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Variables: Religious Freedom Scale (Marshall, 2007) 1-7, low is more freedom (RFFH2007)1

Religious Freedom: Marshall Scale (2007)



RFFH20071 [X]

Afghanistan South-Central Asia 6
Akrotiri Western Asia
Albania Southern Europe
Algeria Northern Africa 5
American Samoa Polynesia
Andorra Southern Europe
Angola Middle Africa
Anguilla Caribbean
Antarctica Antarctica
Antigua and Barbuda Caribbean
Argentina South America 3
Armenia Western Asia 4
Aruba Caribbean
Australia Australia/New Zealand 2
Austria Western Europe 2
Azerbaijan Western Asia 5
Bahamas, The Caribbean
Bahrain Western Asia 5
Bangladesh South-Central Asia 6
Barbados Caribbean
Belarus Eastern Europe 6
Belgium Western Europe 3
Belize Central America
Benin Western Africa
Bermuda Northern America
Bhutan South-Central Asia
Bolivia South America
Bosnia and Herzegovina Southern Europe
Botswana Southern Africa 2
Bougainville Melanesia
Brazil South America 2
British Indian Ocean Territory Eastern Africa
British Virgin Islands Caribbean
Brunei South-Eastern Asia
Bulgaria Eastern Europe 3
Burkina Faso Western Africa
Burma (Myanmar) South-Eastern Asia 7
Burundi Eastern Africa
Cambodia South-Eastern Asia
Cameroon Middle Africa 4
Canada Northern America 2
Cape Verde Western Africa
Caribbean Netherlands Caribbean
Cayman Islands Caribbean
Central African Republic Middle Africa
Chad Middle Africa 5
Channel Islands Northern Europe
Chile South America 2
China Eastern Asia 6
China-Tibet Eastern Asia 7
Christmas Island Australia/New Zealand
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australia/New Zealand
Colombia South America 5
Comoros Eastern Africa 5
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Middle Africa
Congo, Republic of the Middle Africa
Cook Islands Polynesia
Costa Rica Central America
Cote d'Ivoire Western Africa
Croatia Southern Europe
Cuba Caribbean 6
Curacao Caribbean
Cyprus Western Asia
Czech Republic Eastern Europe
Denmark Northern Europe 2
Dhekelia Western Asia
Djibouti Eastern Africa
Dominica Caribbean
Dominican Republic Caribbean
Ecuador South America 2
Egypt Northern Africa 5
El Salvador Central America
Equatorial Guinea Middle Africa
Eritrea Eastern Africa 7
Estonia Northern Europe 1
Ethiopia Eastern Africa 5
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) South America
Faroe Islands Northern Europe
Fiji Melanesia
Finland Northern Europe
France Western Europe 3
French Guiana South America
French Polynesia Polynesia
Gabon Middle Africa
Gambia, The Western Africa
Georgia Western Asia 4
Germany Western Europe 3
Ghana Western Africa
Gibraltar Southern Europe
Greece Southern Europe 3
Greenland Northern America
Grenada Caribbean
Guadeloupe Caribbean
Guam Micronesia (region)
Guatemala Central America 2
Guernsey Northern Europe
Guinea Western Africa
Guinea-Bissau Western Africa
Guyana South America
Haiti Caribbean
Honduras Central America
Hong Kong Eastern Asia
Hungary Eastern Europe 1
Iceland Northern Europe
India South-Central Asia 5
Indonesia South-Eastern Asia 5
Iran South-Central Asia 7
Iraq Western Asia 7
Ireland Northern Europe 1
Isle of Man Northern Europe
Israel Western Asia 3
Italy Southern Europe 2
Jamaica Caribbean
Japan Eastern Asia 2
Jersey Northern Europe
Jordan Western Asia 4
Kazakhstan South-Central Asia 5
Kenya Eastern Africa 3
Kiribati Micronesia (region)
Korea, (North) Democratic Republic of Eastern Asia 7
Korea, (South) Republic of Eastern Asia
Kosovo Southern Europe 4
Kuwait Western Asia 5
Kyrgyzstan South-Central Asia 4
Laos South-Eastern Asia 5
Latvia Northern Europe 2
Lebanon Western Asia 4
Lesotho Southern Africa
Liberia Western Africa
Libya Northern Africa 5
Liechtenstein Western Europe
Lithuania Northern Europe 2
Luxembourg Western Europe
Macau Eastern Asia
Macedonia Southern Europe 4
Madagascar Eastern Africa
Malawi Eastern Africa
Malaysia South-Eastern Asia 4
Maldives South-Central Asia 7
Mali Western Africa 2
Malta Southern Europe
