United Church of Christ
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Time Period
1957
Description
In 1957, Congregational Christian Churches and the Evangelical and Reformed Church merged to form the United Church of Christ (UCC). Congregationalists trace their lineage back to the Puritans of 17th century America. After they gained more of a denomination identity in the 19th century, they became known for their progressive theological views and emphasis on local autonomy. In contrast, the Evangelical and Reformed Church trace their heritage back to German immigrants and are known for being more theologically conservative. Despite their differences, they discussed forming a possible merger in 1944 and finally succeeded in 1957 at a meeting in Cleveland, Ohio.

Today, the UCC is known as one of the most theologically and socially progressive churches in mainline Protestantism. They promote non-violence, emphasize ecumenism, hold liberal views on social issues, and recognize local church autonomy.

For a detailed family tree of the United Church of Christ/Congregationalists, click here.
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Religious Groups
Timeline Entries for the same religious group Congregationalists (UCC)
Congregationalists (UCC): Other ARDA Links

Photographs

The General Synod of the United Church of Christ bulletin- from The Christian Sun, vol 109, no 26 (CC BY 3.0)

Article announcing adoption of UCC constitution- from The Southeast News, vol 9 (July 1961)

Bethany United Church of Christ, West Terre Haute- Wikimedia Commons- photo by Nyttend

Zion Reformed United Church of Christ, Hagerstown MD- Wikimedia Commons- photo by Zion UCC.JPG
Book/Journal Source(s)
Queen, Edward, Stephen Prothero and Gardiner Shattuck, 1996. The Encyclopedia of American Religious History. New York: Facts on File.
Reid, Daniel, Robert Linder, Bruce Shelley, and Harry Stout, 1990. Dictionary of Christianity in America. Downers Grove, IL.
Web Source(s)
http://www.ucc.org/
Official website
Web Page Contributor
Benjamin T. Gurrentz
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in Sociology

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