Questions/Variables on Surveys
  • MISSUE2 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? Second mention; Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to demonstrate or march about a public issue or policy (MARCH=1). [ARDA Note: Please see MISSUE2 in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/Social services support
    20) Other
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues

  • BIGPROB2 from Houston Area Survey, 1982-2010
    What would you say is the biggest problem facing people in the Houston area today? (03-10)

    -1) RF/DK
    1) Traffic congestion (too many cars on the streets)
    2) Inadequate mass transit, too few alternatives to private cars
    3) Street repairs, road closings
    4) Immigration: too many aliens (legal or illegal)
    5) Ethnic relations, intergroup conflicts among area residents
    6) Economy, jobs, poverty
    7) Crime, safety, drugs
    8) Public health, access to care
    9) Specific health problems
    10) Public education, libraries
    11) Public education
    12) Social immorality
    13) City services, government
    14) City finances, deficits
    15) City taxes: too high, unfair
    16) Pollution, air quality
    17) Urban sprawl, land loss
    18) Other concerns

  • IMMETH from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019)
    What is the country of origin of the largest specific immigrant group in your congregation? [ARDA Note: Please see IMMETH in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    8) Albania
    32) Argentina
    51) Armenia
    76) Brazil
    104) Myanmar
    124) Canada
    156) China
    170) Colombia
    178) Congo
    192) Cuba
    214) Dominican Republic
    218) Ecuador
    222) El Salvador
    250) France
    276) Germany
    288) Ghana
    300) Greece
    308) Grenada
    320) Guatemala
    328) Guyana
    332) Haiti
    340) Honduras
    356) India
    364) Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    368) Iraq
    372) Ireland
    376) Israel
    380) Italy
    388) Jamaica
    404) Kenya
    410) Republic of Korea (South Korea)
    418) Lao People's Democratic Republic (the)
    430) Liberia
    440) Lithuania
    458) Malaysia
    484) Mexico
    566) Nigeria
    583) Micronesia (Federated States of)
    586) Pakistan
    591) Panama
    608) Philippines
    616) Poland
    620) Portugal
    630) Puerto Rico
    642) Romania
    643) Russian Federation (the)
    706) Somalia
    710) South Africa
    716) Zimbabwe
    752) Sweden
    764) Thailand
    776) Tonga
    800) Uganda
    804) Ukraine
    818) Egypt
    826) United Kingdom
    882) Samoa
    887) Yemen
    10001) Africa, country not specified
    10002) South America, country not specified
    10003) Central America, country not specified
    10004) Caribbean, country not specified
    10005) Latin America, country not specified
    10006) Asia, country not specified
    10007) Europe, country not specified
    10010) Other, country not specified

  • V162313 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2016
    IF NOT FIRST CASI THERMOMETER RATING: How would you rate: Illegal immigrants

    -9) Refused
    -7) No post data, incomplete IW
    -6) No post-election interview
    -5) Breakoff, sufficient partial IW
    0) 0
    1) 1
    2) 2
    3) 3
    4) 4
    5) 5
    6) 6
    7) 7
    8) 8
    9) 9
    10) 10
    11) 11
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    30) 30
    31) 31
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    33) 33
    34) 34
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    37) 37
    38) 38
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    40) 40
    41) 41
    42) 42
    43) 43
    44) 44
    45) 45
    46) 46
    47) 47
    48) 48
    49) 49
    50) 50
    51) 51
    52) 52
    53) 53
    54) 54
    55) 55
    56) 56
    57) 57
    58) 58
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    60) 60
    61) 61
    62) 62
    63) 63
    64) 64
    65) 65
    66) 66
    67) 67
    68) 68
    69) 69
    70) 70
    71) 71
    72) 72
    73) 73
    74) 74
    75) 75
    76) 76
    77) 77
    78) 78
    79) 79
    80) 80
    81) 81
    82) 82
    83) 83
    84) 84
    85) 85
    86) 86
    87) 87
    88) 88
    89) 89
    90) 90
    92) 92
    93) 93
    95) 95
    96) 96
    97) 97
    98) 98
    99) 99
    100) 100

