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Variables: RAS3 Religious Discrimination Against Minorities Index, 0 min to 108 max (RAS3MXX)1

RAS3: Religious Discrimination Index (0-108)




Afghanistan South-Central Asia 33
Akrotiri Western Asia
Albania Southern Europe 5
Algeria Northern Africa 35
American Samoa Polynesia
Andorra Southern Europe 1
Angola Middle Africa 11
Anguilla Caribbean
Antarctica Antarctica
Antigua and Barbuda Caribbean
Argentina South America 9
Armenia Western Asia 38
Aruba Caribbean
Australia Australia/New Zealand 2
Austria Western Europe 14
Azerbaijan Western Asia 24
Bahamas, The Caribbean 5
Bahrain Western Asia 22
Bangladesh South-Central Asia 6
Barbados Caribbean 0
Belarus Eastern Europe 57
Belgium Western Europe 13
Belize Central America 1
Benin Western Africa 0
Bermuda Northern America
Bhutan South-Central Asia 24
Bolivia South America 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe 20
Botswana Southern Africa 1
Bougainville Melanesia
Brazil South America 5
British Indian Ocean Territory Eastern Africa
British Virgin Islands Caribbean
Brunei South-Eastern Asia 48
Bulgaria Eastern Europe 30
Burkina Faso Western Africa 0
Burma (Myanmar) South-Eastern Asia 50
Burundi Eastern Africa 0
Cambodia South-Eastern Asia 5
Cameroon Middle Africa 0
Canada Northern America 0
Cape Verde Western Africa 1
Caribbean Netherlands Caribbean
Cayman Islands Caribbean
Central African Republic Middle Africa 2
Chad Middle Africa 8
Channel Islands Northern Europe
Chile South America 7
China Eastern Asia 48
China-Tibet Eastern Asia
Christmas Island Australia/New Zealand
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australia/New Zealand
Colombia South America 2
Comoros Eastern Africa 31
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Middle Africa 1
Congo, Republic of the Middle Africa 0
Cook Islands Polynesia
Costa Rica Central America 7
Cote d'Ivoire Western Africa 0
Croatia Southern Europe 11
Cuba Caribbean 38
Curacao Caribbean
Cyprus Western Asia 9
Czech Republic Eastern Europe 11
Denmark Northern Europe 9
Dhekelia Western Asia
Djibouti Eastern Africa 0
Dominica Caribbean
Dominican Republic Caribbean 6
Ecuador South America 1
Egypt Northern Africa 46
El Salvador Central America 5
Equatorial Guinea Middle Africa 1
Eritrea Eastern Africa 29
Estonia Northern Europe 1
Ethiopia Eastern Africa 14
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) South America
Faroe Islands Northern Europe
Fiji Melanesia 1
Finland Northern Europe 4
France Western Europe 17
French Guiana South America
French Polynesia Polynesia
Gabon Middle Africa 2
Gambia, The Western Africa 1
Georgia Western Asia 27
Germany Western Europe 30
Ghana Western Africa 2
Gibraltar Southern Europe
Greece Southern Europe 23
Greenland Northern America
Grenada Caribbean
Guadeloupe Caribbean
Guam Micronesia (region)
Guatemala Central America 5
Guernsey Northern Europe
Guinea Western Africa 1
Guinea-Bissau Western Africa 0
Guyana South America 3
Haiti Caribbean 3
Honduras Central America 11
Hong Kong Eastern Asia
Hungary Eastern Europe 13
Iceland Northern Europe 5
India South-Central Asia 28
Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 41
Iran South-Central Asia 71
Iraq Western Asia 24
Ireland Northern Europe 3
Isle of Man Northern Europe
Israel Western Asia 8
Italy Southern Europe 11
Jamaica Caribbean 1
Japan Eastern Asia 3
Jersey Northern Europe
Jordan Western Asia 34
Kazakhstan South-Central Asia 44
Kenya Eastern Africa 9
Kiribati Micronesia (region)
Korea, (North) Democratic Republic of Eastern Asia 33
Korea, (South) Republic of Eastern Asia 0
Kosovo Southern Europe 6
Kuwait Western Asia 35
Kyrgyzstan South-Central Asia 26
Laos South-Eastern Asia 57
Latvia Northern Europe 14
Lebanon Western Asia 14
Lesotho Southern Africa 0
Liberia Western Africa 2
Libya Northern Africa 22
Liechtenstein Western Europe 2
Lithuania Northern Europe 13
Luxembourg Western Europe 2
Macau Eastern Asia
Macedonia Southern Europe 18
Madagascar Eastern Africa 11
Malawi Eastern Africa 7
