Questions/Variables on Surveys
  • IMMASSIM from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    Which of these statements about immigrants comes closest to your view:

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Immigrants should retain their culture of origin and not adopt American culture
    2) Immigrants should retain their culture of origin and also adopt American culture
    3) Immigrants should give up their culture of origin and adopt American culture
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be...

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey, 2016
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be...

    0) Not applicable
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMCRIME from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Immigrants increase crime rates

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMAMECO from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Immigrants are generally good for America's economy

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMJOBS from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Immigrants take jobs away from people who were born in America

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMIDEAS from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Immigrants make America more open to new ideas and cultures

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • LETIN1A from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be...

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot, or
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • LETIN1A from General Social Survey, 2018
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be...

    0) Not applicable
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • JS10 from Nebraska Annual Social Indicators Survey, 2001
    New immigrants to the state are not as likely to make use of the court system as those who have lived in Nebraska for a long time.

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Disagree
    4) Strongly disagree
    8) Don't know
    9) Refused

  • IMMCULT from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statements? American culture is generally undermined by immigrants

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • EXCLDIMM from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? America should take stronger measures to exclude illegal immigrants

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • PATRIOT4 from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    How much do you agree or disagree that strong patriotic feelings in America... Lead to negative attitudes towards immigrants in America

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMEDUC from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Legal immigrants should have equal access to public education as American citizens

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be increased a lot, increased a little, remain the same as it is, reduced a little or reduced a lot?

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMRGHTS from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Legal immigrants to America who are not citizens should have the same rights as American citizens

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • V243 from World Values Survey, 2010
    Are your mother and father immigrants to this country or not? Mother

    -5) AM, DE, SE: Inapplicable; RU: Inappropriate response; BH: Missing
    -4) Not asked
    -2) No answer
    -1) Don't know
    1) Immigrant
    2) Not an immigrant

  • V244 from World Values Survey, 2010
    Are your mother and father immigrants to this country or not? Father

    -5) AM, DE, SE: Inapplicable; RU: Inappropriate response; BH: Missing
    -4) Not asked
    -2) No answer
    -1) Don't know
    1) Immigrant
    2) Not an immigrant

  • V245 from World Values Survey, 2010
    Were you born in this country or are you an immigrant?

    -5) SE: Inapplicable; RU: Inappropriate response; BH: Missing (Inappropriate)
    -4) Not asked
    -2) No answer
    -1) Don't know
    1) I am born in this country
    2) I am an immigrant to this country

  • IMMAFF_1 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)
    In the long run, do you think that people who are immigrating to the United States today will make American society better, will make American society worse, or do you think that today's immigrants won't affect American society one way or another? (IMMAFFUS_1)

    0) Inapplicable

  • PO_3 from Portraits of American Life Study, Merged Dataset, 2006-2012
    [Wave 2] Were any of the demonstrations or protests you participated in related to immigration issues, or not?

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • IMMAFF_2 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)
    In the long run, do you think that people who are immigrating to the United States today will make American society better, will make American society worse, or do you think that today's immigrants won't affect American society one way or another? (IMMAFFUS_2)

    1) Better
    2) Worse
    3) Won't affect American society one way or another
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • IMMAFF_3 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)
    In the long run, do you think that people who are immigrating to the United States today will make American society better, will make American society worse, or do you think that today's immigrants won't affect American society one way or another? (IMMAFFUS_3)

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Better
    2) Worse
    3) Won't affect American society one way or another
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • PIMMIG06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (pimmig06) Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    -3) All other missing data
    0) No program of this type mentioned
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • TRUSTIMM from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007) - Instructional Dataset
    Q56b. How much would you say that you trust the following people or groups? Immigrants

    1) Not at all
    2) Only a little
    3) Some
    4) A lot

  • TRUSTIMM from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave II (2007)
    Q56b. How much would you say that you trust the following people or groups? Immigrants

    1) Not at all
    2) Only a little
    3) Some
    4) A lot

  • SIMMIG98 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (simmig98) What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type mentioned
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • SIMMIG06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (simmig06) What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type mentioned
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • MP4K from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave V (2017)
    Please rate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statements: Illegal immigrants from Mexico are mostly dangerous criminals.

    1) Strongly disagree
    2) Disagree
    3) Agree
    4) Strongly agree

  • LETIN1_1 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be . . .

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • LETIN1_2 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be . . .

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • LETIN1_3 from General Social Survey Panel Data (2006 Sample)
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be . . .

