Citations are taken from the Sociology of Religion Searchable Bibliographic Database, created and updated by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio). The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.
  • Secular justifications of the world. A neo-Weberian typology of cosmodicies
    Schaefer, Robert (2021)
    Social Compass 68:1: 81-97.
    Develops a typology of secular counterparts to religious theodicies.
    Associated Search Terms: Theodicy; Secularism
  • Losing my religion as a natural experiment: How state pressure and taxes led to hurch disaffiliations between 1940 and 2010 in Germany.
    Stolz, Jörg, Detlef Pollack, Nan Dirk de Graaf, and Jean-Philippe Antonietti (2021)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 60:1: 83-102.
    German separation (1949-89) & reunification a) made disaffiliations more likely in the 1950s & '60s East under Communism, b) shielded the East from factors favoring disaffiliation in the West in the late '60s & early '70s, c) reversed the positive education-disaffiliation link in the East, & d) led to disaffiliations in the East right after reunification.
    Associated Search Terms: Germany; Germany, East; Germany, West; Disaffiliation; Education; Secularization
  • Making meaning without a maker: Secular consciousness through narrative and cultural practice.
    Smith, Jesse M., and Caitlin L. Halligan (2021)
    Sociology of Religion 82:1: 85-110
    Based on field work in Sunday Assembly (secular) congregations in the U.S.A. & U.K. A sense of otherness, appeals to normative values, & reframing of existential questions in secular terms play a role in the lives of this nonreligious community.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Participant observation; Sunday Assembly
  • The new sociology of religion.
    Cipriani, Roberto (2021)
    Encyclopedia 1, pp. 108.
    An update: secularization debate, nones, paradigm changes in the study of diversity, a&multiple religiosities.
    Associated Search Terms: Sociology of religion
  • Islamic religious education at the heart of the secular problem-space in Belgium.
    Groeninck, Mieke (2021)
    Social Compass 68:1: 25-41.
    Islamic education remains at the center of discussions concerning the place of Islam in Belgian society & in the formation of Belgian Muslim citizens.
    Associated Search Terms: Belgium; Education; Islam, Belgium
  • Church growth in times of secularization: A case study of people joining Evanelical congregations in the Netherlands.
    Vermeer, Paul, and Peer Scheepers (2021)
    Review of Religious Research 63:1: 43-66.
    Analyzes survey data from 6 thriving Evangelical congregations in the Netherlands. The growth is due to circulating believers rather than previously unchurched people.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical, Netherlands; Conversion; Netherlands
  • One conception of secularism for all? A comparison of conceptions of laïcité among nonbelievers, Catholics, and Muslims in France.
    Cohu, Medhi, Christelle Maisonneuve, and Benoit Testé (2021)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 60:1: 103-112.
    Confirms 2 distinct lay concepts of laïcité differently emphasizing public expressions of religion, state religious neutrality, & equal treatment of religions. Net of religiosity, a restrictive concept was more prevalent among nonbelievers, an inclusive one among Muslims, & both equally prevalent among Catholics.
    Associated Search Terms: France; Catholic, France; Atheist, France; Islam, France; Laïcité
  • Health differences between religious and secular subgroups in the United States:Evidence from the General Social Survey.
    Walker, Mark H., Leah Drakeford, Samuel Stroope, Joseph O. Baker, and Alexander L. Smith (2021)
    Review of Religious Research 63:1: 67-81.
    Analyzes 1988-2018 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data. When compared to conservative Protestants, theistic nones & atheists had higher levels of self-rated health, agnostics & low-certainty nones did not differ from conservative Protestants.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Belief; Health; United States
  • Reconciliation and the Secular.
    Colorado, Carlos (2020)
    Social Compass 67:1: 72-85.
    The model of open secularism posited by Jocelyn Maclure and Charles Taylor allows space for religion as a fundamental component of secular democratic order and participation, central to processes of Reconciliation in Canada.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Canada
  • Secularization theories in the twenty-first century: Ideas, evidence, and problems.
    Stolz, Jörg (2020)
    Social Compass 67:2: 282-308.
    Quantitative secularization research has shown how religion and religiosity are connected to insecurity, education, socialization, secular transition, secular competition, pluralism, and regulation. Comments by François Gauthier, pp. 309-314; David Voas, pp. 323-329; Sarah Wilkins-Laflamme, pp. 330-336. Reply by Stolz, pp. 337-346.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • La sécularisation de la laïcité organisée en Belgique. Discours et engagements du Centre d’action laïque (1999–2019)
    Koussens, David (2020)
    Social Compass 67:2: 206-220.
    The writings of the Centre d’action laïque in Belgium has expanded beyond opposition to clericalism & religion, so that even its purpose has been secularized.
    Associated Search Terms: Anticlericalism; Belgium; Laïcité; Secularism
  • Religion and counter-state nationalism in Catalonia
    Astor, Avi (2020)
    Social Compass 67:2: 159-176.
    The traditional centrality of Catholicism to Spanish identity & historical proximity of the Church to repressive political regimes damaged the image of Catholic institutions & accelerated secularization in Catalonia.
    Associated Search Terms: Spain, Catalonia; Secularization; Identity, national; Catholic, Spain
  • Les oxymores religieux latino-américains. Étude sur l'enchantement et les processus de sécularisation au Pérou.
    Lecaros, Véronique (2020)
    Social Compass 36:3: 444-460.
    Churches (Catholic & Evangelical) maintain their presence & their prestige & have a power which has been redefined in a weakened social & political environment in the process of transformation. However, they no longer structure the essential individual rhythms & community norms. "Secularization" does not capture this process.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Peru; Evangelical, Peru; Catholic, Peru; Change
  • L’Église, la femme et l’affect : récits sur la désirabilité du modèle laïc au Québec ou comment fabriquer un projet politique en contexte séculier?
    Mossière, Géraldine (2020)
    Social Compass 67:1: 29-44.
    Based on life histories of Quebecois Canadians of the "baby boom" generation, whose biographies were interwoven with major changes in Quebec society & culture..
    Associated Search Terms: Canada, Quebec; Catholic, Canada; Feminism; Generations; Change; Secularization; Life histories
  • Can the state accelerate the secular transition? Secularization in East and west Germany as a natural experiment.
    Stolz, Jörg, Detlef Pollack, and Nan Dirk De Graaf (2020)
    European Sociological Review 36:4: 626-642.
    In East Germany, the state accelerated the secular transition substantially; through coercion, incentive structures, & education, it succeeded in triggering mass disaffiliations from the church irrespective of age & in discouraging parents from socializing their children religiously.
    Associated Search Terms: Disaffiliation; Germany, East; Persecution
  • "God wants spiritual fruits not religious nuts": Spirituality as a middle way between religion and secularism at the Marian shrine of Fátima.
    Fedele, Anna (2020)
    In A. Fedele and K. Knibbe (eds.) Secular Societies, Spiritual Selves. London: Routledge, pp. 166-183.
    Associated Search Terms: Spirituality; Shrine; Portugal, Fatima; Marian
  • Religiosity, secular participation, and cultural socialization: A case study of the 1933-1942 urban English cohort.
    McAndrew, Siobhan, and Lindsay Richards (2020)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 59:2: 247-268.
    Increased secular competition is found to be associated with less active religiosity. These trends were underpinned by an ethic of increasing autonomy for the young.
    Associated Search Terms: Socialization; Great Britain, England; Competition; Autonomy
  • Regulating Difference: Religious Diversity and Nationhood in the Secular West.
    Burchardt, Marian (2020)
    New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
    Employs a transatlantic comparison of Catalonia & Quebec to show how processes of nation-building, religious heritage-making, & the mobilization of divergent interpretations of secularism are co-implicated in shaping religious diversity. It argues that religious diversity has become central for governing national & urban spaces.
