Democratizing access to the best data on religion since 1997

Explore Timelines:

Explore Entries

Timeline Listings:




View all Timeline Listings

Search Timelines

American Religion Timelines

Religious Minorities (Non-Christians) - Biographies By Last Name

Name Introduction
Applewhite, Marshall Marshall Applewhite co-founded Heaven's Gate, a new religious movement, with Bonnie Lu Nettles. The movement is known for its mass suicide in 1997.
Bailey, Alice Alice Bailey (1880-1949) is considered by many to be the mother of New Age, popularizing the term in writings about her own mystical movement.
Cayce, Edgar Edgar Cayce (1877-1945) was a famous 20th-century psychic, clairvoyant and prophet, whose "readings" told of past lives and are credited with curing illnesses.
Deloria, Vine Best-selling author Vine Deloria, Jr., (1933-2005) was a 20th century champion of Native American autonomy and proponent of indigenous religious traditions.
Emerson, Ralph Waldo Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) promoted Transcendentalist thought, which emphasized experiencing God through lived experience and intuition.
Farrakhan, Louis Louis Farrakhan (1933-present) helped revitalize the controversial Nation of Islam in the late 1970s.
Ginzberg, Louis Judaic scholar and writer Louis Ginzberg (1873-1953) trained two generations of Conservative rabbis over 50 years at the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York.
Heschel, Abraham Joshua Abraham Joshua Heschel (1907-1972) was an important Jewish theologian and social activist in the 20th century.
Hirsch, Emil Rabbi Emil G. Hirsch (1851-1923) was considered one of the great minds of Reform Judaism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Hubbard, L. Ron L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986) founded Scientology, a controversial new religious movement.
Muhammad, Elijah Elijah Muhammad (1897-1975) was the second leader of the Nation of Islam, overseeing the widespread growth of the Nation of Islam for over four decades.
Nettles, Bonnie Lu Bonnie Lu Nettles co-founded Heaven's Gate, a new religious movement, with Marshall Applewhite. The movement is known for its mass suicide in 1997.
O'Hair, Madalyn Murray Madalyn Murray O’Hair (1919-1995) was instrumental in banning Bible readings in public schools and founded one of the largest organizations of atheists in America.
Prophet, Elizabeth Clare Elizabeth Clare Prophet (1939-2009) established the Church Universal and Triumphant in 1974 as a liturgical craft for the teachings of the Ascended Masters.
Schneerson, Menachem Rabbi Menachem Schneerson (1902-1994) was a revered leader of the Lubavitch movement of Hasidic Judaism, building it into a prominent force within Orthodoxy.
Soloveitchik , Joseph B. Rabbi Joseph Ber Soloveitchik (1903-1993), the leading figure of the Modern Orthodox Judaism in America, sought to unite traditionalism with contemporary thought.
Subramuniyaswami, Sivaya Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami (1927-2001) was a Hindu leader who built more than a dozen Hindu temples around the world.
Suzuki, D.T. Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki (1870-1966), a Zen Buddhist monk from Japan, helped to personify and explain Zen to a generation of Americans.
the Prophet, Tenskwatawa Tenskwatawa (1775-1836), also called "The Shawnee Prophet," became the spiritual leader of one of the largest Native American confederations until an 1811 U.S. military defeat.
Thind, Bhagat Singh Bhagat Singh Thind (1892-1967), a Sant Mat devotee and Indian immigrant, was the subject of an important legal test denying U.S. citizenship to Asian Indians.
Trungpa, Chogyam Chogyam Trungpa (1939-87) is the founder of the largest Tibetan Buddhist group in America.
Vivekananda, Swami Calcutta priest Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902) was the founder of the Vedanta Society, which helped bring Hindu education and yoga to America.
Watts, Alan From Buddhism to Taoism, Alan Watts (1915-73) was, as one newspaper noted, "perhaps the foremost interpreter of Eastern disciplines for the contemporary West."
Webb, Alexander Russell Alexander Russell Webb (1846-1916) was one of the first prominent European-American converts to Islam.
Wilson, Jack "Wovoka" Wovoka (1856-1932), a Paiute mystic also known as Jack Wilson, became the spiritual leader of a Ghost Dance movement that waned after the Wounded Knee Massacre.
X, Malcolm Malcolm X (1925-1965) was an active minister and spokesman for the Nation of Islam from the mid-1950s until 1964.
Yogi, Maharishi Mahesh Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1918-2008) was the founder of Transcendental Meditation and a popular religious figure of the 1960s and 1970s.

Our Sponsors

Our Affiliates

© 2023 The Association of Religion Data Archives. All rights reserved.