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Variables: 2008 Composite measure of regulation and restrictions on majority of religion or all religions (0-87, lower means less government activity) (RELRG08)1

Religious Regulation: Composite Measure (2008)



RELRG081 [X]

Afghanistan South-Central Asia 21
Akrotiri Western Asia
Albania Southern Europe 5
Algeria Northern Africa 22
American Samoa Polynesia
Andorra Southern Europe 1
Angola Middle Africa 1
Anguilla Caribbean
Antarctica Antarctica
Antigua and Barbuda Caribbean
Argentina South America 0
Armenia Western Asia 3
Aruba Caribbean
Australia Australia/New Zealand 0
Austria Western Europe 2
Azerbaijan Western Asia 35
Bahamas, The Caribbean 0
Bahrain Western Asia 11
Bangladesh South-Central Asia 11
Barbados Caribbean 3
Belarus Eastern Europe 22
Belgium Western Europe 2
Belize Central America 2
Benin Western Africa 0
Bermuda Northern America
Bhutan South-Central Asia 6
Bolivia South America 5
Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe 3
Botswana Southern Africa 0
Bougainville Melanesia
Brazil South America 3
British Indian Ocean Territory Eastern Africa
British Virgin Islands Caribbean
Brunei South-Eastern Asia 31
Bulgaria Eastern Europe 15
Burkina Faso Western Africa 0
Burma (Myanmar) South-Eastern Asia 31
Burundi Eastern Africa 8
Cambodia South-Eastern Asia 4
Cameroon Middle Africa 0
Canada Northern America 2
Cape Verde Western Africa 0
Caribbean Netherlands Caribbean
Cayman Islands Caribbean
Central African Republic Middle Africa 4
Chad Middle Africa 13
Channel Islands Northern Europe
Chile South America 0
China Eastern Asia 54
China-Tibet Eastern Asia
Christmas Island Australia/New Zealand
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australia/New Zealand
Colombia South America 2
Comoros Eastern Africa 2
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Middle Africa 1
Congo, Republic of the Middle Africa 4
Cook Islands Polynesia
Costa Rica Central America 9
Cote d'Ivoire Western Africa 6
Croatia Southern Europe 5
Cuba Caribbean 23
Curacao Caribbean
Cyprus Western Asia 3
Czech Republic Eastern Europe 3
Denmark Northern Europe 2
Dhekelia Western Asia
Djibouti Eastern Africa 9
Dominica Caribbean
Dominican Republic Caribbean 0
Ecuador South America 2
Egypt Northern Africa 25
El Salvador Central America 7
Equatorial Guinea Middle Africa 11
Eritrea Eastern Africa 22
Estonia Northern Europe 6
Ethiopia Eastern Africa 11
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) South America
Faroe Islands Northern Europe
Fiji Melanesia 1
Finland Northern Europe 2
France Western Europe 10
French Guiana South America
French Polynesia Polynesia
Gabon Middle Africa 1
Gambia, The Western Africa 5
Georgia Western Asia 6
Germany Western Europe 9
Ghana Western Africa 7
Gibraltar Southern Europe
Greece Southern Europe 8
Greenland Northern America
Grenada Caribbean
Guadeloupe Caribbean
Guam Micronesia (region)
Guatemala Central America 11
Guernsey Northern Europe
Guinea Western Africa 0
Guinea-Bissau Western Africa 0
Guyana South America 0
Haiti Caribbean 8
Honduras Central America 9
Hong Kong Eastern Asia
Hungary Eastern Europe 0
Iceland Northern Europe 2
India South-Central Asia 16
Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 23
Iran South-Central Asia 8
Iraq Western Asia 0
Ireland Northern Europe 2
Isle of Man Northern Europe
Israel Western Asia 3
Italy Southern Europe 2
Jamaica Caribbean 0
Japan Eastern Asia 0
Jersey Northern Europe
Jordan Western Asia 16
Kazakhstan South-Central Asia 19
Kenya Eastern Africa 6
Kiribati Micronesia (region)
Korea, (North) Democratic Republic of Eastern Asia 48
Korea, (South) Republic of Eastern Asia 3
Kosovo Southern Europe
Kuwait Western Asia 23
Kyrgyzstan South-Central Asia 23
Laos South-Eastern Asia 18
Latvia Northern Europe 6
Lebanon Western Asia 0
Lesotho Southern Africa 0
Liberia Western Africa 5
Libya Northern Africa 18
Liechtenstein Western Europe 4
Lithuania Northern Europe 2
Luxembourg Western Europe 1
Macau Eastern Asia
Macedonia Southern Europe 15
Madagascar Eastern Africa 4
Malawi Eastern Africa 0