    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Regulation; Identity, national
  • Secularization among immigrants in Scandinavia: Religiosity across generations and duration of residence
    Kasselstrand, Isabella, and Setareh Mahmoudi (2020)
    Social Compass 67:4: 617-638.
    Analyzes European Social Survey data from Sweden; 2nd-generation immigrants are more secular than the 1st, but more religious than their native peers. Individuals with 1 immigrant & 1 native parent are less likely to identify with a religion than others, including the native majority. Among 1st-generation immigrants, there is a negative relationship between the duration of residence & religiosity.
    Associated Search Terms: Migrant; Sweden; Generations
  • Is yoga a girl’s thing ? A case study on working class man doing yoga in jail.
    Griera, Mar (2020)
    In Anna Fedele and Kim Knibbe (eds.) Secular Societies, Spiritual Selves. London: Routledge.
    Associated Search Terms: Yoga; Gender
  • Gendering the spritual marketplace: Public, private and in-between.
    Zwissler, Laurel (2020)
    In Anna Fedele and Kim Knibbe (eds.) Secular Societies, Spiritual Selves. London: Routledge.
    Associated Search Terms: Gender
  • Open secularism and the RCMP turban debate.
    Mann, Richard (2020)
    Social Compass 67:1: 18-28.
    Focuses on a controversy over the first Sikh Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer who was allowed to wear a turban.
    Associated Search Terms: Sikh, Canada; State; Clothing; Canada
  • L'angle mort de la "laïcité ouverte": les processus de navigation et négociations dans le vécu religieux au Canada.
    Selby, Jennifer A., Lori G. Beaman, and Amélie Barrass (2020)
    Social Compass 67:1: 45-58.
    Critique of the "open secularity" vs. "closed secularity" types, the latter tolerating religions historically present & the former allowing as well for new & newly arrived religions. The approach does not reveal the power asymmetries at work in dealing with minority religions.
    Associated Search Terms: Laïcité; Tolerance; Canada
  • La spiritualité comme terrain d’entente entre la religion et le sécularisme : une approche ethnographique.
    Fedele, Anna (2020)
    Social Compass 67:2: 177-190.
    Based on life histories & follow-up interviews in France, Italy, Portugal, & Spain. Spirituality represents a safe middle ground between religion and secularism. It allows embracing secular values without renouncing religion, especially when discussing gender and sexuality..
    Associated Search Terms: Spirituality; Life histories
  • Engaging religion in a contested age: Contestations, postmodernity, and social change.
    Nesbitt, Paula D. (2020)
    Sociology of Religion 81:2: 142-157.
    Draws on examples: a secular plant closure, strife threatening organizational viability in the Anglican Communion. Religion either directly affects or indirectly serve as as a latent resource within secular morality; cross-cultural contestations involving religion typically contain underlying societal concerns.
    Associated Search Terms: Anglican; Community; Conflict; Globalization
  • Secular Evangelicals: Faith-based organizing and four modes of public religion.
    Markofski, Wes, Brad R. Fulton, and Richard L. Wood (2020)
    Sociology of Religion 81:2: 158-184.
    4 modes of public religion: secularist, generalist pluralist, particularist pluralist, & exclusivist. Based on multi-site ethnographic research, & quantitative data from a study of community organizations, show that white Evangelicals are more likely to participate in multifaith initiatives that operate in the secularist mode.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical, U.S.A.; Interfaith movement
  • Religion, sexual ethics, and the politics of belonging: Young Muslims and Christians in the Netherlands
    Beekers, Daan, and Lieke L Schrijvers (2020)
    Social Compass 67:1: 137-156
    Young Dutch Muslims saw sexual ethics within a framework of the pious life while young Dutch Evangelicals placed sexual ethics in a critique of secular society.
    Associated Search Terms: Sexual attitudes; Netherlands; Islam, Netherlands; Adolescents; Evangelical, Netherlands; Comparative
  • Church voting recommendations, voter preferences, and political decisions.
    Torgler, Benno; David Stadelmann; and Marco Portmann (2020)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 59:3: 455-475.
    Voting recommendations by the Conference of Swiss Bishops & the federation of Protestant Churches wield political influence, implying that even in a secularized world religion plays a crucial role in voting decisions.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Switzerland; Switzerland
  • Believing without moralising: Secularised religiousness in Hungary.
    Bognár, Bulscu (2020)
    Social Compass 67:4: 576-598.
    Religious people in Hungary no longer find guidance in their religious tradition – which is regarded as obsolete in today’s secularised public discourse – but by the values of the secularized world, inevitably drifting away from their Christian roots. Differences between religious & not religious people appear only in certain positions relating to homosexuals.
    Associated Search Terms: Homosexuality; Hungary; Moral
  • Agents of God: Boundaries and Authority in Muslim and Christian Schools.
    Guhin, Jeffrey (2020)
    New York: Oxford University Press.
    2 Evangelical & 2 Sunni Muslim schools use boundaries of politics, gender, & sexuality to distinguish themselves from the secular world. The book's 1st half highlights boundaries that show the students who they are not; the 2nd half shows how the schools use science, scripture, & prayer to teach them who they are. Issues are sexuality & evolution.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical, U.S.A.; Evolution; Education; United States, New York, New York; Sexuality; Islam, U.S.A.
  • Rethinking religion:Toward a practice approach.
    Ammerman, Nancy T. (2020)
    American Journal of Sociology 126:1: 6-51.
    Over the last 3 decades, fruitful new lines of research & theorizing have revealed the inadequacy of secularization & rational choice explanations of religion. This article argues that sociological understandings of religion can best advance now by building on the empirical findings that have emerged under the banner of “lived religion,” but grounding that work in theories of social practice.
    Associated Search Terms: Lived religion; Practice-centered theory
  • Non-religious identities and life satisfaction: Questioning the universality of a linear link between religiosity and well-being.
    Pöhls, Katharina, Thomas Schlösser, and Detlef Fetchenhauser (2020)
    Journal of Happiness Studies 21: 2327–2353.
    Analyzes World Values Survey data. Only in religious societies, identifying as non-religious predicts lower life satisfaction. When controlling for the context, a curvilinear relation between (non-)religiosity & life satisfaction emerged. Atheists differed in sensitivity towards the social norm of religiosity from indistinct non-religious individuals—their well-being varied dependent on living in a country with many other secular individuals or not.
    Associated Search Terms: Life satisfaction; Norm; Contextual effects; Atheist
  • Measuring long-term patterns of political secularization and desecularization: Did they happen or not?
    Brown, Davis (2019)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 58:3: 570-590.
    Finds secularization characterizes the 19th century & peaking in the 1970s-80s, but little support for desecularization.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Desecularization
  • Secularization, secularity, and secularism in the new millennium: Macrotheories and research.
    Stolz, Jörg, and Pascal Tanner (2019)
    Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1–19.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Bringing the state back in secularization: The development of laïcité in the French Third Republic (1875-1905).
    Peker, Efe (2019)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 58:4: 813-832.
    Identifies class political coalitions in the French Third Republic, where competition between royalist Catholic & secular Radicals led to the 1905 settlement excluding religion from other institutions.
    Associated Search Terms: France; Education; Class; Historical; Catholic, France; Secularization; Laïcité; Regulation; State formation; Politics, France
  • Gender: Religion, secularism, and women’s empowerment.
    Knibbe, Kim, and Brenda Bartelink (2019)
    In B. Schewel and K.E. Wilson (eds.) Religion and European Society: A Primer. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 125-141.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Power; Women
  • Religiosity and aging: Age and cohort effects and their implications for the future of religious values in high-income OECD countries.
    Shulgin, Sergey, Julia Zinkina, and Adnrey Korotayev (2019)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 58:3: 591-603.
    analyzes 1981-2014 World Values Survey data; age effects more than cohort effects explain the greater religiosity of older people. This may slow down any secularization process.
