All Religious Biography Entries - Biographies By Last Name

Abernathy, Ralph

Ralph Abernathy (1926-1990) was an important figure in the civil rights movement. He facilitated the Montgomery bus boycott and worked with Martin Luther King, Jr.

Allen, Horace Newton

Horace Allen (1858-1932) was the first resident Protestant missionary in Korea. His medical and diplomatic contributions helped soothe anti-Christian policies in the region.

Allen, Richard

Richard Allen (1760-1831) was an influential black minister who established the first black denomination in the United States.

Angelica, Mary

Mother Angelica (1923-2016) is the founder of the Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN), the world’s largest religious broadcaster.

Asbury, Francis

Francis Asbury (1745-1816) was the preeminent leader of American Methodism after the Revolutionary War.

Backus, Isaac

Isaac Backus (1724-1806) was one of the fathers of the Baptist tradition in America and an ardent proponent of religious liberty.

Badin, Stephen Theodore

Stephen Badin (1768-1853) was the first Catholic priest ordained in America.

Bailey, Alice

Alice Bailey (1880-1949) is considered by many to be the mother of New Age, popularizing the term in writings about her own mystical movement.

Bakker, Tammy Faye

Tammy Faye Bakker (1942-2007) was a Christian television celebrity with her husband, Jim Bakker, and remained in the public spotlight even after their empire crumbled.

Birch, John Morrison

John Birch (1918-1945) was a fundamental Baptist missionary, whose name became synonymous with Christian nationalism.

Blake, Eugene Carson

Eugene Carson Blake (1906-1985) was a prominent Presbyterian minister best known for his commitment to ecumenism and the civil rights movement.

Bradstreet, Anne

Anne Bradstreet (1612-1672) was one of early America's first noteworthy poets.

Brownson, Orestes

Orestes Brownson (1803-1876) was a public intellectual who defended Catholicism and its compatibility with American society.

Buck, Pearl S.

Pearl Buck (1892-1973) was an award-winning novelist, whose liberal views on theology and Presbyterian missions drew criticism from conservative Presbyterians.

Cabrini, Frances Xavier

Frances Xavier Cabrini (1850-1917) was the first American citizen to be named a saint by the Catholic Church.

Campolo, Anthony "Tony"

Tony Campolo (1935) is a prominent intellectual for the New Christian Left. His evangelical agencies fight poverty, protect the environment, and help treat AIDS.

Carroll, John

John Carroll (1735-1815) served as the first Catholic bishop in the United States and helped expand the Catholic Church domestically.

Cartwright, Peter

Peter Cartwright (1785-1872) was a Methodist circuit ride and frontier preacher.

Cayce, Edgar

Edgar Cayce (1877-1945) was a famous 20th-century psychic, clairvoyant and prophet, whose "readings" told of past lives and are credited with curing illnesses.

Chavez, Cesar

Cesar Chavez (1927-1993) was a prominent labor leader who fought on behalf of American farm workers.

Coke, Thomas

Thomas Coke (1747-1814), along with Francis Asbury, served as the first bishop for the American Methodists.

Coughlin, Charles

Charles Coughlin (1891-1979) was a Catholic "radio priest," who was controversial for his anti-Semitic, pro-Nazi views leading up to World War II.

Criswell, W. A.

W.A. Criswell (1909-2002) was a famous Baptist pastor who expanded First Baptist into one of the largest American churches.

Crosby, Frances "Fanny"

Fanny Crosby (1820-1915) wrote thousands of famous hymns, including "Blessed Assurance," "Jesus Keep Me Near the Cross," and "To God Be the Glory."

Dabney, Robert Lewis

Robert Lewis Dabney (1794-1884) is considered one of the most influential Southern theologians of the 19th century.

Daly, Mary

Mary Daly (1928-2010) was a radical feminist theologian at Boston College who viewed traditional (male) depictions of the Christian God as oppressive toward women.

Davies, Samuel

Samuel Davies (1723-1761) helped spread Presbyterianism to Virginia and served Princeton University early in its establishment.

Day, Dorothy

Dorothy Day (1897-1980) was a Catholic activist, known for co-founding the Catholic Worker movement, leading anti-war and anti-nuclear proliferation movements, and promoting assistance to the poor.

de Brebeuf, Jean

Jean de Brebeuf (1593-1649) was a French Jesuit missionary priest and early North American martyr.

