Depressive Symptoms in Late Life.
    Krause, Neal (2010)
    In Christopher G. Ellison and Robert A. Hummer (eds.) Religion, Families, and Health. Population-Based Research in the United States. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, pp. 229-247.
    Analyzes 2001 inteview data from American seniors. Church-based social support enhances a sense of meaning in life which in turn inversely affects depression symptoms.
    Associated Search Terms: Social support; Meaning; Mental health; Depression; Gerontology
  • Unforgivenes, rumination, and depressive symptoms among older adults.
    Ingersoll-Dayton, Berit, Cynthia Torges, and Neal Krause (2010)
    Aging & Mental Health 14: 439-449.
    Unforgiveness by others has a significant direct effect on depressive symptoms & an indirect effect via self-unforgiveness & rumination. However, rather than having a direct effect on depressive symptoms, unforgiveness by God operates only indirectly through self-unforgiveness & rumination. Similarly, self-unforgiveness has an indirect effect on depressive symptoms through rumination.
    Associated Search Terms: Gerontology; Depression; Forgiveness
  • The perceived relationship between life events and religiosity among individuals raised in a Mormon community.
    Chou, Hui-Tzu Grace (2010)
    Mental Health, Religion, and Culture 13:5: 437-451.
    Based on a qualitative survey of some undergraduate students in Utah, asking them to list 3 most significant positive life events & 3 negative life events, & how these life events affect their religious level, this research found that positive life events are more likely than negative life events to increase individuals’ level of religiosity. Nevertheless, negative life events increased, rather than decreased, respondents’ religiosity.
    Associated Search Terms: Life course; Mormon, U.S.A.; Students, undergraduate; Religiosity
  • Depression, anxiety, and religious life: A search for mediators.
    Sternthal, Michelle J., David R. Williams, Marc A. Musick, and Anna C. Buck (2010)
    Journal of Health and Social Behavior 51:3: 343-359.
    Compared to attending services < once a month or never, attending services once a week but no more predicts fewer depressive symptoms & anxiety symptoms. Hypothesized mediators, including meaning, interpersonal & self-forgiveness, congregational criticism, social attendance beliefs, & negative coping are independently associated with one or more mental health outcomes.
    Associated Search Terms: Depression; Anxiety
  • Research on religion, spirituality, and mental health: A review.
    Koenig, Harold G. (2009)
    Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 54:5: 283-291.
    While religious beliefs & practices can represent powerful sources of comfort, hope, & meaning, they are often intricately entangled with neurotic & psychotic disorders, sometimes making it difficult to determine whether they are a resource or a liability.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health
  • The Influence of Religiosity on Depression among Low-Income People with Diabetes.
    Kilbourne, Barbara, Sherry M. Cummings, and Robert S. Levine (2009)
    Health and Social Work 34: 137-147.
    Prayer, religious reading, religious attendance, & religious belief proved protective against depressive symptoms. Although it correlated with the other measures of religiosity, engaging in religious discourse was not distinctly associated with levels of depression.
    Associated Search Terms: Poverty; Stress; Mental health; Depression
  • Religious Service Attendance and Distress: The Moderating Role of Stressful Life Events and Race/Ethicity.
    Tabak, Melanie A., and Kristin D. Mickelson (2009)
    Sociology of Religion 70:1: 49-64.
    Secondary analysis of early 1990s interview data from non-institutionalized adults in the contiguous U.S.A. states aged 15-54; moderate level of attendance is associated with fewer symptoms of distress.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Practice; United States
  • Contacting the spirits of the dead: Paranormal belief and the teenage worldview.
    Francis, Leslie J. (2009)
    Journal of Research on Christian Education 18:1:20-35.
    Data provided by 33,982 pupils age 13 to 15 years throughout England & Wales show that almost 31% believed that it is possible to contact the spirits of the dead. Compared with young people who did not share this belief, those who did displayed lower psychological wellbeing, higher anxiety, greater isolation, greater alienation, less positive social attitudes, & less socially conforming lifestyles.
    Associated Search Terms: Adolescents; Great Britain; Mental health; Paranormal; Well-being, psychological; Necromancy
  • Religiosity and life satisfaction across nations.
    Okulicz-Kozaryn, Adam (2009)
    Mental Health, Religion & Culture 13:2: 155-169.
    Analyzes World Values Survey data. The relationship between religiosity & life satisfaction is bimodal. Forms of religiosity that promote social capital predict high life satisfaction. On the other hand, forms of religiosity that do not promote social capital do not predict high life satisfaction.
    Associated Search Terms: Social capital; Life satisfaction
  • Does devoutness delay death? Psychological investment in religion and its association with longevity in the Terman sample.
    McCullough, Michael E., Howard S. Friedman, Craig K. Enders, and Leslie R. Martin (2009)
    Personality Processes and Individual Differences 97:5: 866-882.
    Women (but not men) with the lowest degrees of religiousness through adulthood had shorter lives than did women who were more religious. Survival differences were largely attributable to cross-sectional & prospective between-class differences in personality traits, social ties, health behaviors, & mental & physical health.
    Associated Search Terms: Religiosity; Mortality; Health; Demography
  • Clergy as mental health service providers to older adults.