Malaysia South-Eastern Asia 30
Maldives South-Central Asia 28
Mali Western Africa 6
Malta Southern Europe 0
Marshall Islands Micronesia (region)
Martinique Caribbean
Mauritania Western Africa 13
Mauritius Eastern Africa 1
Mayotte Eastern Africa
Mexico Central America 20
Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia (region)
Moldova Eastern Europe 9
Monaco Western Europe
Mongolia Eastern Asia 4
Montenegro Southern Europe 0
Montserrat Caribbean
Morocco Northern Africa 13
Mozambique Eastern Africa 13
Namibia Southern Africa 0
Nauru Micronesia (region)
Nepal South-Central Asia 7
Netherlands Western Europe 3
New Caledonia Melanesia
New Zealand Australia/New Zealand 0
Nicaragua Central America 2
Niger Western Africa 15
Nigeria Western Africa 10
Niue Polynesia
Norfolk Island Australia/New Zealand
Northern Cyprus Western Asia 4
Northern Mariana Islands Micronesia (region)
Norway Northern Europe 4
Occupied Palestinian Territories Western Asia
Oman Western Asia 18
Pakistan South-Central Asia 21
Palau Micronesia (region)
Panama Central America 9
Papua New Guinea Melanesia 0
Paraguay South America 2
Peru South America 0
Philippines South-Eastern Asia 7
Pitcairn Islands Polynesia
Poland Eastern Europe 3
Portugal Southern Europe 3
Puerto Rico Caribbean
Qatar Western Asia 9
Reunion Eastern Africa
Romania Eastern Europe 7
Russia Eastern Europe 20
Rwanda Eastern Africa 8
Saint Barthelemy Caribbean
Saint Helena Western Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean
Saint Lucia Caribbean
Saint Martin Caribbean
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Northern America
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Caribbean
Samoa Polynesia
San Marino Southern Europe
Sao Tome and Principe Middle Africa
Saudi Arabia Western Asia 31
Senegal Western Africa 3
Serbia Southern Europe 8
Seychelles Eastern Africa
Sierra Leone Western Africa 3
Singapore South-Eastern Asia 6
Sint Maarten Caribbean
Slovakia Eastern Europe 1
Slovenia Southern Europe 0
Solomon Islands Melanesia 0
Somalia Eastern Africa 7
Somaliland Eastern Africa
South Africa Southern Africa 0
South Sudan Eastern Africa
Spain Southern Europe 2
Spanish North Africa Northern Africa
Sri Lanka South-Central Asia 0
Sudan Northern Africa 12
Suriname South America 0
Svalbard Northern Europe
Swaziland Southern Africa 2
Sweden Northern Europe 5
Switzerland Western Europe 8
Syria Western Asia 33
Taiwan Eastern Asia 1
Tajikistan South-Central Asia 34
Tanzania Eastern Africa 10
Thailand South-Eastern Asia 14
Timor-Leste South-Eastern Asia 1
Togo Western Africa 9
Tokelau Polynesia
Tonga Polynesia
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean 3
Tunisia Northern Africa 28
Turkey Western Asia 35
Turkmenistan South-Central Asia 41
Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean
Tuvalu Polynesia
Uganda Eastern Africa 3
Ukraine Eastern Europe 9
United Arab Emirates Western Asia 15
United Kingdom Northern Europe 10
United States (General) Northern America 1
Uruguay South America 1
Uzbekistan South-Central Asia 43
Vanuatu Melanesia 1
Vatican City Southern Europe
Venezuela South America 3
Vietnam South-Eastern Asia 45
Virgin Islands (U.S.) Caribbean
Wallis and Futuna Polynesia
Western Sahara Northern Africa 13
Yemen Western Asia 15
Zambia Eastern Africa 3
Zimbabwe Eastern Africa 6


1 The Religion and State (RAS) Project is a university-based project located at Bar Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel. Its goal is to create a set of measures that systematically gauge the intersection between government and religion. Specifically, it examines government religion policy. Round 2 of the RAS dataset measures the extent of government involvement in religion (GIR) or the lack thereof for 175 states on a yearly basis between 1990 and 2008. This constitutes all countries with populations of 250,000 or more as well as a sampling of smaller states. This dataset, featuring this and other international measures highlighted on the country pages, may be previewed and here. Used with permission.

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