    Associated Search Terms: Age; Gerontology; Secularization
  • Questions you should never ask an atheist: Towards better measures of nonreligion and secularity.
    Cragun, Ryan T. (2019)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 8: 1-6.
    Some measures fail to contrast nonreligiosity with religiosity. Other measures are double-barreled or one-and-a-half barreled, making them impossible for nonreligious individuals to answer. How questions are worded can result in very different estimates of how many nonreligious people & atheists there are in a population.
    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Atheist
  • Education and religious decline: Evidence from the Canadian compulsory schooling laws.
    Dilmaghani, Maryam (2019)
    Education Economics 27:3: 287–307.
    Analyzes 1990-2011 Canadian General Social Survey data; education is found to cause a higher likelihood of unaffiliation & a considerably lower frequency of religious attendance. The fall in the religious attendance rates is found to be stronger among Roman Catholics.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Education; Canada; Catholic, Canada
  • Trajectories of (non)belief in the scientific community: The case of Polish and Ukrainian natural scientists.
    Roginska, Maria (2019)
    Review of Religious Research 61:4: 389-409.
    Based on 2013-15 interviews with physicists & biologists in Poland & Ukraine. Describes typical influences of family, school, & University. Experiences in secondary & undergraduate educational settings were more important than science per se in determining (non)belief. There were differences between the Polish & Ukrainian contexts.
    Associated Search Terms: Life histories; Scientist; Secularization; Ukraine; Poland
  • From religious to secular place-making: How does the secular matter for religious place construction in the local?
    Berg, Anna Lea (2019)
    Social Compass 66:1: 35-48.
    Rather than treating the secular as a void into which the sacred is inserted, its agents contest sacralization. Based on 2014 field work in Montrueil, a working class city east of Paris, the secular officials required Islam to unify as one "religion" to build a mosque while difficulties were created for Evangelicals, who were "sects."
    Associated Search Terms: Urban; Laïcité; Space; Islam, France; Evangelical, France; France, Montrueil
  • Christian America? Secularized Evangelical discourse and the boundaries of national belonging.
    Delehanty, Jack, Penny Edgell, and Evan Stewart (2019)
    Social Forces 97:3: 1283-1306.
    Analyzes U.S.A. survey data; most Americans favor secular discourse that arises out of Evangelical discourse concerning American identity, though some are opposed.
    Associated Search Terms: United States; Identity, national; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Discourse; Boundary maintenance
  • Selection versus socialization? Interrogating the sources of secularity inglobal science.
    Bolger, Daniel, Robert A. Thomson, Jr., and Elaine Howard Ecklund (2019)
    Sociological Perspectives 62:4: 518-537.
    We find some support for work suggesting that scientific training is secularizing. Yet we also show that, across national contexts, the nonreligious disproportionately select into scientific careers. Furthermore, we find that scientists tend not to identify science as the primary factor in their own religious transitions.
    Associated Search Terms: Scientist
  • One to serve them all. The growth of chaplaincy in public institutions in Denmark.
    Kühle, Lene, and Henrik Reintoft Christensen (2019)
    Social Compass 66:2: 182-197.
    There are numerous interactions between the religious & the secular in secular Denmark. The state shapes the religious landscape by requiring specialist chaplains.
    Associated Search Terms: Lutheran, Denmark; Denmark; Chaplain
  • Mapping religion's other: A review of the study of nonreligion and secularity.
    Smith, Jesse M., and Ryan T. Cragun (2019)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 58:2: 319-335.
    Review of the literature, focusing on the mid-2000s & after.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist
  • Secularity and irreligion in cross-national context: A nonlinear approach.
    Kasselstrand, Isabella (2019)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 58:3: 626-642.
    Analyzes survey data from multiple sources on nations' % non-belief in God, % lacking any trust in religious organizations, & % self-defined atheists.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist
  • Unorganized atheism and the secular movement: Reddit as a site for studying "lived atheism."
    Lundmark, Evelina, and Stephen LeDrew (2019)
    Social Compass 66:1: 112-129.
    Discourse on an atheist online forum resembles those in formal atheist organizations.
    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Atheist; Internet
  • The Twenty-something Soul: Understanding the Religious and Secular Lives of American Young Adults.
    Clydesdale, Timothy T., and Kathleen Garces-Foley (2019)
    New York: Oxford University Press.
    The Twentysomething Soul tells an optimistic story about American twentysomethings by introducing readers to the full spectrum of American young adults, many of whom live purposefully, responsibly, & reflectively. Some prioritize faith & involvement in a religious congregation. Others reject their childhood religion to explore alternatives & practice a personal spirituality. Still others sideline religion and spirituality until their lives get settled, or reject organized religion completely.
    Associated Search Terms: Young adults
  • French and German teenagers in multicultural cities: Religious indifference as a paradox of secular societies.
    Michon, Bruno (2019)
    Social Compass 66:1: 94-111.
    Based on 2006-09 interviews with secondary students in France & Germany. Develops a typology of indifference.
    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Indifference; Students, secondary; Europe, western
  • Religious urbanism in Singapore: Competition, commercialism and compromise in the search for space.
    Woods, Orlando (2019)
    Social Compass 66:1: 24-34.
    The dense settlement pattern of Singapore forces religious organizations there to compete for space, sometimes resulting in mixed sacred & secular uses a some spaces.
    Associated Search Terms: Sacred/profane; Space; Urban; Singapore; Competition
  • Cooperation and contestation at a shared sacred site: The Lingsar Festival on Lombok Indonesia.
    Gottowik, Volker (2019)
    Annual Review of the Sociology of Religion 10. Leiden: Brill, pp. 49-69.
    Hindu & Muslim shared festival on a largely Muslim island, providing a rare sign of social unity now under pressure to become secular.
    Associated Search Terms: Indonesia, Lombok; Interfaith dialogue; Islam, Indonesia; Feast; Hindu, Indonesia
  • Spiritism as a target of "annihilation"--conceptual clarification and exemplification of a rhetorical strategy.
    Usarski, Frank (2019)
    Social Compass 66:2: 211-223.
    Describes the rhetorical strategy of doing away with a target by socially constructing it. Gives the example of the 1890-1940 campaign by secular Brazilian authorities against Spiritism, led by physicians.
    Associated Search Terms: Discourse; Brazil; Spiritism; Kardecist; Social construction of reality
  • Discussing the de-secular online: Legitimization and resistance to the political engagement of the Moscow Patriarchate in the Russian blogosphere
    Grishaeva, Ekaterina (2019)
    Social Compass 66:4: 488-504.
    Analyzes blog posts concerning the desecularization of Russia & the relationship between the Russian Orthodox Church and politics.
    Associated Search Terms: Desecularization; Internet; Politics, Russia; Russian Orthodox, Russia
  • Religious right, religious left, both, or neither? Understanding religio-political identification.
    McCarthy, Angela Farizo, Laura R. Olson, and James C. Garand (2019)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 58:3: 547-569.
    Analyzes 2013 survey data from non-secular Americans. Evangelical Protestants identify with the religious right. People with friendships in a religious identity group identify with the political left or right.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.
  • Islam, ethnicity and the state: Contested spaces of legitimacy and power in the Kurdish-Turkish public sphere.
    Al, Serhun (2019)
    Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 19:1: 119-137.
    The pro-Kurdish nationalist movement in Turkey was built on the right to self-determination from Marxist-Leninist ideology for the insurgent Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) in the early 1980s & ethnic minority rights for the secular-leftist parties in the '90s. In the 2000s,the PKK & the pro-Kurdish legal parties became tolerant & inclusive toward Islamic Kurdish identity
    Associated Search Terms: Turkey; Kurdish Turks; Legitimation; Islam, Turkey; Power
  • Post-secularity and Australian Catholics.
