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Variables: Total number of Spiritists by country and percent of population that are Spiritists: Non-Christian spiritists or spiritualists, or thaumaturgicalists; high spiritists, as opposed to low spiritists (Afro-American syncretists), followers of medium-religions, medium-religionists. (World Religion Database, 2020) (Spiritists)1

% Spiritists



(2020)1 [X]

% Spiritists
(2020)1 [X]

Afghanistan South-Central Asia
Akrotiri Western Asia
Albania Southern Europe
Algeria Northern Africa
American Samoa Polynesia
Andorra Southern Europe
Angola Middle Africa
Anguilla Caribbean 506 3.37
Antarctica Antarctica
Antigua and Barbuda Caribbean 3,544 3.62
Argentina South America 105,354 0.23
Armenia Western Asia
Aruba Caribbean 1,180 1.11
Australia Australia/New Zealand 7,816 0.03
Austria Western Europe
Azerbaijan Western Asia
Bahamas, The Caribbean 7,469 1.90
Bahrain Western Asia
Bangladesh South-Central Asia
Barbados Caribbean 58 0.02
Belarus Eastern Europe
Belgium Western Europe 4,089 0.04
Belize Central America 3,827 0.96
Benin Western Africa
Bermuda Northern America 1,709 2.74
Bhutan South-Central Asia
Bolivia South America 2,172 0.02
Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe
Botswana Southern Africa
Bougainville Melanesia
Brazil South America 10,273,645 4.83
British Indian Ocean Territory Eastern Africa
British Virgin Islands Caribbean 2,538 8.39
Brunei South-Eastern Asia
Bulgaria Eastern Europe
Burkina Faso Western Africa
Burma (Myanmar) South-Eastern Asia
Burundi Eastern Africa
Cambodia South-Eastern Asia
Cameroon Middle Africa
Canada Northern America 18,123 0.05
Cape Verde Western Africa
Caribbean Netherlands Caribbean 735 2.80
Cayman Islands Caribbean 6,752 10.27
Central African Republic Middle Africa
Chad Middle Africa
Channel Islands Northern Europe
Chile South America
China Eastern Asia
China-Tibet Eastern Asia
Christmas Island Australia/New Zealand
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australia/New Zealand
Colombia South America 506,653 1.00
Comoros Eastern Africa
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Middle Africa
Congo, Republic of the Middle Africa
Cook Islands Polynesia
Costa Rica Central America 4,144 0.08
Cote d'Ivoire Western Africa
Croatia Southern Europe
Cuba Caribbean 1,945,593 17.18
Curacao Caribbean 1,783 1.09
Cyprus Western Asia
Czech Republic Eastern Europe
Denmark Northern Europe
Dhekelia Western Asia
Djibouti Eastern Africa
Dominica Caribbean 1,901 2.64
Dominican Republic Caribbean 236,992 2.18
Ecuador South America
Egypt Northern Africa
El Salvador Central America
Equatorial Guinea Middle Africa
Eritrea Eastern Africa
Estonia Northern Europe
Ethiopia Eastern Africa
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) South America
Faroe Islands Northern Europe
Fiji Melanesia
Finland Northern Europe
France Western Europe 26,109 0.04
French Guiana South America 10,494 3.51
French Polynesia Polynesia
Gabon Middle Africa
Gambia, The Western Africa
Georgia Western Asia
Germany Western Europe
Ghana Western Africa
Gibraltar Southern Europe
Greece Southern Europe 832 0.01
Greenland Northern America
Grenada Caribbean 1,430 1.27
Guadeloupe Caribbean 1,727 0.38
Guam Micronesia (region)
Guatemala Central America 37,505 0.21
Guernsey Northern Europe
Guinea Western Africa
Guinea-Bissau Western Africa
Guyana South America 8,119 1.03
Haiti Caribbean 308,693 2.71
Honduras Central America 87,991 0.89
Hong Kong Eastern Asia 2,249 0.03
Hungary Eastern Europe
Iceland Northern Europe 1,581 0.46
India South-Central Asia
Indonesia South-Eastern Asia
Iran South-Central Asia
Iraq Western Asia
Ireland Northern Europe 753 0.02
Isle of Man Northern Europe
Israel Western Asia
Italy Southern Europe
Jamaica Caribbean 300,451 10.15
Japan Eastern Asia
Jersey Northern Europe
Jordan Western Asia
Kazakhstan South-Central Asia
Kenya Eastern Africa
Kiribati Micronesia (region)
Korea, (North) Democratic Republic of Eastern Asia