Deloria, Vine

Best-selling author Vine Deloria, Jr., (1933-2005) was a 20th century champion of Native American autonomy and proponent of indigenous religious traditions.

Drexel, Katharine

Katharine Drexel (1858-1955) founded the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament, a religious order devoted to the education and assistance to racial minorities in America.

Eddy, Mary Baker

Mary Baker Eddy (1821-1910) founded the Christian Science movement.

Edwards, Jonathan

Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) is the most influential theologian in American religious history and helped start the First Great Awakening.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) promoted Transcendentalist thought, which emphasized experiencing God through lived experience and intuition.

England, John

John England (1786-1842) was the first bishop of the Catholic Diocese of Charleston (South Carolina) and advocated republicanism within the Catholic Church.

Falwell, Jerry

Jerry Falwell (1933-2007) was an evangelical pastor who aired the popular program "The Old-Time Gospel Hour" and helped found the Moral Majority.

Farrakhan, Louis

Louis Farrakhan (1933-present) helped revitalize the controversial Nation of Islam in the late 1970s.

Fenwick, Benedict Joseph

Benedict Joseph Fenwick (1782-1846) served as Catholic bishop of Boston from 1825 to 1846.

Finney, Charles

Charles Finney (1792-1875) was a prominent evangelical and revivalist during the Second Great Awakening.

Flaget, Benedict Joseph

Benedict Joseph Flaget (1763-1850) was the first bishop of the Catholic Diocese of Bardstown, Kentucky, and the first Bishop of Louisville.

Fosdick, Harry Emerson

Harry Emerson Fosdick (1878-1969), prominent New York City minister and theological liberal. Famous for criticizing fundamentalists in his sermon entitled "Shall the Fundamentalists Win?"

Fuller, Charles Edward

Charles Fuller (1887-1968) was a prominent evangelist on the popular evangelical radio show "The Old Fashioned Revival Hour" and founded Fuller Theological Seminary.

Gibbons, James

James Gibbons (1834-1921) was an American cardinal archbishop who guided the Catholic Church through historic changes and mediated relations between American Catholics and the Vatican.

Ginzberg, Louis

Judaic scholar and writer Louis Ginzberg (1873-1953) trained two generations of Conservative rabbis over 50 years at the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York.

Gloucester, John

John Gloucester (1776-1822) founded the first African-American Presbyterian Church and was one of the earliest black Presbyterian ministers.

Graham, William "Billy"

Billy Graham (1918-2018) was the preeminent evangelist of the second half of the 20th century, preaching to millions in the United States and abroad.

Harkness, Georgia

Georgia Harkness (1891-1974) was one of the first influential female theologians in the United States.

Healy, James Augustine

James Augustine Healy (1830-1900) was the first Catholic American priest and bishop of African descent.

Hecker, Isaac

Isaac Hecker (1819-1888) was an intellectual forefather to the Catholic Americanist movement. He was dedicated to defending the Catholic Church and converting Americans to Catholicism.

Heschel, Abraham Joshua

Abraham Joshua Heschel (1907-1972) was an important Jewish theologian and social activist in the 20th century.

Higgins, George G.

George Higgins (1916-2002) was a Catholic priest and activist during the labor movement. He also helped improve relations between Catholics and Jews.

Hirsch, Emil

Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch (1851-1923) was considered one of the great minds of Reform Judaism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Hodge, Archibald Alexander

Archibald Alexander Hodge (1823-1886) was a conservative Presbyterian pastor and Princeton theologian. He was popular for his warm, witty, and clear writing style.

Hodge, Charles

Charles Hodge (1797-1878) was the leading 19th century Old School Presbyterian theologian in the United States.

Hosier, Harry

Harry Hosier (1750-1806) was a renowned public speaker and one of the first licensed black preachers in Methodism.

Hubbard, L. Ron

L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986) founded Scientology, a controversial new religious movement.

Hughes, John

John Hughes (1797-1864) was a New York archbishop, who oversaw growth in the American Catholic Church due to Irish immigration and advocated Catholic parochial education.

