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Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, Metropolitan Statistical Area

Religious Traditions, 2010

146,838 7,439 205,324 48,378 2,021,038 155,172 1,968,213
Evangelical Protestant Black Protestant Mainline Protestant Orthodox Catholic Other Unclaimed

Congregational adherents include all full members, their children, and others who regularly attend services. The 2010 reports contain incomplete counts of congregations and adherents belonging to the eight largest historically African-American denominations. These denominations are not included in the 2000 reports and are largely missing from the 1990 and 1980 reports.
[More information on the data sources]


Religious Bodies Tradition Family Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 11 7,585 1.8
Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism 463 2,035,416 492.4
Advent Christian Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist 10 746 0.2
Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 58 11,280 2.7
Black Baptists Estimate Evangelical Protestant Baptist --- 54,818 13.3
Christian and Missionary Alliance, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 17 2,181 0.5
Christian Brethren Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 12 935 0.2
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Restoration Movement 5 509 0.1
Christian Reformed Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 2 143 0.0
Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) Evangelical Protestant Holiness 5 1,102 0.3
Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 17 1,693 0.4
Church of God of Prophecy Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 10 340 0.1
Church of the Nazarene Evangelical Protestant Holiness 31 4,723 1.1
Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Restoration Movement 19 5,601 1.4
Churches of God, General Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Conservative Baptist Association of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist 34 --- ---
Conservative Congregational Christian Conference Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 17 4,161 1.0
Converge Worldwide/Baptist General Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist 12 2,459 0.6
Cumberland Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed --- --- ---
Evangelical Free Church of America, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 6 655 0.2
Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 1 111 0.0
Foursquare Gospel, International Church of the Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 10 668 0.2
Free Methodist Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Holiness 6 450 0.1
Independent, Charismatic Churches Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Independent, Non-Charismatic Churches Evangelical Protestant
9 8,244 2.0
International Pentecostal Church of Christ Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal --- --- ---
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 13 3,792 0.9
Mennonite Church USA Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 5 277 0.1
National Association of Free Will Baptists Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1 121 0.0
Presbyterian Church in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 2 70 0.0
Primitive Methodist Church in the USA Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 6 539 0.1
Salvation Army Evangelical Protestant Holiness 18 1,597 0.4
Seventh-day Adventist Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist 36 6,327 1.5
Southern Baptist Convention Evangelical Protestant Baptist 31 8,692 2.1
Wesleyan Church, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 1 25 0.0
American Baptist Churches in the USA Mainline Protestant Baptist 186 46,645 11.3
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Mainline Protestant Restoration Movement 2 124 0.0
Congregational Christian Churches, Additional (not part of any national CCC body) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 12 3,559 0.9
Episcopal Church Mainline Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism 164 82,484 20.0
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran 41 14,040 3.4
Friends (Quakers) Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 19 1,489 0.4
Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran 2 883 0.2
National Association of Congregational Christian Churches Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 17 7,299 1.8
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 26 4,805 1.2
Reformed Church in America Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 166 0.0
United Church of Christ Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 241 81,281 19.7
United Methodist Church, The Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 153 48,970 11.8
Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 1 --- ---
Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East, North American Dioceses Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 0 27 0.0
Armenian Apostolic Church of America (Catholicosate of Cilicia) Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 2 12,800 3.1
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 28 --- ---
Orthodox Church in America Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 5 --- ---
Orthodox Church in America: Albanian Orthodox Archdiocese Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 3 --- ---
Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) 1 600 0.1
Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the USA Orthodox Eastern Liturgical (Orthodox) --- --- ---
Church of Christ, Scientist Other Christian Science 48 --- ---
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Other Latter-day Saints 25 8,208 2.0
Jewish Other Judaism 149 244,830 59.2
Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations Other Liberal 99 27,123 6.6
Totals: 2,093 2,750,593  

The population of the Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, Metropolitan Statistical Area was 4,133,895 in 1990; in 1980 it was 3,938,585. The total population changed 5.0%. The adherent totals of the religious groups listed above (2,750,593) included 66.5% of the total population in 1990.

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH, Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the following 7 counties: Essex County, Massachusetts, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, Strafford County, New Hampshire, Suffolk County, Massachusetts.

* In an effort to better match the ASARB standards for adherents, a few religious bodies changed the way their adherents were reported in 2010, including the Catholic Church, Amish groups, Friends groups, Jewish groups, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Non-denominational Christian Churches, and the United Methodist Church. This change does not affect any of the data in the newly released 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. In fact, the data for these groups are now more comparable to that of other bodies than it was in previous decadal reports.

However, the change in methodology can distort assessments on growth or decline between 2000 and 2010 for each of these groups. County-level 2000 data using the new methodology are not readily available. ASARB staff has adjusted some 2000 county-level adherent statistics to allow for a more accurate picture on growth or decline. The revised maps and charts are now available on-line at for those who are interested in these trends.


2010 data were collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB) and include statistics for 236 religious groups, providing information on the number of their congregations and adherents within each state and county in the United States. Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E. Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H. Taylor supervised the collection. These data originally appeared in 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study, published by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). [More information on the data collection]

The adherence rate provides the number of adherents of a particular group per 1,000 population. For example, in 2010 the Episcopal Church had an adherence rate of 7.6 in Autauga County, Alabama. This means that about 8 out of every 1,000 people in Autauga County were Episcopalian.

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