    Pickard, Joseph G., and Baorong Guo (2008)
    Aging and Menal Health 12:5: 615-624.
    Having less social support & greater frequency of attendance at religious services was related to help-seeking from clergy.
    Associated Search Terms: Gerontology; Clergy role; Mental health; Social services; Social support
  • Beliefs about life-after-death, psychiatric symptomology, and cognitive theories of psychopathology.
    Flannelly, Kevin J., Christopher G. Ellison, Kathleen Galek, and Harold G. Koenig (2008)
    Journal of Psychology and Theolgy 36:2: 94-103.
    Pleasant afterlife beliefs were associated with better, & unpleasant beliefs were associated with poorer mental health, controlling for age, gender, education, race, income, marital status, social support, prayer, & church attendance.
    Associated Search Terms: Afterlife; Mental health
  • The Education-Contingent Association between Religiosity and Health: The Differential Effects of Self-Esteem and the Sense of Mastery.
    Schieman, Scott (2008)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 47:4: 710-724.
    Analyzes 1990-91 interview data from Toronto residents aged 18-55 who were fluent in English; the association between religiosity & mental health is enhanced by education & self-esteem but lessened by a sense of mastery.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Religiosity; Alcohol; Health; Depression; Canada, Ontario, Toronto
  • Prayer, God Imagery, and Symptoms of Psychopathology.
    Bradshaw, Matt, Christopher G. Ellison, and Kevin J. Flannelly (2008)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 47:4: 644-659.
    Analyzes 2004 online survey data from Americans; an image of and prayer to a remote & unloving God correlates with psychopathology symptoms; the reverse was true with an image of & prayer to a close & loving God.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Prayer; God, image of
  • Aging in the Church. How Social Relationships Affect Health.
    Krause, Neal (2008)
    West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Templeton Foundation Press.
    Review of the literature.
    Associated Search Terms: Coping; Gerontology; Health; Stress; Prayer; Meaning; Mental health; Social support; Parish
  • Medicine, Religion, and Health. Where Science and Spirituality Meet.
    Koenig, Harold G. (2008)
    West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Templeton Foundation Press.
    Detailed review of the literature on the effect of religiosity on aspects of health.
    Associated Search Terms: Health; Anxiety; Coping; Definition of religion; Depression; Disability; Mortality; Social support; Well-being, psychological; Mental health; Stress; Suicide
  • Meaning, God, and prayer: Physical and metaphysical aspects of social support.
    Ladd, Kevin L., and Daniel N. McIntosh (2008)
    Mental Health, Religion, and Culture 11: 23-38.
    Explores possible ways in which prayer is related to physical behaviors (e.g., folding hands, bowing head, closing eyes) that may promote & intensify internal experiences of social support independent of the actual content of the prayer itself.
    Associated Search Terms: Meaning; Prayer; Social support
  • Praying and coping: The relation between varieties of praying and religious coping styles.
    Bänziger, Sarah, Marinus van Uden, and Jacques Janssen (2008)
    Mental Health, Religion, and Culture 11:1: 101-118.
    Begins with the 3 coping styles of Pargament; the collaborative & the deferring coping styles assume the presence of an active & personal God, a view lacking in the Receptive coping styles. An analysis of the relationship between coping styles & varieties of prayer was made, showing: (1) a relation was found between religious prayer & the collaborative & deferring coping styles; (2) a relation was found between meditative prayer & the receptive coping styles (3) no relation was found between petitionary prayer & the deferring style.
    Associated Search Terms: Prayer; Coping
  • Theoretical models of the nature of prayer and health: A review.
    Breslin, Michael J., and Christopher A. Lewis (2008)
    Mental Health, Religion and aCulture 11:1: 9-21.
    Researchers should be aware of the many prayer types documented in the literature & should select a measure of prayer appropriate to their field of investigation. Additionally, researchers should give consideration to the possible causal mechanisms underlying the hypotheses they are investigating. Furthermore, if researchers offer some theoretically based argument, regarding prayer, for the hypotheses that they are testing, then results from studies involving prayer may be more meaningful.
    Associated Search Terms: Health; Prayer
  • Cross-national variations in the correlation between frequency of prayer and health among older Europeans.
    Hank, Karsten, and Barbara Schaan (2008)
    Research on Aging 30:1: 36-54.
    Analyzes 2004 Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe data; the authors estimated pooled & regional multivariate logistic regression models for self-perceived general health, general physical health, functional limitations, & mental health. Frequency of prayer in the population aged 50+ years was negatively correlated with all 4 health outcomes
    Associated Search Terms: Prayer; Europe; Gerontology; Health
  • A cluster analysis typology of religiousness/spirituality among older adults.
    Klemmack, David L., Lucinda Lee Roff, Michael W. Parker, Harold G. Koenig, Patricia Sawyer, and Richard M. Allman (2007)
    Research on Aging 29:2: 163-183.
    Participants in strongly religious, moderately religious, & minimally religious clusters had the highest scores on the health, functional status, & mental health variables. The privately practicing moderate attender & the privately practicing nonattender groups were similar to each other & generally had poorer health, functional status,, & mental health.
    Associated Search Terms: Gerontology; Religiosity; Mental health; Spirituality
  • Religious Doubt and Mental Health Across the Life Span.