Hutchinson, Anne

Anne Hutchinson's (1591-1643) preaching and unorthodox theology posed a threat to colonial authority in Massachusetts. She fled to Rhode Island after being excommunicated.

Ireland, John

Born in 1838, John Ireland was a bishop of the Catholic Church regarded as a leader of the Americanist movement. He died in 1918.

Jackson, Jesse

Jesse Jackson (1941-present) is a Baptist minister, civil rights advocate, and politician, whose career continues to earn both praise and criticism.

Jakes, Thomas Dexter "T.D."

Thomas Dexter "T.D." Jakes (1957-present) is a popular televised pastor known for his large church services, bestselling books, and cable ministry programs.

Jogues, Isaac

Isaac Jogues (1607-1646) was a French Jesuit missionary priest and early North American martyr.

Jones, Robert "Bob"

"Bob" Jones, Sr. (1883-1926) was a renowned evangelist and educator. He founded Bob Jones University, which promoted a conservative Christian education.

Judson, Adoniram

Adoniram Judson (1788-1850) was one of the first American missionaries to travel to Burma, inspiring other Protestants to engage in overseas missionary work.

Keller, Timothy

Timothy Keller (1950-present) is an evangelical pastor, theologian, and best-selling author. His intellectual preaching style attracts educated young professionals to his New York City megachurch.

Kennedy, Dennis James

Dennis James Kennedy (1930-2007) was an evangelical pastor of Coral Ridge Presbyterian Church and a significant figure in the New Christian Right.

King, Martin Luther

Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) was an African-American Baptist minister and civil rights leader who combined Gandhi’s nonviolent philosophy and Christian love to fight racism.

LaHaye, Timothy "Tim"

Tim LaHaye (1926-present) is a famous evangelical pastor/author, known for co-authoring the Left Behind series and authoring one of the first evangelical sex manuals.

Lee, Jarena

Jarena Lee (1783-1855) was one of the first black female preachers in America.

Leland, John

John Leland (1754-1841) was a prominent evangelical pastor who defended religious liberty and aided in the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.

Liele, George

George Liele (1750-1828) was the first black Baptist convert in Georgia and founded the first black Baptist church in America at Silver Bluff, South Carolina.

Machen, John Gresham

John Gresham Machen (1881-1937) was a Presbyterian clergyman and New Testament scholar at Princeton Theological Seminary. He is famous for denouncing more liberal interpretations of the Bible.

Makemie, Francis

Francis Makemie (1668-1708) is known as the father of American Presbyterianism.

Mathews, Shailer

Shailer Mathews (1863-1941) was a modernist theologian and advocate for the Social Gospel movement.

Maurin, Peter

Peter Maurin’s (1877-1949) vision of a transformed society led to the co-founding of the Catholic Worker Movement with Dorothy Day.

McIntire, Carl

Carl McIntire (1906-2002) was a militant fundamentalist, who helped found the Bible Presbyterian Church, International Council of Christian Churches, and radio show "Twentieth-Century Reformation Hour."

McPherson, Aimee Semple

American evangelist and gifted preacher, Aimee Semple McPherson (1890-1944) was the founder of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, a Pentecostal denomination.

Mears, Henrietta

Henrietta Mears (1890-1963) reignited the popularity of Sunday schools through her high quality teaching methods and publications.

Merton, Thomas

Thomas Merton (1915-1968) was a Catholic monk and prolific writer, who denounced social inequality and opened up interfaith dialogue.

Meyer, Joyce

Prosperity gospel evangelist Joyce Meyer (1943-present) leads one of the largest ministries in the world, Joyce Meyer Ministries, headquartered in Fenton, Mo.

Michaux, Lightfoot Solomon

Known as the "Happy Am I Evangelist," Lightfoot Solomon Michaux (1884-1968) was a popular radio evangelist with a radio program reaching 25 million people nationwide.

Miller, William

William Miller (1782-1849) predicted that the return of Christ would occur in 1843, garnering both religious fervor and criticism.

Mohler, Albert "Al"

Al Mohler (1959-present) is the president and an alumnus of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, KY, the flagship seminary for the Southern Baptist Convention.

Moody, Dwight L.

Dwight L. Moody (1837-1899) was a 19th century Protestant revivalist, whose popularity led to the Moody Bible Institute and the growth of fundamentalism.