  • DMDCITZN from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), Demographic and Laboratory Data, 2007-2008
    Citizenship status [(Are you/Is SP) a citizen of the United States? [Information about citizenship is being collected by the U.S. Public Health Service to perform health related research. Providing this information is voluntary and is collected under the authority of the Public Health Service Act. There will be no effect on pending immigration or citizenship petitions]

    1) Citizen by birth or naturalization
    2) Not a citizen of the U.S.
    7) Refused
    9) Don't know

  • IMMSIDE from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    Was that to support immigrants and immigration, or to encourage stricter immigration enforcement? Remarks: This item was only asked if LMIMMIG = 1.

    1) Support Immigrants/Immigration
    2) Encourage Stricter Immigration Enforcement

  • IMMSANC from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    Some congregations have declared themselves to be sanctuaries for undocumented immigrants. Has your congregation done that?

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • PIMMIG06 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    What are the three most important? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • LMIMMIG from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    Were any of these lobbying or marching activities related to: Immigration? [ARDA Note: Please see LMIMMIG in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • SIMMIG98 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • SIMMIG06 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    [1998 and 2006-07 wording] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • MISSUE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? First mention; Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to demonstrate or march about a public issue or policy (MARCH=1). [ARDA Note: Please see MISSUE1 in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Right to Life
    2) Right for women to choose
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    10) Against immigration
    11) Support of workers rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/Social services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues

  • CONGIMM from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    Is that congregation composed primarily of recent immigrants to the United States? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported that their building was used by another congregation for its worship services (CONGUSE=1). See remark for CONGUSE.

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • SIMMIG18 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    [2012 and 2018-19 wording, if NUMPROG is greater than four] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • SIMMIG12 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    [2012 and 2018-19 wording, if NUMPROG is less than or equal to four] What projects or programs have you sponsored or participated in? Programs directed at immigrants, migrants, or refugees

    0) No program of this type named
    1) Mentions at least one program of this type

  • IMMSERV from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? [2018-19 wording] To offer services for immigrants, such as legal assistance, translation, English language instruction, or job placement? [ARDA Note: Please see IMMSERV in the survey instrument for full question wording.]

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • LISSUE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? First mention: Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). [ARDA Note: Please see LISSUE1 in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem cell research
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    13) Support of environment
    14) Poverty, welfare/Social services support
    20) Other
    22) Multiple mentions
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues
    42) Gambling

  • LISSUE2 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? Second mention; Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). [ARDA Note: Please see LISSUE2 in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    13) Support of environment
    14) Poverty, welfare/Social services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    42) Gambling

  • DMDCITZN from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), Demographic and Questionnaire Data, 2007-2008
    Citizenship status [(Are you/Is SP) a citizen of the United States? [Information about citizenship is being collected by the U.S. Public Health Service to perform health-related research. Providing this information is voluntary and is collected under the authority of the Public Health Service Act. There will be no effect on pending immigration or citizenship petitions]

    1) Citizen by birth or naturalization
    2) Not a citizen of the U.S.
    7) Refused
    9) Don't know

  • ISSUE3 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? Third mention; Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). [ARDA Note: Please see LISSUE3 in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/Social services support
    20) Other
    22) Multiple mentions
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety

  • MISSUE2 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? Second mention; Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to demonstrate or march about a public issue or policy (MARCH=1). [ARDA Note: Please see MISSUE2 in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem cell research
    4) Euthanasia/assisted suicide
    5) Death penalty
    6) Pro-gay rights
    7) Anti-gay rights
    8) Education
    9) Support immigration
    11) Support of workers rights
    12) International aid/support, issues, human rights, peace/war
    14) Poverty, welfare/Social services support
    20) Other
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues

  • IMMETH from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, 2012, and 2018-2019) - Instructional Dataset
    What is the country of origin of the largest specific immigrant group in your congregation? [ARDA Note: Please see IMMETH in the survey instrument for full remarks.]

