Religious Minorities (Non-Christian) - Biographies By Last Name

Bailey, Alice

Alice Bailey (1880-1949) is considered by many to be the mother of New Age, popularizing the term in writings about her own mystical movement.

Cayce, Edgar

Edgar Cayce (1877-1945) was a famous 20th-century psychic, clairvoyant and prophet, whose "readings" told of past lives and are credited with curing illnesses.

Deloria, Vine

Best-selling author Vine Deloria, Jr., (1933-2005) was a 20th century champion of Native American autonomy and proponent of indigenous religious traditions.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) promoted Transcendentalist thought, which emphasized experiencing God through lived experience and intuition.

Farrakhan, Louis

Louis Farrakhan (1933-present) helped revitalize the controversial Nation of Islam in the late 1970s.

Ginzberg, Louis

Judaic scholar and writer Louis Ginzberg (1873-1953) trained two generations of Conservative rabbis over 50 years at the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York.

Heschel, Abraham Joshua

Abraham Joshua Heschel (1907-1972) was an important Jewish theologian and social activist in the 20th century.

Hirsch, Emil

Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch (1851-1923) was considered one of the great minds of Reform Judaism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Hubbard, L. Ron

L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986) founded Scientology, a controversial new religious movement.

Muhammad, Elijah

Elijah Muhammad (1897-1975) was the second leader of the Nation of Islam, overseeing the widespread growth of the Nation of Islam for over four decades.

O'Hair, Madalyn Murray

Madalyn Murray O’Hair (1919-1995) was instrumental in banning Bible readings in public schools and founded one of the largest organizations of atheists in America.

Prophet, Elizabeth Clare

Elizabeth Clare Prophet (1939-2009) established the Church Universal and Triumphant in 1974 as a liturgical craft for the teachings of the Ascended Masters.

Schneerson, Menachem

Rabbi Menachem Schneerson (1902-1994) was a revered leader of the Lubavitch movement of Hasidic Judaism, building it into a prominent force within Orthodoxy.

Soloveitchik , Joseph B.

Rabbi Joseph Ber Soloveitchik (1903-1993), the leading figure of the Modern Orthodox Judaism in America, sought to unite traditionalism with contemporary thought.

Subramuniyaswami, Sivaya

Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami (1927-2001) was a Hindu leader who built more than a dozen Hindu temples around the world.

Suzuki, D.T.

Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki (1870-1966), a Zen Buddhist monk from Japan, helped to personify and explain Zen to a generation of Americans.

the Prophet, Tenskwatawa

Tenskwatawa (1775-1836), also called "The Shawnee Prophet," became the spiritual leader of one of the largest Native American confederations until an 1811 U.S. military defeat.

Thind, Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh Thind (1892-1967), a Sant Mat devotee and Indian immigrant, was the subject of an important legal test denying U.S. citizenship to Asian Indians.

Trungpa, Chogyam

Chogyam Trungpa (1939-87) is the founder of the largest Tibetan Buddhist group in America.

Vivekananda, Swami

Calcutta priest Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902) was the founder of the Vedanta Society, which helped bring Hindu education and yoga to America.

Watts, Alan

From Buddhism to Taoism, Alan Watts (1915-73) was, as one newspaper noted, "perhaps the foremost interpreter of Eastern disciplines for the contemporary West."

Webb, Alexander Russell

Alexander Russell Webb (1846-1916) was one of the first prominent European-American converts to Islam.

Wilson, Jack "Wovoka"

Wovoka (1856-1932), a Paiute mystic also known as Jack Wilson, became the spiritual leader of a Ghost Dance movement that waned after the Wounded Knee Massacre.

X, Malcolm

Malcolm X (1925-1965) was an active minister and spokesman for the Nation of Islam from the mid-1950s until 1964.

Yogi, Maharishi Mahesh

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1918-2008) was the founder of Transcendental Meditation and a popular religious figure of the 1960s and 1970s.

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