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • V39 from World Values Survey, 2010
    On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors? Immigrants/Foreign workers

    -5) SG: Missing; DE: Inapplicable; RU: Inappropriate response
    -4) Not asked
    1) Mentioned
    2) Not mentioned

  • AMA2 from Portraits of American Life Study, Merged Dataset, 2006-2012
    [Wave 2] Immigrants coming into the US are taking too many jobs away from other American citizens

    1) Strongly disagree
    2) Somewhat disagree
    3) Neither disagree nor agree
    4) Somewhat agree
    5) Strongly agree

  • LISS2_06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (lissue2_06) On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? (SECOND MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Right to life
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers' rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    13) Support of environment
    14) Poverty, welfare/social services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issue, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety

  • MISS1_06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (missue1_06) What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? (FIRST MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    -2) Don't know
    1) Right to life
    2) Right for women to choose
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/social services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issue, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues

  • AMA2W1 from Portraits of American Life Study, Merged Dataset, 2006-2012
    [Wave 1] Immigrants coming into the U.S. are taking too many jobs away from other American citizens.

    -7) Refused
    -4) Don't know
    1) Strongly disagree
    2) Somewhat disagree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Somewhat agree
    5) Strongly agree

  • AMA15 from Portraits of American Life Study, Merged Dataset, 2006-2012
    [Wave 2] Should most illegal immigrants working in the United States be offered a chance to apply for legal status, be sent back to the country they came from, or be allowed to stay in the U.S. and remain illegally?

    1) Chance to apply for legal status
    2) Deported to the country they came from
    3) Remain in U.S. illegally

  • AMA16 from Portraits of American Life Study, Merged Dataset, 2006-2012
    [Wave 2] Should most undocumented immigrants working in the United States be offered a chance to apply for legal status, be sent back to the country they came from, or be allowed to stay in the U.S. and remain without documentation?

    1) Chance to apply for legal status
    2) Deported to the country they came from
    3) Remain in US without documentation

  • V46 from World Values Survey, 2010
    Do you agree, disagree or neither agree nor disagree with the following statements? When jobs are scarce, employers should give priority to people of this country over immigrants

    -5) BH, SG: Missing; RU: Inappropriate response (Inappropriate)
    -4) Not asked
    -2) No answer
    -1) Don't answer
    1) Agree
    2) Neither
    3) Disagree

  • VCF0879A from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004
    Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings)

    1) Increased
    3) Same as now
    5) Decreased
    8) DK
    9) NA; no Post IW

  • VCF0879 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004
    Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings)

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Same as now
    4) Decreased a little
    5) Decreased a lot
    8) DK
    9) NA; no Post IW

  • LISS3_06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (lissue3_06) On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? (THIRD MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Right to life
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    9) Support immigration
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/social services support
    20) Other
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety

  • MISS2_06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (missue2_06) What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? (SECOND MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Right to life
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    7) Anti-gay rights
    9) Support immigration
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/social services support
    20) Other
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety

  • VCF0233 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004
    Illegal aliens (2004: illegal immigrants) -- feeling thermometer

    0) 0
    2) 2
    3) 3
    5) 5
    10) 10
    15) 15
    20) 20
    25) 25
    30) 30
    35) 35
    40) 40
    45) 45
    48) 48
    49) 49
    50) 50
    55) 55
    58) 58
    60) 60
    65) 65
    70) 70
    75) 75
    80) 80
    85) 85
    90) 90
    92) 92
    95) 95
    97) 97-100 degrees
    98) Don't know
    99) NA; no Post IW

  • LISS1_06 from National Congregations Study, Panel Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    (lissue1_06) On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? (FIRST MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Right to life
    3) Stem cell research
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/social services support
    20) Other
    32) Gay and lesbian issue, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    42) Gambling

  • VCF0875 from American National Election Studies, Cumulative Data File, 1948-2004
    What do you think are the most important problems facing this country? (IF MORE THAN ONE PROBLEM:) Of those you've mentioned, what would you say is the single most important problem the country faces? (see ARDA summary page for previous question wordings)

    0) None; "there were no issues;" "there was no campaign in my district" (non-presidential years); DK (1960, 1964, 1966 only)
    1) AGRICULTURAL
    2) ECONOMICS; BUSINESS; CONSUMER ISSUES (includes foreign investment, tariffs/protection of U.S. industries, international trade deficit/balance of payments, immigration, interstate commerce/transportation; does not include unemployment [09], defense spending [03],foreign [03] or government spending on domestic social welfare [09])
    3) FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND NATIONAL DEFENSE (includes: foreign aid, defense spending, the space program; does not include: international trade deficit [02])
    4) GOVERNMENT FUNCTIONING (not "the economy" [02])
    5) LABOR ISSUES (not unemployment [09])
    6) NATURAL RESOURCES
    7) PUBLIC ORDER (includes: crime, drugs, civil liberties and nonracial civil rights, women's rights, abortion rights, gun control, family/social/religious/moral 'decay,' church and state, etc.)
    8) RACIAL PROBLEMS (note: this primarily includes civil rights issues and racial equality; monetary assistance to minorities is primarily found in code 9, however there is a slight overlap)
    9) SOCIAL WELFARE (includes: population, child care, aid to education, the elderly, health care, housing, poverty, unemployment, 'welfare' etc.)
    97) Other problems (incl. specific campaign issues)
    98) DK (exc. 1960, 1964, 1966)
    99) NA; no Post IW; abbrev. telephone IW (1984); Form I, III or IV (1972); no Pre IW; short form IW (1992); question not administered in assigned half sample (1996, 2000)