    8) Albania
    32) Argentina
    51) Armenia
    76) Brazil
    104) Myanmar
    124) Canada
    156) China
    170) Colombia
    178) Congo
    192) Cuba
    214) Dominican Republic
    218) Ecuador
    222) El Salvador
    250) France
    276) Germany
    288) Ghana
    300) Greece
    308) Grenada
    320) Guatemala
    328) Guyana
    332) Haiti
    340) Honduras
    356) India
    364) Iran (Islamic Republic of)
    368) Iraq
    372) Ireland
    376) Israel
    380) Italy
    388) Jamaica
    404) Kenya
    410) Republic of Korea (South Korea)
    418) Lao People's Democratic Republic (the)
    430) Liberia
    440) Lithuania
    458) Malaysia
    484) Mexico
    566) Nigeria
    583) Micronesia (Federated States of)
    586) Pakistan
    591) Panama
    608) Philippines
    616) Poland
    620) Portugal
    630) Puerto Rico
    642) Romania
    643) Russian Federation (the)
    706) Somalia
    710) South Africa
    716) Zimbabwe
    752) Sweden
    764) Thailand
    776) Tonga
    800) Uganda
    804) Ukraine
    818) Egypt
    826) United Kingdom
    882) Samoa
    887) Yemen
    10001) Africa, country not specified
    10002) South America, country not specified
    10003) Central America, country not specified
    10004) Caribbean, country not specified
    10005) Latin America, country not specified
    10006) Asia, country not specified
    10007) Europe, country not specified
    10010) Other, country not specified

  • IMMECON from General Social Survey, 2000
    What do you think will happen as a result of more immigrants coming to this country? -- Higher economic growth.

    1) Very likely
    2) Somewhat likely
    3) Not too likely
    4) Not likely at all
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • IMMUNITE from General Social Survey, 2000
    What do you think will happen as a result of more immigrants coming to this country? Make it harder to keep the country united.

    1) Very likely
    2) Somewhat likely
    3) Not to likely
    4) Not at all likely
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • LETIN from General Social Survey, 2000
    Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased or decreased?

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Same as now
    4) Decreased a little
    5) Decreased a lot
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • ENGTHRTN from General Social Survey, 2000
    Now please tell us whether you strongly agree, agree, disagree or strongly disagree with each of these statements: -- English will be threatened if other languages are frequently used in large immigrant communities in the U.S.

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Disagree
    4) Strongly disagree
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • LETINASN from General Social Survey, 2000
    What about the number of immigrants from Asia? Should it be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot?

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Left the same as it is now
    4) Decreased a little
    5) Decreased a lot
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • LETINEUR from General Social Survey, 2000
    What about the number of immigrants from Europe? Should it be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot?

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Left the same as it is now
    4) Decreased a little
    5) Decreased a lot
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • IMMCRMUP from General Social Survey, 2000
    What do you think will happen as a result of more immigrants coming to this country? Is each of these possible results very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not likely at all? -- Higher crime rates

    1) Very likely
    2) Somewhat likely
    3) Not too likely
    4) Not likely at all
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • LETINHSP from General Social Survey, 2000
    What about the number of immigrants from Latin America (that is, Spanish-speaking countries of the Americas)? Should it be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot?

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Left the same as it is now
    4) Decreased a little
    5) Decreased a lot
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • IMMNOJOB from General Social Survey, 2000
    What do you think will happen as a result of more immigrants coming to this country? Is each of these possible results very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not likely at all? -- People born in the U.S. losing their jobs?

    1) Very likely
    2) Somewhat likely
    3) Not too likely
    4) Not likely at all
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • IMMNEW from General Social Survey, 2000
    What do you think will happen as a result of more immigrants coming to this country? Is each of these possible results very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not likely at all? -- Making the country more open to new ideas and cultures?