    Galek, Kathleen, Neal Krause, Christopher G. Ellison, Taryn Kudler, and Kevin J. Flannelly (2007)
    Journal of Adult Development 14:1: 16-25.
    Results show that as people grow older, religious doubts continue to be associated with psychopathology, but the magnitude of this association becomes weaker across age categories. In other words, the impact of doubt on mental distress declines as one ages.
    Associated Search Terms: Doubt; Life cycle; Mental health
  • Beliefs, mental health, and evolutionary threat assessment systems in the brain.
    Flannelly, Kevin J., Harold G. Koenig, Kathleen Galek, and Christopher G. Ellison (2007)
    Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 195:12: 996-1003.
    Drawing on various psychological & psychiatric theories, the authors propose how beliefs about the world can moderate psychiatric symptoms through their influence on evolutionary threat assessment systems.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Belief; Evolution
  • Challenges to Sanctuary: The Clergy as a Resource for Mental Health Care in the Community.
    Leavey, Gerard, Kate Loewenthal, and Michael King (2007)
    Social Science & Medicine 65:3: 548-559.
    Examines clergy contact with people with mental illness. 32 interviews were conducted with male clergy (Christian ministers, rabbis, & imams) most of whom were London-based. Notes barriers & dilemmas for clergy, who play an important but often confined role that is not recognised by their central organizations & training bodies.
    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain, London; Clergy; Medical; Mental health
  • The relationship between attitude toward prayer and professional burnout among Anglican parochial clergy England: Are praying cledrgy healthier clergy?
    Turton, Douglas W., and Leslie J. Francis (2007)
    Mental Health, Religion & Culture 10:1: 61-74.
    Associated Search Terms: Church of England; Clergy; Great Britain; Burnout; Prayer
  • The Clergy as a Source of Mental Health Assistance: What Americans Believe.
    Ellison, Christopher G., Margaret L. Vaaler, Kevin J. Flannelly, and Andrew J. Weaver (2006)
    Review of Religious Research 48:2: 190-211.
    Analyzes 1996 General Social Survey (U.S.A..) data; regular church attenders, biblical literalists, & older people see clergy as advisors in mental health matters.
    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Literalism; Mental health; United States; Gerontology; Clergy role
  • Belief in life after death and mental health: Findings from a national survey.
    Flannelly, Kevin J., Harold G. Koenig, Christopher G. Ellison, Neal M. Krause, and Kathleen C. Galek (2006)
    Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 194:7: 524-529.
    Examined the association between belief in life after death & 6 measures of psychiatric symptomology in a national sample of 1403 adult Americans. A statistically significant inverse relationship was found between belief in life after death & symptom severity on all 6 symptom clusters that were examined (anxiety, depression, obsession-compulsion, paranoia, phobia, & somatization) after controlling for demographic & other variables (e.g., stress & social support) that are known to influence mental health.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; United States; Afterlife; Belief
  • Religiousness and mental health: A review.
    Moreia-Almeida, Alexander, Francisco Lotufo Neto, and Harold G. Koenig (2006)
    Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 28:3: 242-250.
    The majority of well-conducted studies found that higher levels of religious involvement are positively associated with indicators of psychological well-being (life satisfaction, happiness, positive affect, & higher morale) & with less depression, suicidal thoughts & behavior, drug/alcohol use/abuse.
    Associated Search Terms: Religiosity; Mental health
  • Does Religion Buffer the Effects of Discrimination on Mental Health? Differing Effects by Race.
    Bierman, Alex (2006)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 45:4: 551-565.
    Based on 1995 U.S. survey data from adults in the 48 contiguous states; religious attendance moderates distress, seemingly related to discrimination, among African Americans.
    Associated Search Terms: African Americans; Discrimination; Distress; Mental health; Practice
  • Examining the links between spiritual struggles and symptoms of psychopathology in a national sample.
    McConnell, Kelly M., Kenneth I. Pargament, Christopher G. Ellison, and Kevin J. Flannelly (2006)
    Journal of Clinical Psychology 62: 1469-1484.
    Negative religious coping was significantly linked to various forms of psychopathology, including anxiety, phobic anxiety, depression, paranoid ideation, obsessive-compulsiveness, & somatization, net of controls. In addition, the relationship of negative religious coping with anxiety & phobic anxiety was stronger for individuals who had experienced a recent illness.
    Associated Search Terms: Coping; Mental health
  • The Sense of Divine Control and Psychological Distress: Variations Across Race and Socioeconomic Status.
    Schieman, Scott, Tetyana Pudrovska, Leonard I. Pearlin, and Christopher G. Ellison (2006)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 45:4: 529-549.
    Based on 2001-02 interview data from senior citizens in & near Washington, D.C.; sense of divine control correlates inversely with distress among African Americans & positively with it among whites.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, District of Columbia, Washington; Stratification; Race; Mental health; African Americans; Distress; Control, divine; Gerontology
  • Suicidal ideation among young people in the UK: Churchgoing as an inhibitory influence?
    Kay, William K., and Leslie J. Francis (2006)
    Mental Health, Religion and Culture 9: 127-140.