  • PIMMIG06 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    -3) All other missing data
    0) No program of this type mentioned
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • MISSUE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? (FIRST MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    -2) Don't know
    1) Right to life
    2) Right for women to choose
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    10) Against immigration
    11) Support of workers' rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/social services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issue, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues

  • SIMMIG98 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type mentioned
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • CONGIMM from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    Is that congregation composed primarily of recent immigrants to the United States? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported that their building was used by another congregation for its worship services (CONGUSE=1).

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • SIMMIG06 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    -3) All other missing data
    0) No program of this type mentioned
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • IMMSERV from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To offer services for immigrants, such as legal assistance, translation, or job placement?

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • MISSUE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? First mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to demonstrate or march about a public issue or policy (MARCH=1). MISSUE1, MISSUE2, and MISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question.

    1) Right to Life
    2) Right for Women to Choose
    3) Stem Cell Research
    4) Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide
    5) Death Penalty
    6) Pro-Gay Rights
    7) Anti-Gay Rights
    8) Education
    9) Support Immigration
    10) Against Immigration
    11) Support of Workers' Rights
    12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War
    14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial Issues

  • AMA_2 from Portraits of American Life Study, 1st Wave, 2006
    Immigrants coming into the U.S. are taking too many jobs away from other American citizens.

    -7) Refused
    -4) Don't know
    1) Strongly disagree
    2) Somewhat disagree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Somewhat agree
    5) Strongly agree

  • LISSUE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? (FIRST MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Right to life
    3) Stem cell research
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers' rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    13) Support of environment
    14) Poverty, welfare/social services support
    20) Other
    22) Multiple codes
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issue, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues
    42) Gambling

  • LISSUE2 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? (SECOND MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Right to life
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers' rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    13) Support of environment
    14) Poverty, welfare/social services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issue, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    42) Gambling

  • LMIMMIG from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    Were any of these lobbying or marching activities related to: Immigration? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation indicated that a group met to organize or participate in lobby efforts (LOBBY=1) or that a group met to organize or participate in a demonstration or march (MARCH=1). If there was no lobby or marching activity, LMIMMIG, LMABORT, LMPOV, and LMGAYM were left as missing.

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • LISSUE2 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? Second mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). LISSUE1, LISSUE2, and LISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question.

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem Cell Research
    4) Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide
    5) Death Penalty
    6) Pro-Gay Rights
    7) Anti-Gay Rights
    8) Education
    9) Support Immigration
    11) Support of Workers' Rights
    12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War
    13) Support of Environment
    14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    42) Gambling

  • LETIN11 from Faith Matters Survey, 2011
    5-8. Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little or decreased a lot? (LETIN_11)

    0) Decreased a lot
    1) Decreased a little
    2) Left the same as it is now
    3) Increased a little
    4) Increased a lot

  • LISSUE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? First mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). LISSUE1, LISSUE2, and LISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question.

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem Cell Research
    5) Death Penalty
    6) Pro-Gay Rights
    7) Anti-Gay Rights
    8) Education
    9) Support Immigration
    11) Support of Workers' Rights
    12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War
    13) Support of Environment
    14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support
    20) Other
    22) Multiple Codes
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues
    42) Gambling

  • SPDBORD from Faith Matters Survey, 2006
    5-6b. Next I am going to read you a list of federal programs. Would like you to tell me whether you would like to see spending increased, decreased or kept about the same for . . . Tightening border security to prevent illegal immigration?

    0) Decreased
    1) Kept about the same
    2) Spending increased
    8) Don't know/No opinion
    9) No answer/Refused

  • LETIN from Faith Matters Survey, 2006
    5-8. Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little or decreased a lot?