Malaysia South-Eastern Asia 42
Maldives South-Central Asia 66
Mali Western Africa 1
Malta Southern Europe 2
Marshall Islands Micronesia (region)
Martinique Caribbean
Mauritania Western Africa 25
Mauritius Eastern Africa 2
Mayotte Eastern Africa
Mexico Central America 11
Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia (region)
Moldova Eastern Europe 16
Monaco Western Europe
Mongolia Eastern Asia 10
Montenegro Southern Europe 9
Montserrat Caribbean
Morocco Northern Africa 34
Mozambique Eastern Africa 2
Namibia Southern Africa 0
Nauru Micronesia (region)
Nepal South-Central Asia 14
Netherlands Western Europe 2
New Caledonia Melanesia
New Zealand Australia/New Zealand 2
Nicaragua Central America 5
Niger Western Africa 0
Nigeria Western Africa 21
Niue Polynesia
Norfolk Island Australia/New Zealand
Northern Cyprus Western Asia 14
Northern Mariana Islands Micronesia (region)
Norway Northern Europe 13
Occupied Palestinian Territories Western Asia 20
Oman Western Asia 22
Pakistan South-Central Asia 44
Palau Micronesia (region)
Panama Central America 4
Papua New Guinea Melanesia 1
Paraguay South America 7
Peru South America 7
Philippines South-Eastern Asia 0
Pitcairn Islands Polynesia
Poland Eastern Europe 5
Portugal Southern Europe 3
Puerto Rico Caribbean
Qatar Western Asia 39
Reunion Eastern Africa
Romania Eastern Europe 23
Russia Eastern Europe 49
Rwanda Eastern Africa 7
Saint Barthelemy Caribbean
Saint Helena Western Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean
Saint Lucia Caribbean
Saint Martin Caribbean
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Northern America
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Caribbean
Samoa Polynesia
San Marino Southern Europe
Sao Tome and Principe Middle Africa
Saudi Arabia Western Asia 80
Senegal Western Africa 0
Serbia Southern Europe 16
Seychelles Eastern Africa
Sierra Leone Western Africa 0
Singapore South-Eastern Asia 17
Sint Maarten Caribbean
Slovakia Eastern Europe 15
Slovenia Southern Europe 3
Solomon Islands Melanesia 0
Somalia Eastern Africa 15
Somaliland Eastern Africa
South Africa Southern Africa 1
South Sudan Eastern Africa 1
Spain Southern Europe 9
Spanish North Africa Northern Africa
Sri Lanka South-Central Asia 10
Sudan Northern Africa 44
Suriname South America 1
Svalbard Northern Europe
Swaziland Southern Africa 2
Sweden Northern Europe 12
Switzerland Western Europe 13
Syria Western Asia
Taiwan Eastern Asia 0
Tajikistan South-Central Asia 12
Tanzania Eastern Africa 2
Thailand South-Eastern Asia 11
Timor-Leste South-Eastern Asia 9
Togo Western Africa 6
Tokelau Polynesia
Tonga Polynesia
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean 1
Tunisia Northern Africa 27
Turkey Western Asia 23
Turkmenistan South-Central Asia 32
Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean
Tuvalu Polynesia
Uganda Eastern Africa 12
Ukraine Eastern Europe 9
United Arab Emirates Western Asia 28
United Kingdom Northern Europe 9
United States (General) Northern America 4
Uruguay South America 0
Uzbekistan South-Central Asia 47
Vanuatu Melanesia 0
Vatican City Southern Europe
Venezuela South America 14
Vietnam South-Eastern Asia 33
Virgin Islands (U.S.) Caribbean
Wallis and Futuna Polynesia
Western Sahara Northern Africa 34
Yemen Western Asia 34
Zambia Eastern Africa 3
Zimbabwe Eastern Africa 3


1 The Religion and State (RAS) Project is a university-based project located at Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel and is directed by Jonathan Fox. Round 3 of the RAS includes all countries with populations of 250,000 or more as well as a sampling of smaller states and offers annual measures from 1990 to 2014. The methods used for conducting the RAS3 collection and the complete codebook can be reviewed online. Or, the codebook and data file can be downloaded free of charge here. For details on how the RAS indexes reported on the ARDA’s National Profiles were coded, constructed, and placed into categories, click here.

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