    Analysis indicated a statistically significant protection offered by churchgoing. Further analysis concentrated on vulnerable pupils, those who have been bereaved by the loss of at least one parent. After taking personality variations into account, church attendance is shown to offer significant protection against suicide, while the protective effects of team sports are insignificant.
    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Adolescents; Practice; Suicide
  • Religion and Happiness: Consensus, Contradictions, Comments and Concerns.
    Lewis, Christopher A., and Sharon M. Cruise (2006)
    Mental Health, Religion & Culture 9:3: 213-225.
    The majority of studies report a positive association between measures of religion & happiness; however, contradictory findings are common.
    Associated Search Terms: Happiness; Methods; Well-being; Scale
  • How are Religious Belief and Behavior Good for You? An Investigation of Mediators Relating Religion to Mental Health in a Sample of Israeli Jewish Students.
    Vilchinsky, Noa, and Shlomo Kravetz (2005)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 44:4: 459-471.
    Among religious & secular students in Israel, but not those self-identified on family or national grounds, religious practice predicts mental health.
    Associated Search Terms: Meaning; Mental health; Israel; Students, undergraduate
  • Religion and Bio-Psycho-Social Health: A Review and Conceptual Model.
    Marks, Loren D. (2005)
    Journal of Religion and Health 44: 173-186.
    Presents a research-based conceptual model respectively linking 3 dimensions of religious experience (religious practices, spiritual beliefs, & faith community) with 3 dimensions of health (biological, psychological, & social). The model is used as a framework to highlight findings in the religion-health knowledge base & provide a broad survey of such inquiry.
    Associated Search Terms: Health; Mental health
  • Subjective Religiosity and Depression in the Transition to Adulthood.
    Eliassen, A. Henry, John Taylor, and Donald A. Lloyd (2005)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 44:2: 187-199.
    Established patterns of religiosity mitigate depression, but stressors elicit increased prayer activity.
    Associated Search Terms: Adolescents; Depression; Prayer; Religiosity; Stress; Mental health
  • Religion, Stress, and Mental Health in Adolescence: Findings from ADD Health.
    Nooney, Jennifer G. (2005)
    Review of Religious Research 46:4: 341-354.
    Analyzes 1994-95 National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data (U.S.A.). Religious involvement helps prevent school & health stressors, which reduces depression. It also mobilizes social resources relevant to suicide.
    Associated Search Terms: Suicide; Adolescents; Health; Depression
  • Religious Attendance and Mortality: An 8-year Follow-up of Older Mexican Americans.
    Hill, Terrence D., Jacqueline L. Angel, Christopher G. Ellison, and Ronald J. Angel (2005)
    Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Social Sciences 60B:2:S102-S109.
    Those who attend church once per week exhibit a 32% reduction in the risk of mortality compared with those who never attend religious services. Moreover, the benefits of weekly attendance persist with controls for sociodemographic characteristics, cardiovascular health, activities of daily living, cognitive functioning, physical mobility & functioning, social support, health behaviors, mental health, & subjective health.
    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Mexican Americans; Mortality
  • Religion, health and medicine in African Americans: Implications for physicians.
    Levin, Jeffrey S., Linda M. Chatters, and Robert Joseph Taylor (2005)
    Journal of the National Medical Association 97:2: 237-249.
    There has been a burgeoning of research & writing on religion & health. The best of this work comes from epidemiologic studies of African Americans. This paper summarizes results of these investigations, including findings identifying effects of religious participation on both physical & mental health. Evidence mostly supports a protective religious effect on morbidity & mortality & on depressive symptoms & overall psychological distress among African Americans.
    Associated Search Terms: Health; African Americans
  • Trauma, Change in Strength of Religious Faith, and Mental Health Service Use among Veterans Treated for PTSD.
    Fontana, Alan, and Robert Rosenheck (2004)
    Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 192: 579-584.
    Study of U.S.A. Veterans Administration patients. Veterans' experiences of killing others & failing to prevent death weakened their religious faith, both directly & as mediated by feelings of guilt. Weakened religious faith & guilt each contributed independently to more extensive use of VA mental health services.
    Associated Search Terms: War; Mental health
  • Is Going to Church Good or Bad for You? Denomination, Attendance, and Mental Health of Children in West Scotland.
    Abbotts, Joanne E., Rory G.A. Williams, Helen N. Sweeting, and Patrick B. West (2004)
    Social Science and Medicine 58: 645-656.
    Examines the relation of weekly church attendance to measures of mental health for 11 year olds from the two main Christian denominations in West Scotland. Levels of church-attendance were low among those affiliated with the Church of Scotland and relatively high among Catholics.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Practice; Great Britain, Scotland; Children; Denomination (organizational entity)
  • Yearning for God: Trance as a culturally specific pratice and its implications for understanding dissociative disorders.
    Luhrmann, Tanya M. (2004)
    Journal of Trauma and Dissociation 5: 101-129.
    Tentative hypothesis to explain the apparent paucity of dissociative disorder patients 1920s-70s: that the trance phenomenon that is now so characteristic in patients who struggle with childhood trauma may be a manner of handling emotional distress specific to certain periods in history. Argues that trance is learnable; that there are specific periods in which trance is encouraged in religious experience.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Trance
  • Religious Doubt and Health: Exploring the Potential Dark Side of Religion.