    Dixon, Robert E. (2018)
    In Anthony Maher (ed.) Faith and the Political in a Post-Secular Age. Bayswater, Victoria: Coventry Press, pp. 50–71.
    Associated Search Terms: Australia; Catholic, Australia; Post-secular
  • Elitist by Default? Interaction Dynamics and the Inclusiveness of Secularization in Turkish Literary Milieus.
    Büyükokutan, Baris (2018)
    American Journal of Sociology 123:5: 1249-1295.
    The secularization of poetry in Turkey, unlike most non-western secularization processes, was not elitist.
    Associated Search Terms: Turkey; Secularization; Literature; Network
  • Divergent global roads to secularization and religious pluralism.
    Casanova, José V. (2018)
    Social Compass 65:2: 187-198.
    In continental Western Europe modernization & urbanization came with drastic secularization & limited religious pluralism; elsewhere modernization & urbanization have led to religious pluralism with limited secularization. In the present global era, the 2 dynamics intertwin & interrelate.
    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Secularization; Urbanization; Modernization; Globalization
  • Secularization and attribution: How mainline Protestant clergy and congregants explain church growth and decline.
    Flatt, Kevin N., D. Millard Haskell, and Stephanie Burgoyne (2018)
    Sociology of Religion 79:1: 78-107.
    Based on a small survey; suggests varying reasons given for growth or decline in congregation membership point to secularization.
    Associated Search Terms: Protestant, Canada; Secularization; Attribution theory; Canada, Ontario
  • Secularization, deprivatization, or religious complexity?
    Furseth, Inger (2018)
    In Inger Furseth (ed.) Religious complexity in the public sphere. Cham: Macmillan, pp. 291–312.
    Associated Search Terms: Privatization; Secularization; Pluralism
  • Secular Beats Spiritrual. The Westernization of the Easternization of the West.
    Bruce, Steve (2018)
    New York: Oxford University Press.
    Offers a detailed study of the religious and spiritual innovations of the last 50 years. It assesses their popularity in the UK & concludes that the "not decline--just change" view cannot be sustained. Serious interest in spirituality has grown far less quickly than has the number of us who have no religious or spiritual interest.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Spirituality
  • A secularizing institution? Understanding the undergraduate experience.
    Starks, Brian (2018)
    In Maureen K. Day (ed.) Young Adult American Catholics: Explaining Vocation in Their Own Words. Mahwah, New Jersey: Paulist Press.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, U.S.A.; Education; Students, undergraduate; Secularization
  • Why God has left the Netherlands: Explanations for the decline of institutional Christianity in the Netherlands between 1966 and 2015.
    Kregting, Joris, Peer Scheepers, Paul Vermeer, and Chris Hermans (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:1: 58-79.
    Analyzes 1966-2012 survey data from native-born Dutch adults; education & absence of Christian socialization led to secularization.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Individualism; Modernization; Netherlands
  • "Ashes to Ashes...": Could the recent evolution of the cremation practice in Italy be interpreted as an indication of secularisation?
    Breschi, Marco, Gabriele Ruiu, and Marco Francini (2018)
    Review of Religious Research 60:4: 519-533.
    Examines Italian data on cremation, vs. inhumation. Though the Roman Catholic Church no longer prohibits cremation, it favors inhumation. The increase in cremation may reflect secularization.
    Associated Search Terms: Funeral; Catholic, Italy; Italy; Secularization
  • One step up and two steps back? The Italian debate on secularization, heteronormativy and LGBTQ citizenship.
    Bellè, Elisa, Caterina Peroni, and Elisa Rapetti (2018)
    Social Compass 65:5: 591-607.
    Discourse analysis of 2 demonstrations in Rome, June 2015--one by a conservative Catholic group and one by a gay pride group.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Italy; Discourse analysis; Homosexuality
  • Postsecular Catholicism. Relevance and Renewal.
    Dillon, Michele (2018)
    New York: Oxford University Press.
    Interprets trends in papal & other Vatican discourse, especially on moral issues, & U.S. Catholicism in terms of secular engagement & religious commitment, or tension between the two.
    Associated Search Terms: Moral; Post-secular; Dialectic; Discourse; Catholic; Habermas, Jürgen; Freedom; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Catholic commitment around the globe: A 52-country analysis.
    Conway, Brian, and Bram Spruyt (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:2: 276-299.
    Analyzes European Values Survey & World Values Survey data. Catholicism is eroded by modern society & by security, & affected by historical legacies.
    Associated Search Terms: Modernity; Secularization; Catholic
  • Comment notre monde a cessé d'être chrétien. Anatomie d'un effondrement.
    Cuchet, Guillaume (2018)
    Paris: Seuil.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic; Change; Secularization
  • Even intense religiosity is declining in the United States: Comment.
    Voas, David, and Mark Chaves (2018)
    Sociological Science 5: 694-710.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; United States
  • The surprising predictable decline of religion in the United States.
    Brauer, Simon G. (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:4: 654-675.
    Analyzes 2006 European Social Survey & 1998 & 2000 U.S. General Social Survey data. Uses David Voas's model of self-reinforcing religious decline in Europe to interpret USA data, with the latter resembling an early stage.
    Associated Search Terms: Generations; Europe; Comparative; Secularization; United States
  • Religiosity, secularity and fertility in Canada.
    Dilmaghani, Maryam (2018)
    European Journal of Population, DOI: 10.1007/s1680-018-9487-z,
    Based on Canadian General Social Survey data; secularized women are found to have lower fertility rates compared with the actively religious. Among them, the strictly seculars, a proxy identifier for the atheists, have the lowest fertility and the highest likelihood of remaining childless.
    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Fertility; Atheist, Canada; Religiosity
  • Shifts in religiosity across cohorts in Europe: A multilevel and multidimensional analysis based on the European Values Study.
    Molteni, Francesco and Ferruccio Biolcati (2018)
    Social Compass 65:3: 413-432.
    Practice in Europe is in decline, but belief and self-definition as religious are not.
    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Practice; Religiosity; Secularization; Change; Dimensions of religiosity; Europe; Belief
  • Putting politics first: The impact of politics on American religious and secular orientations.
    Campbell, David E., Geoffrey C. Layman, John C Green, and Nathanael G. Sumaktoyo (2018)
    American Journal of Political Science 62:3: 551-565.
    Religious and secular orientations are endogenous to political orientations. In other words, religion & secularism are a consequence as well as a cause of politics.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.
  • Secularity, religiosity, and health: Physical and mental health differences between atheists, agnostics, and nonaffiliated theists compared to religiously affiliated individuals.
    Baker, Joseph O., Samuel Stroope, and Mark H. Walker (2018)
    Social Science Research 75: 44-57.
    Using a national sample of U.S.A. adults, compares physical & mental health outcomes for atheists, agnostics, religiously nonaffiliated theists, & theistic members of organized religious traditions. Atheists had better physical health than other secular individuals & members of some religious traditions & reported significantly lower levels of psychiatric symptoms than both other seculars & members of most religious traditions. In contrast, physical & mental health were significantly worse for nonaffiliated theists compared to other seculars & religious affiliates on most outcomes.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Health; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Where men appear more religious than women: Turning a gender lens on religion in Israel.
    Schnabel, Landon, Conrad Hackett, and David McClendon (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:1: 80-94.
    Analyzes 2014-15 interview data from adults in Israel. Jewish non-secular men were more religious than Jewish non-secular women.
    Associated Search Terms: Israel; Jewish, Israel; Religiosity; Gender
  • Canadian religious trends: Secularization, polarization, or free-rider exclusion?
    Dilmaghani, Maryam (2018)
    Social Compass 65:5: 626-649.
    Analyzes 1985-2011 Canadian General Social Survey data; notes geographical differences in unaffiliation rates and religiosity; proposes a quantitative measure of polarization; suggests free-rider exclusion as an explanation. Those who are religious in low-religiosity regions in the West of Canada tend to be intensely religious.