    0) Decreased a lot
    1) Decreased a little
    2) Left the same as it is now
    3) Increased a little
    4) Increased a lot
    8) Don't know/No opinion
    9) No answer/Refused

  • PISSUE1 from National Congregations Study Switzerland, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006, and 2008)
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials or organize or participate in a demonstration or march either in support of or opposition to some public issue or policy? (PISSUE1_C)

    -3) All other missing data
    -1) Refused
    1) Human rights
    2) Poverty, Welfare/Social services support
    3) Immigration
    4) Environment
    5) Crime, drugs, community safety, gambling
    7) Abortion
    10) Education
    11) Gay and lesbian issue
    12) Workers rights
    90) Others

  • PISSUE3 from National Congregations Study Switzerland, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006, and 2008)
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials or organize or participate in a demonstration or march either in support of or opposition to some public issue or policy? (PISSUE3_C)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Human rights
    2) Poverty, Welfare/Social services support
    3) Immigration
    4) Environment
    5) Crime, drugs, community safety, gambling
    7) Abortion
    10) Education
    11) Gay and lesbian issue
    12) Workers rights
    13) Euthanasia/ Assisted suicide
    90) Others

  • PISSUE2 from National Congregations Study Switzerland, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006, and 2008)
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials or organize or participate in a demonstration or march either in support of or opposition to some public issue or policy? (PISSUE2_C)

    -3) All other missing data
    -2) Don't know
    -1) Refused
    1) Human rights
    2) Poverty, Welfare/Social services support
    3) Immigration
    4) Environment
    5) Crime, drugs, community safety, gambling
    7) Abortion
    10) Education
    11) Gay and lesbian issue
    12) Workers rights
    13) Euthanasia/Assisted suicide
    90) Others

  • MISSUE2 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? (SECOND MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Right to life
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers' rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/social services support
    20) Other
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues

  • LISSUE3 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998 and 2006-2007)
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? (THIRD MENTION)

    -3) All other missing data
    1) Right to life
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers' rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/social services support
    20) Other
    22) Multiple mentions
    32) Gay and lesbian issue, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety

  • MISSUE2 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? Second mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to demonstrate or march about a public issue or policy (MARCH=1). MISSUE1, MISSUE2, and MISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question.

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem Cell Research
    4) Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide
    5) Death Penalty
    6) Pro-Gay Rights
    7) Anti-Gay Rights
    8) Education
    9) Support Immigration
    11) Support of Workers' Rights
    12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War
    14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support
    20) Other
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial Issues

  • IMMETH from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    What is the country of origin of the largest specific immigrant group in your congregation? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation reported having regular adult participants who were recent immigrants (IMMPCT is greater than 0), and generated a set of verbatim responses that are coded in IMMETH. If a respondent indicated that there was no one largest group, IMMETH was set at 10010 (Other, country not specified). Where there are multiple mentions, only the first country named was coded.

    8) Albania
    32) Argentina
    51) Armenia
    76) Brazil
    104) Myanmar
    124) Canada
    156) China
    170) Colombia
    178) Congo
    192) Cuba
    214) Dominican Republic
    218) Ecuador
    222) El Salvador
    250) France
    276) Germany
    288) Ghana
    300) Greece
    308) Grenada
    320) Guatemala
    328) Guyana
    332) Haiti
    340) Honduras
    356) India
    364) Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    368) Iraq
    372) Ireland
    376) Israel
    380) Italy
    388) Jamaica
    404) Kenya
    410) Republic of Korea (South Korea)
    418) Lao People's Democratic Republic (the)
    430) Liberia
    440) Lithuania
    458) Malaysia
    484) Mexico
    566) Nigeria
    583) Micronesia (Federated States of)
    586) Pakistan
    591) Panama
    608) Philippines
    616) Poland
    620) Portugal
    630) Puerto Rico
    642) Romania
    643) Russian Federation (the)
    706) Somalia
    710) South Africa
    716) Zimbabwe
    752) Sweden
    764) Thailand
    776) Tonga
    800) Uganda
    804) Ukraine
    818) Eqypt
    826) United Kingdom
    882) Samoa
    887) Yemen
    10001) Africa, country not specified
    10002) South America, country not specified
    10003) Central America, country not specified
    10004) Caribbean, country not specified
    10005) Latin American, country not specified
    10006) Asia, country not specified
    10007) Europe, country not specified
    10010) Other, country not specified

  • LISSUE3 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? Third mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). LISSUE1, LISSUE2, and LISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question.

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem Cell Research
    4) Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide
    5) Death Penalty
    6) Pro-Gay Rights
    7) Anti-Gay Rights
    8) Education
    9) Support Immigration
    11) Support of Workers' Rights
    12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War
    14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support
    20) Other
    22) Multiple Codes
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety

  • PIMMIG06 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    What are the three most important? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees. Remarks: OTHPRJ and PABUSE06-PVOL06 are attempts to gather information on any additional social service programs from respondents, programs they might have neglected to mention in response to SABUSE98-SVDP06 and SABUSE12-SOTHER12. Verbatim responses to this question were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. We did not ask respondents to identify collaborators for programs mentioned here. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both PFOOD06 and PHOME06. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. If congregations did not report any additional social service programs (OTHPRJ=2), these variables were set at zero.