Korea, (South) Republic of Eastern Asia
Kosovo Southern Europe
Kuwait Western Asia
Kyrgyzstan South-Central Asia
Laos South-Eastern Asia
Latvia Northern Europe
Lebanon Western Asia
Lesotho Southern Africa
Liberia Western Africa
Libya Northern Africa
Liechtenstein Western Europe
Lithuania Northern Europe
Luxembourg Western Europe
Macau Eastern Asia
Macedonia Southern Europe
Madagascar Eastern Africa
Malawi Eastern Africa
Malaysia South-Eastern Asia
Maldives South-Central Asia
Mali Western Africa
Malta Southern Europe
Marshall Islands Micronesia (region)
Martinique Caribbean 398 0.11
Mauritania Western Africa
Mauritius Eastern Africa
Mayotte Eastern Africa
Mexico Central America
Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia (region)
Moldova Eastern Europe
Monaco Western Europe
Mongolia Eastern Asia
Montenegro Southern Europe
Montserrat Caribbean 8 0.16
Morocco Northern Africa
Mozambique Eastern Africa
Namibia Southern Africa
Nauru Micronesia (region)
Nepal South-Central Asia
Netherlands Western Europe 25,188 0.15
New Caledonia Melanesia
New Zealand Australia/New Zealand 1,598 0.03
Nicaragua Central America 97,023 1.46
Niger Western Africa
Nigeria Western Africa
Niue Polynesia
Norfolk Island Australia/New Zealand
Northern Cyprus Western Asia
Northern Mariana Islands Micronesia (region)
Norway Northern Europe 618 0.01
Occupied Palestinian Territories Western Asia
Oman Western Asia
Pakistan South-Central Asia
Palau Micronesia (region)
Panama Central America 20,556 0.48
Papua New Guinea Melanesia
Paraguay South America
Peru South America
Philippines South-Eastern Asia
Pitcairn Islands Polynesia
Poland Eastern Europe 7,258 0.02
Portugal Southern Europe 3,569 0.04
Puerto Rico Caribbean 20,312 0.71
Qatar Western Asia
Reunion Eastern Africa
Romania Eastern Europe
Russia Eastern Europe
Rwanda Eastern Africa
Saint Barthelemy Caribbean
Saint Helena Western Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean 676 1.27
Saint Lucia Caribbean 3,090 1.68
Saint Martin Caribbean
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Northern America
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Caribbean 1,986 1.79
Samoa Polynesia
San Marino Southern Europe
Sao Tome and Principe Middle Africa
Saudi Arabia Western Asia
Senegal Western Africa
Serbia Southern Europe
Seychelles Eastern Africa
Sierra Leone Western Africa
Singapore South-Eastern Asia
Sint Maarten Caribbean 2,835 6.61
Slovakia Eastern Europe
Slovenia Southern Europe
Solomon Islands Melanesia
Somalia Eastern Africa
Somaliland Eastern Africa
South Africa Southern Africa 2,699 0.00
South Sudan Eastern Africa
Spain Southern Europe
Spanish North Africa Northern Africa
Sri Lanka South-Central Asia
Sudan Northern Africa
Suriname South America 17,733 3.02
Svalbard Northern Europe
Swaziland Southern Africa
Sweden Northern Europe 22 0.00
Switzerland Western Europe
Syria Western Asia
Taiwan Eastern Asia
Tajikistan South-Central Asia
Tanzania Eastern Africa
Thailand South-Eastern Asia
Timor-Leste South-Eastern Asia
Togo Western Africa
Tokelau Polynesia
Tonga Polynesia
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean 20,183 1.44
Tunisia Northern Africa
Turkey Western Asia
Turkmenistan South-Central Asia
Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean 1,022 2.64
Tuvalu Polynesia
Uganda Eastern Africa
Ukraine Eastern Europe
United Arab Emirates Western Asia
United Kingdom Northern Europe 82,651 0.12
United States (General) Northern America 240,174 0.07
Uruguay South America 4,863 0.14
Uzbekistan South-Central Asia
Vanuatu Melanesia
Vatican City Southern Europe
Venezuela South America 299,573 1.05
Vietnam South-Eastern Asia
Virgin Islands (U.S.) Caribbean
Wallis and Futuna Polynesia
Western Sahara Northern Africa
Yemen Western Asia
Zambia Eastern Africa
Zimbabwe Eastern Africa 676 0.00


1 Todd M. Johnson and Brian J. Grim, eds. World Religion Database (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2022).

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