    1) Very likely
    2) Somewhat likely
    3) Not too likely
    4) Not likely at all
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be increased a lot, increased a little, remain the same as it is, reduced a little or reduced a lot?

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey 2012 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be increased a lot, increased a little, remain the same as it is, reduced a little or reduced a lot?

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMASSIM from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    Which of these statements about immigrants comes closest to your view:

    1) Immigrants should retain their culture of origin and not adopt American culture
    2) Immigrants should retain their culture of origin and also adopt American culture
    3) Immigrants should give up their culture of origin and adopt American culture

  • V215 from World Values Survey, 2005
    Are your mother or father immigrants to this country or not? Please, indicate separately for each of them: your mother.

    -4) Not asked
    -3) Not applicable
    -2) No answer
    -1) Don't know
    1) Immigrant
    2) Not an immigrant

  • V216 from World Values Survey, 2005
    Are your mother or father immigrants to this country or not? Please, indicate separately for each of them: your father.

    -4) Not asked
    -3) Not applicable
    -2) No answer
    -1) Don't know
    1) Immigrant
    2) Not an immigrant

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be...

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot

  • UNDOCWRK from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    What about 'undocumented aliens,' that is, those who have immigrated to this country illegally? Should illegal immigrants be entitled to work permits, or not?

    1) Yes
    2) No
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • IMMAMECO from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Immigrants are generally good for America's economy

    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly

  • IMMIDEAS from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Immigrants make America more open to new ideas and cultures

    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly

  • IMMCRIME from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? A. Immigrants increase crime rates

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMJOBS from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'Immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? Immigrants take jobs away from people who were born in America

    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly

  • IMMCRIME from General Social Survey, 1996
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By "immigrants" we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? A. Immigrants increase crime rates

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • Q72 from Religion and Politics Survey, November 2011
    What should be the priority for dealing with illegal immigration in the U.S.? [RANDOMIZE 1-2] or should both be given equal priority?

    1) Better border security and stronger enforcement of our immigration laws
    2) Creating a way for illegal immigrants already here to become citizens if they meet certain requirements
    3) Should both be given equal priority
    4) None of these (Vol.)
    9) Don't know/Refused (Vol.)

  • IMMAMECO from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? B. Immigrants are generally good for America's economy

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMJOBS from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    There are different opinions about immigrants from other countries living in America. (By 'immigrants' we mean people who come to settle in America.) How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? C. Immigrants take jobs away from people who were born in America

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • V083149 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    (What about) tightening border security to prevent illegal immigration? (Should federal spending on tightening border security to prevent illegal immigration be increased, decreased, or kept about the same?)

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    1) Increased
    3) Decreased
    5) Kept about the same
    7) Cut out entirely [Vol.]

  • V083131A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    IF R FAVORS ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT WORK PERIOD/IF R OPPOSES ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT WORK PERIOD : Do you favor that a great deal, moderately, or a little?/Do you oppose that a great deal, moderately, or a little?

    -8) Don't know
    -1) INAP, 3,-8,-9 in V083131; R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • V083133A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    IF R FAVORS ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT CITIZENSHIP PROCESS/IF R OPPOSES ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT CITIZENSHIP PROCESS: Do you favor that a great deal, moderately, or a little?/Do you oppose that a great deal, moderately, or a little?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -1) INAP, 3,-8,-9 in V083133; R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • IMMAFFUS from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    In the long run, do you think that people who are immigrating to the United States today will make American society better, will make American society worse, or do you think that today's immigrants won't affect American society one way or another?

    1) Better
    2) Worse
    3) Won't affect American society one way of another
    8) Don't know
    9) Refused

  • V083135A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    IF DEMOCRATIC PRES CAND FAVORS CITIZENSHIP PROCESS FOR ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS/IF DEMOCRATIC PRES CAND OPPOSES CITIZENSHIP PROCESS FOR ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS: Does he favor that a great deal, moderately, or a little?/Does he oppose that a great deal, moderately, or a little?

