Spalding, Martin John
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Time Period
5/23/1810  - 2/7/1872
Martin John Spalding was born in Kentucky in 1810. He studied for the Catholic priesthood at the seminary in Bardstown and and at the Propaganda Fide College in Rome, where he was ordained. Upon his return to the United States, Spalding served as a parish priest under the bishop of Bardstown (and later Louisville), Benedict Joseph Flaget, and was named Flaget’s coadjutor bishop in 1848. Spalding succeeded Flaget as bishop in 1850, and became archbishop of Baltimore in 1864 after the death of Francis Patrick Kenrick. Spalding was active in building parishes and charitable institutions, defending Catholic immigrants, and writing several apologetical works on Catholicism. He also played central roles in the First and Second Plenary Councils of Baltimore in 1852 and 1866. Spalding attended the First Vatican Council and was a supporter of ultramontanism, the doctrine of papal infallibility, and the Romanization of the American church. Spalding died in 1872.
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Catholic Religious Events and People in American History
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Catholicism (Western Liturgical Family): Other ARDA Links

Plenary Councils of Baltimore

Martin Spalding portrait- Internet Archive- from The Life of the Most Rev. M. J. Spalding by J. L. Spalding

Martin Spalding portrait- Internet Archive- from A History of the Catholic Church in the United States by John Gilmary Shea

Martin Spalding statue- Flickr- photo by wonder_Al (CC BY-NC 2.0)
Book/Journal Source(s)
Pasquier, Michael, 2010. Fathers on the Frontier: French Missionaries and the Roman Catholic Priesthood in the United States, 1789-1870. New York: Oxford University Press.
Spalding, Thomas W., 1989. "Martin John Spalding". New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.Notes: In Gerald P. Fogarty, S.J., ed., Patterns of Episcopal Leadership: 106-119.)
Spalding, Thomas W., 1995. The Premier See: A History of the Archdiocese of Baltimore, 1789-1994. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Web Page Contributor
William S. Cossen
Affliated with: Pennsylvania State University, Ph.D. in History

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