    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Membership; Regionalism; Religiosity
  • La transmission des pratiques et croyances religieuses d’une génération à l’autre.
    Bréchon, Pierre (2018)
    Revue de l’OFCE, Presses de Sciences Po, Aspects des transmissions familiales entre générations 2(156): 11–27.
    The analyses of the data from the European Values ??Studies surveys first & the International Social Survey program show that a very important secularization process is underway & that religion is no longer transmitted as well as formerly; irreligion is the most easily transmitted today, at least in the most secularized countries.
    Associated Search Terms: Socialization; Family; Generations
  • Buddhism Co. Ltd? Epistemology of religiosity, and the re-invention of a Buddhist monastery in Hong Kong.
    Qian, Junxi, and Lily Kong (2018)
    Environment and Planning. D: Society and Space 36:1: 159-177.
    A non-Western religion, Buddhism, has entangled relationships between religiosity & secularity. Argues that religious actors may refashion & re-invent themselves by appropriating secular rationales & values. Presents Po-Lin Monastery, a Buddhist monastery in Hong Kong that has adopted entrepreneurial, growth-oriented approaches in organization & production.
    Associated Search Terms: Monasticism; Sacred/profane; China, Hong Kong; Buddhist, China
  • Secularism and liberalism in contemporary Argentia: Neoliberal responses, initiatives, and criticisms of Pope Francis.
    Semán, Pablo, Nicolás Viotti, and Mari-Sol García Somoza (2018)
    Social Compass 65:4: 516-533.
    The non-conservative positions of the Argentine Pope, Francis, have led the political right in Argentina to distance itself from Catholicism and promote a laicist position.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Argentina; Pope; State; Laïcité; Argentina; Catholic, Argentina; Change
  • Whose moral community? Religiosity, secularity and self-rated health across religious contexts.
    Stroope, Samuel, and Joseph O. Baker (2018)
    Journal of Health and Social Behavior 29:2: 185-199.
    Associated Search Terms: Moral community; Health
  • Religious America and secular European courts, or vice-versa? A study of institutional cross-pollination.
    Fokas, Effie (2018)
    In Titus Hjelm (ed.) Peter Berger and the Sociology of Religion: 50 Years after The sacred Canopy. London: Bloomsbury Academic, pp. 135-155.
    Associated Search Terms: Comparative; Law
  • Zones grises. Diversité religieuse et pouvoir en institution.
    Becci, Irene (2018)
    Social Compass 65:2: 199-214.
    Ambiguities of the religious in secular total institutions allows for uninstitutionalized exertions of power & resistance to power. Refers to some 2017 survey data from Swiss prisons.
    Associated Search Terms: Penology; Switzerland; Total institution; Pluralism; Power
  • Cultural authority in comparative context: A multilevel analysis of trust in science and religion.
    O'Brien, Timothy L., and Shiri Noy (2018)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 57:3: 495-513.
    Analyzes 2008 International Social Survey program data. Using nations as contextual variables, finds individuals' trust in science & in religion inversely related, especially in secular societies.
    Associated Search Terms: Contextual effects; Science
  • Ambiguous Sacred: Between Religion and Spirituality.
    Blasi, Anthony J., Olga Breskaya, and Giuseppe Giordan (2018)
    Sociologia. Rivista quadrimestrale di Scienze Storiche e Sociali 52:2: 82-87.
    Explores the sacred as Rudolf Otto understood it, sacred things as Emile Durkheim understood them, & the tension between sacred & secular as Georg Simmel analyzed it. The last of these turn up in contemporary discussions of spirituality.
    Associated Search Terms: Simmel, Georg; Otto, Rudolf; Spirituality; Sacred; Definition of religion; Durkheim, Émile
  • Nonfirmands: Danish youth who choose not to have a Lutheran confirmation.
    Kasselstrand, Isabella, Phil Zuckerman, Robert Little, and Donald A. Westbrook (2018)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 33:1: 87-105.
    Analyzes 2011 survey data from Danish students. Broadly speaking, the findings highlight secular socialization & individual beliefs about God as key elements in understanding the nonfirmand & his or her reasons for opting out of confirmation.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, Denmark; Denmark; Students, secondary; Lutheran, Denmark
  • An introduction to atheism, agnosticism, and nonreligious worldviews.
    Coleman, Thomas J., III; Ralph W. Hood, Jr.; and Heinz Streib (2018)
    Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 10:3: 203-206.
    Introduction to a special journal issue. Reflects on estimated prevalence of atheist & nonreligious individuals, discusses misconceptions associated with nonreligion, notes how investigating secular worldviews is critical for the psychology of religion, & provides a brief overview of the diversity of nonreligion.
    Associated Search Terms: World view; Atheist
  • Do Protestant missionaries undermine political authority? Evidence from Peru.
    Rink, Anselm (2018)
    Comparative Political Studies 51:4: 477-513.
    Missionaries make converts more obedient, which we attribute to a theological & a social mechanism. Yet, they make converts less susceptible to persuasion by political authorities because they shift attention from secular topics to questions of theological importance & endorse a skeptical stance toward the government.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics, Peru; Peru; Missionary; Authority
  • Peter L. Berger and the sociology of religion.
    Hjelm, Titus (2018)
    Journal of Classical Sociology 18:3: 829-841.
    Although the metaphor of the ‘sacred canopy’ & Berger’s ideas regarding secularization have been undoubtedly influential, his work never engendered a genuinely constructionist sociology of religion. The reason for this is Berger’s inconsistent application of his own constructionist ideas to his work on religion.
    Associated Search Terms: Social construction of reality; Berger, Peter L.
  • Pánico moral y de género en México y Brasil: rituales jurídicos y sociales de la política evangélica para deshabilitar los principios de un estado laico.
    Bárcenas Barajas, Karina Berenice (2018)
    Religião & Sociedade 38:2: 85–118.
    Legal rituals & social policies of Evangelical politics intend to halt progress in the construction of a secular state. Compares Mexico & Brazil in terms of the great challenges that in each country have unleashed a moral panic associated with the risks & threats that neoconservative groups have built around the “gender ideology”.
    Associated Search Terms: Evangelical, Brazil; Evangelical, Mexico; Gender; Brazil; Mexico; Moral panic; Politics, Brazil; Politics, Mexico
  • "We still wanted that sense of occasion": Traditions and meaning-making in Scottish humanist wedding ceremonies.
    Kasselstrand, Isabella (2018)
    Scottish Affairs 27:3: 273--293.
    Using data from semi-structured in-depth interviews with 17 married couples, the study examines the decisions that secular Scots make when planning their wedding. It places a particular focus on humanist marriage ceremonies, which have seen a noteworthy increase in popularity since they became legally recognised in Scotland in 2005.
    Associated Search Terms: Wedding; Great Britain, Scotland; Humanist, Great Britain
  • Understanding Americans' abortion attitudes: The role of the local religious context.
    Adamczyk, Amy, and Margrét Valdimarsdóttir (2018)
    Social Science Research 71: 129-144.
    As the level of county religious engagement rises, religious & secular residents alike develop more conservative attitudes. Conversely, as the county Catholic rate increases, moderate & liberal Protestants become more prochoice. While the county conservative Protestant rate has no influence on residents' attitudes, it is the only religious contextual measure that shapes the likelihood that a county has an abortion clinic.
    Associated Search Terms: Contextual effects; Abortion
  • Elements of a theory of religious-secular competition.
    Stolz, Jörg, and Pascal Tanner (2017)
    Política & Sociedade (Florianopolis) 16: 295–323.
    individuals in many societies may choose between religious and secular options, creating a situation of competition between religious and secular institutions.
    Associated Search Terms: Competition; Secularization
  • Secular living: Many paths, many meanings.