    -8) Don't know
    -1) INAP, 3,-8,-9 in V083135; R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • V083136A from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    IF REPUBLICAN PRES CAND FAVORS CITIZENSHIP PROCESS FOR ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS/IF REPUBLICAN PRES CAND OPPOSES CITIZENSHIP PROCESS FOR ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS: Does he favor that a great deal, moderately, or a little?/Does he oppose that a great deal, moderately, or a little?

    -8) Don't know
    -1) INAP, 3,-8,-9 in V083136; R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • V085083 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    Now I'd like to ask you about immigration in recent years. How likely is it that recent immigration levels will take jobs away from people already here -- Extremely likely, very likely, somewhat likely, or not at all likely?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -2) No Post-election IW
    1) Extremely likely
    2) Very likely
    3) Somewhat likely
    4) Not at all likely

  • W6PH22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called 'illegal immigrants.' Does Hillary Clinton favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W6PB22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called 'illegal immigrants.' Does Barack Obama favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W9PB22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called 'illegal immigrants.' Does Barack Obama favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W11PB22_ from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called 'illegal immigrants.' Does Barack Obama favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • V083131 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called "illegal immigrants." Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -1) INAP, R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • LETIN1A from General Social Survey, 2018 - Instructional Dataset
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be...

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot

  • LETIN1A from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be...

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot

  • Q50K from Baylor Religion Survey, Wave I (2005)
    Q50 How much would you say that you trust the following people or groups ..k. Immigrants

    1) A lot
    2) Some
    3) Only a little
    4) Not at all

  • W6PJ22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called 'illegal immigrants.' Does John McCain favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W9PJ22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called 'illegal immigrants.' Does John McCain favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W10P22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called 'illegal immigrants.' Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W10PB22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called 'illegal immigrants.' Does Barack Obama favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W10PJ22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called 'illegal immigrants.' Does John McCain favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W11PJ22_ from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Citizens of other countries who have come to live in the United States without the permission of the U.S. government are called 'illegal immigrants.' Does John McCain favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • CONGIMM from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2 - Instructional Dataset
    Is that congregation composed primarily of recent immigrants to the United States? Remarks: This item was asked only if congregations reported that their building was used by another congregation for its worship services (CONGUSE=1).

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • IMMSERV from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2 - Instructional Dataset
    Within the past 12 months, have there been any groups or meetings or classes or events specifically focused on the following purposes or activities? To offer services for immigrants, such as legal assistance, translation, or job placement?

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • MISSUE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2 - Instructional Dataset
    What was the issue or policy about which a group from your congregation demonstrated or marched? First mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to demonstrate or march about a public issue or policy (MARCH=1). MISSUE1, MISSUE2, and MISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question.

    1) Right to Life
    2) Right for Women to Choose
    3) Stem Cell Research
    4) Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide
    5) Death Penalty
    6) Pro-Gay Rights
    7) Anti-Gay Rights
    8) Education
    9) Support Immigration
    10) Against Immigration
    11) Support of Workers' Rights
    12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War
    14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial Issues

  • UNDOCCOL from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    What about 'undocumented aliens,' that is, those who have immigrated to this country illegally? Should they be entitled to attend public universities at the same costs as other students, or not?

    1) Yes
    2) No
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • IMMCULT from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statements? American culture is generally undermined by immigrants

    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly

  • SERVIMMG from U.S. Congregational Life Survey, 2001, United Church of Christ Profile
    In the past 12 months, did your congregation provide the following service for your own congregation's members or for people in the community? - Immigrant support activities (English as a second language, refugee support, interpreting service)

    0) Not checked
    1) Checked

  • TOPPROB2 from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    Which is the next most important?

    1) Health care
    2) Education
    3) Crime
    4) The environment
    5) Immigration
    6) The economy
    7) Terrorism
    8) Poverty
    9) None of these
    98) Don't know
    99) No answer

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey, 1996
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be:

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • V45 from World Values Survey, 2005
    When jobs are scarce, employers should give priority to [British]* people over immigrants (Substitute your own nationality for "British").