    0) No program of this type mentioned
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • SIMMIG98 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero.

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • SIMMIG06 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero.

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • SIMMIG12 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2
    [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to 4] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? [2012 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than 4] What are the 4 most important projects or programs you have sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees. Remarks: In 1998 and 2006-07, informants were probed to describe as many programs as they could recall. In 2012, the number of projects or programs was limited to the four most important. Verbatim responses to SABUSE98-SOTHER12 were coded into a series of dichotomous variables, each of which indicates whether a congregation mentioned a program of a particular type. There are three versions of each dichotomous variable. Variables with the suffix '98' contain codes for programs mentioned in 1998, those with the suffix '06' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2006-07, and those with the suffix '12' contain codes for programs mentioned in 2012. The coding of these items is identical in all survey waves, but the questions were asked of different subsamples of congregations (see the remark on SCLSERV2). Also, a 'No' response to a program variable in 1998 and 2006-07 (e.g., SFOOD98=0) means that the congregation was not involved in such a social services program. In 2012, a 'No' response to a program variable (e.g., SFOOD12) means that such a social service program is not one of the four most important for that congregation. Appropriate recoding is necessary to assess change over time between 1998 and 2006-07 in response to these items. Care must be taken when assessing any change over time that includes 2012. Note that these variables are not mutually exclusive. A 1998 program described as 'feeding the homeless,' for example, is coded 1 on both SFOOD98 and SHOME98. Note also that these variables are coded at the congregation level, not at the program level. This means that, if a congregation is coded 1 on several of these variables, analysts will not be able to determine whether those codes refer to one program or to more than one program. Verbatim social service program descriptions may be requested via a restricted-data access agreement. This item was asked only if congregations reported social service programs (SOCLSERV=1 or SCLSERV2=1). If congregations do not have any social service programs (SOCLSERV=2 in 1998; SOCLSERV=2 and SCLSERV2=2 in 2006-07 and 2012), these variables were set at zero.

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • SERVIMMG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, Random Profile
    In the past 12 months, did your congregation provide the following service for your own congregation's members or for people in the community? - Immigrant support activities (English as a second language, refugee support, interpreting service)

    0) Not check
    1) Checked

  • UNDOCWRK from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    What about 'undocumented aliens,' that is, those who have immigrated to this country illegally? Should illegal immigrants be entitled to work permits, or not?

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • IMMCRIME from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? A. Immigrants increase crime rates

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMAMECO from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? B. Immigrants are generally good for America's economy

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMJOBS from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? C. Immigrants take jobs away from people who were born in America

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMAFFUS from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    In the long run, do you think that people who are immigrating to the United States today will make American society better, will make American society worse, or do you think that today's immigrants won't affect American society one way or another?

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Better
    2) Worse
    3) Won't affect American society one way of another
    8) Don't know
    9) Refused

  • UNDOCCOL from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    What about 'undocumented aliens,' that is, those who have immigrated to this country illegally? Should they be entitled to attend public universities at the same costs as other students, or not?

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • TOPPROB2 from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    Which is the next most important?

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Health care
    2) Education
    3) Crime
    4) The environment
    5) Immigration
    6) The economy
    7) Terrorism
    8) Poverty
    9) None of these
    98) Don't know
    99) No answer

  • UNDOCKID from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    What about 'undocumented aliens,' that is, those who have immigrated to this country illegally? Should they be entitled to have their children continue to qualify as American citizens if born in the United States, or not?

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Yes
    2) No
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • TOPPROB1 from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    Which of these issues is the most important for America today?

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Health care
    2) Education
    3) Crime
    4) The environment
    5) Immigration
    6) The economy
    7) Terrorism
    8) Poverty
    9) None of these
    98) Don't know
    99) No answer

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be increased a lot, increased a little, remain the same as it is, reduced a little, or reduced a lot?

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMSIDE from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    Was that to support immigrants and immigration, or to encourage stricter immigration enforcement? Remarks: This item was only asked if LMIMMIG = 1.

    1) Support Immigrants/Immigration
    2) Encourage Stricter Immigration Enforcement

  • PO_3 from Portraits of American Life Study, 2nd Wave, 2012
    [Wave 2] Were any of the demonstrations or protests you participated in related to immigration issues, or not?

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • IMMSANC from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    Some congregations have declared themselves to be sanctuaries for undocumented immigrants. Has your congregation done that?

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • EDIMMIGS from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    For/Against: What about preventing the children of illegal immigrants from attending the public schools? (97)

    -1) RF/DK
    0) Against
    1) For

  • PERIMM from Comparative Values Survey of Islamic Countries
    Would you persist to immigrate abroad if your economic situation was better?