    Smith, Jesse M. (2017)
    In Phil Zuckerman and John Shook (eds.) Oxford Handbook of Secularism. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 515-532.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularism
  • The post-secular: Paradigm shift or provocation?
    Fordahl, Clayton (2017)
    European Journal of Social Theory 20:4: 550-568.
    Notes a change from secularization in sociological theories of religion.
    Associated Search Terms: Theory; Sociology of religion; Post-secular
  • Communal secularity: Congregational work at the Sunday Assembly.
    Smith, Jesse M. (2017)
    In Ryan T. Cragun, Christel J. Manning, and Lori L. Fazzino (eds.) Organized Secularism in the Untied States: New Directions in Research, Religion and its Others. Berlin: DeGruyter,pp. 151-170.
    Associated Search Terms: Sunday Assembly; Secularism; Congregation
  • Faithful to Secularism. The Religious Politics of Democracy in Ireland, Senegal, and the Philippines.
    Buckley, David T. (2017)
    New York: Columbia University Press.
    Develops the concept of "benevolent secularism" to describe institutions that combine a basic division of religion & state with extensive room for participation of religious actors in public life. the author traces the impact of benevolent secularism on religious & secular elites, both at critical junctures in state formation & as politics evolves over time.
    Associated Search Terms: Democracy; Historical; Secularism; State; State; Politics, Ireland; Politics, Philippines; Politics, Senegal
  • From Belonging to Belief: Modern Secularisms and the Construction of Religion in Kyrgyzstan.
    McBrien, Julie (2017)
    Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: University of Pittsburgh Press
    Ethnographic study of Islam & secularism in post-Soviet Central Asia, as seen from the small town of Bazaar-Korgon in southern Kyrgyzstan.
    Associated Search Terms: Kyrgyzstan; Participant observation; Islam, Kyrgyzstan; Secularization
  • The lived religion approach in the sociology of religion and its implications for secular feminist analyses of religion.
    Nyhagen, Line (2017)
    Social Compass 64:4: 495-511.
    The lived religion approach in the sociology of religion furthers the recognition of women's agency in a "soft secular feminist" stance.
    Associated Search Terms: Lived religion; Secularism; Feminist theory; Agency
  • Secularization in the Long 1960s. Numerating Religion in Britain.
    Field, Clive D. (2017)
    Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The work engages with, and largely refutes, Callum G. Brown's influential assertion that Britain experienced 'revolutionary' secularization in the 1960s, which was highly gendered in nature, and with 1963 the major tipping-point. Instead, a more nuanced picture emerges with some religious indicators in crisis, others continuing on an existing downward trajectory, and yet others remaining stable.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Great Britain
  • Recasting secular thinking for emancipatory feminist practice.
    Reilly, Niamh (2017)
    Social Compass 64:4: 481-494.
    Secularism has become oppressive toward minority women in Europe while religion sometimes serves emancipatory purposes. The Musawah Framework for Action, advanced by the Malaysian group, Sisters in Islam, provides an example how this can be so.
    Associated Search Terms: Feminism; Malaysia; Prejudice, sexism; Islam, Malaysia; Secularism; Sisters in Islam; Women
  • The declining significance of religion: Secularization in Ireland.
    Cragun, Ryan T. (2017)
    In Michael J. Breen (ed.) Values and Identities in Europe: Evidence from the European Social Survey. Oxon, UK: Routledge, pp. 17-35.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Ireland
  • The Secular Landscape: The Decline of Religion in America.
    McCaffree, Kevin (2017)
    New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
    Proposes a comprehensive theory of the loss of religion in human societies, with a specific & substantive focus on the contemporary U.S.A. Reviews a variety of studies.
    Associated Search Terms: United States; Secularization
  • Reviving the civil religious tradition.
    Gorski, Philip S. (2017)
    In Ruth Braunstein, Todd Nicholas Fuist, and Rhys H. Williams (eds.) Religion and Progressive Activism. New Stories about Faith and Politics. New York: New York University Press, pp. 271-288.
    Favors civil religion over religious nationalism & radical secularism.
    Associated Search Terms: Civil religion; Secularism; Nationalism
  • Can the secular be the object of belief and belonging? The Sunday Assembly.
    Smith, Jesse M. (2017)
    Qualitative Sociology 40:1: 83-109.
    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Membership; Secularism; Sunday Assembly
  • Face à l’affaissement du scenario politique: Parcours de redéfinition du catholicisme en Italie.
    Abbruzzese, Salvatore (2017)
    Social Compass 64:2: 151-166.
    Traces the changes in Italian secularization--from religion vs. modernity, to compromise, to religion in modernity.
    Associated Search Terms: Change; Catholic, Italy; Politics, Italy; Secularization; Italy; Moral
  • Secularisation, Pentecostalism and Violence. Receptions, Rediscoveries and Rebuttals in the Sociology of Religion.
    Martin, David (2017)
    New York: Routledge.
    Covering key & contentious areas from the last half-century such as secularization, violence, & the global rise of Pentecostalism, it presents a critical recuperation of these themes, some of them 1st initiated by the author, & a review of their reception history.
    Associated Search Terms: Modernization; Violence; Pentecostal; Secularization
  • The i-zation of Society, Religion, and Neoliberal Post-Secularism.
    Possamai, Adam (2017)
    Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan
    Argues that religions are increasingly taking on a neoliberal form; they are comprised of individual consciousness rather than collective solidarity. This implies a new definition of religion.
    Associated Search Terms: Individualism; Internet; Islam, Australia; Post-secular; Rationalization; Neoliberalism; Scientology, Australia; Sharia; Commodification; Consumerism; Definition of religion; Australia; Capitalism; i-zation; Change; Civil religion; Deterritorialization
  • Donne di poca fede? Uno sguardo diacronico sulla secolarizzazione femminile in Italia.
    Palmisano, Stefania, and Lorenzo Todesco (2017)
    Religioni e Società 32(88): 31–48.
    Presents an initial analysis of female religious change over 3 decades from the various dimensions constituting the concept of religiosity. The 4 waves of European Values Study supply the fundamental data used.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Women; Italy
  • Britain on its knees: Prayer and the public since the Second World War.
    Field, Clive D. (2017)
    Social Compass 64:1: 92-112.
    Overview of survey data shows a decline in private prayer.
    Associated Search Terms: Prayer; Secularization; Great Britain
  • Does economic insecurity predict religiosity? Evidence from the European Social Survey 2002-2014.
    Storm, Ingrid (2017)
    Sociology of Religion 78:2: 146-172.
    Analyzes 2002-14 European Social Survey data. Finds an inverse relationship between religiosity & economic security.
    Associated Search Terms: Religiosity; Practice; Secularization; Deprivation; Economic; Europe
  • Gare à l’écart! De l’importance du genre dans la religion, la spiritualité et la laïcité en Italie.
    Palmisano, Stefania, and Simone Martino (2017)
    Social Compass 64:4: 563-681.
    Examines Italian women's participation in the decline of religion in Italy, with their rejection of the Catholic Church's political stands on moral issues.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Italy; Divorce; Abortion; Gender; Politics, Italy; Women; Secularization; Moral; Italy
  • Sacralizing the secular. The ethno-fundamentalist movements.
    Pace, Enzo (2017)
    Politica & Sociedades 36: 402-427.
    Religious fundamentalist movements regard the secular state as an enemy because it claims to codify its power as if God did not exist. Based on 2 case studies: Bodu Bala Sena in Sri Lanka & the movements for the Hindutva in India.
    Associated Search Terms: Sacralization; India; Sri Lanka; Fundamentalist; Ethnic; Hindu, India; Buddhist, Sri Lanka
  • Secular tolerance? Anti-Muslim sentiment in Western Europe.
    Ribberink, Egbert, Peter Achterberg, and Dick Houtman (2017)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 56:2: 259-276.