    Krause, Neal, and Keith M. Wulff (2004)
    Sociology of Religion 65:1: 35-56.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from 434 U.S. Christian religious congregations. Religious doubt predicts less satisfaction with health & more depression, especially among congregation members who fill official church offices.
    Associated Search Terms: Faith; Depression; Doubt; United States; Mental health
  • Economic hardship, religion and mental health during the midwestern farm crisis.
    Meyer, Katherine, and Linda Lobao (2003)
    Journal of Rural Studies 19:2: 139-155.
    Associated Search Terms: Economic; Mental health; Rural
  • Patterns and correlates of contacting clergy for mental disorders in the United States.
    Wang, Philip S., Patricia A. Berglund, and Ronald C. Kessler (2003)
    Health Services Research 38:2: 647-673.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Clergy role
  • Religiousness, spirituality, and psychosocial functioning in late adulthood: Findings from a longitudinal study.
    Wink, Paul, and Michelle Dillon (2003)
    Psychology and Aging 18:4: 916-924.
    Associated Search Terms: Longitudinal; Mental health; Spirituality; Religiosity; Gerontology
  • Religion, Religiosity and Spirituality in the Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Aging.
    Cohen, Adam B., and Harold G. Koenig (2003)
    Ageing International 28:3: 215-241.
    Religiosity/spirituality & the tendency to use these in coping are common in older adults. The authors review evidence that these are positively associated with mental & physical health in older adults, as well as evidence that members of different religious groups differ in levels of health.
    Associated Search Terms: Religiosity; Gerontology; Health
  • Relationship between church attendance and mental health among Mormons and non-Mormons in Utah.
    Merrill, Ray M., and Richard D. Salazar (2002)
    Mental health, Religion and Culture 5: 17-33.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; United States, Utah; Practice; Mormon, U.S.A.
  • Religious Coping and Church-based Social Support as Predictors of Mental Health Outcomes: Testing a Conceptual Model.
    Nooney, Jennifer G., and Eric Woodrum (2002)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 41:2: 359-368.
    Analyzes 1998 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data; attendance moderated depression through church-based social support & religious coping while prayer did so through religious coping. Fundamentalism positively predicted depression.
    Associated Search Terms: Depression; Coping; Prayer; Mental health; Social support; United States
  • The importance of religiosity and values in predicting political attitudes: Evidence for the continuing importance of religiosity in Flanders (Belgium).
    Duriez, Bart, Patrick Luyten, Boris Snauwaert, and Dirk Hutsebaut (2002)
    Mental Health, Religion and Culture 5:1: 35-54.
    Although value orientations hold greater predictive strength than religiosity towards political attitudes in Flanders (Belgium), religiosity, even apart from values, does provide additional information in predicting political attitudes. Thus, our results suggest that, at least in Flanders, religion, even apart from values, is a politically important force.
    Associated Search Terms: Belgium, Flanders; Religiosity; Politics, Belgium; Values
  • Religious Seeking among Affiliates and Non-affiliates: Do Mental and Physical Health Problems Spur Religious Coping?
    Ferraro, Kenneth F., and Jessica A. Kelley-Moore (2001)
    Review of Religious Research 42:3: 229-251.
    Serious medical problems do not necessarily increase religious activity.
    Associated Search Terms: Coping; Atheist; Practice; United States; Medical; Mental health
  • Advances in the Measurement of Religion among Older African Americans: Implications for Health and Mental Health Researchers.
    Chatters, Linda M., Robert J. Taylor, and Karen D. Lincoln (2001)
    Journal of Mental Health and Aging 7:1: 181-200.
    Discusses religious involvement among older African Americans, examines the conceptual a&methodological concerns in the use of measures of religious involvement, & describes the development of conceptually based, empirically validated measures of religious involvement.
    Associated Search Terms: Measurement; Methods; Gerontology; African Americans
  • When is Faith Enough? The Effects of Religious Involvement on Depression.
    Schnittker, Jason (2001)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40:3: 393-411.
    Analyzes 1986 & '89 U.S. panel survey data; attendance had no independent effect on depression, religious help-seeking (prayer) had some inverse effect, & salience had a curvilinear effect, with moderate religiosity predicting less depression
    Associated Search Terms: Depression; Mental health; United States; Salience; Practice; Prayer
  • God images and self-worth among adolescents in Scotland.
    Francis, Leslie J., Harry M. Gibson, and Mandy Robbins (2001)
    Mental Health, Religion & Culture 4:2: 103-108.
    A sample of 866 young people between the ages of 12 a&15 in Scotland completed measures of self-worth & God images. The data show a positive relationship between self-worth & images of God as loving & forgiving, & a negative relationship between self-worth & images of God as cruel & punishing.
    Associated Search Terms: Self-esteem; Adolescents; God, image of; Great Britain, Scotland
  • Religious Struggle as a Predictor of Mortality among Medically Ill Elderly Patients: A Two-year Longitudinal Study.
    Pargament, Kenneth I., Harold G. Koenig, Nalini Tarakeshwar, and June Hahn (2001)
    Archives of Internal Medicine 161: 1881-1885.
    Elderly ill men & women who experienced a religious struggle with their illness had increased risk of death, even after controlling for baseline health, mental health status, & demographic factors.