Marshall Islands Micronesia (region)
Martinique Caribbean
Mauritania Western Africa 6
Mauritius Eastern Africa
Mayotte Eastern Africa
Mexico Central America 4
Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia (region)
Moldova Eastern Europe 4
Monaco Western Europe
Mongolia Eastern Asia 3
Montenegro Southern Europe
Montserrat Caribbean
Morocco Northern Africa 4
Mozambique Eastern Africa
Namibia Southern Africa 2
Nauru Micronesia (region)
Nepal South-Central Asia 5
Netherlands Western Europe
New Caledonia Melanesia
New Zealand Australia/New Zealand
Nicaragua Central America 3
Niger Western Africa
Nigeria Western Africa 5
Niue Polynesia
Norfolk Island Australia/New Zealand
Northern Cyprus Western Asia
Northern Mariana Islands Micronesia (region)
Norway Northern Europe 2
Occupied Palestinian Territories Western Asia 6
Oman Western Asia 4
Pakistan South-Central Asia 6
Palau Micronesia (region)
Panama Central America
Papua New Guinea Melanesia
Paraguay South America
Peru South America 3
Philippines South-Eastern Asia 3
Pitcairn Islands Polynesia
Poland Eastern Europe
Portugal Southern Europe 2
Puerto Rico Caribbean
Qatar Western Asia
Reunion Eastern Africa
Romania Eastern Europe 3
Russia Eastern Europe 4
Rwanda Eastern Africa
Saint Barthelemy Caribbean
Saint Helena Western Africa
Saint Kitts and Nevis Caribbean
Saint Lucia Caribbean
Saint Martin Caribbean
Saint Pierre and Miquelon Northern America
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Caribbean
Samoa Polynesia
San Marino Southern Europe
Sao Tome and Principe Middle Africa
Saudi Arabia Western Asia 7
Senegal Western Africa 2
Serbia Southern Europe 4
Seychelles Eastern Africa
Sierra Leone Western Africa
Singapore South-Eastern Asia
Sint Maarten Caribbean
Slovakia Eastern Europe 4
Slovenia Southern Europe
Solomon Islands Melanesia
Somalia Eastern Africa
Somaliland Eastern Africa
South Africa Southern Africa 2
South Sudan Eastern Africa
Spain Southern Europe 2
Spanish North Africa Northern Africa
Sri Lanka South-Central Asia 5
Sudan Northern Africa 7
Suriname South America
Svalbard Northern Europe
Swaziland Southern Africa
Sweden Northern Europe 2
Switzerland Western Europe
Syria Western Asia 5
Taiwan Eastern Asia
Tajikistan South-Central Asia 5
Tanzania Eastern Africa 4
Thailand South-Eastern Asia 3
Timor-Leste South-Eastern Asia
Togo Western Africa
Tokelau Polynesia
Tonga Polynesia
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean
Tunisia Northern Africa 5
Turkey Western Asia 5
Turkmenistan South-Central Asia 7
Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean
Tuvalu Polynesia
Uganda Eastern Africa
Ukraine Eastern Europe 2
United Arab Emirates Western Asia
United Kingdom Northern Europe
United States (General) Northern America 1
Uruguay South America
Uzbekistan South-Central Asia 7
Vanuatu Melanesia
Vatican City Southern Europe
Venezuela South America 3
Vietnam South-Eastern Asia 6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) Caribbean
Wallis and Futuna Polynesia
Western Sahara Northern Africa
Yemen Western Asia 5
Zambia Eastern Africa
Zimbabwe Eastern Africa 5


1 The Center for Religious Freedom joined Hudson Institute in January 2007, following a ten-year affiliation with Freedom House. Founded in 1941 by Eleanor Roosevelt and Wendell Willkie to oppose Nazism and Communism in Europe, Freedom House is America's oldest human rights group. Its Center for Religious Freedom defends against religious persecution of all groups throughout the world. It insists that U.S. foreign policy defend Christians and Jews, Muslim dissidents and minorities, and other religious minorities. This scale was originally published by Paul Marshall (2000) in his book Religious Freedom in the World: A Global Report on Freedom and Persecution (Broadman and Holman). A dataset with these and the other international measures highlighted on the country pages can be downloaded from this website. Used with permission.

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