    Analyzes 2008 European Values Study data; while the more secularized nations are more tolerant of Muslims, it is the non-religious who are most intolerant in those nations.
    Associated Search Terms: Levels of inclusiveness; Prejudice, anti-Islamic; Tolerance; Islam, Europe; Europe
  • Alternative Sociologies of Religion: Through Non-Western Eyes.
    Spickard, James V. (2017)
    New York: New York University Press.
    Sociology of religion has been bound to western culture, as organization, belief, & morals. The Confucian perspective leads to popular or everyday religion, de-individualized. Ibn Khaldun saw religion & ethnicity as forces for solidarity beyond familism. The Navajo perspective reveals the performative nature of ritual.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization; Sociology of religion; Solidarity; Navajo; Individualism; Popular religion; Theory; Ritual; Khaldun, Ibn; Market model; Ancestor; Everyday life; Familism; Confucian; Culture; Definition of religion; Ethnic
  • A Catholic body? Miracles, secularity and the porous self in Malta.
    Mitchell, Jon P. (2017)
    In K. Norget, V/ Napolitano, and M. Mayblin (eds) The Anthropology of Catholicism: A Reader. Berkeley: University of California Press, 211–226.
    Argues for the persistence, in modern Catholicism, of "porous" selves, for whom the boundaries between natural & supernatural, material & immaterial, body & soul are indistinct. This contrasts with a "buffered" self, seen to characterize secular modernity.
    Associated Search Terms: Malta; Popular Catholicism; Miracle; Self; Body; Catholic, Malta
  • Secularization, religious plurality and position: Local inter-religious cooperation in contemporary Sweden.
    Nordin, Magdalena (2017)
    Social Compass 64:3:388-403.
    Based on 2010-11 participant observation & interviews. Shows power imbalances in inter-religious cooperation. Interfaith cooperation aims at overcoming secularization.
    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Power; Sweden; Ecumenism
  • Expanding on the experiences of transgender nonreligious people: An exploratory analysis.
    Mathers, Lain A.B. (2017)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 6:1-10.
    Based on interviews with 11 formerly religious, not religious at present, transgendered people. Scholars of nonreligion should begin analyzing transgender nonreligious people’s experiences in religious settings, with family, & with organizations & networks outside of religion.
    Associated Search Terms: Gender; Atheist; Transgender
  • Secularization, sacralization and the reproduction of sacred space: Exploring the industrial use of ancestral temples in rural Wenzhou, China.
    Chen, Ningning (2017)
    Social & Cultural Geography 18:4: 530-552.
    Shows how lineage groups & factory owners, in spite of their distinctive social identities, work together to facilitate the secularization & sacralization of temple landscapes.
    Associated Search Terms: China, Wenzhou; Ancestor; Sacred/profane; Space
  • Straight gods, white devils: Exploring paths to non-religion in the lives of Black LGBTQ people.
    Kolysh, Simone (2017)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 6:2: 1-13.
    Based on 10 interviews with Black LGBTQ people. Overall, Black LGBTQ people struggle to find acceptance of their LGBTQ identities by people closest to them & acceptance of their racial, ethnic & non-religious identities in largely white & often non-religious LGBTQ spaces.
    Associated Search Terms: Homosexuality; African Americans
  • No one expects a transgender Jew: Religious sexual, and gendered intersections in the evaluation of religious and nonreligious others.
    Cragun, Ryan T., and J. Edward Sumerau (2017)
    Secularism and Nonreligion 6:1: 1-16.
    Using a comfortable with thermometer, gender categories rank people more than do religious categories, but within the gender categories religious ranking occurs.
    Associated Search Terms: Transgender; Intersectionality; Gender; Atheist
  • Histoire de la laïcité en France.
    Baubérot, Jean (2017)
    Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
    France is, constitutionally, a secular Republic, & secularism is part of the "national heritage." Its history is however little known. Confronted today with globalization & the rise of communitarianisms, the notion of secularism is at the heart of current great debates.
    Associated Search Terms: Laïcité; Historical; France
  • Diffused religion: Beyond Secularization.
    Cipriani, Roberto (2017)
    New York: Palgrave Macmillan; Dordrecht: Springer.
    Presentation of the theoretical approach diffused religion, a form of religion that is weakly institutionalized but a genuine social force just the same, based on early socialization.
    Associated Search Terms: Diffused religion; Non-institutional religion
  • "What It Means to be Truly Human": The Postsecular Hack of Mindfulness.
    Arat, Alp (2017)
    Social Compass 54:2: 167-179.
    Contemporary mindfulness is not a secular detachment of meditation from religious tradition.
    Associated Search Terms: Meditation; Mindfulness; Discourse
  • Diversity as neoliberal governmentality: Towards a new sociological genealogy of religion.
    Burchardt, Marian (2017)
    Social Compass 64:2: 180-193.
    Religious diversity is a form of governmentality that is both engendered by and enables secular neocapitalist governmentality.
    Associated Search Terms: Pluralism; Modernization; Foucault, Michel; Diversity; Governmentality; Capitalism
  • Path of Belarusian secularism: Public debates on religious education.
    Breskaya, Olga (2017)
    In Anders Sjöborg and Hans-Georg Ziebertz (eds.) Religion, Education and Human Rights. Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International, pp. 31-47.
    Belarus registers only is historical religions. It does not allow the transmission of religions' knowledge in public school curricula, but voluntary sessions for religious moral development is allowed. Some poll data are included in the description.
    Associated Search Terms: State; Regulation; Education; Belarus
  • Doing death without deity: Constructing nonreligious tools at the end of life.
    MacMurray, Nicholas J., and Lori L. Fazzino (2017)
    In Ryan T. Cragun, Christel Manning, an Lori L. Fazzino (eds.) Organized Secularism in the United States. Berlin, Germany: DeGruyter, pp. 279-300.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Death
  • No mosque, no refugees: Some reflections on Syrian refugees and construction of religion in Canada.
    Beaman, Lori G., Jennifer A. Selby, and Amélie Barras (2017)
    In Luca Mavelli and Erin K. Wilson (eds.) The Refugee Crisis and Religion: Secularism, Security and Hospitality in Question. London: Rowman & Littlefield, pp. 77-95.
    Associated Search Terms: Canada; Syrian Canadians; Migrant
  • Religion, difference, and indifference.
    Quack, Johannes, and Cora Schuh (2017)
    In Johannes Quack and Cora Schuh (eds.) Religious Indifference: New Perspetives from Studies on Secularization and Nonreligion. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, pp. 1-24.
    Associated Search Terms: Indifference
  • Religious-secular polarization compared: The cases of Quebec and British Columbia.
    Wilkins-Laflamme, Sarah (2017)
    Studies in Religion 46:2: 166-185.
    Associated Search Terms: Canada, British Columbia; Canada, Quebec; Comparative
  • Producing Sacredness and Defending Secularity: Faith in the Workplace of Taiwanese Scientists.
    Di, Di, and Elaine Howard Ecklund (2017)
    Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World 3:1-15.
    Examines how Taiwanese scientists navigate religion in the scientific workplace. Survey results demonstrate that while scientists perceive religion & scientific research as generally separate in the abstract, in practice, they regard the boundary between religion & their workplace as somewhat permeable.
    Associated Search Terms: Sacred/profane; Taiwan; Work; Scientist
  • Challenging the secualrist assumption: Religion, public policy and civil service culture.
    Lindsay, Jane (2017)
    Social Compass 64:2: 262-274.
    Based on interviews with UK civil service officials; finds not secularism but a desire for impartiality when dealing with religion.
    Associated Search Terms: State; Great Britain
  • Religious change over the generations in an extremely secular society: The case of Sweden.
    Hagevi, Magnus (2017)
    Review of Religious Research 59:4: 499-518.
    Longitudinal analysis of several Swedish surveys. Despite shrinking church attendance, interest in religion has risen among those born after 1970, the year the religious monopoly in Sweden was replaced by a competitive religious market.