    Associated Search Terms: Gerontology; Mortality; Panel study; Spirituality
  • Religious attendance increases survival by improving and mantaining good health behaviors, mental health, and socal relationships.
    Strawbridge, William J., Sarah J. Shema, Richard D. Cohen, and George A. Kaplan (2001)
    Annals of Behavioral Medicine 23:1: 68-74.
    Associated Search Terms: Demography; Practice; Mortality
  • Religious Involvement, Stress, and Mental Health: Findings from the 1995 Detroit Area Study.
    Ellison, Christopher G., Jason D. Boardman, David R. Williams, and James S. Jackson (2001)
    Social Forces 80:1: 215-249.
    Telephone interview data from the 1995 Detroit Area Study: religious attendance predicts well-being positively & distress negatively; prayer weakly predicts well-being negatively & distress positively; afterlife belief predicts well-being positively.
    Associated Search Terms: Well-being; United States, Michigan, Detroit; Practice; Prayer; Distress; Afterlife; Belief
  • Mental Health Services in Faith Communities: The Role of Clergy in Black Churches.
    Taylor, Robert Joseph, Christopher G. Ellison, Linda M. Chatters, Jeffrey S. Levin, and K.D. Lincoln (2000)

    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Clergy; African Americans
  • The relationship between Bible reading and purpose in life among 13-15 year olds.
    Francis, Leslie J. (2000)
    Mental Health, Religion and Culture 3: 27-36.
    Bible reading makes a small but unique contribution to promoting a sense of purpose in life among the 13-15 year old age group.
    Associated Search Terms: Meaning; Bible reading; Adolescents
  • Spirituality and health: What we know, what we need to know.
    George, Linda K., David B. Larson, Harold G. Koenig, and Michael E. McCullough (2000)
    Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 19:1: 102-116.
    Focuses on (a) defining spirituality & religion both conceptually & operationally; (b) the relationships between spirituality/religion & health; & (c) priorities for future research. Although the effect sizes are moderate, there typically are links between religious practices & reduced onset of physical & mental illnesses, reduced mortality, & likelihood of recovery from or adjustment to physical & mental illness.
    Associated Search Terms: Health; Spirituality
  • Organized Religion and Seniors' Mental Health.
    Blasi, Anthony J. (1999)
    Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.
    Based on survey data from Tennessee seniors & interview data from church ministers to the elderly in Nashville, Tennessee; makes comparisons by race.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Depression; Community study; African Americans; Gerontology; Mental health; United States, Tennessee, Nashville; Parish
  • Does Public and Private Religiosity Have a Moderating Effect on Depression? A Bi-racial Study of Elders in the American South.
    Husaini, Baqar A., Anthony J. Blasi, and Oscar Miller (1999)
    International Journal of Aging and Development 48:1: 63-72.
    Religious activities are shown to correlate with rates of psychological depression symptoms in a sample of African American & white elderly residents of Nashville. Separate regression analyses of the racial groupings, which appeared to have distinctive religious subcultures, generally show that perceptions of social support mediate the relationship between levels of religiosity & symptoms of depression.
    Associated Search Terms: United States, Tennessee, Nashville; Religiosity, collective; Religiosity, private; Mental health; Gerontology; African Americans
  • What sociology can help us understand about religion and mental health.
    Idler, Ellen L., and Linda K. George (1998)
    In Harold G. Koenig (ed.) Handbook of Religion, Mental Health. San Diego, California: Academic Press, pp. 51-62.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health
  • Seniors' Mental Health and Pastoral Practices in African American Churches: An Exploratory Study in a Southern City.
    Blasi, Anthony J., Baqar A. Husaini, and Darrell A. Drumwright (1998)
    Review of Religious Research 40:2: 168-177.
    Based on 1997 interviews with ministers to older people in largely African American churches in Nashville.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; United States, Tennessee, Nashville; Gerontology; Clergy; African Americans
  • Firm Believers? Religion, Body Weight, and Well-being.
    Ferraro, Kenneth F. (1998)
    Review of Religious Research 39:3: 224-244.
    Analyzes 1986 survey data from Americans aged 25+.
    Associated Search Terms: Medical; Mental health; United States; Depression; Happiness; Health
  • De la thérapie à la spiritualité et inversement: l'exemple de la Scientologie et du rebirth.
    Dericquebourg, Régis (1998)
    Recherches sociologiques 29:2: 37-51.
    Describes & analyzes the “crossed” evolutions of 2 movements: Scientology & Rebirth. The 1st, resulting from secular therapy, took on an increasingly religious character; the 2nd, which was strongly imbued with spirituality, has become in France a purely secular therapeutic tool. The author finds the causes of these developments in the search for legitimacy made by each movement.
    Associated Search Terms: Legitimation; Mental health; Scientology
  • Panel Analyses of Religious Involvement and Well-being in African Americans: Contemporaneous vs. Longitudinal Effects.
    Levin, Jeffrey S., and Robert J. Taylor (1998)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 37:4: 695-709.
    Analyzes 1979-92 National Survey of African Americans data; church attendance, activity, prayer, etc. contribute to life satisfaction & happiness.
    Associated Search Terms: Life satisfaction; Mental health; Practice; Prayer; Panel study; African Americans
  • Spiritual and Religious Factors in Substance Use, Dependence, and Recovery.
