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Primitive Baptists (1827 - Unkown) - Religious Group

Religious Family: Baptist
Religious Tradition: Evangelical Protestant
Description: After the American Revolution, a new enthusiasm for missions emerged in the American church. Among the Baptists, this led to the formation of the General Missionary Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States for Foreign Missions in 1814. However, a minority of members is this group viewed the missionary movement, as well as other initiatives like Bible societies and theological seminaries, as unnecessary innovations and inventions of men (and thus not warranted from the word of God). Those opposed to such innovations formed the Primitive Baptists, which existed throughout the U.S. by 1840. These groups have a strong congregational form of government and generally have no organization above the loose associations that typically cover several counties.
Official Site: Not available
Interactive Timeline: Baptist Family Interactive Timeline

Connections: Primitive Baptists

 Group (Active) 
 Group (Defunct) 

Primitive Baptists: Congregations (2000)1

Top 5 Primitive Baptists States (2000)1 [View all States]

Rank State Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
1 Georgia 216 -- --
2 Alabama 147 -- --
3 Texas 118 -- --
4 Tennessee 115 -- --
5 Virginia 100 -- --

Top 5 Primitive Baptists Counties (2000)1 [View all Counties]

Rank County Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
1 Carroll County, VA 20 -- --
2 Pike County, KY 13 -- --
3 Surry County, NC 11 -- --
4 Tallapoosa County, AL 10 -- --
5 Bulloch County, GA 10 -- --

Top 5 Primitive Baptists Metro Areas (2000)1 [View all Metro Areas]

Primitive Baptists, Members (1925 - 1960)2

Primitive Baptists, Ministers & Churches (1925 - 1960)2

Primitive Baptists, Trends (1925 - 1960)2

1925 99,000 1,480 2,500
1929 43,978 1,529 2,651
1931 102,770
1933 102,895 2,648
1935 103,125 1,525 2,700
1936 69,157 1,726
1937 2,700
1946 69,157
1950 72,000 1,000
1960 72,000 1,000


1 The 2020 data were collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB) and include data for 372 religious bodies or groups. Of these, the ASARB was able to gather data on congregations and adherents for 217 and on congregations only for 155. [More information on the data sources]

2 All data on clergy, members, and churches are taken from the National Council of Churches’ Historic Archive CD and recent print editions of the Council’s Yearbook of American and Canadian Churches. The CD archives all 68 editions of the Yearbook (formerly called Yearbook of the Churches and Yearbook of American Churches) from 1916 to 2000. Read more information on the Historic Archive CD and the Yearbook.

Membership figures are "inclusive." According to the Yearbook, this includes "those who are full communicant or confirmed members plus other members baptized, non-confirmed or non-communicant." Each denomination has its own criteria for membership.

When a denomination listed on the Historic Archive CD was difficult to identify, particularly in early editions of the Yearbook, the ARDA staff consulted numerous sources, including Melton’s Encyclopedia of American Religions and the Handbook of Denominations in the United States. In some cases, ARDA staff consulted the denomination’s website or contacted its offices by phone. When a denomination could not be positively identified, its data were omitted.

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