Moon, Charlotte "Lottie"

Charlotte "Lottie" Moon (1840-1912) was a Southern Baptist missionary known for her evangelistic work in China.

Mott, John Raleigh

John Raleigh Mott (1865-1955) was an American Methodist layperson who is recognized as the "father of the modern ecumenical movement."

Mouw, Richard

Richard Mouw (1940-present) is a Presbyterian evangelical theologian/philosopher, and former president of Fuller Theological Seminary, who is well known for his interfaith dialogue.

Muhammad, Elijah

Elijah Muhammad (1897-1975) was the second leader of the Nation of Islam, overseeing the widespread growth of the Nation of Islam for over four decades.

Nerinckx, Charles

Charles Nerinckx (1761-1824) was a Catholic missionary priest of the Diocese of Bardstown, Kentucky, in the early 19th century.

Neumann, John Nepomucene

John Neumann (1811-1860) served as bishop of the Catholic Diocese of Philadelphia from 1852 to 1860 and was the first American bishop to be canonized.

Niebuhr, Reinhold

Reinhold Niebuhr (1892-1971) was an influential theologian who advocated social justice and critiqued aspects of theological liberalism. He also is credited with the Serenity Prayer.

Norris, John Frank

John Frank Norris (1877-1952) was a controversial Baptist pastor, famous for preaching against modernist interpretations of the Bible.

Occom, Samson

Samson Occom (1723-1792), an evangelical Presbyterian minister from the Mohegan tribe, founded the Indian-Christian community of Brothertown, New York.

Ockenga, Harold John

Harold John Ockenga (1905-1985) led the new evangelical movement by helping co-found Fuller Seminary, the National Association of Evangelicals, and Christianity Today.

O'Connor, Flannery

The American writer Flannery O'Connor (1925-1964) depicted fictional Southern characters confronting grace in depressing circumstances.

of Constantinople, Athenagoras I

Athenagoras (1886-1972) was an important archbishop of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese in America and later served as Patriarch of Constantinople until his death in 1972.

O'Hair, Madalyn Murray

Madalyn Murray O’Hair (1919-1995) was instrumental in banning Bible readings in public schools and founded one of the largest organizations of atheists in America.

Palmer, Phoebe

Phoebe Palmer (1807-1874) is considered the founder of the Holiness movement, initiating Spirit-led Bible meetings that linked Wesleyan revivalism with modern Pentecostalism.

Parkhurst, Charles Henry

Charles Parkhurst (1842-1933) was a Presbyterian minister and social reformer who exposed the moral and political corruption of New York City.

Payne, Daniel Alexander

Daniel Alexander Payne (1811-1893) was an African Methodist Episcopal Church bishop and the first black college president in the United States.

Penn, William

William Penn (1644-1718) was a Quaker activist, religious tolerance advocate and founder of the Pennsylvania colony.

Perkins, John

Christian and social justice advocate John Perkins (1930-present) helped provide education, job skills, and health care access to the poor through his ministries.

Pilmore, Joseph

Joseph Pilmore (1739-1825) was an English Methodist preacher and missionary, who helped spread Methodism in early America.

Piper, John

John Piper (1946-present) is a well-known evangelical pastor and author. He facilitated the resurgence of Reformed theology in conservative evangelicalism in America.

Prophet, Elizabeth Clare

Elizabeth Clare Prophet (1939-2009) established the Church Universal and Triumphant in 1974 as a liturgical craft for the teachings of the Ascended Masters.

Randall, Benjamin

Benjamin Randall (1749-1808) founded the “Randall” line of the Freewill Baptist church, believing in free grace instead of the Calvinist view on election.

Rauschenbusch, Walter

Walter Rauschenbusch (1861-1918) was the main founding theologian of the Social Gospel.

Riley, William Bell

William Bell Riley (1861-1947) was a fundamentalist pastor who formed the World's Christian Fundamentals Association, fought teachings of evolution, and founded the Northwestern Bible School.

Robertson, Marion "Pat"

Pat Robertson (1930-present) became a prominent media and political figure in the New Christian Right during the 1980s and '90s.