    Booth, Jennifer Lynn, and John Edward Martin (1998)
    In Harold G. Koenig (ed.) Handbook of Religion and Mental Health. San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 175-200.
    Examines the clinical research and programmatic interventions addressing the influence of religiousness and spirituality on substance use, abuse, and recovery. Harmful substance use targeted in this chapter includes alcohol, drugs of abuse, and tobacco.
    Associated Search Terms: Drug; Alcohol
  • The African American Minister as a Source of Help for Serious Personal Crises: Bridge or Barrier to Mental Health Care?
    Neighbors, Harold W., Marc A. Musick, and D.R. Williams (1998)
    Health Education and Behavior 25: 759-777.
    Women are more likely than men to seek help from ministers. People with economic problems are less likely to contact clergy, while those with death or bereavement problems are more likely to seek help from the clergy. Regardless of the type or severity of the problem, those who contact clergy first are less likely to seek help from other professionals.
    Associated Search Terms: Medical; African Americans; Clergy role
  • Rationality and the "Religious Mind."
    Iannaccone, Laurence R., Rodney Stark, and Roger Finke (1998)
    Economic Inquiry 36: 373-389.
    The social-scientific study of religion has long presumed that religious thought is “primitive,” non-rational, incompatible with science, & (thus) doomed to decline. Contemporary evidence, however, suggests that religious involvement correlates with good mental health, responds to perceived costs & benefits, & persists in the face advanced education & scientific training.
    Associated Search Terms: Rationality; Science
  • Modeling the cross-sectional relationships between religion, physical health, social support, and depressive symptoms.
    Koenig, Harold G., Judith C. Hays, Linda K. George, Dan G. Blazer, David Larson, and Lawrence R. Landerman (1997)
    American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 5:2: 131-144,
    Church attendance was positively related to physical health & negatively related to depression, but was surprisingly unrelated to social support. Private prayer/Bible reading was negatively correlated with physical health & positively correlated with social support, but unrelated to depression. Religious TV/radio listening was unrelated to social support, negatively related to good physical health, & positively associated with depression.
    Associated Search Terms: Health; Depression; Devotionalism; Social support; Social support; Media; Mental health; Practice; Prayer
  • Religious Involvement among Unmarried Adolescent Mothers: A Source of Emotional Support?
    Sorenson, Ann Marie, Carl F. Grinstaff, and R. Jay Turner (1995)
    Sociology of Religion 56:1: 71-81.
    Analyzes 1984-86 interview data from young unmarried mothers in southwest Ontario; religious involvement was related to depression scores.
    Associated Search Terms: Depression; Adolescents; Canada, Ontario; Mental health; Mother, unmarried
  • Race, Religious Involvement and Depressive Symptomatology in a Southeastern U.S. Community.
    Ellison, Christopher G. (1995)
    Social Science and Medicine 40:11: 1561-1572.
    Analyzes 1983-84 interview data from 5 North Carolina counties; attendance varies inversely with depressive symptoms for whites, no denomination positively with them among blacks, private prayer positively with them among both.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; United States, South; Race; African Americans; Depression
  • Religion and Mental Health: Mormons and Other Groups.
    Bergin, Allen E., I. Reed Payne, Paul H. Jenkins, and Marie Cornwall (1994)
    In Marie Cornwal, Tim B. Heaton, and Lawrence A. Young (eds.), Contemporary Mormonism. Social Science Perspectives. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, pp. 138-158.
    Reviews the literature on the mental health of American Mormons.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Mormon, U.S.A.
  • Psychiatric Symptoms and Help-seeking Behavior among the Elderly: An Analysis of Racial and Gender Differences.
    Husaini, Baqar A., Stephen T. Moore, and Van A. Cain (1994)
    Journal of Gerontological Social Work 21:3/4: 177-195.
    Analyzes interview data from African American & white seniors in Nashville; gives percentage using clergy as mental health professionals.
    Associated Search Terms: African Americans; Gerontology; Mental health; United States, Tennessee, Nashville; Sex
  • Religion, the Life Stress Paradigm, and the Study of Depression.
    Ellison, Christopher G. (1994)
    In Jeffrey S. Levin (ed.), Religion in Aging and Health: Theoretical Foundations and Methodological Frontiers. Newbury Park, California: Sage, pp. 78-121.
    Reviews observations & hypotheses pertaining to religious resources for coping with stress & mitigating depression.
    Associated Search Terms: Depression; Coping; Well-being; Stress; Medical; Mental health
  • Church-agency Relationships and Social Service Networks in the Black Community of New Haven.
    Chang, Patricia Mei Yin, David R. Williams, Ezra E.H. Griffith, and John L. Young (1994)
    Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 23:2: 91-105. [Also in Nicholas J. Demerath III, Peter Dobkin Hall, Terry Schmitt, & Rhys H. Williams (eds.), Sacred Companies. Organizational Aspects... (NY: Oxford University Press, 1998), pp. 340-348]
    Examines the Black churches in New Haven as facilitators in the delivery of psychological services.
    Associated Search Terms: African Americans; Mental health; Social services; United States, Connecticut, New Haven
  • The New Religions and Mental Health.
