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Variables: Is there a constitution? (ICONSTI)1




Afghanistan South-Central Asia Yes
Akrotiri Western Asia No
Albania Southern Europe Yes
Algeria Northern Africa Yes
American Samoa Polynesia No
Andorra Southern Europe Yes
Angola Middle Africa Yes
Anguilla Caribbean No
Antarctica Antarctica No
Antigua and Barbuda Caribbean Yes
Argentina South America Yes
Armenia Western Asia Yes
Aruba Caribbean No
Australia Australia/New Zealand Yes
Austria Western Europe Yes
Azerbaijan Western Asia Yes
Bahamas, The Caribbean Yes
Bahrain Western Asia Yes
Bangladesh South-Central Asia Yes
Barbados Caribbean Yes
Belarus Eastern Europe Yes
Belgium Western Europe Yes
Belize Central America Yes
Benin Western Africa Yes
Bermuda Northern America No
Bhutan South-Central Asia Yes
Bolivia South America Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe Yes
Botswana Southern Africa Yes
Bougainville Melanesia No
Brazil South America Yes
British Indian Ocean Territory Eastern Africa No
British Virgin Islands Caribbean No
Brunei South-Eastern Asia Yes
Bulgaria Eastern Europe Yes
Burkina Faso Western Africa Yes
Burma (Myanmar) South-Eastern Asia Yes
Burundi Eastern Africa Yes
Cambodia South-Eastern Asia Yes
Cameroon Middle Africa Yes
Canada Northern America Yes
Cape Verde Western Africa Yes
Caribbean Netherlands Caribbean No
Cayman Islands Caribbean No
Central African Republic Middle Africa Yes
Chad Middle Africa Yes
Channel Islands Northern Europe No
Chile South America Yes
China Eastern Asia Yes
China-Tibet Eastern Asia No
Christmas Island Australia/New Zealand No
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australia/New Zealand No
Colombia South America Yes
Comoros Eastern Africa Yes
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Middle Africa Yes
Congo, Republic of the Middle Africa Yes
Cook Islands Polynesia No
Costa Rica Central America Yes
Cote d'Ivoire Western Africa Yes
Croatia Southern Europe Yes
Cuba Caribbean Yes
Curacao Caribbean No
Cyprus Western Asia Yes
Czech Republic Eastern Europe Yes
Denmark Northern Europe Yes
Dhekelia Western Asia No
Djibouti Eastern Africa Yes
Dominica Caribbean Yes
Dominican Republic Caribbean Yes
Ecuador South America Yes
Egypt Northern Africa Yes
El Salvador Central America Yes
Equatorial Guinea Middle Africa Yes
Eritrea Eastern Africa Yes
Estonia Northern Europe Yes
Ethiopia Eastern Africa Yes
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) South America No
Faroe Islands Northern Europe No
Fiji Melanesia Yes
Finland Northern Europe Yes
France Western Europe Yes
French Guiana South America No
French Polynesia Polynesia No
Gabon Middle Africa Yes
Gambia, The Western Africa Yes
Georgia Western Asia Yes
Germany Western Europe Yes
Ghana Western Africa Yes
Gibraltar Southern Europe No
Greece Southern Europe Yes
Greenland Northern America No
Grenada Caribbean Yes
Guadeloupe Caribbean No
Guam Micronesia (region) No
Guatemala Central America Yes
Guernsey Northern Europe No
Guinea Western Africa Yes
Guinea-Bissau Western Africa Yes
Guyana South America Yes
Haiti Caribbean Yes
Honduras Central America Yes
Hong Kong Eastern Asia No
Hungary Eastern Europe Yes
Iceland Northern Europe Yes
India South-Central Asia Yes
Indonesia South-Eastern Asia Yes
Iran South-Central Asia Yes
Iraq Western Asia Yes
Ireland Northern Europe Yes
Isle of Man Northern Europe No
Israel Western Asia Yes
Italy Southern Europe Yes
Jamaica Caribbean Yes
Japan Eastern Asia Yes
Jersey Northern Europe No
Jordan Western Asia Yes
Kazakhstan South-Central Asia Yes
Kenya Eastern Africa Yes
Kiribati Micronesia (region) Yes
Korea, (North) Democratic Republic of Eastern Asia Yes
Korea, (South) Republic of Eastern Asia Yes
Kosovo Southern Europe Yes
Kuwait Western Asia Yes
Kyrgyzstan South-Central Asia Yes
Laos South-Eastern Asia Yes
Latvia Northern Europe Yes
Lebanon Western Asia Yes
Lesotho Southern Africa Yes
Liberia Western Africa Yes
Libya Northern Africa Yes
Liechtenstein Western Europe Yes
Lithuania Northern Europe Yes
Luxembourg Western Europe Yes
Macau Eastern Asia No