Rogers, Fred McFeely

Fred Rogers (1928-2003), a Presbyterian minister, hosted a popular kids' show called "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood" on public television from 1968 until 2001.

Rushdoony, Rousas John

Rousas John Rushdoony (1916-2001), Presbyterian theologian and homeschooling advocate, laid the foundations for Christian Reconstructionism.

Russell, Charles Taze

Charles Taze Russell (1852-1916) sparked the religious tradition later known as the Jehovah's Witnesses.

Ryan, John A.

John A. Ryan (1869-1945) was a Catholic priest and moral theologian who fought for economic justice. He helped inspire and support Roosevelt’s New Deal Programs.

Schaeffer, Francis

Francis Schaeffer (1912-1984) was a famous evangelical apologist who denounced the spread of relativism in modern society.

Schlafly, Phyllis

Phyllis Schlafly (1924-2016) was a conservative Catholic activist who strengthened the pro-life and religious right movements.

Schneerson, Menachem

Rabbi Menachem Schneerson (1902-1994) was a revered leader of the Lubavitch movement of Hasidic Judaism, building it into a prominent force within Orthodoxy.

Serra, Junipero

Junipero Serra (1713-1784) was a Spanish Franciscan priest who strengthened Spanish control of California and helped bring Catholic faith to the New World.

Seton, Elizabeth Ann

Elizabeth Ann Seton (1774-1821) founded the Sisters of Charity of St. Joseph and was an early promoter of parochial school and Catholic women's education.

Sharpton, Alfred "Al"

Alfred “Al” Sharpton (1954-present) is a Baptist minister, civil rights leader, media figure, and politician, who draws public attention to racial issues in America.

Sheen, Fulton

Fulton Sheen (1895-1979) was a popular Catholic leader, who appeared on popular radio programs ("Catholic Hour") and television programs ("Life is Worth Living").

Shuttlesworth, Fred

Fred Shuttlesworth (1922-2011) was known as the "most abused and arrested minister in the nation" during the civil rights era.

Smith, Hannah Whitall

American evangelist Hannah Whitall Smith (1832-1911) was an important speaker and writer in both the Holiness and Temperance movements.

Smith, Joseph

Joseph Smith (1805-1844) was the founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, a controversial and influential new religious movement in America.

Soloveitchik , Joseph B.

Rabbi Joseph Ber Soloveitchik (1903-1993), the leading figure of the Modern Orthodox Judaism in America, sought to unite traditionalism with contemporary thought.

Spalding, John Lancaster

John Lancaster Spalding, born in 1840, was an American bishop who advocated for Catholic education. He died in 1916.

Spalding, Martin John

Martin John Spalding, born in 1810, was a leading bishop of the Catholic Church in the mid-19th century. He died in 1872.

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady

Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) was a women’s rights advocate who pioneered feminist theology through her controversial biblical commentary known as the The Woman’s Bible.

Subramuniyaswami, Sivaya

Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami (1927-2001) was a Hindu leader who built more than a dozen Hindu temples around the world.

Sunday, William "Billy"

Billy Sunday (1862-1935) was a prominent evangelist who led revivals, appealed for a prohibition of alcohol, and strengthened conservative Protestantism.

Suzuki, D.T.

Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki (1870-1966), a Zen Buddhist monk from Japan, helped to personify and explain Zen to a generation of Americans.

Tekakwitha, Kateri

Kateri Tekakwitha (1656-1680) was a Native American Catholic, known for her asceticism and chastity. She was canonized by Pope Benedict XVI in 2012.

Tennent, Gilbert

Gilbert Tennent (1703-1764) was an Irish-born "New Side" Presbyterian minister and revivalist. His criticism of more conservative Presbyterians led to a schism in 1741.

Tennent, William

William Tennent (1673-1746) was a Presbyterian minister famously known for establishing the first Presbyterian seminary in America.

the Prophet, Tenskwatawa

Tenskwatawa (1775-1836), also called "The Shawnee Prophet," became the spiritual leader of one of the largest Native American confederations until an 1811 U.S. military defeat.

Thind, Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh Thind (1892-1967), a Sant Mat devotee and Indian immigrant, was the subject of an important legal test denying U.S. citizenship to Asian Indians.

Thornwell, James

James Henley Thornwell (1812-1862) was the antebellum South’s most eminent Presbyterian theologian.

