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Variables: The extent to which there are religious requirements and oaths for holding office. (OFFX14X)1


Government: Religious Requirements



NATION

REGION

OFFX14X1 [X]

Afghanistan South-Central Asia Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Akrotiri Western Asia
Albania Southern Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Algeria Northern Africa Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
American Samoa Polynesia
Andorra Southern Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Angola Middle Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Anguilla Caribbean
Antarctica Antarctica
Antigua and Barbuda Caribbean
Argentina South America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Armenia Western Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Aruba Caribbean
Australia Australia/New Zealand There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Austria Western Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Azerbaijan Western Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Bahamas, The Caribbean There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Bahrain Western Asia Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Bangladesh South-Central Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Barbados Caribbean The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Belarus Eastern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Belgium Western Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Belize Central America The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Benin Western Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Bermuda Northern America
Bhutan South-Central Asia The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Bolivia South America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Botswana Southern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Bougainville Melanesia
Brazil South America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
British Indian Ocean Territory Eastern Africa
British Virgin Islands Caribbean
Brunei South-Eastern Asia Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Bulgaria Eastern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Burkina Faso Western Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Burma (Myanmar) South-Eastern Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Burundi Eastern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Cambodia South-Eastern Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Cameroon Middle Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Canada Northern America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Cape Verde Western Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Caribbean Netherlands Caribbean
Cayman Islands Caribbean
Central African Republic Middle Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Chad Middle Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Channel Islands Northern Europe
Chile South America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
China Eastern Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
China-Tibet Eastern Asia
Christmas Island Australia/New Zealand
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australia/New Zealand
Colombia South America Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Comoros Eastern Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Middle Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Congo, Republic of the Middle Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Cook Islands Polynesia
Costa Rica Central America The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Cote d'Ivoire Western Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Croatia Southern Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Cuba Caribbean There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Curacao Caribbean
Cyprus Western Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Czech Republic Eastern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Denmark Northern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Dhekelia Western Asia
Djibouti Eastern Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Dominica Caribbean
Dominican Republic Caribbean Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Ecuador South America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Egypt Northern Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
El Salvador Central America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Equatorial Guinea Middle Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Eritrea Eastern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Estonia Northern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Ethiopia Eastern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) South America
Faroe Islands Northern Europe
Fiji Melanesia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Finland Northern Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
France Western Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
French Guiana South America
French Polynesia Polynesia
Gabon Middle Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Gambia, The Western Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Georgia Western Asia Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Germany Western Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Ghana Western Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Gibraltar Southern Europe
Greece Southern Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Greenland Northern America
Grenada Caribbean
Guadeloupe Caribbean
Guam Micronesia (region)
Guatemala Central America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Guernsey Northern Europe
Guinea Western Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Guinea-Bissau Western Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Guyana South America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Haiti Caribbean Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Honduras Central America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Hong Kong Eastern Asia
Hungary Eastern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Iceland Northern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
India South-Central Asia The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Indonesia South-Eastern Asia Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Iran South-Central Asia All government officials must meet some form of religious requirement to hold office.
Iraq Western Asia Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Ireland Northern Europe Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Isle of Man Northern Europe
Israel Western Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Italy Southern Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Jamaica Caribbean Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Japan Eastern Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Jersey Northern Europe
Jordan Western Asia Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Kazakhstan South-Central Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Kenya Eastern Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Kiribati Micronesia (region)
Korea, (North) Democratic Republic of Eastern Asia
Korea, (South) Republic of Eastern Asia
Kosovo Southern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Kuwait Western Asia Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Kyrgyzstan South-Central Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Laos South-Eastern Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Latvia Northern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Lebanon Western Asia Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Lesotho Southern Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Liberia Western Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Libya Northern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Liechtenstein Western Europe Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Lithuania Northern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Luxembourg Western Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Macau Eastern Asia
