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Variables: Official Religion(s) (OFFREL)1




Afghanistan South-Central Asia Islam
Akrotiri Western Asia Anglicanism
Albania Southern Europe Christianity, Islam
Algeria Northern Africa Sunni Islam
American Samoa Polynesia None
Andorra Southern Europe Catholicism
Angola Middle Africa None
Anguilla Caribbean Anglicanism
Antarctica Antarctica
Antigua and Barbuda Caribbean Christianity
Argentina South America Catholicism
Armenia Western Asia Orthodoxy
Aruba Caribbean None named
Australia Australia/New Zealand Christianity
Austria Western Europe None named
Azerbaijan Western Asia None
Bahamas, The Caribbean Christianity
Bahrain Western Asia Sunni Islam
Bangladesh South-Central Asia Sunni Islam
Barbados Caribbean Christianity
Belarus Eastern Europe Orthodoxy
Belgium Western Europe Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Atheism
Belize Central America Catholicism and Extended Protestantism
Benin Western Africa None
Bermuda Northern America Anglicanism
Bhutan South-Central Asia Tibetan Buddhism
Bolivia South America Indigenous Ethnoreligion
Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe Islam, Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Judaism
Botswana Southern Africa None
Bougainville Melanesia Christianity
Brazil South America Christianity
British Indian Ocean Territory Eastern Africa Anglicanism
British Virgin Islands Caribbean Anglicanism
Brunei South-Eastern Asia Shafii School, Sunni Islam
Bulgaria Eastern Europe Orthodoxy, Islam, Catholicism, Judaism
Burkina Faso Western Africa None
Burma (Myanmar) South-Eastern Asia Buddhism
Burundi Eastern Africa None
Cambodia South-Eastern Asia Theravada Buddhism
Cameroon Middle Africa None
Canada Northern America Catholicism, Protestantism, Anglicanism
Cape Verde Western Africa Catholicism
Caribbean Netherlands Caribbean None named
Cayman Islands Caribbean Anglicanism
Central African Republic Middle Africa None
Chad Middle Africa None
Channel Islands Northern Europe Anglicanism
Chile South America Catholicism
China Eastern Asia None
China-Tibet Eastern Asia None
Christmas Island Australia/New Zealand Christianity
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australia/New Zealand Christianity
Colombia South America Catholicism
Comoros Eastern Africa Sunni Islam
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Middle Africa Christianity
Congo, Republic of the Middle Africa None
Cook Islands Polynesia None named
Costa Rica Central America Catholicism
Cote d'Ivoire Western Africa Catholicism
Croatia Southern Europe None
Cuba Caribbean None
Curacao Caribbean None named
Cyprus Western Asia Orthodoxy, Islam
Czech Republic Eastern Europe None
Denmark Northern Europe Lutheranism
Dhekelia Western Asia Anglicanism
Djibouti Eastern Africa Sunni Islam
Dominica Caribbean Christianity
Dominican Republic Caribbean Catholicism
Ecuador South America Christianity and Indigenous Ethnoreligion
Egypt Northern Africa Sunni Islam
El Salvador Central America Christianity
Equatorial Guinea Middle Africa Catholicism, Reformed Protestantism
Eritrea Eastern Africa Orthodoxy
Estonia Northern Europe None
Ethiopia Eastern Africa None
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) South America Anglicanism
Faroe Islands Northern Europe Lutheranism
Fiji Melanesia None
Finland Northern Europe Lutheranism, Orthodoxy
France Western Europe None
French Guiana South America None
French Polynesia Polynesia None
Gabon Middle Africa Christianity, Islam
Gambia, The Western Africa Islam
Georgia Western Asia Orthodoxy
Germany Western Europe Christianity
Ghana Western Africa Christianity, Islam
Gibraltar Southern Europe Anglicanism
Greece Southern Europe Orthodoxy
Greenland Northern America Lutheranism
Grenada Caribbean Christianity
Guadeloupe Caribbean None
Guam Micronesia (region) None
Guatemala Central America Christianity
Guernsey Northern Europe Anglicanism
Guinea Western Africa None
Guinea-Bissau Western Africa None
Guyana South America None
Haiti Caribbean Catholicism, Extended Protestantism, Christian Syncretic (Voodoo)
Honduras Central America Catholicism
Hong Kong Eastern Asia None
Hungary Eastern Europe Christianity
Iceland Northern Europe Lutheranism
India South-Central Asia Hinduism
Indonesia South-Eastern Asia Islam
Iran South-Central Asia Shia Islam
Iraq Western Asia Islam
Ireland Northern Europe Christianity
Isle of Man Northern Europe Anglicanism
Israel Western Asia Judaism
Italy Southern Europe None
Jamaica Caribbean None named
Japan Eastern Asia None
Jersey Northern Europe Anglicanism
Jordan Western Asia Sunni Islam
Kazakhstan South-Central Asia None
Kenya Eastern Africa Christianity, Islam, Hinduism
Kiribati Micronesia (region) Christianity
Korea, (North) Democratic Republic of Eastern Asia None
Korea, (South) Republic of Eastern Asia None
Kosovo Southern Europe None
Kuwait Western Asia Sunni Islam
Kyrgyzstan South-Central Asia Sunni Islam, Orthodoxy
Laos South-Eastern Asia Buddhism
Latvia Northern Europe Christianity
Lebanon Western Asia Christianity, Islam
Lesotho Southern Africa None
Liberia Western Africa Christianity
Libya Northern Africa Sunni Islam
Liechtenstein Western Europe Catholicism
Lithuania Northern Europe Catholicism
Luxembourg Western Europe Christianity
Macau Eastern Asia None
Macedonia Southern Europe Orthodoxy, Islam, Catholicism, Methodism, Judaism
Madagascar Eastern Africa Christianity
