Site Features
  • Assemblies of God: Membership numbers; trends in membership, congregations and clergy; demographics of members; demographics for congregation communities.
  • Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee): Membership numbers; trends in membership, congregations and clergy; demographics of members; demographics for congregation communities.
[Viewing Matches 1-2]  (of 2 total matches in Site Features)
Timeline
  • Pentecostal/Charismatic Movement: In 1901, Christians became filled with the Holy Spirit and spontaneously spoke in foreign languages, leading to the growth of the Pentecostal/Charismatic Movement.
  • Church of God in Christ: The Church of God in Christ was formed in 1897 in Mississippi. It is the oldest and largest black Pentecostal body in the United States.
  • William Seymour and Azusa Street Revival: The Azusa Street Revival (1906-1915) was a defining event for early Pentecostalism and functioned as the catalyst to the growth of American Pentecostalism.
  • Catholic Charismatic Renewal at Duquesne University: The Catholic Charismatic Renewal is a movement influenced by both Catholicism and Pentecostalism and whose American roots can be traced to Duquesne University in 1967.
  • Church of God (Cleveland, TN): The Church of God (Cleveland, TN) was founded in 1886 and is the oldest Pentecostal denomination in the United States.
  • Assemblies of God Founded: The Assemblies of God started with a handful of Pentecostal ministers in Hot Springs, Arkansas in April 1914, but would grow into a global phenomenon.
  • Palmer, Phoebe : Phoebe Palmer (1807-1874) is considered the founder of the Holiness movement, initiating Spirit-led Bible meetings that linked Wesleyan revivalism with modern Pentecostalism.
  • McPherson, Aimee Semple: American evangelist and gifted preacher, Aimee Semple McPherson (1890-1944) was the founder of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, a Pentecostal denomination.
  • National Association of Evangelicals Founded: The National Association of Evangelicals was founded in 1942 to provide representation for evangelicals in Washington, D.C., and with the broadcasting industry.
  • Pat Robertson Founds Christian Broadcasting Network: In 1961, Pat Robertson founded the Christian Broadcast Network, which became a multi-million dollar outlet for Christian television.
  • The Third Great Awakening: The Third Great Awakening (1850s-1920s) saw a resurgence of religious vigor, as Dwight Moody and Billy Sunday drew in crowds of religious seekers.
  • Robertson, Marion "Pat": Pat Robertson (1930-present) became a prominent media and political figure in the New Christian Right during the 1980s and '90s.
  • The Second Great Awakening: The Second Great Awakening(s) (1790s-1840s) fueled the rise of an evangelical Protestant majority in antebellum America, giving rise to new denominations and social reform organizations.
  • The Second Great Awakening: The Second Great Awakening(s) (1790s-1840s) fueled the rise of an evangelical Protestant majority in antebellum America, giving birth to new denominations and social reform organizations.
  • Millenarian Movement: Since William Miller predicted the return of Jesus Christ in the mid-1800s, Millenarian movements emerged and anticipated the end of the world.
  • Alma Bridwell White Becomes First Female Bishop: In 1918, Alma Bridwell White (1862-1946) was consecrated bishop of a Holiness sect she founded, becoming the first woman bishop of a Christian church.
  • Dennis Bennett's Charismatic Outpouring: In 1960, Dennis Bennett's public announcement of his baptism by the Holy Spirit led to the Second Wave of Charismatic Christianity in America.
  • Sharpton, Alfred "Al": Alfred “Al” Sharpton (1954-present) is a Baptist minister, civil rights leader, media figure, and politician, who draws public attention to racial issues in America.
  • Jakes, Thomas Dexter "T.D.": Thomas Dexter "T.D." Jakes (1957-present) is a popular televised pastor known for his large church services, bestselling books, and cable ministry programs.
[Viewing Matches 1-19]  (of 19 total matches in Timelines)
ARDA Dictionary
  • Pentecostal Family:A movement of churches that emerged in early 20th century America , stressing enthusiastic worship and the restoration of such practices evident in New Testament Christianity, such as speaking in tongues and healing. It is sometimes divided into "classical Pentecostalism," indicating the movement's historical bodies, and "neo-Pentecostalism," the modern movement emphasizing charismatic renewal (Reid et al. 1990: 885-886).
  • Pentecost:The annual Christian celebration commemorating the descent of the Holy Spirit on the disciples of Jesus as recorded in the biblical book of Acts. The term derives from Greek, literally meaning "50 days," traditionally the time between the Passover feast and the wheat harvest. In the early church and in some churches today, Pentecost is celebrated fifty days following Easter. Later Judaism associated Pentecost with God giving Moses the Law on Mount Sinai. The Christian celebration is common in liturgical churches with the final lighting of the Paschal candle, readings from the lectionary, and prayer (Reid et al. 1990: 881).