    -3) Not applicable
    -2) No answer
    -1) Don't know
    1) Agree
    2) Disagree
    3) Neither

  • UNDOCKID from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    What about 'undocumented aliens,' that is, those who have immigrated to this country illegally? Should they be entitled to have their children continue to qualify as American citizens if born in the United States, or not?

    1) Yes
    2) No
    8) Don't know
    9) No answer

  • V37 from World Values Survey, 2005
    On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors? Immigrants/foreign workers.

    -4) Not asked
    -3) Not applicable
    -2) No answer
    -1) Don't know
    1) Mentioned
    2) Not mentioned

  • TOPPROB1 from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    Which of these issues is the most important for America today?

    1) Health care
    2) Education
    3) Crime
    4) The environment
    5) Immigration
    6) The economy
    7) Terrorism
    8) Poverty
    9) None of these
    98) Don't know
    99) No answer

  • EXCLDIMM from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? America should take stronger measures to exclude illegal immigrants

    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly

  • PATRIOT4 from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    How much do you agree or disagree that strong patriotic feelings in America... Lead to negative attitudes towards immigrants in America

    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly

  • Q73 from Religion and Politics Survey, November 2011
    Do you think an illegal immigrant who went to high school in your state and is accepted to a public college should be eligible for the in-state tuition rate, or shouldn't they?

    1) Should be eligible
    2) Should not be eligible
    9) Don't know/Refused (Vol.)

  • IMMEDUC from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    How strongly do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Legal immigrants should have equal access to public education as American citizens

    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly

  • IMMRGHTS from General Social Survey 2014 Cross-Section and Panel Combined - Instructional Dataset
    How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements? Legal immigrants to America who are not citizens should have the same rights as American citizens

    1) Agree strongly
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Disagree strongly

  • V085078G from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    Should controlling and reducing illegal immigration be a very important foreign policy goal, a somewhat important foreign policy goal, or not an important foreign policy goal at all?

    -9) Refused
    -2) No Post-election IW
    1) Very important
    3) Somewhat important
    5) Not important at all

  • IMMAMECO from General Social Survey, 1996
    How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? B. Immigrants are generally good for America's economy

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • Q3DF1 from Religion and Politics Survey, November 2011
    FORM 1: Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling [INSERT ITEM, RANDOMIZE; OBSERVE FORM SPLITS] How about [NEXT ITEM]? [REPEAT INTRODUCTION AS NECESSARY] d. The nation's immigration policy

    1) Approve
    2) Disapprove
    9) Don't know/Refused (Vol.)

  • IMMGTN from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2008
    In making your decision about who to vote for this fall, will the issue of immigration be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important? (Q22L)

    1) Very important
    2) Somewhat important
    3) Not too important
    4) Not at all important
    9) Don't know/Refused

  • EXCLDIMM from General Social Survey, 1996
    How much do you agree or disagree with the following statement? America should take stronger measures to exclude illegal immigrants.

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • LETIN1 from General Social Survey 2010 Cross-Section and Panel Combined, (Inapplicable Responses Coded as Missing)
    Do you think the number of immigrants to America nowadays should be increased a lot, increased a little, remain the same as it is, reduced a little, or reduced a lot?

    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Remain the same as it is
    4) Reduced a little
    5) Reduced a lot
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • IMMIDEAS from General Social Survey, 1996
    How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? D. Immigrants make America more open to new ideas and cultures

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • W6PH25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Does Hillary Clinton favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W6PB25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Does Barack Obama favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W6PJ25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Does John McCain favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W9PB25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Does Barack Obama favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W9PJ25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Does John McCain favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W10P25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W11PB25_ from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Does Barack Obama favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W11PJ25_ from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Does John McCain favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • V083133 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -1) INAP, R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • IMMJOBS from General Social Survey, 1996
    How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? C. Immigrants take jobs away from people who were born in America