Macedonia Southern Europe Yes
Madagascar Eastern Africa Yes
Malawi Eastern Africa Yes
Malaysia South-Eastern Asia Yes
Maldives South-Central Asia Yes
Mali Western Africa Yes
Malta Southern Europe Yes
Marshall Islands Micronesia (region) Yes
Martinique Caribbean No
Mauritania Western Africa Yes
Mauritius Eastern Africa Yes
Mayotte Eastern Africa No
Mexico Central America Yes
Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia (region) Yes
Moldova Eastern Europe Yes
Monaco Western Europe Yes
Mongolia Eastern Asia Yes
Montenegro Southern Europe Yes
Montserrat Caribbean No
Morocco Northern Africa Yes
Mozambique Eastern Africa Yes
Namibia Southern Africa Yes
Nauru Micronesia (region) Yes
Nepal South-Central Asia Yes
Netherlands Western Europe Yes
New Caledonia Melanesia No
New Zealand Australia/New Zealand Yes
Nicaragua Central America Yes
Niger Western Africa Yes
Nigeria Western Africa Yes
Niue Polynesia No
Norfolk Island Australia/New Zealand No
Northern Cyprus Western Asia Yes
Northern Mariana Islands Micronesia (region) No
Norway Northern Europe Yes
Occupied Palestinian Territories Western Asia No
Oman Western Asia No
Pakistan South-Central Asia Yes
Palau Micronesia (region) Yes
Panama Central America Yes
Papua New Guinea Melanesia Yes
Paraguay South America Yes
Peru South America Yes
Philippines South-Eastern Asia Yes
Pitcairn Islands Polynesia No
Poland Eastern Europe Yes
Portugal Southern Europe Yes
Puerto Rico Caribbean No
Qatar Western Asia Yes
Reunion Eastern Africa No
Romania Eastern Europe Yes
Russia Eastern Europe Yes
Rwanda Eastern Africa Yes
Saint Barthelemy Caribbean No
Saint Helena Western Africa No
Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean Yes
Saint Lucia Caribbean Yes
Saint Martin Caribbean No
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Northern America No
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Caribbean Yes
Samoa Polynesia Yes
San Marino Southern Europe Yes
Sao Tome and Principe Middle Africa Yes
Saudi Arabia Western Asia Yes
Senegal Western Africa Yes
Serbia Southern Europe Yes
Seychelles Eastern Africa Yes
Sierra Leone Western Africa Yes
Singapore South-Eastern Asia Yes
Sint Maarten Caribbean No
Slovakia Eastern Europe Yes
Slovenia Southern Europe Yes
Solomon Islands Melanesia Yes
Somalia Eastern Africa Yes
Somaliland Eastern Africa No
South Africa Southern Africa Yes
South Sudan Eastern Africa Yes
Spain Southern Europe Yes
Spanish North Africa Northern Africa No
Sri Lanka South-Central Asia Yes
Sudan Northern Africa Yes
Suriname South America Yes
Svalbard Northern Europe No
Swaziland Southern Africa Yes
Sweden Northern Europe Yes
Switzerland Western Europe Yes
Syria Western Asia Yes
Taiwan Eastern Asia Yes
Tajikistan South-Central Asia Yes
Tanzania Eastern Africa Yes
Thailand South-Eastern Asia Yes
Timor-Leste South-Eastern Asia Yes
Togo Western Africa Yes
Tokelau Polynesia No
Tonga Polynesia Yes
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean Yes
Tunisia Northern Africa Yes
Turkey Western Asia Yes
Turkmenistan South-Central Asia Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean No
Tuvalu Polynesia Yes
Uganda Eastern Africa Yes
Ukraine Eastern Europe Yes
United Arab Emirates Western Asia Yes
United Kingdom Northern Europe No
United States (General) Northern America Yes
Uruguay South America Yes
Uzbekistan South-Central Asia Yes
Vanuatu Melanesia Yes
Vatican City Southern Europe No
Venezuela South America Yes
Vietnam South-Eastern Asia Yes
Virgin Islands (U.S.) Caribbean No
Wallis and Futuna Polynesia No
Western Sahara Northern Africa No
Yemen Western Asia Yes
Zambia Eastern Africa Yes
Zimbabwe Eastern Africa Yes


1 Data under the "Features of Constitution" heading are drawn from coding of the U.S. State Department's 2008 International Religious Freedom Reports conducted by researchers at the Association of Religion Data Archives. The article by Brian Grim and Roger Finke describes the coding of the International Religious Freedom reports. A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

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