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Reform Judaism (1800s - Present) - Religious Group

Religious Family: Judaism
Religious Tradition: Judaism
Description: Beginning at the time of the European Enlightenment in the 18th century, Jewish leaders began to search for a form of Judaism more attuned to modern culture. German Reform leaders began to articulate a way of being fully religious as a Jew that both fit into modern cultural and intellectual expectations and which emphasized the more universal affirmation of Judaism and abandoned what were seen as mere ancient cultural attributes. The reform movement found its organizational unity through Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati, Ohio, the Central Conference of American Rabbis, and the Union of American Hebrew Congregations (1873). Reform Jews practice a Judaism that is open to change and adaptation with the times. They view the Torah as divinely inspired (but a product of human hands), are committed to the equality of men and women, ordain women rabbis, and accept gays and lesbians into all areas of Jewish life. Globally, they are a minority movement, though they maintain a signficant presence in North America.
Official Site: Not available

Connections: Reform Judaism

 Group (Active) 
 Group (Defunct) 

Maps: Reform Judaism1

Adherence Rate per 1,000 (2020)

Congregations (2020)

Top 5 Reform Judaism States (2020)1 [View all States]

Rank State Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
1 District Of Columbia 3 11,248 16.31
2 Massachusetts 38 33,489 4.76
3 New York 95 94,354 4.67
4 Connecticut 19 16,017 4.44
5 New Jersey 45 38,762 4.17

Top 5 Reform Judaism Counties (2020)1 [View all Counties]

Rank County Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
1 Dukes County, MA 1 950 46.12
2 St. Louis city, MO 5 12,056 39.98
3 Pitkin County, CO 1 675 38.89
4 Blaine County, ID 1 540 22.25
5 Des Moines County, IA 1 826 21.23

Top 5 Reform Judaism Metro Areas (2020)1 [View all Metro Areas]

Rank Metro Congregations Adherents Adherence Rate
1 Vineyard Haven, MA Micro Area 1 950 46.12
2 Hailey, ID Micro Area 1 540 21.30
3 Burlington, IA-IL Micro Area 1 826 18.24
4 Pittsfield, MA Metro Area 3 1,642 12.73
5 Heber, UT Micro Area 1 778 10.08


1 The 2020 data were collected by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB) and include data for 372 religious bodies or groups. Of these, the ASARB was able to gather data on congregations and adherents for 217 and on congregations only for 155. [More information on the data sources]

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