Citations are taken from the Sociology of Religion Searchable Bibliographic Database, created and updated by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio). The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.
  • Health differences between religious and secular subgroups in the United States:Evidence from the General Social Survey.
    Walker, Mark H., Leah Drakeford, Samuel Stroope, Joseph O. Baker, and Alexander L. Smith (2021)
    Review of Religious Research 63:1: 67-81.
    Analyzes 1988-2018 General Social Survey (U.S.A.) data. When compared to conservative Protestants, theistic nones & atheists had higher levels of self-rated health, agnostics & low-certainty nones did not differ from conservative Protestants.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist; Belief; Health; United States
  • What do religion scholars really want? Scholarly Values in the scitnific Study of Religion.
    Shults, F. LeRon, Wesley J. Wildman, Ann Taves, and Raymond F. Paloutzian (2020)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 59:1: 18-38.
    Survey data from scholars in the study of religion show that younger members in the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, compared to others, are more female, liberal, agnostic or atheist, and do not practice a religion.
    Associated Search Terms: Professor; Society for the Scientific Study of Religion
  • The politics of religious nones.
    Schwadel, Philip (2020)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 59:1: 180-189.
    Analyzes 2016 Pew Research center American Trends Panel representative internet survey data. Those with no religion in particular do not differ from the religiously affiliated. Atheists tend to be liberal & in political conflict with their families. Agnostics are likely to vote & feel politically isolated from their families.
    Associated Search Terms: Politics, U.S.A.; Family; Conflict; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Secularity, religiosity, and health: Physical and mental health differences between atheists, agnostics, and nonaffiliated theists compared to religiously affiliated individuals.
    Baker, Joseph O., Samuel Stroope, and Mark H. Walker (2018)
    Social Science Research 75: 44-57.
    Using a national sample of U.S.A. adults, compares physical & mental health outcomes for atheists, agnostics, religiously nonaffiliated theists, & theistic members of organized religious traditions. Atheists had better physical health than other secular individuals & members of some religious traditions & reported significantly lower levels of psychiatric symptoms than both other seculars & members of most religious traditions. In contrast, physical & mental health were significantly worse for nonaffiliated theists compared to other seculars & religious affiliates on most outcomes.
    Associated Search Terms: Mental health; Health; Atheist, U.S.A.
  • Rescuing the nones from the reference category: Civic engagement among the nonreligious in America.
    Frost, Jacqui, and Penny Edgell (2018)
    Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 47:2: 417-438.
    Those who identify as “nothing in particular” (NIP) are much less likely to show interest or engagement in civic life than are atheists, agnostics, & the “spiritual but not religious,” & the image of the nonreligious as uninvolved in civic life is inaccurate & most likely driven by forms of analysis that disproportionately weight the experiences of the “NIPs.”
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Civic engagement
  • Looking beyond the church tax: Families and the disaffiliation of Austrian Roman Catholics.
    Berghammer, Caroline, Ulrike Zartler, and Desiree Krivanek (2017)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 56:3: 514-535.
    Uses mixed methods including 2008-12 panel data. The church tax was cited as responsible by disaffiliating believers, ideological reasons by agnostics & atheists. Family transitions were important for both groups.
    Associated Search Terms: Catholic, Austria; Family; Atheist, Austria; Austria; Disaffiliation; Panel study
  • Neither ideologues nor agnostics: Alternative voters' belief sysem in an age of partisan politics.
    Baldassarri, Delia, and Amir Goldberg (2014)
    American Journal of Sociology 120:1: 45-95.
    3 subpopulations, each characterized by a distinctive way of organizing its political beliefs, are identified: ideologues, whose political attitudes strongly align with either liberal or conservative categories; alternatives, who are instead morally conservative but economically liberal, or vice versa; & agnostics, who exhibit weak associations between political beliefs. Individuals’ sociodemographic profiles, particularly their income, education, & religiosity, lie at the core of the different ways in which they understand politics.
    Associated Search Terms: United States; Politics, U.S.A.
  • Perceptions of Science and American Secularism.
    Baker, Joseph O. (2012)
    Sociological Perspectives 55:1: 167-188.
    Favorable view of science is more characteristic of secularists than religiously affiliated Americans.
    Associated Search Terms: Science; United States; Evolution; Agnostic; Atheist, U.S.A.; Creationism
  • On the receiving end: Discrimination toward the non-religious in the United States.