    1) Strongly agree
    2) Agree
    3) Neither agree nor disagree
    4) Disagree
    5) Strongly disagree
    8) Can't choose
    9) No answer

  • W1P25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -4) Error, see documentation
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • IMMIGRAT from Religion and Public Life Survey, 2007
    Now, I'd like to get your views on some issues that are being discussed in this country today. All in all, do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose d. Reducing legal immigration

    1) Strongly favor
    2) Favor
    3) Oppose
    4) Strongly oppose
    9) Don't Know/Refused

  • W10PB25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Does Barack Obama favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W10PJ25 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Does John McCain favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • LMIMMIG from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2 - Instructional Dataset
    Were any of these lobbying or marching activities related to: Immigration? Remarks: This item was asked only if a congregation indicated that a group met to organize or participate in lobby efforts (LOBBY=1) or that a group met to organize or participate in a demonstration or march (MARCH=1). If there was no lobby or marching activity, LMIMMIG, LMABORT, LMPOV, and LMGAYM were left as missing.

    1) Yes
    2) No

  • V083135 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    What about Barack Obama? (Does Barack Obama favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -1) INAP, R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • LISSUE2 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2 - Instructional Dataset
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? Second mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). LISSUE1, LISSUE2, and LISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question.

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem Cell Research
    4) Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide
    5) Death Penalty
    6) Pro-Gay Rights
    7) Anti-Gay Rights
    8) Education
    9) Support Immigration
    11) Support of Workers' Rights
    12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War
    13) Support of Environment
    14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support
    20) Other
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    42) Gambling

  • IMMIG07 from Faith Matters Survey, 2007
    5-8. Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little or decreased a lot? (LETIN_07)

    0) Decreased a lot
    1) Decreased a little
    2) Left the same as it is now
    3) Increased a little
    4) Increased a lot

  • W6PH26_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PH25=2] Does Hillary Clinton oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W6PB26_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PB25=2] Does Barack Obama oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W6PJ26_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PJ25=2] Does John McCain oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W9PB26_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W9PB25=2] Does Barack Obama oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10P26_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10P25=1] Do you favor the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10P26_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10P25=2] Do you oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10PB2_3 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10PB25=2] Does Barack Obama oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10PJ2_3 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10PJ25=2] Does John McCain oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • V083136 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    What about John McCain? (Does John McCain favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens?)

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -1) INAP, R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W1P22 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    Do you favor, oppose, or neither favor nor oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -4) Error, see documentation
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    1) Favor
    2) Oppose
    3) Neither favor nor oppose

  • W6PH26_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PH24=1] Does Hillary Clinton favor the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W6PB26_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PB25=1] Does Barack Obama favor the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W6PJ26_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PJ25=1] Does John McCain favor the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W9PB26_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W9PB25=1] Does Barack Obama favor the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W9PJ26_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W9PJ25=1] Does John McCain favor the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W9PJ26_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W9PJ25=2] Does John McCain oppose the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10PB26_ from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10PB25=1] Does Barack Obama favor the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10PJ26_ from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10PJ25=1] Does John McCain favor the U.S. government making it possible for illegal immigrants to become U.S. citizens (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • LISSUE1 from National Congregations Study, Cumulative Dataset (1998, 2006-2007, and 2012), Version 2 - Instructional Dataset
    On what issue or issues did a group from your congregation lobby elected officials? First mention. Remarks: This item was asked only if a group from the congregation met to lobby elected officials (LOBBY=1). LISSUE1, LISSUE2, and LISSUE3 were created by coding verbatim responses to this question.