    -4) Not asked
    -1) Don't know
    0) No
    1) Yes

  • IMMAFFUS from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    In the long run, do you think that people who are immigrating to the United States today will make American society better, will make American society worse, or do you think that today's immigrants won't affect American society one way or another?

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Better
    2) Worse
    3) Won't affect American society one way of another
    8) Don't know
    9) Refused

  • PIMMIG06 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    What are the three most important? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • LMIMMIG from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    Were any of these lobbying or marching activities related to: Immigration? [ARDA Note: Please see LMIMMIG in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • NBRFRGN from Comparative Values Survey of Islamic Countries
    Could you please sort out any that you would not like to have as neighbors? Immigrants or foreign workers.

    -4) Not asked
    0) Not mentioned
    1) Mentioned

  • DENYHELP from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    For/Against: What about a law that would deny health and welfare services to illegal immigrants in Texas? (95, 07, 09, 10)

    -1) RF/DK
    0) Against
    1) For

  • EDUNDOCS from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    Agree/Disagree: The children of illegal immigrants should have the right to attend the public schools. (85, 95, 07, 09)

    -1) RF/DK
    0) Disagree
    1) Agree

  • ILLEGALS from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    Agree/Disagree: Undocumented immigrants are a major cause of unemployment in the Houston area today. (89, 94, 96, 99, 04)

    -1) RF/DK
    0) Disagree
    1) Agree

  • IMMFINES from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    For/Against: What about imposing fines and criminal charges against employers in this community who hire illegal immigrants? (07, 09)

    -1) RF/DK
    0) Against it
    1) For it

  • V161192 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    Which comes closest to your view about what government policy should be toward unauthorized immigrants now living in the United States?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    1) Make all unauthorized immigrants felons and send them back to their home country.
    2) Have a guest worker program in order to work.
    3) Allow to remain and eventually qualify for U.S. citizenship, if they meet.
    4) Allow to remain and eventually qualify for U.S. citizenship without penalties.

  • V161193A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    IF R FAVORS CHANGING CONSTITUTION - US-BORN CHILDREN OF ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS / IF R FAVORS CHANGING CONSTITUTION - US-BORN CHILDREN OF ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS: Do you favor that [a great deal, a moderate amount, or a little / a little, a moderate amount, or a great deal]? / Do you oppose that [a great deal, a moderate amount, or a little / a little, a moderate amount, or a great deal]?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) A moderate amount
    3) A little

  • LEGALIZE from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    For/Against: What about granting illegal immigrants in the U.S. a path to legal citizenship, if they speak English and have no criminal record? (07-10)

    -1) RF/DK
    0) Against it
    1) For it

  • V162158 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    Now I'd like to ask you about immigration in recent years. How likely is it that recent immigration levels will take jobs away from people already here -- [extremely likely, very likely, somewhat likely, or not at all likely / not at all likely, somewhat likely, very likely, or extremely likely]?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -7) No post data, incomplete IW
    -6) No post-election interview
    1) Extremely likely
    2) Very likely
    3) Somewhat likely
    4) Not at all likely

  • LESIMMIG from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    Agree/Disagree: We should take action to reduce the number of new immigrants coming to America. (98, 00, 04, 06, 08, 10)

    -1) RF/DK
    0) Disagree
    1) Agree

  • WRKNAT from Comparative Values Survey of Islamic Countries
    When jobs are scarce, employers should give priority to (nation) people over immigrants.

    -4) Not asked
    -2) No answer
    -1) Don't know
    1) Agree
    2) Disagree
    3) Neither

  • SIMMIG98 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • SIMMIG06 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • DREAMACT from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    For/Against: What about allowing the children of undocumented immigrants to become U.S. citizens, if they have graduated from college or served in the military? (10)

    -1) Refused/Don't know
    0) Against it
    1) For it

  • EDLINGO from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    In areas where there are many non-English speaking immigrants, do you think the public schools should or should not offer education in their language? (96, 07)

    -1) RF/DK
    1) Should not
    2) Should

  • V162268 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    And now thinking specifically about immigrants. (Do you [agree strongly, agree somewhat, neither agree nor disagree, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly / disagree strongly, disagree somewhat, neither agree nor disagree, agree somewhat or agree strongly] with the following statement?) 'Immigrants are generally good for America's economy.'

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -7) No post data, incomplete IW
    -6) No post-election interview
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree somewhat
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree somewhat
    5) Disagree strongly

  • MISSUE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? First mention; Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to demonstrate or march about a public issue or policy (MARCH=1). [ARDA Note: Please see MISSUE1 in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Right to Life
    2) Right for women to choose
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    10) Against immigration
    11) Support of workers rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/Social services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues

  • CONGIMM from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    Is that congregation composed primarily of recent immigrants to the United States? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported that their building was used by another congregation for its worship services (CONGUSE=1). See remark for CONGUSE.