    Cragun, Ryan T., Barry Kosmin, Ariella Keysar, Joseph H. Hammer, and Michael Nielsen (2012)
    Journal of Contemporary Religion 27:1: 105-127.
    The strongest predictor of such discrimination was not theological atheism or agnosticism but self-identifying as an atheist or agnostic when asked what one's religion is. Context-specific predictors of discrimination are age, region of the country, rural versus urban location, parents’ religious identifications, educational attainment, ethnicity & race.
    Associated Search Terms: Atheist, U.S.A.; Discrimination; United States; Prejudice, anti-religious
  • Atheists and Agnostics Negotiate Religion and Family.
    Ecklund, Elaine Howard, and Kristen Schultz Lee (2011)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 50:4: 728-743.
    Based on 2005-08 interviews with scientists who do not believe in a religion but join religions for the sake of their families & out of a desire for community. See erratum in Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 51:1 (2012): iv.
    Associated Search Terms: Scientist; Agnostic; Atheist, U.S.A.; Family
  • None Too Simple: Examining Issues of Religious Nonbelief and Nonbelonging in the United States.
    Baker, Joseph O., and Buster G. Smith (2009)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 48:4: 719-733.
    Analyzes 2007 U.S.A. survey data; explores the stances of the true atheists, agnostics, & unchurched believers.
    Associated Search Terms: Agnostic; Atheist, U.S.A.; Unchurched religion; United States
  • Beyond Belief: Atheism, Agnosticism, and Theistic Certainty in the United States.
    Sherkat, Darren E. (2008)
    Sociological Spectrum 28:5: 438-459.
    Associated Search Terms: Agnostic; Atheist, U.S.A.; Belief
  • "'Ich würd' mir das offen lassen." Agnostische Spiritualität als Annäherung an die "große Transzendenz" eines Lebens nach dem Tode.
    Wohlrab-Sahr, Monika, Uta Karstein, and Christine Schaumburg (2005)
    Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft 13: 153-174.
    Associated Search Terms: Death; Agnostic
  • Religious Beliefs in Europe: Factors of Accelerated Decline.
    Dogan, Mattei (2003)
    Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 14: 161-188.
    Reviews of a number of surveys showing a decline in religious belief in Europe.
    Associated Search Terms: Generations; Disaffiliation; Europe; Agnostic; Belief
  • Religious Independents Within Western Industrialized Nations: a Socio-demographic Profile.
    Hayes, Bernadette C. (2000)
    Sociology of Religion 61:2: 191-207.
    Analyzes cross-cultural survey data from western industrial nations; religious independents are more likely to be non-believers. They tend to be young, single, educated, & especially male.
    Associated Search Terms: Agnostic; Atheist; Independents
  • Power and Knowledge: A Study in the Social Development of Early Christianity.
    Green, Henry A. (1991)
    Studies in Religion/Sciences religieuses 20:2: 217-231.
    Sees the 2nd century struggle between Catholic & Agnostic Christianity as between institutionalized power & those resisting institutionalization.
    Associated Search Terms: Gnostic; Early Christian; Sociology of knowledge; Institutionalization; Power
  • Varieties of Unbelief. Atheists and Agnostics in English Society, 1850-1960.
    Budd, Susan (1977)
    London: Heinemann.
    Historical & sociological study of the various anti-clerical movements, secular religions, & religions of science & ethics in Britain.
    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Historical; Atheist, Great Britain
  • Religion, Fertility, and College Type among College Graduates.
    Spaeth, Joe L. (1968)
    Sociological Analysis 29:3: 155-159.
    Analyzes 1964 National Opinion Research Center data from U.S. college graduates; in the 1st 3 yrs. After graduation, alumni of Catholic colleges had more children than did other Catholics, who in turn had more than Protestants, Jews, or agnostics.
    Associated Search Terms: Education; Demography; Fertility; Catholic, U.S.A.
  • Early English Positivists and the Religion of Humanity.
    Bryson, Gladys (1936)
    American Sociological Review 1:3: 343-362.
    Positivism as a church could not survive in England because it was too much like a religion to be accepted by atheists & agnostics, but too atheist to be accepted by religious people.
    Associated Search Terms: Great Britain; Humanist, Great Britain
[Viewing Matches 1-19]  (of 19 total matches in Citations)
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