  • Assemblies of God:One of the largest Pentecostal denominations in the United States. As the Pentecostal movement began to flourish in the early 20th century, several diverse regional constituencies of the Reformed tradition desired to combine their efforts into one movement. Click here for more information on the founding of the Assemblies of God. Today they have a little under three million adherents (Smith and Green 1995: 84).
  • Azusa Street Revival (1906-1915):The Azusa Street Revival, led by William Seymour, took place in Los Angeles, where Seymour's congregants began experiencing miraculous healings, glossalia (i.e., "speaking in tongues"), and spontaneous worship. It was a defining event for early Pentecostalism and functioned as the catalyst to the growth of American Pentecostalism. For more on William Seymour and the Azusa Street Revival, click here .
  • Worship Style:The types of activities that occur within the context of worship services in a given religious group. Some worship styles are more liturgical (e.g., Catholic Mass), and some are more spontaneous (e.g., Pentecostal services).
  • Speaking In Tongues:The practice of speaking in unknown or foreign languages by charismatic and Pentecostal Christians. It is usually seen as a gift of the Holy Spirit first described in the New Testament book of Acts. It is also known as "glossolalia" (Reid et al. 1990: 1179-1180).
  • All Saints Day:A feast celebrated in the Western Church on the first of November to commemorate Christian martyrs and all those who have led conspicuously holy lives. In the Eastern Church it is observed on the first Sunday after Pentecost (Reid et al. 1990: 36).
  • Charismatics:Christians who stress spiritual gifts described in the New Testament, such as speaking in tongues and healing. Prior to 1960, this phenomenon was closely associated with the Pentecostal tradition (see Azusa Street Revival ), but since then it has become a more general term that emphasizes the presence of the Holy Spirit, without a specific denominational affiliation (Smith and Green 1995: 194).
  • Ordination:The setting apart of some members by a church for ministerial or priestly leadership. In Christianity, this usually is done by either the laying on of hands or invocation of the Holy Spirit. Ordination is considered a sacrament in the Catholic and Orthodox traditions. Roman Catholic , Eastern Orthodox , and evangelical churches ordain men only, while liberal , some Holiness , and some Pentecostal churches have ordained women (Reid et al. 1990: 846). Ordinations also exist in Buddhism and Judaism (Smith and Green 1995: 815-816).
[Viewing Matches 1-9]  (of 9 total matches in the ARDA Dictionary)
Religious Family Trees
[Viewing Matches 1-1]  (of 1 total matches in Religion Family Trees)
Citations
Citations are taken from the Sociology of Religion Searchable Bibliographic Database, created and updated by Anthony J. Blasi (Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Notre Dame; University of Texas at San Antonio). The ARDA is not responsible for content or typographical errors.
  • Diversity within Protestant transnationalism: Differences in the scope and reach of Pentecostal/Charismatic and evanelical missions.
    Bok, Jared (2020)
    Review of Religious Research 62:4: 603-625.
    The Pentecostal/Charismatic missions are more likely to engage in otherworldly activity than the Evangelicals, though both do so; both gravitate toward countries with low percentages of Protestants, but Evangelicals more so.
    Associated Search Terms: Missions; Transnational; Pentecostal; Evangelical
  • Heaven's Gates and Hell's Flames: A Sociological Study of New Christian Movements in Contemporary Goa.
    Abreu, Savio (2020)
    New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
    Reports 2007-08 field work in 2 Catholic charismatic prayer groups & 2 neo-pentecostal churches.
    Associated Search Terms: India, Goa; Participant observation; Pentecostal, Catholic, India; Pentecostal, neo, India
  • Evangelical environmentalists? Evidence from Brazil.
    Smith, Amy Erica, and Robin Globus Veldman (2020)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 59:2: 341-359.
    In Brazil, Evangelical & Pentecostal membership has no effect on environmentalist views, and emphasizing divine intervention increases pro-environmentalist views.
    Associated Search Terms: Brazil; Evangelical, Brazil; Environmentalism; Pentecostal, Brazil
  • Gospels of Prosperity and Simplicity. Assessing Variation in the Protestant Moral Economy
    Freudenberg, Maren, Martin Lutz, and Martin Radermacher (2020)
    Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion 16:9 (online)
    Compares economic instructions of 3 conservative Protestant communities in the U.S.A.: Amish community & its simplicity; mainstream Evangelical guidebooks; & neo-Pentecostalism’s prosperity gospel. Explores social contexts of each.
    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal, U.S.A.; Prosperity Gospel, U.S.A.; Economic; Evangelical, U.S.A.; Conservative, U.S.A.; Amish, U.S.A.
  • Differences between founder-led and non-founder-led congregations: A research note.