    Saliba, John A. (1993)
    In David G. Bromley and Jeffrey K. Hadden (eds.), Religion and the Social Order. Volume 3 The Handbook on Cults and Sects in America (Part B). Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, pp. 99-113.
    Reviews the psychological & Psychiatric literature on the effects of membership in new religions.
    Associated Search Terms: New religions; Mental health
  • Christians' Attitudes toward Mental Health Intervention in the Church: An Exploratory Study.
    Kunst, Jennifer L. (1993)
    Review of Religious Research 34:3: 225-234.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from a varied population of American Protestants; shows theological conservatives less open to secular psychology & more open to pastors' interventions.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Conservative; Belief
  • Religious Ritual and Mental Health.
    Jacobs, Janet Liebman (1992)
    In John F. Schumaker (ed.) Religion and Mental Health. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 291-299.
    Reviews literature on the cathartic effects of religious ritual.
    Associated Search Terms: Ritual; Mental health
  • Mental Health of Cult Consumers: Legal and Scientific Controversy.
    Richardson, James T. (1992)
    In John F. Schumaker (ed.) Religion and Mental Health. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 233-244.
    Critique of an attempt to describe involvement in new religions as mentally unhealthful.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; New religions
  • Religion and Self-actualization.
    Tamney, Joseph B. (1992)
    In John F. Schumaker (ed.) Religion and Mental Health. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 132-137.
    Proposes self-actualization as a life style that has found a place in some traditions but is resisted in others.
    Associated Search Terms: Self-actualization; Mental health
  • Religion and Substance Abuse.
    Benson, Peter L. (1992)
    In John F. Schumaker (ed.), Religion and Mental Health. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 211-220.
    Reviews the literature on religion lowering substance abuse rates.
    Associated Search Terms: Alcohol; Drug; Tobacco
  • Crime, Delinquency, and Religion.
    Bainbridge, William Sims (1992)
    In John F. Schumaker (ed.), Religion and Mental Health. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 199-210.
    Reviews the literature.
    Associated Search Terms: Criminology; Delinquency
  • Religion and Marital Adjustment.
    Hansen, Gary L. (1992)
    In John F. Schumaker (ed.), Religion and Mental Health. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 189-198.
    Reviews the literature; shows religion continuing to enhance marital adjustment.
    Associated Search Terms: Marriage
  • Religiosity, Depression, and Suicide.
    Stack, Steven (1992)
    In John F. Schumaker (ed.) Religion and Mental Health. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 87-97.
    Reviews the literature on religion helping prevent suicide.
    Associated Search Terms: Suicide
  • Religiosity and Adaptation in the Oldest Old.
    Courtenay, Bradley C., Leonard W. Poon, Peter Martin, Gloria M. Clayton, and Mary Ann Johnson (1992)
    International Journal of Aging and Human Development 34: 47-56.
    The preliminary results of this research project support earlier findings that religiosity does not change significantly as one ages, although there is a trend in the results that suggests otherwise. The results also indicate a significant relationship between religiosity & physical health but no significant relationship between religiosity & mental health & life satisfaction. Religiosity & coping are strongly related, & there is the suggestion that religious coping mechanisms might be more important in the oldest-old.
    Associated Search Terms: Gerontology
  • Religious Commitment and Mental Health: A Review of the Empirical Literature.
    Gartner, John D., Dave B. Larson, and George D. Allen (1991)
    Journal of Psychology and Theology 19:1: 6-25.
    Religiosity is inversely related to mental health when the latter is measured by paper-&-pencil tests, correlated with it when it is measured with behavioral events. Distinctions in kinds of religion explain some inconsistencies.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health
  • Religious Community, Individual Religiosity, and Health: A Tale of Two Kibbutzim.
    Anson, Ofra, Arieh Levenson, Benyamin Maoz, and Dan Y. Bonneh (1991)
    Sociology 25:1: 119-132.
    Analyzes questionnaire data from a secular & a religious kibbutz; the latter had better mental & physical health, but its more prayerful members had worse health.
    Associated Search Terms: Commune; Kibbutz; Medical; Mental health; Israel; Jewish, Israel
  • Religion and Psychological Distress in a Community Sample.
    Williams, David R., David B. Larson, Robert E. Buckler, Richard C. Heckmann, and Carolina M. Pyle (1991)
    Social Science and Medicine 32:11: 1257-1262.
    Analyzes 1967 & '69 New Haven panel interview data; '67 religiosity predicted good '69 psychological stress scores, but not if '67 stress scores were controlled for. Public religion didn't prevent but helped cope with stress.
    Associated Search Terms: Stress; Mental health; United States, Connecticut, New Haven; Coping
  • Participation in Spiritual Healing, Religiosity, and Mental Health.
    Glick, Deborah C. (1990)
    Sociological Inquiry 60:2: 158-176.
    Uses survey data to examine the relationship between religiosity & psychosocial distress among persons in Christian, charismatic (n = 83), “New Age,”“metaphysical” healing groups (n = 93), & a comparison group of medical patients (n = 137). Data partially support the hypothesis that religiosity predicts of positive mental health. The relationships vary by type of healing group, by psychosocial distress indicator used, & by type of religious belief.
    Associated Search Terms: Healing; Mental health; Religiosity
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