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • IMMCOSTS from General Social Survey, 2004
    Government spends too much money assisting immigrants.

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither disagree nor agree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMEFFS from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    Does the increasing immigration into this country today [rotate]: Mostly strengthen American culture; or: Mostly threaten American culture? (97, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09)

    -1) RF/DK
    1) Mostly threatens
    2) Mostly strengthens

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey, 2006
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be . . .

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey, 2004
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be...

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced as little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMIMP from General Social Survey, 2004
    Immigrants improve American society by bringing in new ideas and cultures.

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither disagree nor agree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • SIMMIG18 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    [2012 and 2018-19 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than four] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • DIVERSOK from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    Do you think the increasing ethnic diversity in Houston brought about by immigration is a good thing or a bad thing? (94, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09)

    -1) RF/DK
    1) Bad things
    2) Good thing

  • IMMCRIME from General Social Survey, 2004
    Do you agree or disagree with this statement: Immigrants increase crime rates

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMPOLIC from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    Should the local police take an active role in identifying undocumented immigrants, or should that be left mainly to the federal authorities? (10)

    -1) Refused/Don't know
    1) Police should take an active role
    2) Leave to federal authorities

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be . . .

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • SIMMIG12 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    [2012 and 2018-19 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to four] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • IMMAMECO from General Social Survey, 2004
    Do you agree or disagree with this statement: Immigrants are generally good for America's economy

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • AMA_2 from Portraits of American Life Study, 2nd Wave, 2012
    [Wave 2] Immigrants coming into the US are taking too many jobs away from other American citizens

    1) Strongly disagree
    2) Somewhat disagree
    3) Neither disagree nor agree
    4) Somewhat agree
    5) Strongly agree

  • THEFENCE from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    If cost were not a factor, would you favor or oppose building a 2,000-mile security fence along the U.S.-Mexico border, to stop all undocumented immigration? (06, 08, 10)

    -1) RF/DK
    0) Oppose
    1) Favor

  • IMMRGHTS from General Social Survey, 2004
    Legal immigrants to America who are not citizens should have the same rights as American citizens.

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither disagree nor agree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • EXCLDIMM from General Social Survey, 2004
    Do you agree or disagree with this statement: America should take stronger measures to exclude illegal immigrants.

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMIGBAD from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    Do immigrants to the U.S. generally take more from the American economy than they contribute, or do they contribute more than they take? (94, 96, 98, 00, 02, 04, 06, 08, 10)

    -1) RF/DK
    1) Take more
    2) Contribute more

  • IMMJOBS from General Social Survey, 2004
    Do you agree or disagree with this statement: Immigrants take jobs away from people who were born in America

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • V161195A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    IF R OPINION ON ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT CHILDREN RAISED IN U.S. IS NOT DK/RF: Do you favor that [a great deal, a moderate amount, or a little / a little, a moderate amount, a great deal]?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) A moderate amount
    3) A little

  • UNDOCBAD from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    Large numbers of undocumented immigrants have been coming to Houston in recent years. How much of a problem do you think this is for the city? Would you say: very serious, somewhat serious, or not much of a problem? (06, 08, 10)

    -1) RF/DK
    1) Not much of a problem
    2) Somewhat serious
    3) Very serious

  • AMA_15 from Portraits of American Life Study, 2nd Wave, 2012
    [Wave 2] Should most illegal immigrants working in the United States be offered a chance to apply for legal status, be sent back to the country they came from, or be allowed to stay in the U.S. and remain illegally?

    1) Chance to apply for legal status
    2) Deported to the country they came from
    3) Remain in U.S. illegally

  • AMA_16 from Portraits of American Life Study, 2nd Wave, 2012
    [Wave 2] Should most undocumented immigrants working in the United States be offered a chance to apply for legal status, be sent back to the country they came from, or be allowed to stay in the U.S. and remain without documentation?

    1) Chance to apply for legal status
    2) Deported to the country they came from
    3) Remain in US without documentation

  • MORIMMIG from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    During the next ten years, would you like to see the U.S. admit more, fewer, or about the same number of legal immigrants as were admitted in the last ten years? (95, 97, 99, 01, 02, 03, 05, 07, 09)

    -1) RF/DK
    1) Fewer
    2) About the same
    3) More

  • IMMJOBS from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    What effect, if any, do you think recent immigrants into the Houston area are having on job opportunities for you and your family members? Are they making things better, making things worse, or not making much difference either way? (98)

    -1) RF/DK
    1) Making things worse
    2) Not much difference
    3) Making things better

  • IMMSERV from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? [2018-19 wording] To offer services for immigrants, such as legal assistance, translation, English language instruction, or job placement? [ARDA Note: Please see IMMSERV in the survey instrument for full question wording.]