    Associated Search Terms: Practice; Sweden
  • American Covenant: A History of Civil Religion from the Puritans to the Present.
    Gorski, Philip S. (2017)
    Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    The founders' original vision for America is threatened by an internecine struggle between 2 rival traditions: religious nationalism & radical secularism.
    Associated Search Terms: United States; Historical; Civil religion
  • Rejecting rejection identities: Negotiating positive non-religiosity at the Sunday assembly.
    Frost, Jacqui (2017)
    In Ryan T. Cragun, Christel Manning, and Lori L. Fazzino (eds) Organized secularism in the United States: New directions in research. New York: De Gruyter, pp. 171–190.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist
  • The effect of religiosity on life satisfaction in a secularized context: Assessing the relevance of believing and belonging.
    tenKate, Josje, Willem de Koster, and Jeroen van der Waal (2017)
    Review of Religious Research 59:2: 135-155.
    Analyzes 2009 survey data from Netherlands residents aged 14-49. Belonging rather than belief is the religious dimension that furthers life satisfaction, with a residual effect of attendance.
    Associated Search Terms: Belief; Belonging, sense of; Dimensions of religiosity; Life satisfaction; Practice; Netherlands
  • Assessing measures of religion and secularity with crowdsourced data from Amazon's Mechanical Turk.
    Baker, Joseph O., Jonathan P. Hill, and Nathaniel D. Porter (2017)
    In Roger Finke and Christopher D. Bader (eds.) Faithful Measures. New Methods in the Measurement of Religion. New York: New York University Press.
    Associated Search Terms: Methods; Crowdsourced data
  • Denmark: The still prominent role of the national church and religious traditions.
    Christensen, Henrik Reintoft (2017)
    In N. Jan, C. Sägesser, C. Schreiber, and J.P. Schreiber (eds.) Religion and Secularism in the European Union: State of Affairs and Current Debates. Brussels: Peter Lang, pp. 1-56.
    Associated Search Terms: Denmark
  • Female Muslim subjectivity in the secular public sphere: Hijab and ritual prayer as "technologies of the self."
    Topal, Semiha (2017)
    Social Compass 64:4: 582-596.
    Based on 20 interviews in Turkey. Analyzes practices as "technologies of the self" as described by Foucault, which form, rather than merely express, an identity.
    Associated Search Terms: Islam, Turkey; Self; Women; Turkey; Practice; Identity; Clothing; Foucault, Michel
  • Organizational variation in the American nonreligious community.
    Schutz, Amanda (2017)
    In Ryan T. Cragun, Christel J. Manning, and Lori L. Fazzino (eds.) Organized Secularism in the United States: New Directions in Research, Religion and its Others. Berlin: DeGruyter, pp. 113-134.
    Associated Search Terms: Congregation; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • When secular universalism meets pluralism: Religious schools and the politics of school-based management in Hong Kong.
    Qian, Junxi, and Lily Kong (2017)
    Annals of the Association of American Geographers 108:3: 794-810.
    Neoliberalism forms a necessary lens through which to examine the state–religion relations concerning religious schools. It offers an analytical framework that emphasizes the mutually constitutive relationship between religious schools & state-building.
    Associated Search Terms: China, Hong Kong; Education; State
  • Mastering the devil: A sociological analysis of a Catholic exorcist.
    Giordan, Giuseppe, and Adam Possamai (2017)
    Current Sociology 66:1: 74-91.
    This study takes the documented growth in the ministry of exorcism within the Catholic Church as a significant challenge to some accounts of secularization. Examines 10 year records of a Catholic exorcist; only 5% inquiries led to an exorcism.
    Associated Search Terms: Exorcism
  • Caring for the Poor: Islamic and Christian Benevolence in a Liberal World.
    Tugal, Cihan Z. (2017)
    London: Routledge.
    Based on fieldwork in Egypt & Turkey; tells the stories of charity providers & volunteers, placing them within the overall development of Islamic ethics. Muslim charity has interacted with Christian & secular liberal ethics; critiques the latter.
    Associated Search Terms: Philanthropy; Turkey; Charities; Egypt
  • Religious practices and beliefs among religious stayers and religious switchers in Israeli Judaism.
    Beider, Nadia (2017)
    Sociology of Religion 78:1: 81-99.
    Analyzes 2009 survey data from Israeli Jews. Religious switchers' religious practice & attitudes do not manifest predicted higher converts' commitment but conform to the levels of the groups that converts arrived at. The groups are "secular" & "religious."
    Associated Search Terms: Israel; Jewish, Israel; Conversion; Convert
  • Transmitting the Spirit: Religious Conversion, Media, and Urban Violence in Brazil.
    Oosterbaan, Martijn (2017)
    University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
    The Pentecostal movement’s growth is due directly to its ability to connect politics, entertainment, & religion. Examining religious & secular media, the author shows how Pentecostal leaders appropriate & recategorize cultural forms according to the religion’s cosmologies.
    Associated Search Terms: Participant observation; Pentecostal, Brazil; Media; Brazil; Conversion
  • Does security increase secularity? Evidence from the British Household Panel Survey on the relationship between income and religious service attendance.
    Storm, Ingrid (2017)
    Journal of Religion in Europe 10: 328–349.
    Associated Search Terms: Security; Great Britain
  • Aggressive and loving men: Gender hegemony in Christian hardcore punk.
    McDowell, Amy D. (2017)
    Gender & Society 31: 223-244.
    Christian Hardcore ministry involves a hybrid mix of aggressive & loving performances of manhood. Christian Hardcore punk men fortify the idea that men & women are essentially opposites through discourse & the segregation of music spaces, even as they deviate from dominant ideas of what makes a man in their strategy of openly expressing the “loving” of secular men. The mechanism for this is the interactions in concert spaces.
    Associated Search Terms: Music; Gender traditionalism
  • A Catholic Science? Italian Scientists Construct Religious Identity During Religious Shifts.
    Ecklund, Elaine Howard, and Di Di (2017)
    Philosophy, Theology, and the Sciences 4:1:94-114.
    Uncovers 4 patterns of identity construction: constructing a non-religious identity, forming a spiritual identity, reformulating an existing Catholic identity, & re-achieving a Catholic identity. the authors show that Italian scientists narratively respond to Catholicism more than science in constructing religious identities during religious shifts. Our findings, thus, problematize the so-called personal secularizing effect of science,
    Associated Search Terms: Scientist; Italy; Identity; Catholic; Change
  • Beyond the paradigm of secularization?
    Koenig, Matthias (2016)
    In Florian Zemmin, Colin Jager, and Guido Vanheesijck (eds.) Working with a Secular Age. Boston: DeGruyter, pp. 23-48.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularization
  • Religion and secularism among American party activists.
    Layman, Geoffrey C., and Christopher L. Weaver (2016)
    Politics and Religion 9:2: 271-295.
    A novel measure of secularism in the latest wave of the Convention Delegate Studies demonstrates that active secularism is distinct conceptually & statistically from low religiosity. Both religiosity & secularism drive party activists to take extreme positions, to identify themselves as more ideologically extreme, & to support less compromise.
    Associated Search Terms: Secularism; Religiosity; Politics, U.S.A.
  • Religious vs secular nationhood: "Multiple secularities" in post-Soviet Armenia.
    Burchardt, Marian, and Hovhannes Hovhannisyan (2016)
    Social Compass 63:4: 427-443.
    Analyzes post-Soviet Armenian history in terms of multiple secularities and cultural defense (resistance against secularization).
    Associated Search Terms: Education; Freedom of religion; Boundary maintenance; Historical; Identity, national; Armenia; Armenian Apostolic Church, Armenia; Cultural defense; Martin, David A.; National religions; Nationalism; Integration (national); State; Secularization; Security; Pluralism; War; NGO
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