The Plan of Union of 1801
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Time Period
In the late 18th century, many American Presbyterians and Congregationalists were fairly similar, sharing a common Calvinist theology but differing in terms of church organization. Owing their similarity, they decided to join in a unified denomination to evangelize portions of upstate New York, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, and Wisconsin. Members of these "presbygational" denominations could choose to organize themselves as either Congregational or Presbyterian parishes.

The Plan of Union was influential in terms of carrying New England cultural values to the Midwest. It worked well for three decades before theological disputes among Presbyterians led to the Plan’s dissolution.
Interactive Timeline(s)
Presbyterian Religious Events and People in American History
Browse Related Timeline Entries
Presbyterian Religious Events and People in American History
Religious Groups
Presbyterian-Reformed Family: Other ARDA Links

Timeline Entries for the same religious group Congregationalists (UCC)
Congregationalists (UCC): Other ARDA Links


Western Presbyterian Church in Palmyra, NY, a 'presbygational' church- Internet Archive- from Palmyra, Wayne County, New York

First Congregational Church, Minneapolis, a Plan of Union church- Wikimedia Commons- photo by Appraiser (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Book/Journal Source(s)
Queen, Edward, Stephen Prothero and Gardiner Shattuck, 1996. The Encyclopedia of American Religious History. New York: Facts on File.
Web Page Contributor
Benjamin T. Gurrentz
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in Sociology

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