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • V161193 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    Some people have proposed that the U.S. Constitution should be changed so that the children of unauthorized immigrants do not automatically get citizenship if they are born in this country. Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose this proposal?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • LISSUE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? First mention: Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). [ARDA Note: Please see LISSUE1 in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem cell research
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    13) Support of environment
    14) Poverty, welfare/Social services support
    20) Other
    22) Multiple mentions
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues
    42) Gambling

  • LISSUE2 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? Second mention; Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). [ARDA Note: Please see LISSUE2 in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    13) Support of environment
    14) Poverty, welfare/Social services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    42) Gambling

  • RATEIMMS from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    What about documented immigrants? Where would you put them on the 10-point scale (where "1" means "very unfavorable feelings" and "10" means "very favorable feelings")? (08, 10)

    -1) RF/DK
    1) Very unfavorable
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) 7
    8) 8
    9) 9
    10) Very favorable

  • DMDCITZN from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), Demographic and Examination Data, 2007-2008
    Citizenship status [(Are you/Is SP) a citizen of the United States? [Information about citizenship is being collected by the U.S. Public Health Service to perform health related research. Providing this information is voluntary and is collected under the authority of the Public Health Service Act. There will be no effect on pending immigration or citizenship petitions]

    1) Citizen by birth or naturalization
    2) Not a citizen of the U.S.
    7) Refused
    9) Don't know

  • WHYIMBAD from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    IF "VERY SERIOUS" OR "SOMEWHAT SERIOUS" (UNDOCBAD): Is the reason you see it as a problem based primarily on concerns about the immigrants taking American jobs; about strains on public services (such as schools and hospitals); about increases in crime; or something else? Which one is most important? (06, 08, 10)

    -1) RF/DK
    1) Taking American jobs
    2) Strain on public services
    3) Increases in crime
    4) Something else -- specify

  • V161195 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    What should happen to immigrants who were brought to the U.S. illegally as children and have lived here for at least 10 years and graduated high school here? Should they be sent back where they came from, or should they be allowed to live and work in the United States?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    1) Should be sent back where they came from
    2) Should be allowed to live and work in the U.S.

  • IMMAFMJB from General Social Survey 2008 Cross-Section and Panel Combined
    When the U.S. government is deciding which immigrants to admit to this country should priority be given to people who have family members living in the United States, or should priority be given to people based on education, job skills, and experience?

    0) Inapplicable
    1) Priority should be given to people who have family members living in the United States
    2) Priority should be given to people based on education, job skills, and experience
    8) Don't know
    9) Refused

  • V162269 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    (Do you [agree strongly, agree somewhat, neither agree nor disagree, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly / disagree strongly, disagree somewhat, neither agree nor disagree, agree somewhat or agree strongly] with the following statement?) 'America's culture is generally harmed by immigrants.'

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -7) No post data, incomplete IW
    -6) No post-election interview
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree somewhat
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree somewhat
    5) Disagree strongly

  • V162270 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    Do you [agree strongly, agree somewhat, neither agree nor disagree, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly / disagree strongly, disagree somewhat, neither agree nor disagree, agree somewhat or agree strongly] with the following statement? 'Immigrants increase crime rates in the United States.'

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -7) No post data, incomplete IW
    -6) No post-election interview
    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree somewhat
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree somewhat
    5) Disagree strongly

  • V162157 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be [increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot / decreased a lot, decreased a little, left the same as it is now, increased a little, or increased a lot]?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -7) No post data, incomplete IW
    -6) No post-election interview
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Left the same as it is now
    4) Decreased a little
    5) Decreased a lot

  • IMMSTATS from General Social Survey, 2004
    Thinking of your current immigration status right now, is that in Box A, B, or C? Box A (farm), B (apartment bldg, hut, shack single family house), or C (other type of dwelling). If it's in Box B, we do not want to know which specific category applies to you, and there will be no more questions about Box B (if respondent asks why, say: Because right now we are focusing on Box A.)

    1) Box A (farm)
    2) Box B (apartment building, hut, shack, single family house)
    3) Box C (other type of dwelling)
    4) Other answer
    8) Don't know
    9) Refused

  • ISSUE3 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? Third mention; Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). [ARDA Note: Please see LISSUE3 in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/Social services support
    20) Other
    22) Multiple mentions
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety

[Viewing Matches 1-150] > [View Matches 151-300]  (of 1339 total matches in Data Archive Questions/Variables)
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