    Pitt, Richard N., and Patrick Washington (2020)
    Review of Religious Research 62:1: 67-82.
    Analyzes 1998, 2006-07, & 2012 National Congregations study data (U.S.A.). Congregations led by pastors who founded them, inter alia, have younger pastors, have younger and less educated members, are more often no-denominational, are more fundamentalist, & are more often Pentecostal.
    Associated Search Terms: Clergy; Founder; Congregation
  • Growth and decline of Evangelicals, fundamentalists, Pentecostals, and charismatics in Switzerland 1970-2013.
    Stolz, Jörg, and Olivier Favre (2019)
    Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 58:3: 604-625.
    Increases have occurred in the Pentecostal denominations in Switzerland, largely because of their focus on recruitment & the spontaneity of their services.
    Associated Search Terms: Ritual; Switzerland; Pentecostal, Switzerland; Evangelical, Switzerland; Fundamentalist, Switzerland
  • Suspicion and prejudice: The role of ideology in the study of Christian revival among the Roma
    Cantón-Delgado, Manuela, Marcos Toyansk, and Javier Jiménez-Royo (2019)
    Social Compass 66:4: 455-470.
    Argues that prejudices shape the study of the conversions of Romani to Pentecostalism.
    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal; Romani; Prejudice, anti-fundamentalist; Prejudice, anti-religious
  • Les quartre saisons du Renouveaucharismatique,1967-2017.
    Aubourg, Valérie (2019)
    Social Compass 66:2: 151-163.
    Overview of the history of the Catholic charismatic renewal.
    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal, Catholic
  • Mercenaries and Missionaries: Capitalism and Catholicism in the Global South.
    Vaidyanathan, Brandon (2019)
    Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.
    Explains how & why global corporate professionals straddle conflicting moral orientations in the realms of work & religion. The author finds that an "apprehensive individualism" generated in global corporate workplaces is supported & sustained by a "therapeutic individualism" cultivated in evangelical-charismatic Catholicism.
    Associated Search Terms: Pentecostal, Catholic; Individualism; Business people
  • Maranatha (O Lord, come): The power/surrender dynamic of Pentecostal worship.
    Martí, Gerardo (2018)
    Liturgy 33:3: 20-28.
    Notes a power/surrender theme in Pentecostal worship services.
    Associated Search Terms: Ritual; Surrender; Power; Pentecostal
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-150]  (of 834 total matches in Citations)
Data Archive
  • Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals:
    This multi-country survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys were conducted under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample in each country.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 4/23/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Brazil:
    This file of respondents in Brazil is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in Brazil were conducted by the research firm, Research International Brazil, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 5/19/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chile:
    This file of respondents in Chile is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in Chile were conducted by the research firm, MORI Chile, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 5/19/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the United States:
    This file of respondents in the United States is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in the United States were conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 6/13/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in the Philippines:
    This file of respondents in the Philippines is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in the Philippines were conducted by the research firm TNS Philippines, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 6/13/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Africa:
    This file of respondents in South Africa is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in South Africa were conducted by the research firm Markinor, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 6/13/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in South Korea:
    This file of respondents in South Korea is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in South Korea were conducted by the research firm Gallup Korea, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 6/13/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Chosen Regions of India:
    This file of respondents in the chosen regions of India is part of a multi-country survey. This project in India includes a probability sample of disproportionately Christian districts of three states of India-Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Meghalaya. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in the chosen regions of India were conducted by the research firm TNS India, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample. Note that this is not a representative sample of India.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 6/13/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Kenya:
    This file of respondents in Kenya is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in Kenya were conducted by the research firm, Research Path Associates, under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 5/19/2008
  • Spirit and Power: Survey of Pentecostals in Nigeria:
    This file of respondents in Nigeria is part of a multi-country survey. The survey was commissioned by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life to investigate the religious, political, and civic views of renewalists (i.e., Pentecostals and Charismatics) around the world. An aggregate file of all ten nations of this multi-country survey is available at the ARDA. The project includes surveys in ten countries with sizeable renewalist populations: the United States; Brazil, Chile and Guatemala in Latin America; Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa; and India, the Philippines and South Korea in Asia. In each country, surveys were conducted among a random sample of the general public, with an oversample of renewalists, to yield sufficient sample sizes for analysis. Surveys in Nigeria were conducted by Research International Nigeria under the direction of Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The codebook reflects the results of the general public sample.
    Funded By: Produced by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and The John Templeton Foundation .
    Collected: 2006, Uploaded 5/19/2008
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-13]  (of 13 total matches in the Data Archive Files)
Investigators/Researchers
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-11]  (of 11 total matches in Investigators)
Questions/Variables on Surveys
[Viewing Matches 1-10] > [View Matches 1-150]  (of 1609 total matches in Data Archive Questions/Variables)
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