Malawi Eastern Africa None named
Malaysia South-Eastern Asia Sunni Islam
Maldives South-Central Asia Sunni Islam
Mali Western Africa None
Malta Southern Europe Catholicism
Marshall Islands Micronesia (region) Christianity
Martinique Caribbean None
Mauritania Western Africa Islam
Mauritius Eastern Africa None named
Mayotte Eastern Africa None
Mexico Central America None
Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia (region) None
Moldova Eastern Europe Orthodoxy
Monaco Western Europe Catholicism
Mongolia Eastern Asia None
Montenegro Southern Europe None
Montserrat Caribbean Anglicanism
Morocco Northern Africa Sunni Islam
Mozambique Eastern Africa None
Namibia Southern Africa None
Nauru Micronesia (region) Congregationalist Reformed Protestantism
Nepal South-Central Asia None
Netherlands Western Europe None named
New Caledonia Melanesia None
New Zealand Australia/New Zealand None named
Nicaragua Central America Catholicism
Niger Western Africa None
Nigeria Western Africa Christianity, Islam
Niue Polynesia None named
Norfolk Island Australia/New Zealand Christianity
Northern Cyprus Western Asia Sunni Islam
Northern Mariana Islands Micronesia (region) None
Norway Northern Europe None named
Occupied Palestinian Territories Western Asia Sunni Islam
Oman Western Asia Islam
Pakistan South-Central Asia Sunni Islam
Palau Micronesia (region) Christianity
Panama Central America Catholicism
Papua New Guinea Melanesia Christianity
Paraguay South America Catholicism
Peru South America Catholicism
Philippines South-Eastern Asia Christianity
Pitcairn Islands Polynesia Anglicanism
Poland Eastern Europe Christianity
Portugal Southern Europe None
Puerto Rico Caribbean None
Qatar Western Asia Sunni Islam
Reunion Eastern Africa None
Romania Eastern Europe None named
Russia Eastern Europe Orthodoxy
Rwanda Eastern Africa None
Saint Barthelemy Caribbean None
Saint Helena Western Africa Anglicanism
Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean Christianity
Saint Lucia Caribbean Catholicism and Protestantism
Saint Martin Caribbean None
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Northern America None
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Caribbean Christianity
Samoa Polynesia Christianity
San Marino Southern Europe Christianity
Sao Tome and Principe Middle Africa None
Saudi Arabia Western Asia Sunni Islam
Senegal Western Africa None
Serbia Southern Europe None
Seychelles Eastern Africa Christianity
Sierra Leone Western Africa None named
Singapore South-Eastern Asia None
Sint Maarten Caribbean None named
Slovakia Eastern Europe Catholicism
Slovenia Southern Europe None
Solomon Islands Melanesia Christianity
Somalia Eastern Africa Sunni Islam
Somaliland Eastern Africa
South Africa Southern Africa Christianity
South Sudan Eastern Africa Christianity, Islam
Spain Southern Europe Catholicism
Spanish North Africa Northern Africa Catholicism
Sri Lanka South-Central Asia Theravada Buddhism
Sudan Northern Africa Sunni Islam
Suriname South America None named
Svalbard Northern Europe None named
Swaziland Southern Africa Christianity
Sweden Northern Europe None named
Switzerland Western Europe Christianity
Syria Western Asia None named
Taiwan Eastern Asia None
Tajikistan South-Central Asia Hanafi School, Sunni Islam
Tanzania Eastern Africa None named
Thailand South-Eastern Asia Buddhism
Timor-Leste South-Eastern Asia Catholicism
Togo Western Africa Christianity, Islam
Tokelau Polynesia None named
Tonga Polynesia Christianity
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean None named
Tunisia Northern Africa Sunni Islam
Turkey Western Asia None
Turkmenistan South-Central Asia None
Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean Anglicanism
Tuvalu Polynesia Christianity
Uganda Eastern Africa Christianity
Ukraine Eastern Europe Christianity
United Arab Emirates Western Asia Sunni Islam
United Kingdom Northern Europe Anglicanism
United States (General) Northern America None
Uruguay South America Catholicism
Uzbekistan South-Central Asia None
Vanuatu Melanesia Christianity
Vatican City Southern Europe Catholicism
Venezuela South America Christianity and Indigenous Ethnoreligion
Vietnam South-Eastern Asia None
Virgin Islands (U.S.) Caribbean None
Wallis and Futuna Polynesia None
Western Sahara Northern Africa Sunni Islam
Yemen Western Asia Islam
Zambia Eastern Africa Christianity
Zimbabwe Eastern Africa Christianity


1 The Religious Characteristics of States Dataset Project: Government Religious Preference (GRP) measures government-level favoritism toward, and disfavor against, 30 religious denominations. A series of ordered categorical variables index the state's institutional favoritism in 28 different ways. The variables are combined to form five composite indices for five broad components of state-religion: official status, religious education, financial support, regulatory burdens, and freedom of practice. The five components' composites in turn are further combined into a single composite score, the GRP score. The RCS Data Project would like to acknowledge, recognize, and express our deepest gratitude for the significant contributions of Todd M. Johnson, the principal investigator of the World Christian Database, the co-principal investigator of the World Religion Database, and co-author of the World Christian Encyclopedia series.

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