    1) Right to Life
    3) Stem Cell Research
    5) Death Penalty
    6) Pro-Gay Rights
    7) Anti-Gay Rights
    8) Education
    9) Support Immigration
    11) Support of Workers' Rights
    12) International Aid/Support, Issues, Human Rights, Peace/War
    13) Support of Environment
    14) Poverty, Welfare/Social Services support
    20) Other
    22) Multiple Codes
    31) Immigration, no position indicated
    32) Gay and lesbian issues, no position indicated
    33) Abortion, no position indicated
    40) Crime, drugs, community safety
    41) Racial issues
    42) Gambling

  • W6PB23_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PB22=1] Does Barack Obama favor allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W6PB23_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PB22=2] Does Barack Obama oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W6PJ23_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PJ22=2] Does John McCain oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W9PJ23_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W9PJ22=2] Does John McCain oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10P23_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10P22=1] Do you favor allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10P23_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10P22=2] Do you oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • V085082 from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot?

    -9) Refused
    -8) Don't know
    -2) No Post-election IW
    1) Increased a lot
    2) Increased a little
    3) Left the same as it is now
    4) Decreased a little
    5) Decreased a lot

  • QB1A from U.S. Religious Landscape Study, 2014
    Q.B1a. Thinking about changes in our society over the last 50 years, do you think a growing population of immigrants has been a change for the better, a change for the worse, or hasn't this made much difference?

    1) Change for the better
    2) Change for the worse
    3) Hasn't made much difference
    4) (VOL) Mixed changes
    9) (VOL) Don't know/Refused

  • V083131X from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    SUMMARY: Respondent on illegal immigrant work period [NEW]

    -9) Refused (in V083131 or V083131A)
    -8) Don't know (in V083131 or V083131A)
    -1) INAP, R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) Favor a great deal
    2) Favor moderately
    3) Favor a little
    4) Neither favor nor oppose
    5) Oppose a little
    6) Oppose moderately
    7) Oppose a great deal

  • V083133X from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    SUMMARY: Respondent's position on illegal immigrant citizenship process [NEW]

    -9) Refused (in V083133 or V083133A)
    -8) Don't know (in V083133 or V083133A)
    -1) INAP, R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) Favor a great deal
    2) Favor moderately
    3) Favor a little
    4) Neither favor nor oppose
    5) Oppose a little
    6) Oppose moderately
    7) Oppose a great deal

  • V083135X from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    SUMMARY: Democratic Presidential candidate on illegal immigrant citizenship [NEW]

    -9) Refused (in V083135 or V083135A)
    -8) Don't know (in V083135 or V083135A)
    -1) INAP, R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) Favor a great deal
    2) Favor moderately
    3) Favor a little
    4) Neither favor nor oppose
    5) Oppose a little
    6) Oppose moderately
    7) Oppose a great deal

  • V083136X from American National Election Studies, Time Series Study, 2008
    SUMMARY: Democratic Presidential candidate on illegal immigrant citizenship [NEW]

    -9) Refused (in V083136 or V083136A)
    -8) Don't know (in V083136 or V083136A)
    -1) INAP, R selected for VERSION OLD
    1) Favor a great deal
    2) Favor moderately
    3) Favor a little
    4) Neither favor nor oppose
    5) Oppose a little
    6) Oppose moderately
    7) Oppose a great deal

  • W6PH20_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PH19=1] Does Hillary Clinton favor allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W6PJ23_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PJ22=1] Does John McCain favor allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W6PH20_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W6PH19=2] Does Hillary Clinton oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W9PB23_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W9PB22=1] Does Barack Obama favor allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W9PJ23_F from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W9PJ22=1] Does John McCain favor allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W9PB23_O from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W9PB22=2] Does Barack Obama oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back to their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10PB23_ from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10PB22=1] Does Barack Obama favor allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10PJ23_ from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10PJ22=1] Does John McCain favor allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

  • W10PB2_2 from American National Election Studies, Panel Study, 2008-2009
    [IF W10PB22=2] Does Barack Obama oppose allowing illegal immigrants to work in the United States for up to three years, after which they would have to go back their home country (a great deal, moderately, or a little / a little, moderately, or a great deal)?

    -7) No answer
    -6) Not asked, unit non-response
    -2) Missing, see documentation
    -1) Inapplicable
    1) A great deal
    2) Moderately
    3) A little

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