Macedonia Southern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Madagascar Eastern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Malawi Eastern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Malaysia South-Eastern Asia Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Maldives South-Central Asia All government officials must meet some form of religious requirement to hold office.
Mali Western Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Malta Southern Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Marshall Islands Micronesia (region)
Martinique Caribbean
Mauritania Western Africa The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Mauritius Eastern Africa The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Mayotte Eastern Africa
Mexico Central America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia (region)
Moldova Eastern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Monaco Western Europe
Mongolia Eastern Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Montenegro Southern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Montserrat Caribbean
Morocco Northern Africa Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Mozambique Eastern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Namibia Southern Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Nauru Micronesia (region)
Nepal South-Central Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Netherlands Western Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
New Caledonia Melanesia
New Zealand Australia/New Zealand The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Nicaragua Central America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Niger Western Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Nigeria Western Africa
Niue Polynesia
Norfolk Island Australia/New Zealand
Northern Cyprus Western Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Northern Mariana Islands Micronesia (region)
Norway Northern Europe Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Occupied Palestinian Territories Western Asia
Oman Western Asia Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Pakistan South-Central Asia Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Palau Micronesia (region)
Panama Central America The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Papua New Guinea Melanesia Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Paraguay South America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Peru South America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Philippines South-Eastern Asia Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Pitcairn Islands Polynesia
Poland Eastern Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Portugal Southern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Puerto Rico Caribbean
Qatar Western Asia Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Reunion Eastern Africa
Romania Eastern Europe Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Russia Eastern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Rwanda Eastern Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Saint Barthelemy Caribbean
Saint Helena Western Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean
Saint Lucia Caribbean
Saint Martin Caribbean
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Northern America
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Caribbean
Samoa Polynesia
San Marino Southern Europe
Sao Tome and Principe Middle Africa
Saudi Arabia Western Asia All government officials must meet some form of religious requirement to hold office.
Senegal Western Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Serbia Southern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Seychelles Eastern Africa
Sierra Leone Western Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Singapore South-Eastern Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Sint Maarten Caribbean
Slovakia Eastern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Slovenia Southern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Solomon Islands Melanesia The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Somalia Eastern Africa All government officials must meet some form of religious requirement to hold office.
Somaliland Eastern Africa
South Africa Southern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
South Sudan Eastern Africa
Spain Southern Europe The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Spanish North Africa Northern Africa
Sri Lanka South-Central Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Sudan Northern Africa Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Suriname South America Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Svalbard Northern Europe
Swaziland Southern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Sweden Northern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Switzerland Western Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Syria Western Asia The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Taiwan Eastern Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Tajikistan South-Central Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Tanzania Eastern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Thailand South-Eastern Asia Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Timor-Leste South-Eastern Asia Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Togo Western Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Tokelau Polynesia
Tonga Polynesia
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Tunisia Northern Africa Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Turkey Western Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Turkmenistan South-Central Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean
Tuvalu Polynesia
Uganda Eastern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Ukraine Eastern Europe There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
United Arab Emirates Western Asia Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
United Kingdom Northern Europe Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
United States (General) Northern America The oath of office for some or all officials contains mention of God or religion in general but that part is optional.
Uruguay South America There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Uzbekistan South-Central Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Vanuatu Melanesia Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Vatican City Southern Europe
Venezuela South America Some or all officials must take an oath of office which includes mention of God or religion in general.
Vietnam South-Eastern Asia There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Virgin Islands (U.S.) Caribbean
Wallis and Futuna Polynesia
Western Sahara Northern Africa Some government officials (other than head of state church and the like) must meet some form of religious requirements to hold office.
Yemen Western Asia All government officials must meet some form of religious requirement to hold office.
Zambia Eastern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
Zimbabwe Eastern Africa There are no religious requirements or oaths necessary in order to hold office.
     


Sources

1 The Religion and State (RAS) Project is a university-based project located at Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel and is directed by Jonathan Fox. Round 3 of the RAS includes all countries with populations of 250,000 or more as well as a sampling of smaller states and offers annual measures from 1990 to 2014. The methods used for conducting the RAS3 collection and the complete codebook can be reviewed online. Or, the codebook and data file can be downloaded free of charge here. For details on how the RAS indexes reported on the ARDA’s National Profiles were coded, constructed, and placed into categories, click here.

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