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Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, Metropolitan Statistical Area

Religious Traditions, 2010

1,476,398 77,851 397,454 14,398 1,014,559 292,272 2,647,484
Evangelical Protestant Black Protestant Mainline Protestant Orthodox Catholic Other Unclaimed

Congregational adherents include all full members, their children, and others who regularly attend services. The 2010 reports contain incomplete counts of congregations and adherents belonging to the eight largest historically African-American denominations. These denominations are not included in the 2000 reports and are largely missing from the 1990 and 1980 reports.
[More information on the data sources]


Religious Bodies Tradition Family Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
Church of God (Seventh Day) Evangelical Protestant Adventist 5 321 0.1
Seventh-day Adventist Church Evangelical Protestant Adventist 18 3,320 1.1
American Baptist Association, The Evangelical Protestant Baptist 39 6,204 2.0
American Baptist Churches in the USA Mainline Protestant Baptist 4 2,230 0.7
Baptist Missionary Association of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist 35 9,850 3.1
Conservative Baptist Association of America Evangelical Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
Converge Worldwide/Baptist General Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist --- --- ---
North American Baptist Conference Evangelical Protestant Baptist 2 224 0.1
Seventh Day Baptist General Conference, USA and Canada Evangelical Protestant Baptist 1 15 0.0
Southern Baptist Convention Evangelical Protestant Baptist 412 416,792 132.8
Catholic Church Catholic Catholicism 146 423,858 135.1
Episcopal Church Mainline Protestant Episcopalianism/Anglicanism 68 50,679 16.2
Friends (Quakers) Mainline Protestant European Free-Church 7 1,306 0.4
Mennonite Church Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1 71 0.0
Mennonite Church, The General Conference Evangelical Protestant European Free-Church 1 84 0.0
Christian and Missionary Alliance, The Evangelical Protestant Holiness 4 523 0.2
Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) Evangelical Protestant Holiness 20 6,786 2.2
Church of the Nazarene Evangelical Protestant Holiness 33 6,162 2.0
Free Methodist Church of North America Evangelical Protestant Holiness 1 39 0.0
Salvation Army Evangelical Protestant Holiness 6 3,088 1.0
Christian Brethren Evangelical Protestant Ind. Fundamentalist 5 885 0.3
Jewish Other Judaism 10 12,615 4.0
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Other Latter-day Saints 36 14,641 4.7
Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations Other Liberal 6 1,500 0.5
Church of the Lutheran Confession Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 1 114 0.0
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America Mainline Protestant Lutheran 60 27,003 8.6
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 65 37,326 11.9
Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod Evangelical Protestant Lutheran 4 616 0.2
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 2 509 0.2
Christian Methodist Episcopal Church Black Protestant Methodist/Pietist 23 11,962 3.8
Evangelical Free Church of America, The Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 1 74 0.0
Evangelical Methodist Church Evangelical Protestant Methodist/Pietist 1 56 0.0
United Methodist Church, The Mainline Protestant Methodist/Pietist 244 177,365 56.5
Metropolitan Community Churches, Universal Fellowship of Mainline Protestant Other Groups 2 702 0.2
Assemblies of God Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 153 31,343 10.0
Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 21 1,640 0.5
Foursquare Gospel, International Church of the Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 1 47 0.0
International Pentecostal Holiness Church Evangelical Protestant Pentecostal 9 512 0.2
Christian Reformed Church in North America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 29 0.0
Cumberland Presbyterian Church Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 318 0.1
National Association of Congregational Christian Churches Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 616 0.2
Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 79 41,953 13.4
Presbyterian Church in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 5 443 0.1
Protestant Reformed Churches in America Evangelical Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 1 26 0.0
United Church of Christ Mainline Protestant Presbyterian-Reformed 16 5,870 1.9
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) Mainline Protestant Restoration Movement 36 12,303 3.9
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Restoration Movement 16 3,616 1.2
Churches of Christ Evangelical Protestant Restoration Movement 213 42,733 13.6
Totals: 1,816 1,358,369  

The population of the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, Metropolitan Statistical Area was 3,137,557 in 1980. The adherent totals of the religious groups listed above (1,358,369) included 43.3% of the total population in 1980.

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the following 9 counties: Austin County, Texas, Brazoria County, Texas, Chambers County, Texas, Fort Bend County, Texas, Galveston County, Texas, Harris County, Texas, Liberty County, Texas, Montgomery County, Texas, Waller County, Texas.

* In an effort to better match the ASARB standards for adherents, a few religious bodies changed the way their adherents were reported in 2010, including the Catholic Church, Amish groups, Friends groups, Jewish groups, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Non-denominational Christian Churches, and the United Methodist Church. This change does not affect any of the data in the newly released 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. In fact, the data for these groups are now more comparable to that of other bodies than it was in previous decadal reports.

However, the change in methodology can distort assessments on growth or decline between 2000 and 2010 for each of these groups. County-level 2000 data using the new methodology are not readily available. ASARB staff has adjusted some 2000 county-level adherent statistics to allow for a more accurate picture on growth or decline. The revised maps and charts are now available on-line at for those who are interested in these trends.


2010 data were collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB) and include statistics for 236 religious groups, providing information on the number of their congregations and adherents within each state and county in the United States. Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E. Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H. Taylor supervised the collection. These data originally appeared in 2010 U.S. Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study, published by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). [More information on the data collection]

The adherence rate provides the number of adherents of a particular group per 1,000 population. For example, in 2010 the Episcopal Church had an adherence rate of 7.6 in Autauga County, Alabama. This means that about 8 out of every 1,000 people in Autauga County were Episcopalian.

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