Tillich, Paul Johannes

Paul Tillich (1886-1965) was a German American theologian and public intellectual who connected Christian faith to modern culture.

Truett, George Washington

George Washington Truett (1867-1944) was a Southern Baptist pastor who was famous for his 1920 sermon entitled "Baptists and Religious Liberty."

Trungpa, Chogyam

Chogyam Trungpa (1939-87) is the founder of the largest Tibetan Buddhist group in America.

Tubman, Harriet

Harriet Tubman (1820-1913), known as the "Moses of her people," helped more than 300 slaves find freedom through the Underground Railroad.

Van Til, Cornelius

Cornelius Van Til (1895-1987) was a Dutch-American theologian, famous for his unique brand of Christian apologetics known as presuppositionalism.

VI, Paul

Pope Paul VI (1897-1978) oversaw the completion of the Second Vatican Council and authored Humanae Vitae, an important and controversial document in modern Catholicism.

Vivekananda, Swami

Calcutta priest Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902) was the founder of the Vedanta Society, which helped bring Hindu education and yoga to America.

Warfield, Benjamin

B. B. Warfield (1851-1921) ranks in the forefront of great Presbyterian theologians of Princeton Seminary.

Warren, Rick

Rick Warren (1954-present) is a popular evangelical pastor known for his California megachurch and his bestselling book entitled The Purpose Driven Life (2002)

Watts, Alan

From Buddhism to Taoism, Alan Watts (1915-73) was, as one newspaper noted, "perhaps the foremost interpreter of Eastern disciplines for the contemporary West."

Webb, Alexander Russell

Alexander Russell Webb (1846-1916) was one of the first prominent European-American converts to Islam.

Webb, Thomas

Thomas Webb (1724-1796) was a former British officer who helped spread Methodism in New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey.

Wesley, Charles

Charles Wesley (1707-1788) was an important leader of the Methodist movement, the younger brother of John Wesley, and an influential hymn writer.

Wesley, John

John Wesley (1703-1791) founded the Methodist movement.

Wheatley, Phillis

Phillis Wheatley (1753-1784) became the first published African-American female poet. Most of her poetry contained religious themes.

White, Ellen Gould

Ellen Gould White (1827-1915) was the co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. She promoted Saturday as the Christian Sabbath and advocated biblically-based health initiatives.

White, James Springer

James White (1821-1881) was the co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church along with his wife, Ellen Gould White.

Whitefield, George

George Whitefield (1714-1770) was the leading preacher and revivalist of the First Great Awakening in the American colonies.

Willard, Frances

Frances Willard (1839-1898) was a social activist who promoted temperance, women’s suffrage, labor reform and home-centered family life.

Williams, Roger

Roger Williams (1603-1683) was a theologian, advocate for the separation of civil and church authority, and founder of Rhode Island.

Wilson, Jack "Wovoka"

Wovoka (1856-1932), a Paiute mystic also known as Jack Wilson, became the spiritual leader of a Ghost Dance movement that waned after the Wounded Knee Massacre.

Winfrey, Oprah

Billionaire media icon Oprah Winfrey (1954-present) has become the unofficial guru for millions of Americans seeking spiritual and moral guidance beyond traditional religious affiliation.

Winthrop, John

John Winthrop (1588-1649) was the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was famous for describing the colony as a "city on a hill."

Witherspoon, John

John Witherspoon (1723-1794) was a Presbyterian minister, president of the College of New Jersey, and the only clergy signatory of the Declaration of Independence.

Woosley, Louisa

Louisa Woosley (1862-1952) was the first female ordained minister in the Presbyterian Church.

X, Malcolm

Malcolm X (1925-1965) was an active minister and spokesman for the Nation of Islam from the mid-1950s until 1964.


Pope John XXIII (1881-1963) called the Second Vatican Council, one of the most significant events in the modern Catholic Church.

Yogi, Maharishi Mahesh

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1918-2008) was the founder of Transcendental Meditation and a popular religious figure of the 1960s and 1970s.

Young, Brigham

Brigham Young (1801-1877) succeeded Joseph Smith as Mormon president. He led a Mormon exodus to Utah and helped expand the church to 150,000 members.

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