University of Chicago
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John D. Rockefeller, William Rainey Harper
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After the first University of Chicago went bankrupt in 1886, its former sponsor, the American Baptist Education Society, approached oil magnate John D. Rockefeller about funding a new university. The new University of Chicago imitated the German model of a progressive, disciplinary university. From its inception, the University of Chicago admitted female and black students. It also incorporated the best of German Higher Criticism in its adjunct Divinity School, which immediately became a major center for theological modernism. For the next 50 years, its Bible faculty were closely involved in the Fundamentalist-Modernist controversy that wracked the Northern Baptist Convention.

Rockefeller was vital in the university's prosperity. He gave the institution $35 million over his lifetime, helped its first president, Bible scholar William Rainey Harper, attract donations from Chicago philanthropists, and subsequently wooed top scholars from around the nation by offering nearly double the going salary for professors.
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University of Chicago- Internet Archive- from The University of Chicago in 1921

William Rainey Harper portrait 2- Hathi Trust- from Young Man in a Hurry by Milton Mayer

John D Rockefeller portrait- Internet Archive- from A History of the University of Chicago by Thomas Wakefield Goodspeed

University of Chicago- Hathi Trust- from The University of Chicago

Theological seminary, University of Chicago- Digital Commonwealth- image from Boston Public Library, Tichnor Brothers Postcard Collection
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Web Page Contributor
Paul Matzko
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in History

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